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HIS WORE NATURE
It Is Each Man’s Double and Be comes Harmless When Conquered. By ALTON EDWARDS. Nobody except the Governor knew that he had a double —not even the Governor’s wife, who knew him, per haps, better than anybody else. The two men resembled each other so com pletely that it would have been impos sible for their most intimate acquaint ances to distinguish them If there was any distinction, it was that the expression of character and sincerity upon the face of the state's chief ex ecutive was replaced, upon the face of the other man, by a certain furtive cunning. From his earliest years Governor Haines had been engaged in a con stant fight agamst this man. He had intruded into his life, had placed him in invidious positions, had, in general, committed actions which had needed all the governor’s ability to nullify. And he had followed him even to the executive chamber, blackmailing him, offering compromises, threatening. The executive mansion was totally unguarded. Irithat sleepy litle capital town formalit.es had not come into favor. The double strolled quietly across the lavni, entered the mansion and made his way to the Governor’s of fice. His secretary, nodding at his desk, bowed to him. unconscious that this could be anybody but the Governor Haines he knew. “Mr, Searles has telephoned that he will he here in half an hour, sir,” said the secretary. The double nodded, passed into the executive chamber and sat down at his desk. That he had an intimate knowledge of all the Governor’s business was evi dent. for he began scrutinizing papers and emptying pigeon holes and read ing memoranda. Hut he was await ing the arrival of Searles, the state boss, with 111-concealed impatience. He knew that the man was interested In the proposed street railroad fran chise, that he had been postering Gov ernor Haines for weeks to sign the bill now awaiting his decision. And he had not omitted to threaten It meant the Governor’s political future, the de cision which was impending. The secretary looked in. ‘‘Mr. Searles is waiting to see you, sir,” he said. The state boss entered. He was evi dently ill at ease, for he held his hat tightly and sat down nervously in the •‘l’ve Finished With You.” chair which the double offered him. The double swung round in his own chair and faced his visitor You have called with regard to that railroad franchise bill?” he asked. Seailes cleared his throat and nod ded. Then, placing his hat down on j the Governor’s desk, he began "Now, Governor Haines, we have j threshed this matter out. among oth ers, for a long time. I have tried to ally you with the better interests of the state, but I have failed. 1 have pointed out to you that—l may speak plainly?* "Surely,” answered the double, smil ing. and something In the double’s ex pression sent new hope into Searles’ •heart Hitherto he had always been up against an impermeable barrier of •character and rectitude. Now —this mail seemed almost to cringe before ■him. Searles had not ruled men for thirty years for nothing. He knew that this was the moment to terrorize —to bully. These means would suc ceed where others had failed “You got my letter. Governor?" he asked, hla lips parting in a wolfish smile. “Well, it amounts to this. If you don't sign that bill you won’t have the i-enominatlon next year. That, of course, goes without saying. But I’m going to do more than that. I’m going to drive you out of public life alto gether. Twenty-flv* years ago, when you were a young man, you were In volved In a scandal. You know what 1 mean. The people o* this state won’t stand for anything of that kind in their chief magistrate. Will you sign the blit or will you he exposed?” '’The man who was Involved in that scandal waa not I. It was a double of mine,** thought the double; but of coarse It was not to his interest to be tray himself. He merely looked at Searles with a faint smile. And Searles understood that smile. ‘T*et us come to the point, Gover nor, M he said. ‘‘lt’s no use shilly shallying or beating about the bush.” He drew a paper from his pocket bear ing the Governor’s signature. “This Is Srour obligation for five thousand dol lars/' he said. “May I tear this into pieces and throw them into your waste-basket ?” It was strange, the extraordinary re vulsion that came over the double. He had his enemy at his mercy, this Governor Haines who had hated him since their boyhood, and on whom he could now take effective revenge. Sud denly he felt that his whole mental at titude was changing. He thought of the than, bravely and silently fighting down the scandal of his past life, of hla uncompromising battle for purer polities. He stretched out hls hand and took hls pen. and in | large letters wrote at tne oottom 01 \ the bill ‘vetoed.’ He held It out to j ward Searles. Searles seemed completely non plussed. For a whole minute h* stared at the vetoed bill. Then he got up and stretched out his hand. ‘‘Governor Haines,” he said, T Phink the world cf you. Yon have won thw fight and I’m man enough to recognize it. You'll have the people on your side now—and I don’t kick against the I pricks. You’ve bested me nt/i | have the entire Searles organization | with you when we offer you the noml- I nation.” He shook Haines by the hand and walked slowly out of the office, shak ing his head. The double uc cite desk, however, was even more disconcerted than Searles. Why had he done this thing, he whose whole life had been dominated by hatred of his enemy? He must have dozed, for some min utes later, when he looked up, he saw his enemy before him. Governor Haines was looking steadily at him, Vmt he evinced no surprise. "Let’s fight this thing out right now,” he said. “I’ve finished with you. I shall never temporize with you again. I have compromised and feared you; henceforward it is war be tween us for ever.” “If you had told me that twenty-five years ago I should never have troubled you at all,” answered the double, hum bly. rising. Governor Haines did not answer him, but watched him leave the room. The sleepy secretary outside did not notice him pass. Xor would he have seen him even had he looked for him. Each man has his double, his worse nature. Hut when he has conquered him the double becomes a harmless wraith, transparent as a breath of marsh air that is dispersed in the sun light. (Copyright, 1913, by W. O. Chapman.) LOVER OF GRACE DARLING " ' ♦ Jimmy Giles of Ipswich, Eng., Once Courted Famous Life-Saver —But She "Wouldn’t Leave Daddy.” Jimmy Giles of Ipswich. Eng., who for nearly 60 years was dock gate man and assistant engineer. Is a link with the past, inasmuch as he was the sweetheart of Grace Darling. Listen to the following conversation with the old seaman and live over again the memories of that brave ex ploit near Longstone Lighthouse that made immortal history: “When a young man I took a cargo of salt from Ipswich to Sunderland. While there I left my brig and was made coxswain of a coble that sup plied Longstone Lighthouse with pro visions. “This was in 1839, and as Grace’s great deed took place the previous year I was anxious to meet the famous girl. On my first trip in the coble .1 saw her standing at the lighthouse door, but, although I tried to drew her attention, she got. behind the door. “The next time I visited the light house I took a silk handkerchief full of grapes and gave the lot to Grace v hen 1 saw her. She thanked me and we got on well. “Grace was not handsome, but sha was passable, with dark eyes and hair, and a face bronzed by the sea air. and conveying a sense of purity and inno cence that I have never beheld in any other. “She wore very short skirts and a dark blue Scotch cap, which suited her well. She was as good as any sailor, and could set a sail or pull an car with the best of them. “Her father, an old man, nigh 70, v as a very old-fashioned man. and al ways wore drab knee-breeches and buckled shoes, with a sparrow-tail coat, big waistcoat, and a round skull cap trimmed with fur. He didn’t think much of my carryings-on with her. “She showed me her presents, in cluding a gold slipped in a scarlet mo rocco case, which the Czar of Russia sent her. She was often asked to go to London, but she wouldn’t leave T'addy.’ And. although 1 became her sweetheart, that was the reason she gave me for not marrying, and so we drifted apart.”—Stray Stories. No Damages for Uncaught Fish. A suit for damages for the loss of fish one might have caught was before the courts of Maine in an Injunction ac tion against a canning company for unlawfully dumping into Passema quoddy bay a lot of decayed sardines in cans. They had been swept by the tides into the plaintiff's weir and pre vented fish from getting into it until the refuse matter was removed. The s"preme court awarded him damages for injury to hls nets and for the ex pense of hiring men to remove the dead sardines to permit live fish to en ter the weir, but gave him nothing for the fish he might have caught in the meantime. , Carried Out Hunger Strike. Hunger strike records were broken some years ago by a Frenchman named Granie, who was arrested for murder in circumstances which left no doubt as to hls guilt. He deter mined to starve himself to death In order to escape th-s guillotine, and rrom the day of his arrest refused to , eat in spite of every effort on the part of the prison authorities, who first tried tempting him to eat by placing i the most dainty meals in hls cell, and when that failed attempted forcible feeding. Qranle held out for sixty- Hhree days, ft the end of which time be died. Heckler Heckled. The late Dr. W. R. Thomas, who was Pierpont Morgan’s rector at High land Falls, did not believe In Social ism. and In Socialist arguments he often exercised hls trenchant wit to advantage. A Highland Falls man once Interrupted Dr. Thomas In an address to shout: ‘Tf we all had equal opportunities ” But here Dr. Thomas, in hls turn, interrupted, say ing quickly: “We should not all be equal to them.” Bitkins’ Flop. . “Here is Bilklns, a Republican all hls life, as his father and grandfather I were before him, turns Democrat in ; the hope that he’s going to get a post | office apointment." i “Yes; he has sold bis birthright foi a mess of postage.*—Buffalo Express SOME IDEAS ABOUT MARRIAGE * f Undoubtedly Written by a Pessimist. They May Not Meet With Uni versal Popular Approval. When a man walks down the aisle of a church stepping on flowers which little girls have scattered before him, he must look like a fool, but no one has even looked at him close enough to see. A man and woman going on a w ed ding tour try hard not to look happy, and on their return they try just as hard to look happy. At a church wedding the girl at the altar in white looks as if she had won the head prize, and every woman pres ent who has been married as long as a year looks as if she had won the consolation. When It is said of a bridegroom that he has money, every woman present remarks: “And you bet she knows how to spend It for him.” There isn’t as much honey in the honeymoon as reported, much of it be ing lost in the ordeal of wiping on new towels after they have gone to house keeping, and breaking in new' shoes. They long during their engagement to go somewhere after they are mar ried where they will be all alone. On the second day after they have been all alone, the bride says: “Wouldn’t it be nice if some friend should come along?” And the bridegroom sighs: “Yes, or even an enemy!” About three months after a bride has left her old home with her nose turned up scornfully at the suggestion that she take her old clothes with her, she comes hurrying back for them, and is mad if one garment is missing. —Pittsburgh Dispatch. SAFETY IN LIGHTNING STORM Shelter in Collection of Trees Is Bet ter Than Under Any One Standing Alone. Every year quite a large number of people are killed by lightning because they did not know what to do in a thunder storm. First of all, it is safer to be indoors than out. Most people get killed when out in the open. If you are caught in a thunder storm, then don’t be afraid of sheltering under a tree just because you have heard that it is dangerous. It is dangerous to shelter under a solitary tree, because lightning likes to strike the highest point, and a soli tary tree is the highest point as a rule for some distance around. But you are pretty safe if you take shelter in a w'ood. A tree in a w ood is seldom struck. Certain* trees are more dangerous than others. If you have a choice be tween an oak and a beech tree, then take the beech tree all the time. A far greater number of oak trees are struck than beech trees. Elm trees are nearly as dangerous as oak trees. Avoid big crowds and collections of animals. For some feason —probably because of the warmth that rises from their bodies —crowds of animals and persons are liable to be struck by lightning. Collectors. Collectors as a rule are egotists and thieves. They are often leading citi zens in the great republic of Lores One man will buttonhole you in the street while tells you in ghastly detail how r he finally secured the auto graph of the fourth governor of Georgia. Another will describe‘min utely his collection of photographs of all the women who have yet taken the part of Carmen. We know' an other wise blameless person who collected monograms. What one of us has not at some time dwelt in this Arcadia? When we were boys it was either a collection of coins, beginning with cop per cents of the United States, post age stamps, or names of locomotive engines. How many had the fore sight to keep their coins and stamps? They were scattered, or they disap peared, together with a little book re lating to adventures of Alexander Selkirk, that book with deep green covers and w r ood cuts apparently cut with a jackknife. For it we w'ould now gladly exchange a complete and luxurious set of books by any author living. —Boston Herald. Origin of Beer Is Ancient. Beer was brewed and drunk by the Egyptians, the exact date of its origin being lost in th§ remote ages. But that it was enjoyed in the flourishing times of Egypt is settled beyond con troversy. So far as can be learned the materials from which beer was then made were substantially the same as today. Beer appeared In Greece several centuries before the Christian era and was probably much the same in character as that brewed by the Egyptians; the Greeks, in all likelihood, acquiring a knowledge of Its manufacture through commerce with that land. They, in turn, handed It on to the Romans, and by those hardy empire-builders it was spread broadcast over the ancient world. Refreshing Sleep. Not everyone who sleeps is re freshed when the sun peeps over the hills. One hour of deep and dream less slumber is worth three of four hours of that which falls to the lot of most people, the fragmentary, rest less, dream-haunted sleep. Too many hours of sleep is almost as bad as not enough. Some people require eight hours, others only six, whilmany “brain workers” get along nicely on only fou:. The latter class, often take little cat naps of a few moments during the day. This is Nature’s way of evening up, and is very refreshing if one merely loses consciousness but for a moment —the recuperative powers work rapidly. Taps Rubber Trees by Electricity. A novel electrical tapper for rubber trees is the work of a German in Peru. Hollow iron channels, divided into sections, are fitted on Jhe tree trunk, the sections containing prick ing devices that can be worked at varying times by current from the central station. A receptacle in each section catches the latex (plant Juice), coagulating it with acid. The attachment may be Jeft unvisited two or three months, and in the time 200/or 300 lumps of rubber may be accumulated from a, large tret HUMAN SYSTEM NEEDS ONION Odorous Vegetable Has Value Far Be yond That of Drugs That Are in Common Use. Many people imagine that to ex press a liking for onions denotes a vulgar taste, but this much despised vegetable has many excellent quali ties. It contains a large quantity of nitrogenous matter and uncrystalliz able sugar with a pungent sulphuric oil. If children were encouraged to eat onions, many an illness might be prevented, and many a doctor's bill saved. If baby has a cold, or seems croupy, frequent doses of onion syrup will give wonderful relief. The syrup is obtained by cutting the onion into slices, and covering each with brown sugar, and putting one on the top of another in a basin. In a sick room you cannot have a better disinfectant than the onion. It has a wonderful capacity for absorb ing germs; a dish of sliced onions placed in a sick room will draw away the disease; they must be removed as soon as they lose their odor and be come discolored, and be replaced by fresh ones. For those who can take them, a raw onion eaten just before retiring is very beneficial —it acts as a tonic to the nervous system, purifies the blood, helps digestion, and very often prevents insomnia. Family Doctor. AFFECTIONS OF THE NERVES Forms of Neurasthenia Are Many, Bui All Curable When Attended To in Time. Neurasthenia, or nervous prostra tion, has so many forms and so many causes that it is one of the most puz zling diseases a physician can be called upon to treat. No general rules can be given, each case having to be handled on its own merits. It calls foi a psychologist rather than a physi cian. Some of the many well defined forms that neurasthenia takes have re ceived names of their own. Among these are agoraphobia, which shows itself in fright when in crowded places; monophobia, or dread of being alone; claustraphobia, or fear of con fined places; anthrophobia, or horroi of society; batophobia, or dread ol things falling from above; siderodro mophobia, or fright at traveling on a railroad train. Then there are the forms of mental rumination in which, there is a ceaseless flow of ideas. The brain is so abnormalU active that it produces insomnia, is the form in which the sufferer counts incessantly and cannot stop. All are curable if taken in time. Mouse as a Family Pet. “Heavens!” shrieked a well-known noise woman a few days ago as sh€ discovered a mouse playing about ths leg of the dining-room table. Shu was visiting at the house of a friend on North Eighth street. “Won’t some one please kill that beast?” The hostess In yhed. “We couldn’l think of killing the litt’e mouse.” she exclaimed. a family pet." The visitor, stUtJ bally frightened demanded an explanation. Well. ’ said the hostess, “my hus band found a mouse ore morning. It was so tiny and seemed ho fearless that my husband brought a small piece of cheese and the mouse inarched right up and ate out of his hand. It was several days before 1 could get used to it, but it will eat from my hand now. It plays around with no fear of any one and after it has been so trusting toward us we simply cannot bring ourselves tc kill it.” Her visitor left shortly afterward Idaho Statesman. Aeroplane Makers Never Fly. “Physician heal thyself,” is not the doctrine of the aeroplane builders who in spite of the example of the Wright Brothers, seldom use theii own machines. The story is now being told of the two Short brothers, whose aeroplanes have met with nc small measure of success, and it alsc disposes conclusively of the theory that to be successful in constructing aeroplanes one must fly. These twc brothers have made a solemn com pact that neither will fly, and that both would succeed or fail in theii calling as constructors of flying ma chines solely by their theoretical knowledge, leaving the practical Side of the work to others. The compact was made several years ago, and to day both can say that although they have been successful in inventing and building areoplanes, neither has ever been up in one. Cube Root of Evil. They had asked the great cubist to paint the tragedy in Eden. He shook his head. “I cannot paint the serpent." he said; “it has too many curves.” Then he added in a melancholy tone: “There is but one creeping thing that I find myself privileged to use as a model.” "And what is that?” they asked eagerly. “The angleworm.” Whereupon he took down his two foot rule and his table of cubes and went to work. To Retain Spirit of Youth. It has been well said that “the old boy” needs his playground quite as much as does the young boy. He needs it for his amusement and for his best well-being. More playgrounds for “the old boys” means fewer sana toriums and still fewer inmates; fewer doctors and still fewer patients; fewer dyspeptic minds and still fewer dys peptic stomachs ,and healthier and happier men, women and children; therefore, let us cherish and maintain the playing places for the old and young. Not Hardly. Doctor (to anxious husband and fa ther)-—“All the baby wants is some good milk, and take care that it al ways comes from the same cow. As for the mother, there’s nothing really the matter with her, only a little weak ness, that’s all. And she’ll soon pick up If she has every day some under done beefsteak.” Anxious Husband— “ From the same ox. doctor?" TELLS CF VOLCANIC RANGES Capt. E. M. Jack, R. E., Suggests That Mountain in Africa Is Possible Source af Legends. London.—At a lecture before the Royal Geographical society Capt. E. M. Jack, R. E., suggests that a range of volcanic mountains in Africa, where the natives worship snakes, is the possible origin of the old legends of the sources of the Nile. These mountains are the Mufumbiro, situat ed where the British, German and Belgian spheres meet. This great volcanic range is one of the most striking physical features in Africa. The old story of the Nile Is well known. Its fountains were said to rise in the Mountains of the Moon and to flow into some great lakes and then to form one river. Since the discov ery oi the Ruwenzori the tendency had been tp look on It as the origin .;fIT ||||^^ On the Ruwenzori. of the legend. But Capt. Jack thinks that the Mufumbiro volcanoes have at least an equal claim. They are famed for miles around as “the place where there is fire.” The lecturer gave some interesting details of the district and its inhabitans. The religion of the people of the district took the form of Lubare or Nabingwe worship. Lubare was the common worship of Bugansa and was the belief in a spirit living in some selected object, such as a tree or stone, or very commonly in a python, in the latter case the snake was en ticed with milk and food to remain near the villages and girls were or dered to attend to its wants. Nabing we was a female spirit who lived underground, but often appeared among human beings, rapidly assum ing various personalities, such as a child or an old woman, but always feminine. The spirit was usually ma lignant and caused death, illness, etc. There was also a belief among these natives in the return of the spirit after death. Miniature huts, with food placed inside, were frequently seen outside the natives’ huts, and these were said to be for the spirits of the departed. The region is covered by a sheet of lava stretching like a sea as far as the mountains of Rukiga. It de composed to a large extent into a soil of great fertility which is closely cul tivated by the natives. The lava is honeycombed with holes and caverns, which a”e put to various uses. One of them was found to be a burying place, bodies being brought on biers and left there. Another formed a water reservoir, to which cattle were brought from many miles distant in times of drought. Many were used as places of hiding and refuge for men arid beasts when alarmed or during raids. Describing the series of beautiful lakes to be found in the region Capt. Jack said a peculiarity of these lakes was that none of them contained any fish. Asa striking contrast to this was a small lake near Busuenda, near Mount Mikeno, which was so full of fish that the water seemed to be alive with them. BOY ASLEEP IN MORGUE Officers of Delaware State Hospital Put Him to Bed and Dog Goes Too. Wilmington, Del. —A nurse at the State Hospital for the Insane at Farn hurst was surprised when on entering the mortuary chapel he found a col ored boy about eight years old fast asleep guarded by a collie dog which would not permit the nurse to ap proach within several yards of the boy. When the boy was finally aroused he said that his name was Naud Harmon and that he had been driven from home by his father. The boy said that he had been sleeping with his dog wherever he could find shelter. Superintendent Hancker of the hospital put the boy to bed. as he was suffering from the effects of ex posure, and the dog Jumped in bed with the boy. The little fellow plead ed so hard for his pet that the boy and dog were permitted to remain in bed. Wants Divorce After 44 Years. New York. —William R. Spooner, a prominent poltician, is being sued for divorce by his wife, Mrs. Martha Spooner, whom he married In 1869. Spooner, who is also a lawyer, 65 years old. is accused of misconduct with Miss Agnes E. Rogers, his stenog rapher for 15 years, with whom he is alleged to have lived in the past few i months as Mr. and Mrs. Rogers. Mrs. Spooner said that for 11 years, prior to 1908, her husband compelled her to permit Miss Rogers to live in their home. Her Aches to the Winds. Danbury, Conn. —Somewhat out of the ordinary is the manner in which the body of Mrs. Samuel T. Brown, an aged Spiritualist of this place, is to be disposed of. In accordance with the directions left by her, there is to be no funeral service and no emblems of mourning are to be displayed on the house or by relatives. The body is to be cremated and the ashes taken into a field owned by a friend and there “returned to mother earth.” SPRAY FOR PRODUCTION OF GOOD FRUIT Bordeaux May Often Be Made Cheaply and Easily by Using a Pond tor Water Supply and Mixing the Materials in Barrels. (By C. C. WOODBURY.) The orchardist has at his command a variety of materials suited to the different insects and diseases which he has to combat It is essential for rfesults in spraying that the material used be selected with intelligence and with a definite foreknowledge of the pest to be controlled. Certain classes of spray materials are useful for the fungous diseases and certain others for the insect pests. Some diseases, such as peach yellows, and some in sects. such as borers, cannot be reached by sprays. With other in sects and diseases, such as curcullo, fire blight and black knot, spraying, though helpful, is not sufficient, and must be supplemented by certain or chard practices, such as jarring, thin ning the fruit, thorough and syste matic pruning, etc., such practices being based accurately upon a fairly comprehensive knowledge of the pest in question. Asa matter of fact, however, the practical operations of spraying are reduced to a relatively simple basis. We have the lime-sulphur washes and oil sprays for the scales. W T e have the Bordeaux mixture for fungi and arsenate of lead for chewing insects. The Bordeaux and arsenate combine to form one double-purpose spray which will accomplish most of our summer spraying. Arsenate of lead is undoubtedly the best form of arsenic for spraying pur poses. It does not have the tendency to burn foliage, common to other arsenicals. For most purposes it should be used at the rate of two or three pounds for each fifty gallons of spray. Arsenate of lead usually comes in the form of a white paste. This must be worked up with water slowly till thin enough to dilute easily, when it may be mixed with water or Bordeaux for spraying. Paris green is used at the rate of six to eight ounces to each fifty gal lons of spray materials. It should be mixed with a small quantity of water first. If used without Bordeaux mix ture, two to three pounds of lime should be slaked and added to each pound of Paris green to counteract the leaf-burning effect of straight Paris green and water. Kerosene emulsion is a well-known TO MAKE STANCHION DEVICES Detailed Istructions and Illustration Will Enable Any Man to Arrange Convenient Bars. To make the closing device take a number of blocks one inch thick and four inches long; bore a half inch hole through them edgewise, nail one to each of the stanchions, and one to each post forming the other side of the stanchion. Take a three-eighths inch rope, put It through the hole in the stanchion No. 1 and tie a knot; pull it through the block on the first post and meas ure to the next stanchion, tie another knot and pull through block, ami so on to as many stanchions as you have. The stanchions should all be Stanchion closed before tying the knots. If you get the knots tight, one pull will close every stanchion. To make the opening device, fasten & ring in each latch and another a few inches above and half way be tween the rings on the latches. Take strong twine and fasten at the end No. 2 and then draw it through the latch ring and then the next ring above it, and so on to the end of the row. One pull will open or close any one of them the same as without the strings on them. Rearing Ducks. The duck is one of those creatures that can be reared without water, but ducks will be more profitable and do better where they are allowed to fol low out the lines laid down by nature. Selecting Hatching Eggs. Great care should be exercised that breeding stock, young chicks or eggs for hatching be secured from flocks which are free from white diarrhoea infection. Good Vegetables. Golden Bantam, sweet corn, Swlss- Chard. Golden self-blanching celery, purple eggplant. Kohl Rabi, White Japan muskmelon, Sweet Hear water melon are all vegetables that are worth trying. Gravel for Fowls. Sarp gravel should always be sup plied to fowls that are kept In con finement < remedy for soft-bodied insects. Dis solve one pound hard laundry soap in one gallon of water. If the water >s hard, add a little sal-soda to soften It. A good emulsion should be thick and creamy and of uniform consistency. No free kerosene should separate out on standing. When cold the mixture curdles like sour milk and should be diluted with three or four times its volume of hot water before diluting with cold water to spraying strength. Use one gallon of the stock solution to from ten to twenty gallons of wa ter. A superior kerosene emulsion may be made by using whale-oil soap in place of the common laundry soap. The. whale-oil soap has some special insecticidal properties of its own. Lime-sulphur wash may either he made at home or bought prepared. This or any spray for San Jose scale is applied while the trees are dormant. Some brands of ready prepared oil sprays for San Jose scale do very good work. Bordeaux mixture is the most gen erally used fungicide we have. The copper sulphate or blue vitriol is the active fungicidal agent, while the lime is added to prevent the burning of the foliage. The usual formula Is: Five pounds lime and fifty gallons of water. Many prefer to modify this formula by reducing the quantity of blue stone one pound and increasing the lime one pound. The secret of success is to put together as dilute solutions as possible. If a barrel (fifty gallons) of the Bordeaux is to be made, use three vessels in the making. Put 25 gallons of water in the barrel. Dilute the blue-stone solution containing 5 pounds to 12Vfc gallons. Dilute 5 pounds slaked lime likewise, then dip alternately from each solution Into' the 50-gallon barrel. Don’t mix concentrated solutions. If this is done, with the idea of dilut ing to spraying strength la*er, the mixture curdles, and a thick, heavy precipitate is formed which settles so rapidly that it is impossible to do a good job of spraying. A properly made Bordeaux should remain for half nn hour with almost no perceptible set tling. When putting the spray mix ture into the tank, always strain care fully. For peaches use at not over half strength. BILLION BACTERIA IN’ A WEEK Their Functions Are Peculiar and Wonderfully Interesting as Well as Quite Profitable. (By COB. HENRY EXALT,, Texas In dustrial Congress.) As soon as the roots of a legumi nous crop begin to grow, if the soil is sweet —that is, does not lack lime — tiny bacteria, so small that it lakes a powerful glass to see them, attach themselves to the roots of the pea or other leguminous crop and start to housekeeping, building a little nodule as it is called. It takes only about twenty minutes to complete the growth of one of these entities, but they do not die. They simply divide themselves into two, each starting a new nodule or adding to the one al ready begun, and dividing again in twenty minutes and so on, ad infinit um, multiplying at such a wonderful rate that it has been estimated that if there was one in good condition here a week ago. there are a billion now. These little houses, or nodules, grow into great hives until soon they are as large as walnuts on the roots of the plants. Their functions are peculiar and wonderfully interesting as well as profitable. The air, as you know, is four-fifths nitrogen. Nitrogen Is the most ex pensive fertilizer that you buy and It is positively essential to plant life. Now, these little entitles suck air Into the earth and aerate the soil. It is just as necessary for a plant to have air as It Is for an animal to breathe It. They therefore do the splendid service of bringing the air Into the soil, and In bringing It In they digest the nitrogen that is in the air and con vert It Into mineral nitrates that are soluble In water and immediately available for plant food. It is esti mated that under favorable conditions where an acre of land Is well Inoculat ed the bacteria will bring |2O worth of nitrogen to the acre within the year; that is, It would cost S2O and more to buy and put upon the land the nitro gen that these little entitles have drawn from the atmosphere into the soil. Soil for Vegetables. Soils that are heavily manured for cabbage, lettuce, celery and other crops will not need very much manure the following year when planted with tomatoes, peppers and root crops, es pecially if a fair amount of commer cial fertilizer is used. Unpopular Farming. “Scientific farming” is unpopular be cause it is misunderstood and often misapplied. But it is so simple and so easy to learn that the wonder la that it is not more used. Market Fowls Early. There is more profit in getting tha fowls to market early. Prices are bet ter, and then there Is a saving in feed.