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W'l HEN a boy has spent a sea son at a good summer camp m, i—j it leaves an impression on j|%§Ss his mind that time will not eradicate. At the close of the season he has had the fun that he wanted to have, he has taken his part in the games and contests, he has climbed mountains and sailed on lakes and streams, he has cruised with the fellows and shared their pleasures and hardships, and he has returned home filled with the memories of gorgeous feasts, of midnight pranks, of adven tures on sea and on land, of encoun ters with friend and with foe, and of moments when the success or failure of a battle depended solely on his strength, his skill and his valor. The influence left on a child’s char acter by a summer thus spent cannot but be important. In the first place the child is away from his parents, away from those to whom he is accus tomed to go for sympathy and advice. He is placed on his own resources in a manner quite new and strange. A camp is not at all like a boarding school, where there are regular duties and a fixed routine for each activity of the day. The summer camp means fun, freedom, frolic and a chance to do nothing if one wishes. The boarding school means order, discipline, re straint and hard work at all times. Therefore, when a boy finds himself at a camp for the first time in his life he is often at a loss to know what to do, because he is often left to his own choice. He has many new problems which must be thought out alone. He has come to camp to have a barrel of fun, and he means to have it. His first im pulse is to make friends with every body, and especially with the coun sellors. It is quite right that he should do this. And it is the especial duty of the counsellors to have a watchful eye out for the new boys, to see that they do not get homesick or tire of the camp because of inactivity. Ten weks of camp life cannot but have its effect on the character of lads who are Just beginning to feel the first Impulses to do things that they have read about in books. There are no boys so bad that there is not some good in them, and there are no boys In camp so good that there is no bad In them, and some of It is pretty sure to crop out before summer is over. In many boys this badness has been lurk ing for years. It has not shown itself because of lack of opportunity. The boys’ camp is one of the places where the inherent badness in a lad has an opportunity to unbottle itself without serious injury to the boy. But camp life is of such a nature that these unbottlings are not of fre quent occurrence. Before a bad habit lias been fixed on the boy he is brought to a halt and having been shown that he has been doing wrong he learns a valuable lesson. The average summer camp is not a Sunday school. It is not intended for such. On the other hand the directors -of these camps are for the most part Christian gentlemen, having high Ideals. A proper respect for the Sab bath day Is required not only for the HAVE NO POWER OF FLIGHT “Flying Fishes,” So Called, Said to Be Only Capable of Maintaining Them selves in the Air. This much-debated question is dis cussed b/ William Allingham in the English Nautical Magazine. The or thodox scientific opinion Is that the "wings” of the flying fish merely serve as a parachute to sustain the fish for a brief period in the air, after he has launched himself out of the water by A Tower of Gold. According to a law promulgated in Germany in 1871, the $30,000,000 which France paid in indemnity to the Prus sians the previous year was guarded in the “Tower of July” ad Spandau, the famous fortress situated eight miles from Berlin. Besides this amount of money, definitely set aside. Is a quantity of gold In reserve tor commercial panics. In order to safeguard such a massive store grant precautions have been tor the last it year*. Tbs — (34///* good of the boys, but also out of re spect for the felings of the people who live in the neighborhood. Where pos sible the children are invited to go to church, after which they take walks, go in bathing, read, tell stories, etc. Usually a song service of a more or less religious nature Is held in the evening. Often one of the directors delivers an address in the main hall of the camp. Some of the influences that are brought forcibly to bear upon the youths are those which put a premium on honor, truth, patience, generosity, forgiveness, usefulness, politeness, sturdiness, pluck and the like. A camper who is lacking in any of these qualities is soon made to feel the need of them, greatly to his benefit It does a boy a world of good to mix with a lot of other boys of his own age, observing, as he usually will, their good traits and bad traits. The educational advantages of camp life are only less important than are the moral advantages. For the most part the school books are closed, but nature Is wide open. Book knowledge Is of great value, but practical knowl edge Is often of more value. In camp boys often get their first practical knowledge of money values. Here first they manage their own al lowances and learn what it is to go broke till the next allowance is dis tributed. They aften compete with the native boys of the village in their efforts to earn small sums of money to tide them over or to enable them to buy coveted treasures. This is a very good experience for any boy. I have noticed that during the sec ond year at camp a boy takes better care of his things than he does during the first year. This may be due to the fact that near the end of the first season his clothes, especially his trousers, were in bad condition, due to carelessness, and as no new ones were forthcoming, the lad became more or less self-conscious about his appearance, greatly to the delight of his companions. Sometimes a boy’s shoes go wrong, and the parent, know ing where the fault is. makes him get on the best he can till he reaches home. At camp children learn from neces sity to mend, sew on buttons, sharpen tools, and best of all they learn how important tt is to keep tools sharp by practice in turning the grindstone. a powerful screw-like movement of his tail. According to this view, the fish has no power of directing his flight after he has left the water. However, Mr. Allingham, who is a nautical expert attached to the Brit ish meteorological office, and is in con stant Intercourse with seamen, reports many observations that tend to con trovert this opinion. Certain observ ers claim that the wing-fins are in con stant rapid vibration, and seem actu ally to serve the purpose of flight. * One vessel master watched a fish money Is kept on two floors of the fortress and is packed in 1,200 oaken chests. Each chest contains $26,000 in gold. The inviolability of these chambers is secured In the following manner: They have triple doom with various locks whose keys are held by certain officials of the ministry of war. and these keys each open only one door, so that no one official hi ever able to miter alone. The clamps of the chests are sealed and stamped la such a way teal It la they do not know the difference be tween a pear and an apple tree. In most camps boys leara to make these distinctions. In camp boys and girl learn to wash dishes, to be economical with food and to like food that they would not previously eat at home. I have known camp life to change a boy's appetite completely, so that da going home he was glad to eat such wholesome foods as boiled rice and Indian meal mush, which he would not touch before. Camping life will not make a child expert at any particular trade 6r oc cupation, but It serves to show him how much skill is required in doing much of the work usually performed by the laboring classes. Whenever a boy tries to* perform any manual la bor his respect for it increases. He has a try at rowing, swimming, sail ing, fishing, running an engine, re pairing a boat and sometimes in build ing small boats. He learns the use -f tools common to country people, who are more Independent of plumbers, carpenters, masons, etc., than city people are. Perhaps one of the most Important lessons for a child to learn is respect for labor. When a boy has hoed a few hills of horn he instinctively re marks that he would hate to keep that up all day. If he follows the hay cart for an hour he realizes that “rak ing after” is not all sport. When he takes a shovel and attempts to assist In digging a trench or drain he sud denly realizes why those laborers whom he has seen in the city at the same kind of work seemed to take their time about it. After five min utes of that work he learns just where his backbone is located. There are many other educational advantages which are incidental to camp life, such as practice In singing, speech making, editorial work on the camp paper, literary entertainments, etc. The camp paper though, seldom more than a simple manuscript. Is often a very ingenious production. In which the editor, together with the camp artist, succeeds In bringing home to the lads some wonderful bits of news as well as some healthful truths. The social advantages of camp life are many and varied. The close rela tion In which boys‘live at camp In variably results in the formation of permanent friendships. that had attained an altitude of 20 fpet above the water and was flying toward the mizsen rigging of his ship, when, apparently noticing the ob struction. it changed its coarse about 60 degrees, crossing the vessel's stem to regain the water. Many other sim ilar observations are mentioned. A series of cinematograph pictures .might solve this question once for aIL Minnesota’s new prison at Stillwater will cost $2,000,000. It is a “daylight" prison. . without danger of almost instant discovery. Moreover, the weight of each sack and chest is registered.— Harper’s Weekly. Search That Never Ends. Ignorance may find a truth on ita doorstep that erudition vainly seeks in the stars. Never Sven Tepid. "Hare you hot water in your houseT" “Have If My dear boy, X am never out ot It" \ TO encourage hog raising 11 - Southern Railway Endeavoring to Stimulate Interest in Live f Stock Rasing. ♦ Atlanta, Ga. — in the effort to en tourage Southern farmers to raise more hogs, the Southern Railway, through its Live Stock. Department, has issued a booklet entitled, “Hog Production and Conditions for Suc cess in the South," a copy of which will be furnished on request by F. I*. Word, Live Stock Agent, Atlanta, Ga. The booklet contains much practi cal and valuable information as to the care and feeding of hogs, selection of breeds, treatment of diseases, and cutting and curing meat. Chapters on each subject have been supplied by experts. That the South consumes more pork ahd raises less than any other part of the United States despite the fact that pork can be produced more cheaply in the South than in the North or West, is a well known fact and a condition that greatly impedes the progress of the section. The long open season and the great variety of food crops at his command give the Southern farmer the opportunity to rfiake more money raising hogs than is possible in any other territory. The Live Stock Department of the Southern Railway devotes its efforts entirely to stimulating interest in live stock raising in the territory along the Southern Railway and the serv ices of its experts are available with out charge of any kind to any farmer or other person interested in live stock. LIKE JAIL, REFUSE TO LEAVE Five Out of Seven Prisoners Remain While Two Make Way to Freedom. Oregon City, Ore. —Because they “Just sorter liked" the gray walls of the Clackamas county Jail, the grub provided them and the amiable Sheriff Mass, who so carefully looks after their comfort, five seven prison era refused'!© leave the place at night, after Charles Bennett and Harry Wal ters had made possible a„ wholesale jail delivery. These two, serving year sentences, burned.- a hole celling of the jail, just below the sheriff’s office, large enough to insert the blade of a bucksaw and then sawed their way to freedom. A hole about 15 by 18 in the floor of the sheriff s office and an open win dow on the south side of the court house told the story in the morning when officials came to work. ANGLER GETS EAGLE ON HOOK Farmer, With Oar, Kills Bird Which Swooped Down and Snatched His Catch. Barnwell. S, C. —Perry Hiers, a farm- of Rosen ary township, caught an I eagle with < fish hook while angling ! near bis%owe |he evening. fie was , ’.nejecting some : “net lines'* when he ipade his curious i catch The bird had been soaring high above him in circles as he raised the lines. The eagle dropped like a plummet and snatched a fish on one of the hooks and before it could liberate Itself Hiers dispatched It by a blow with an oar. He brought the eagle to town. It measured five feet nine inches be tween the tips of its outstretched wings. What Do You Know About Thlsf Fort Worth, Tex. —Because he kiss ed a mule, J. H. Kelley, a laborer, wa fined $33 in the city police court ths other day. He was arrested by Par trolman Stanley, who explained to th© court that he found Kelley on the street fondly caressing a’big brunette mule; kissing it on the nose, and the animal refused to reciprocate. Kelley pleaded for leniency, promising that he would never, never kiss a mule again, but the judge sternly turned him down and imposed the highest fins the law allowed him. Alarm Locates Fire. A fire alarm box which indicates the floor on which the fire is located andi also in what part, designed particular ly for factory buildings in which a large number of women are employed, has been brought out by a Brooklyn Inventor. Boxes are placed on each floor. In ease of Are, the alarm Is sounded by pushing the button indicating the part of the floor where it has started. If the Are is at the east end, for in stance, the button marked ‘‘East’' Is pushed. This sets off an alarm bell on all the boxes in the building and illuminates a number and letter to In dicate the fire’s position. If, for ex ample, the fire is near the center ot the third floor, "3C” will be illumlnatr ed on every box. This tells every per son in the building the location of the fire and enables them to determine the safest way to take to reach a place of safety—Popular Mechanics. Artistic Porch Pillows. Natural-colored burlap makes serv iceable covers for porch pillows. To decorate, cut inch-wide strips of bright silk (possibly from discarded neckties or hair ribbons which have been washed), thread in a tape needle and darn la half-inch stitches through the loosely woven burlap a bold design of interlaced squares or triangles, or a swastika. A half dozen covers can bo nude la an afternoon, and they are very effective when piled In a porch settee or Gloucester hammock on the plassa of the summer bungalow. Split-Pea Soup. Two cups peas (split and dried). Pour in a kettle with four quarts of water, one-halt pound lean salt pork, one onion, one stalk celery and salt and pepper to taste. Boil three or four hours and rub through a sieve. Serve hot To Brighten Paint. Varnished paint can be kept bright by soaking in water few some time a bw MW *Wi #•••■ t*— WJU ■ (Mh tk* PRODUCER SOrfOOD ,:-y ‘ V ” ’ ■ S• W V-. U J United States Leads in Supply \ of Great Staples. Raises Products for Own People and Many Other Nations—Each Coun try and Epoch Has Questions of Food Supply. Washington.—Each country and each epoch has its special food prob lems. During the last 400 years and more the United States has passed on from the conditions prevailing in a newly discovered country, with only a small area under cultivation, and has become a producer of food and other great staple products not only for its own people, but also for export to oth er nations. An equally great change has taken place with respect to the different regions of the United States. As the country has been developed frontier conditions of living have i*e ceded, until today, as never before, the food problems of country and town are approaching each other, and It la no longer the case that the rural com munity is, as regards its supply of staple food, largely independent and the urban community largely depen dent. Each must rely on the other, for in general the farm-grown crop is milled and the live stock is slaughtered in the large establishments where facili ties are adequate, as they could not be In the case of home enterprise. And, Indeed, in all economic ways the two regions are perhaps more naturally in terdependent than ever before. All this means that many problems re lated to food demand are studied in order that the best use may be made of agricultural food crops by the far mer who grows them, the manufac turer who converts the raw material Into food products, the merchant who supplies the food to the household and the housewife who selects and pre pares it for the family table. Some of the problems which pertain to this subject have been studied by the Federal department of agriculture and C. F. Langworthy, has compiled the data regarding food conditions as a whole, the characteristics of the American diet and the special prob lems of housekeepers in both country and town. The majority of persons set their pleas of the food habits of a race or region from popular writings and often the source of information is Inaccurate or incomplete. If a writer states that the diet in New England Is pork and beans and brown bread, or that in the south it is corn meal and pork, every one knows that the statement is very Inadequate. With the question of diet in less familiar regions, the discrepancy is not so ob vious. It is often said and is generally be lieved that the diet in the United States is generous and that the range In variety of food products is unusu ally large. The dietary combines many customs and food habits of the £aces which have helped to make up the population, but in its general charac ter it is British, as is natural, for the bulk of the earlier settlers were from Great Britain and brought the cus toms and manners of the old home with them, adapted them to the new country, and passed them on to the succedlng generations. As time has passed marked changes in the character of the diet have taken place, owing largely to improved methods of cultivation of food crops, to better methods of transportation and storage, to improvements in milling and other manufacturing processes which per tain to food, to Improvement in house construction and kitchen appliances and to similar factors. Whether the value of the daily diet has changed when considered from the standpoint of the amount of nutritive material supplied is another matter, and one which is more difficult to decide. As an illustration of changed food conditions, facts relating to the diet in public Institutions may be of in terest, as it seems fair to say that such a ration bears the same rela tion to the food habits of any one period as does a corresponding one to those of another. In an account of the diet in a large institution in Bos ton in 1850 a very simple ration was supplied in which bread, molasses, po tatoes and salt pork were the staples. In recent studies carried on in the same city in a similar institution the ration is much more varied and con tains many articles, such as oatmeal, fresh and dried fruits, tapioca and sago, which would have been consid ered luxuries in most homes in 1850. It Is not without Interest to consid er in more detail some of the factors which have modified dietary ■ habits. In northern regions of the United States, in earlier times, the vegetable supply in the summer was fairly abun dant, but in the winter was limited to a few varieties, chiefly root crops, which were of good keeping quality. Eggs, salt meats and less commonly poultry were staple summer foods, but fresh beef, mutton and pork were more abundant in winter than in summer because they could be kept in good condition frozen. The lack of variety of vegeable foods in winter and ot fresh meat In summer was without doubt the reason for the great abun dance of preserves and pickles which every housewife deemed necssary, and for the great number of kinds of pastry, cake and similar dishea In other words, there was a craving for variety, and it was satisfied by using in many different ways the comparatively small number of food materials which were most commonly obtainable. With im- Would Save Time. * T am going to take my luncheon to the state department with me here after,” said Secretary Bryan at the White house the other day as he glanced into the press room at a re porter nibbling at crackers and drink ing from a bottle of milk “My wife has bought me a lunch basket and is going to prepare my luncheon, so that I can take it to the department with me. 1 think It will sare me much ttme—neaxiy an hour each day.** provements In crop growing; tramspor t&tioa, storage and marketing of foods there is much leas seasonal variation tn the food supply and consequently much more uniformity in the diet at different times of the year. In considering the human race, as a whole, there are three great epochs in man’s diet, namely; The early hunting period, in which man depended entire ly on a natural supply of both animal and vegetable food; the cooking pe riod, in which man still used a nat ural supply of food, but prepared It for use with the aid of heat, and the so called cibicultural or food producing period—that is, the period in which man has depended upon the cultiva tion of both flocks and herds and field and garden crops to supplement a wild supply of food. Is is easy to see there is a press agent at work in the department of agriculture. For Warm Bread he comes to bat for AIL wlth ‘7° w °“ der ; ful tales, vibrant with exciting news interest. The first announces the startling discovery by the omniscient bureau of chemistry in Secretary Houston’s department of a method by which "wrapped bread" can be warmed. "The experts found,” says the an nouncement, "that if a cold wrapped loaf is unwrapped and placed in a pan in the oven, in good medium heat for ten minutes, it will be as good as fresh, crisp without and tendei; with in.” The other dissertation touches upon an even more important Item of house hold economy—"how to keep eggs from cracking.” To show how r impor tant this problem is, the press agent records the fact that out of 1,532,275,- 200 shipped into New York last year, 137,804,768 were broken. So Secre tary Houston has put the food re search laboratory to work on this problem, and they are shipping eggs to all quarters of the country, by par cel post and otherwise, in an effort to find the best way to ship them, with out breaking. No results have yet been announced. ' i Col. George W. Goethals, who is in charge of the army of men on the con struction of the Reports Most Panama canal, Interesting. while ln Wasl “ ng ' ton some time ago, referred to the great number of reports which are sent to his office from all branches of the work, and which he reads himself. He declared that if gathered together the reports would make a volume of most inter esting reading. A copy of a report from the assist ant foreman of the toolroom to his su perior officer, w T hich had been for warded to Colonel Goethals, was pro duced. The report was on an acci dent to a Jamaica negro employe of the canal commission, and was as fol lows: "Mr. Jordan: Mr. D. Adams got bust his big thumb almost cut off. He was attended by other machinists in toolroom. The uses of wrappings was required. He start fainting and stretchers was getting ready. Thera was no small stir; everybody in mo tion as brigade. Mr. Cassell was the swiftest. Locomotive ready at hand and blowing solemn for hospital. I guess he was gone and all was over. "JIM.” Forty-two delegates, representing all English-speaking countries, gath ered in Washing- As Defined by ton and former the Guide. senator Chauncey 1 M. Depew of New York, acting as guide, conducted the party through a greater part of the caoitol and then announced that he would next show them the "Chamber of Horrors.” A number of the English delegates failed to comprehend, and Andrew Carnegie raised his hands in horror at the remark as the delegation entered Statuary hall, where the great men of the nation repose in granite and stone. The visitors commented on each statue and were as polite as any one could be under the shock of the first sight of this hall. “And now, gentlemen, we come to the chamber of the senate of the .United States,” said Guide Depew. "Have you many rules?” asked Lord Weardale. "No rules to shut off debate,” said Guide Depew. “And when a senator talks too long, you call that filibustering, do you not?” inquired a Frenchman. "We call it a nuisance,” replied the venerable and polished capitol guide. The ink used In printing the paper money is a splendid germicide and for this reason few of Ink on Money the thousands of Is Germicide. professional mon. ey handlers have ever contracted disease from this source, according to Dr. W T . C. Rucker, assistant surgeon general of the Unit ed States public health service. “The formula of the ink used in the engraving of the money is, either by design or accident, a splendid germi cide,” said Dr. Rucker. “The public health service was call ed upon some time ago to examine the old money returned to the treasury after months of traveling around the country and passing through all kinds of hands. It was found that It was comparatively free from bacteria, and the ink is given credit for this satis factory condition of affairs.” It Is not knewn to what ingredient of the recipe for the ink is due the credit, for the secret of Its composi tion is carefully guarded by the gov ernment / Long Service. C. N. Richards, seventy-two years of age, recently completed his 49th year's service for the United States government There is not a single member *of the hones or member of the Supreme court who was in office when Mr. Richards began work. He was appointed superintendent of the senate stationery room before Senator Luke Lea of Tennessee, at present the youngest member of the senate, was born. HELPS MINER Improvement In Lighthouses Along the Delaware. Betterments include the Substitution of OH-Vapor Lamps for the Oid Style Type—Most Dangerous Shoals Marked. Philadelphia.—Great improvements are noticeable in which is included the port of Philadelphia, since T. J. Rout took charge as inspector. Among these betterments may be counted the substitution of oil-vapor lamps for the old type of lamp, the intensity of the light being much increased. The fol lowing description of the lighthouses on the Delaware is from the pen of Inspector Rout himself: Coming up the Delaware bay and river after sunset one sees many light houses flashing their rays across the water. The lights may mean little to the casual observer, but to those nav igating a vessel, they represent a great deal, as the lights are neces sary to bring them safely into port. Lighthouses are passed and repassed by many tourists and passengers, but few give any thought as to how they are built, operated or maintained. The United States Lighthouse Serv ice is a bureau of the Department of commerce under the charge of a com missioner, George R. Putnam. Nine teen separate districts are maintain ed throughout the United States and its possessions, each in charge of an inspector. • A vessel approaching Philadelphia from the sea has a natural channel for a distance of about 40 miles, be yond w r hich the channel Is dredged. Most of the dangerous shoals in the bay are marked by lighthouses or buoys, the dredged channels being marked by range lights. At such ranges the front light is located close to the water’s edge and the rear light is located in a high tow r er some dis tance inland. When a mariner gets a pair of these range lights in line one above the other, he knows he is in the center of the channel and can safely continue on his course. Some rear lights are as far as three miles from the water, and It is a novel and unex pected sight \Vhen driving through a fanning district to pass a lighthouse so far from the shore. In this district thei*e ar 88 lights, 189 buoys, 11 fog signals and three day beacons. To keep the lights in efficient condition require the services of about 124 employes. The object of a lighthouse is to in dicate dangers to navigation and to Cape Henlopen Light. guide mariners when approaching or sailing along a coast or river. With this object in view, lighthouses are made of different designs and painted with different colors, and the lights and fog signals are given different characteristics, easily recognizable by the navigator. There are three lighthouses of his torical interest in this district. Cape Henlopen light is one of the oldest in the United States, having been erect ed by the Colonial government in 1764. In 1789 the Federal government assumed jurisdiction over this struc ture along with seven others. The second, Brandywine Shoal light house,, is in the middle of Delaware bay, distant eight miles from the sea. It is the first lighthouse in the United States to be erected on screw piles. In this structure the lower ends of the iron piles are provided with discs or screws roughly resembling a pro peller blade in appearance, which were driven down into the bottom of the bay In the same manner as a wood screw is screwed into a piece of wood. This lighthouse was completed in 1850, but owing to general dete rioration it is proposed to replace the structure with one of uncompleted re inforced concrete. When completed, this will be the first lighthouse of its kind in the United States to be located on a submarine site. The third, fourteen-foot bank light house, about sixteen miles from the sea, rests on an Iron cylinder seventy three feet high and thirty-five feet in diameter. It is the first lighthouse in the United States erected on a caisson foundation by the pneumatic process. The shell was constructed on shore, launched and towed to the site and was then sunk to the bottom. MARRIES IN EARTH'S DEPTHS ■ l —■ -■ "' ■ .• Doctor Sends for Minister While Ex ploring the Caverns in Luray, Virginia. Luray, Va. —Diving beneath the sur face of the earth, Dr. W. H. Jenkins of Roanoke, Va., came up a benedict. Miss Leathia Phipps of Newport News. Va., at the same time cast off spinster hood. Dr. Jenkins and Miss Phipps were exploring the Luray caverns when they decided to marry. A min ister was summoned, and with the tinkle of trickling water as their wed ding music the ceremony was per* formed.