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(TT and Co-Operative Union of America 1 . 4 t \ Matters <f Especial Moment to UL the Progressive Agriculturist A gr od road shortens the distance to market. Good hired men are hard to get, and still harder to keep year after year. True co-cperation is a method of di viding profits of industry—labor or patronage —rather than to capital. Spending a half a day making fifty cents’ worth of repairs is not always the best way to make money. The farmer does some of his work bo cheerfully and so well that it looks like play to the man passing by. On some farms everybody works for their board and clothes and a little spending money for the old man. Ke-p a record of your expenses. The money may go, anyhow, but knowing where it has gone will be a satisfaction. There are three kinds of trouble and three kinds of joy—what we have on hand, what we have had, and what Ve may have. The fact that pork is eight and ten cents per pound on foot, may explain 'why a lot of folks always make hogs ‘Of themselves. In now adays farming more than ■legs and arms are necessary. You must have a head with something In It and use it all the time. The fact that your neighbor tests his seed carefully before planting, is pretty conclusive evidence that he did oof get his wealth by accident. If everyone took a good paper and read it closely, ads and all, a lot of confidence men would either *tarvQ to death or have to go to work. Cleaning up the weeds and litter along the roads and in the garden Would make a tremendous difference to the bugs and insects hiding there Waiting for spring. FARMERS’ INSTITUTE GROWTH Movement in United States During Last Decade Has Been Steady— Eig increased Attendance, The growth of the farmers’ insti tute movement in the United States during the last decade has been •steady. In the season of 1902-3 there a ore held 9,570 sessions of institutes In 41 states, as compared with 20,610 Sessions held in 1912-13. The atten dance in 1902-3 was 901.654; in 1912-13 U was 2.897,391 at the regular insti tutes;. The increase in attendance at session was 49 per cent., or from •h average of 94.53 to 341. The ap propriations increased from $187,226 to $510,784. During the past year, notwithstand ing the large growth of the extension movement by the agricultural col leges, the regular institutes have in creased in attendance 346,192 and In the average number per session from 131 to 141. Although institutes were held by all •f the states and territories in 1913 excepting Louisiana. Nevada, Alaska, •nd Porte Rico, returns have been re ceived from only 41 as against 45 last Ifear. The states not reporting held 588 sessions in 1912. attended by 24.- 574 persons. !f these states have held Institutes in 1913 equal to those of 1912. the totals would be increased to 21,028 sessions and 2,932,365 at tendance. or an increase of 1,598 ses sions and 381,166 attendance, ever the previous year. The institute has Increased its constituency until it now lumbers about 3,000,000 of rural peo ple There is no way of accurately esti mating the increased efficiency of the Institute worker in recent years ex cepting that in the face of all of the other enterprises looking toward rural bet term nt he has not onlv maintain ed his position among educators as a teacher of advanced agriculture, but In the last decade his audiences have increased over 200 per cent. It should be slated that this entire movement bas been initiated and conducted with out national appropriation for its sup port and with a minimum amount of lepartmental, aid, thus exhibiting an initiative vitality and capacity for ler.ice of the body of farmers. Avoid the Middleman. A remarkable use has been discov ered for the parcel post by Northern Alaska Eskimos, who have found that Instead of selling white fox skins to traders on the spot at two dollars •piece, they can mall them to dealers In this country and avoid the middle man. On account of this discovery, it Is said, the price of white fox skins has risen in Alaska during the past •nminer to twenty dollars apiece. Who Would have thought, when it was es tablished, that parcel post would be a boon to the Eskimos? Interest in Pictures. The interest that the farmer is tak ing in pictures and farm scenes is thoroughly encouraging. It implies that he is awakening to the impor tance of better farm homes and it also shows that he has a pride in what he ts able to accomplish on his own farm and home, A man doesn't care to have a picture of his place taken un less he is proud of the place. Co-Operation a Good Thing. The men who object so strenuously to-operation among the masses, are the men who have practiced it them selves. and who wish to confine its benefits. Co-operation has been a good thing for John Wanamaker, the Standard Oil company, the steel trust and many others, who hava confined .Ita benefits to their own business. The Price of Success. Intelligent painstaking effort, based •pen the teachings of science, is the tHce of mapy farmer*’ success. CO-OPERATIVE PUN IS GOOD Lamb Club Organized Thirty Year* Ago In Tennessee Hae Proven of Benefits to Members. In view of the wide discussion of the effects of co-operation among farm ers in marketing their products, the work of the Goodlettsville, Tenn., Lamb club, organized in 1882-83, and now In existence for thirty years ts of timely interest. The club was organi zed because the sheep raisers in the vicinity of Goodlettsville found that by banding together they could make larger offerings of more uniform lambs, utilize car space to better ad vantage, and by making available a larger number of good lambs ready for shipment on a single day secure great er competition among the buyers. The following facts are the result of a study of this club and other lamb clubs In Tennessee recently made by the Bureau of Animal industry. The Goodlettsville Lamb club origi nally consisted of about one dozen farmers and its membership has in creased until a£. one time it numbered 85 members. It has as officers a pres ident and a secretary, and an execu tive committee of three members, of which the secretary is a member ex officio. The club Is not a chartered institution and is more in the nature of a partnership. Its members agree to abide by its rules and constitution, although the organization is not espe cially binding. The president calls a meeting about April Ist Prior to this meeting its members have the privi lege of selling lambs and wool at pri vate sale. At the meeting, however, each member reports the number of lambs and the amount of wool he will have to sell through the club and there after can no longer sell individually. After the report the executive commit tee has unlimited power. This committee then determines the total number of lambs and date or dates for shipment. Ordinarily, one shipment is made in the early part of June and another is scheduled for the early part of July. This year’s sales wmre dated June 10th and July 15th. The first delivery is made up almost entirely of "firsts.” The second de livery which contains those that are too small for the first sale, is as a rule a poorer quality, as the old lambs do not make as great or satisfactory gains as the early ones. There is little uniformity as to methods of sale. This year, as is oft en the rule, the wool was sold to a local woolen mill. It was sold for 23V4, 20V2 and 17 cents per pound, respect ively. These prices average better than those paid by local buyers, but because the other wool sold to these buyers is ungraded it is difficult to compute the exact monetary advan tage to the club members. The sale of lambs through the club may be announced through the local papers, by means of posters or post cards, or by w ord of mouth. This an nouncement varies with the locality, and the club may change its methods from year to year. Following is a typical advertisement of such a sale by a Tennessee club: LAMBS FOR SALE. The Lamb Club will sell by sealed bids about 800 lambs. Bids ciose May 20. are to be fat merchantable lambs, weighing from 55 pounds up, and will be deliv ered from the 9th to the 12th of June. Club reserves the right to reject any or all bids. (Signed) Secretary. Some of the clubs will accept bids by telephone or mail. The time between closing bids and the actual sale of lambs varies. Where bids closing on the day of sale are not satisfactory the club then ships its own lambs in cars previously ordered, and which the buyers have agreed to use if their bids are accepted. In some cases bids are accepted several weeks before de livery date, and the Goodlettsville club sold on futures this last season. Sell ing at or near the day of delivery is generally more popular with buyers and purchasers. On the day of delivery at Goodletts viiie the lambs begin to come in early in the morning in wagons or in flocks. The driven lambs are marked with bright colored paint which avoids con fusion where flocks become mixed. Lambs are put upon the scales which are handled by the executive commit tee. Lambs lacking in condition or weighing less than 60 pounds are dis carded as culls. Comparatively few are thrown out, however, as the grow ers cull, the greater part are those lacking in age and of small size, but there are also some large ram lambs that have become what is locally known as "staggy.” The president and one or two assis tants weight the lambs and credit each grower with his total weight. Deliv ery is commonly made before noon in time for loading. Payment is made on the day of delivery. The president or the executive committee pays the expenses which are small, and appor tions the balanoe among the members according to the number and weight actually delivered. The business of the day is followed by a dinner of the club which adds a social feature. In addition to the Goodlettsville club there are lamb and wool clubs at ML Juliet, Baird’s Mill, Allisona, Martha, and Flat Rock, in flourishing condi tion. These clubs each handle from 600 to 2,500 lambs per year. New clubs are occasionally formed and these are generally successful. £ Not a Good Test. Forcing a cow for a short period cannot always be accepted as the le gitimate measure of her capacity of any breed, no matter how well authen ticated any great performance may be. Meaning of Co-Operation. There is just as much business in co-operation as there is co-operation in business. The two words have differ ent meaning, but are inseparable in their relations to each other. All co operation is business, but not all bus mess is co-operation. Posted Man Succeeds. The man who keeps posted is thi man who makes the most success The man who does not know things U the one who takes th back seat in bil line of work. THE SEA COAST ECHO, BAT ST. LOUIS, MISSISSIPPI I SHOWS WASTE Important Fertilizing Material Is Thrown Away. I Only 25 Per Cent, of Country Tank age it Available, and Lost Prod ucts in the Distillation of Coal Amount to Millions. Washington.—Seventy-five J>er cent, of a highly valuable fertilizing mate rial in the form of tankage and bl6od I from the country slaughter Qfjfood an imals is being wasted throiplout the country districts. In addltionrf 22,ooo,- 000 worth of ammonia from which ammonium sulphate, another valuable fertilizing material could be made, is annually wasted by the practice of making coke in the beehive type of oven, according to a recent bulletin of the departmental agriculture. Tankage, a product of slaughter houses consisting of such waste ma terial as bones, horns, hoofs, hair, etc., contains a large percentage of nitro gen and other products used in com mercial fertilizer and in the larger packing houses is carefully saved. In country killing, however, only 25 per cent, of the tankage and blood are saved for fertilizer. The nitrogen content of tankage is said to vary from 5 to 8 per cent, and its phos phoric acid content between 5 and 12 per cent. Dried blood is perhaps the richest in nitrogen of all the organic materi als used In the fertilizing industries. Unadulterated blood when quite dry contains 14 per cent, of nitrogen, but as obtained on the market its content varies from 9 to 13 per cent. From the figures estimated by the bureau of animal industry, depart ment of agriculture, as representing the total slaughter of cattle, calves, swine, and sheep in the United States, in 1912, it has been calculated that if all the materials rendered available by this slaughter had been saved and converted into tankage and dried blood, they would have produced 222,- 535 tons of tankage and 79,794 tons of dried blood. The introduction of a co-operative system among American farmers un doubtedly would result in an in creased utilization of blood and tank age for fertilizing purposes. In Den mark country killing is being prac ticed on a co-operative basis in small country abattoirs, and the blood is carefully preserved. The loss of ammonium sulphate which compares favorably with sodi um nitrate as a plant stimulant in the distillation of coal for the production of coke, is described in the bulletin as follows: “In the main, coal is distilled in this country in that form of coke oven, the beehive oven, which does not ad mit of the recovery of the distillation products. Instead, they are allowed to go to waste. So we are indebted to the by-product recovery oven for the main supply of ammonium sul phate. The ar >unt recovered is val ued at about $4,000,000, while the re coverable ammonia annually destroyed in the coking processes by the bee hive ovens is valued at $22,000,000. . . . ,At the beginning of 1912 there were 4,624 by-product coke ovens in operation in the United States and 698 building.” The great product of Chile, sodium nitrate, possesses less nitrogen con tent (15.5 per cent.) than ammonium .sulphate. The United States, however. Imports a great quantity (in 1911, 70,- 000 tons) for use in agriculture, owing to the deficient supply of other ferti lizers in this county. This is only a small part of the total amount of so dium nitrate America imports yearly from Chile, as it has many other uses. The more intensive agriculture of re cent years has emphasized the de mand for nitrates, and the fact that the Chilean beds of nitrates have been surveyed and figures have been ob tained which make possible a fairly close estimate of the amount of ni trate remaining there should stimulate the manufacture of nitrogenous sub stances suitable for fertilizer manufac ture, and serve as a warning against undue waste. Artificial nitrates have become com mercially important to supply the de mand in this country, calcium cyana mide being perhaps the most nitrogen ous material manufactured for fer tilizer purposes. It is prepared from calcium carbide and free nitrogen, the latter being prepared from the atmos phere by the removal of oxygen. This industry is considered to be as yet only in its infancy, and with the in creased capacity of existing factories and extensions now under w r ay should prove an important factor in the pres ent source of nitrogenous fertilizers. The relative values of the different fertilizers are brought out fully in this bulletin (No. 37) whiefo can be had on application to the division of publica tions, United States department of agriculture. Washington, D. C. Imported cattle inspected by the bureau of animal industry, U. S. De partment of agri- Meat Imports culture during Compared. October and No r vember, 19 13, number 209,327 head, as compared with 72,420 for the corresponding pe riod of 1912. All came from Canada and Mexico except 447 head of pure bred cattle, for breeding purposes, im ported from Great Britain. The im ports were classified as follows; October —For immediate slaughter, 73,166; as stockers and feeders, 54,- 565; for dairy and breeding purposes. 739; total, 128,470. November —For “Liberty Cap” Cent The Liberty Cap cent of 1794 tm one of a series of experi mental copper coins issued between 1792 and 1795, before the de sign of the old copper cent had been determined on. It may not be gen erally known that the first money coined by the government was cop per cents, which began in 1793, while the coinage of silver did not- begin ontfl 1794. Daring the first three years of copper coinage three different de signs of .cents were issued, one at Immediate slaughter, 39.086; as stock ers and feeders. 41.648; for dairy and breeding purposes. 223; total, 80.857. The bulk of the slaughter cattle came from Canada, while Mexico furnished over four-fifths of the Stockers and feeders. Imported meats and meat-food prod ucts inspected during October amount ed to 6,000,735 pounds, and In Novem ber to 11,792,576 pounds, making a to tal of 17,793.311 pounds for the two months. The bulk of this consisted of fresh and refrigerated beef, 16,082.- 578 pounds. There were 275,847 pounds of other fresh and refrigerated meats. The remainder consisted of cured and canned meats, 1,169,517 pounds, and other products (sausage, compound, and oleo stearin), 265,369 pounds. Of the total. Canada furnished 8,098.197 pounds, Argentine 6,209,700 pounds. Australia 2,725,142 pounds, Uruguay 559,843 pounds, and other countries much smaller quantities. Of these im ports there were condemned in Octo ber 4,690 pounds and in November 14,123 pounds, or a total of 18,813 pounds. The secretary of agriculture has an nounced the appointment of the fol lowing committee To Investigate “to conduct a gen- Meat Situation. eral inquiry into the fac tors which have brought about the present unsatisfactory conditions with respect to meat production in the Uni ted States, especially in reference to beef, with a view to suggesting possi ble methods for improvement:” Dr. B. T. Galloway, assistant secre tary of agriculture, chairman. Dr. H. J. Waters, president Kansas State Agricultural college. Prof. C. F. Curtiss, dean and direc tor lowa State college. Prof. H. W. Mumford, professor of animal husbandry, University of Illi nois. Dr. A. D. Melvin, chief, bureau of an imal industry, U. S. department of ag riculture. Dr. T. N. Carver, director, rural or ganization service, U. S. department of agriculture. The work of the committee will be centered largely on the study of eco nomic questions involved in the pro duction, transportation, slaughter and marketing of meat. As the first step the committee will investigate careful ly the changes within the last two or three decades which have increased cost of production, and the centraliz ing of the meat industry. Among the important considerations to be gone into wall be the taking up of the pub lic lands, the effect of the capacity of the range, especially on the remaining public lands and forest reserves, with a view to suggesing changes in the laws to make the public lands of greater use in cattle raising. The committee also will give special atten tion to the economic changes in meat production and distribution brought about through the centralizing of slaughtering and meat preparations in large packing establishments, and the changes in transportation and similar matters which have resulted from\his centralization and other causes, the economic possibility of communal and community effort i£ % cattle raising and the advantages of bs&iftiohiug local or municipal abattoirs will also be in vestigated. The committee will not deal spe cifically with questions of animal hus bandry which has to do with the ac tual breeding of cattle, as this work will be left to the specialists in the de partment and state agricultural col leges in this field. The appointment of a committee will not interfere in any way with investigations now under way in any of the state agricultural colleges or experiment stations. The letter of appointment announces that the chairman within a short time will supply details regarding the scope of the investigation and the lines of work w’hlch the committee might take up. The foreign commerce of the United States in the calendar year 1913 ap proximated sl.- Foreign Com- 750,000,000 of im mprrp of M S fi° rts and * 2,500r merce 01 u. o. 000 000 of exp orts. The imports of the 11 months ended with November were $1,609,000,000, and should the December imports equal those of November, the total for the full year would be $1,756,000,000. The exports of the 11 months ended with November were $2,251,000,000, and should the December exports equal those of November, the total would be $2,479,000,000. This estimate would make the excess of exports over im ports approximately $740,000,000. The figures of exports and of excess of exports over imports will exceed those of any earlier year. The largest export of any preceding calendar year was that of 1912, which showed a to tal of $2,399,217,993; and as the 11 months ended with November are $102,000,000 in excess of the corre sponding period of the preceding year, the estimate of approximately $2,500.- 000,000 for 1913 seems to be justified. The excess of exports over Imports in the 11 months ended with November was $642,000,000, and for the single month of November $97,000,000, thus apparently justifying the estimate of $740,000,000 excess of exports for the full year. In imports, the total for 1913 will be less than that of 1912 but larger than that of any year preceding 1912 This decline in imports in 1913 Is due in part to reduction in prices of cer lain articles imported. While the quantity of sugar imported in the ten months ended with October exceeded that of the corresponding period of 1912 by 368,000,000 pounds, the value of this larger quantity imported dur ing the 1913 period was $22,000,000 less than That of the corresponding pfr riod of 1912. which, nowr called the Liberty Ca| cent, had the profile of Washington on one side and a peculiarly shaped liberty cap on the other- The bust of Washington represented him in epaulets and a ruffled shirt. Th Liberty Cap cent of 1T93 is worth |4; 1794, 35 cents; 1795, 5p cents. The Evidence. “How was the matikee, Felice?” “I have never before enjoyed a plaj so much. Just look Jt this handker chief! It's soaked witp tears.” GIRLS INVADE BOYS’ REALM Take dob* as Caddies on Many Golf Courses in England—Like Outdoor Life. London. —New professions for girls are cropping up continually, most of them indoor occupations, which, though not perhaps actually harmful, do not admit of much fresh air or ex ercise. It is little wonder that girls who are fond of outdoor life should be attract ed by the idea of caddying, and should invade the golf courses, where, hither to, their brothers have reigned su preme. Girl caddies have been tried Girl Caddies on the Links. In several places, and have been found eminently suited to their duties. At Brough, in Yorkshire, girl cad dies attend on enthusiastic golfers, and they have even penetrated to Cornwall and may be seen frequently on the splendid links of Newquay. At Brough, in Yorkshire, girl cad dies attend on enthusiastic golfers, and they ha\ f S even penetrated to Cornwall and may be seen frequently on the splendid links at Newquay. Girls who have left school and are too young to start on their chosen vocation, might do much worse than fill up a few years ,as caddies. Of course, there is the danger that it may unfit them for an indoor situation later, but it is certainly better than running wild or waiting for something to turn up. Golf is said to be a fascinating game, and it is to Je hoped that it will not have a demoralizing influence upon girl cadies and obtrude itself unduly into the duties of later life. ARMY SLEEPS WHILE WALKING Epidemic of Strange Malady Attack® Regiment of Italian Army—Citi zens Not Yet infected. Rome. —There is a strange epidemic of what may be called “contagious somnambulism” at Piacenza. This epidemic is limited to the barracks of an infantry regiment stationed in the town. So far it has not spread among the citizens. The police found a soldier clad in his underclothes soundly asleep In the street at midnight. The man was nearly frozen to death. He was taken to the barracks and placed under ar rest. The doctor who attended to him certified that he was a sleep walker. On the following day three soldiers were found asleep in the street at night and the colonel of the regiment reprimanded the doctor and had the men sent to prison. Despite the fact that double sen tries were posted in all the sleeping rooms of the barracks, more soldiers were found asleep in the street every night, often as many as 20 at a time. An officer’s guard was kept awake all night in barracks, but men got out of their rooms through the roof. All the doctors agree that these men are sleep walkers, but they cannot ex plain why pretty nearly all the sleep walkers in Italy seem to belong to infantry regiment now at Piacenza. The war office appointed a commis sion of army doctors to examine this strange epidemic. The Piacenza regi ment is now known as the “Somnam bulists’ Corps.” DEDICATE WINDOW TO ASTOR Memorial Placed in Church by Widow of Titanic Victim Reads “Be Not Afraid.” Beacon. N. Y.—A window in memory of Col. John Jacob Astor, who lost his life in the Titanic disaster, was dedi cated in the Church of the Messiah at Rhinebeck. It was placed by his widow, Mrs. Madeline Force Astor. Mrs. Astor and a party of relatives from New T York were present. Col onel Astor was senior warden of the church at the time of death, and his funeral services were held in the edi fice. The window' contains three panels. The central one represents Christ walking on the water; the side panels show' standing female figures. The words, “Be not afraid” are near the top and the memorial inscription at the bottom reads; 6 * • : In loving memory of John Jacob ; ; Astor. Born July 13, ISC4. I>ied April : 15. 1912. • • SUGAR IN SHOE BLACKING Other Curious Aoplications Revealed by the “Lancet,” a London Publication. London—Sugar, according to the Lancet, has in the industries many valuable applications w hich have noth ing to do with its role as an aliment. It is, for example, the foundation of common shoe blacking. Sugar enters largely into the composition of copy ing inks, and printers’ rollers are made up of a mixture of glue and gly cerine or sugar. It is used in the manu facture of transparent soaps. For a long time sugar has been em ployed as a hardware and strengthen er ot-cements and is mixed with mor tar to give it permanently hard quali ties. Some of the most ancient mason ry of the world has been found to contain very appreciable quantities of sugar, • "Lv i t y V-'L * ll Vv 1 !' t i—-- ■■■ ■• ■■■ ■ TO CHRISTEN BIG BATTLESHIP ji . | '' When Miss Lorena Cruce, daughter of the governor of Oklahoma, chris* ten* the new United States battleship kla **. oma nex * * larch * * he most truly Miss Cruce, herself part Indian, will SUrrC ‘ Un^ ** y e representat * ve ®‘ V. Oklahoma is complied with, and the vessel is manned largely by Oklaho .?* * r A “majority of the Indians to be pres \ ppfc 0 ’ ent at the launching will come from r-r >V / the Five Civilized Tribes, but Miss - k -S>v Cruce insists that all other branches \ °f a horigiues shall have delegates at 'N the launching. They are expected to V'i appear In native dress* and the scene .A will be the most unique hi the navy * V \ %% \ t history if her plans prevail. Robert LI Owen. United States sen ator, and his daughter will represent the Cherokee strain, and Congressman Charles D. Carter the Choctaw branch of the five civilized groups of the In dian Nation, whose emblems Is a five-pointed star surrounding the seal of Oklahoma will be the most conspicuous design to be engraved upon the $7,500 silver service which the state will present to the battleship. Miss (J’ruce. whoso mother is dead, and who is the constant companion and chum of her father. Is the granddaughter of a gallant pioneer, Gapt. Le Flore. Her mother was one of twins whose names were Chickie and. Chockie because of the commingling of Chickasaw and Choctaw blood. Mrs. Cruce was Chickie L© Fore. The daughter, seventeen years old, is a graduate of the Oklahoma State Normal school, and the Ardmore high school. She is a student of languages in the University of Oklahoma and a leader of society in the circles of her age in the capital. She has traveled extensively and. though a girl in years and appearance, she is a woman in intellect and accomplishments. \ 9 BURDEN OF BEING A HERO Raouf Hussein Bey, captain of the glorious “Hamidie,” is advertising for someone who will take off his slioul ders the burden of being a hero. A year’s experience has proved that be ing a hero is tiresome. Raouf can tolerate hiu popularity, the display of his photographs, the flicker of his moving picture face and his prospects if* * that When you become a hero in Tur key influential people insist on marry- H £ % V ing you to a princess. Raouf resents- | ... .ft this. Though a Turk, he is more Eu- ,/ ropean than ‘Europe itself, and he J much prefers the European system ' Jr under which pretty girls who want to v their photographs taken. The sultan > : nlfli^MwlTii merely commands the hero to marry il a princess of the ancient, mighty and Jig terrible House of Othman, without even knowing what she’s like. 1 Captain Raouf Hussein is a dark-eyed, thick-nosed, handsome, well-set-up Turk forty years old. He served tn the British navy, speaks perfect English, has tasted whisky and soda, and* in every other respect Is a civilized man. It was Raouf who went to Germany to buy the battleships Weisseuburg and Kurfurst Friedrich ’Wilhelm, which, renamed Messudie and Harbarossa Hairedden, did Turkey such signal service in the war. Raouf is brave. He chafed fiercely against the marine minister for not letting him go out and fight the Greek midgets, and when he did get out he did some damage and spread as much panic as did Cervera while his whereabout were unknown. So Raouf became a hero, and a hero he remains. But heroes must havw imperial wives. Just as Enver Bey was rewarded for his heroism with a princess of the House of Othmau (whom, despite re ports, he has not yet got), so Raouf must be rewarded. That is the House of Othman system. The princess cannot intermarry with Christian dynasties, and as there are no Moslem dynasties worth mentioning, they must marry at home. LAMARS MOVE TO CAPITAL I I ■ ~ ~ Lamar is a familiar name in the the Sixtieth congress. Judge Umar be came affiliated with large legal inter ests in Atlanta, Ga., and resided there until two years ago, when he and Mrs. M Lamar returned to Washington, which a|||lK will hereafter be their winter home. “Fads are something I never had leisure to cultivate,” said Mrs. I^amar. • "V • “One of my delights relates to all that pertains to a home. We recently erected near Atlanta, Ga., a borne the thought of which will always give my heart a pang, for it seems now that it will never be our Joy to live there. There are 135 acres, many of them in that wonderful woodland for which Georgia is so famous, great sturdy oaks, tall, vigorous pines with great clumps of wild azaleas making natural banks. j GENEVIEVE CLARK, CAPITAL DEBUTANTE | Quite in keeping with the quaint flounces and furbelows, the “garden slippers,” the girlish bonnets and the % nosegays of simple blossoms which it is the fashion of the moment for the debutante in the national capital to carry are the old-fashioned hours which they are keeping this season. jaHogr Speaker Clark's daughter, Genevieve. ■ was among the most prominent of this When once an invitation to a debu tante’s dance bore the legend “ten” or ||||9| “half-past ten o’clock,” today the cards 'WtKk. # read "nine o’clock,” which means that ipr supper will be served at midnight and W > that by two o’clock the debutante’s '' first dance will be a happy memory. * vJR*’ ||;i The reform has come without any Jjip effort. Something more subtle than preaching early hours Is at work in changing a mode which in the last f ten years had become a custom so rigidly observed that no one person or set of persons, however influential, rould uproot it. Another feature of the season is the absence of ,such purely feminine functions as the erstwhile popular debutante luncheon. Nowadays teas and dancing are favored. Formerly a constant round ol luncheons, given that the girls might become acquainted, leading up to a series of late dinners and balls, proved too much even for youthful eudma ; e, find many a girl found herself at the door of a sanitarium at the end ci first season.