Newspaper Page Text
/ft 1 Mr. William A. Radford will answer questions and give advice FREE OF COST on all subjects pertaining to the subject of building, for the readers of this paper. On account of his wide experience as Editor, Author and Manufacturer, he is, without doubt, the highest authority on all these subjects. Address all inquiries to William A. Radford, No. 1827 Prairie avenue, Chicago. 111., and only enclose two-coat stamp for reply. It is surprising to one who has not given the matter thought, how many little points there are connected with the planning of an up-to-date con venient residence that can be gotten ill wrong if the architect is not ex ceedingly careful or doesn’t know his business, and the house resulting be ilmost ruined, so far as comfort and .he conveniences of housekeeping are concerned. It has frequently been suggested that architects doing residence work should seek advice of the women concerning many points, and find out from first-hand testimony just how’ the housekeeper wants to have the many features which mean so much to her, but which mere man knows very little of. Some of these points that have been suggested are as fol lows: What woman would put In laundry tubs so deep that the luckless worker who is of short or medium stature is in constant danger of pitching for ward upon her head, while the tall woman can at least reckon upon a headache or backache as the result of a few hours work; or, who but man would make the ledge between the tubs so wide that no ordinary wringer can be fitted to it? Would any wom an dream of standing a kitchen range so close to the wall on the side where the match has to be applied and the stop-cocks regulated that it is only by difficult maneuvering with the left hand that the range can be managed at all? Nor is there any plausible reason for so arranging the wall spaces that the refrigerator must stand next to the stove, while the closet in the kitchen, which is to be used as a pantry, is as far away from the self same stove as it is possible to place it, presumably to give the cook some needed exercise in getting up a meal. Another Idea which should suggest itself to the woman architect, or archi tect’s assistant, is the fact that the toilet room. If there is but one, should be separate from the bathroom, as a mutter of family convenience: also, if the bathroom is on the second floor, .*t* 4 an extra toilet and laboratory should be provided on the first floor. There is no good reason, either, for setting a bathtub a few inches above the floor, thus leaving a space under neath which is almost inaccessible and yet must be kept clean for sani tary reasons. Then, too, if the de mand were Insistent enough, manu facturers might see fit to market a washstand so made that a woman’s hair would not inevitably catch upon the faucet every time she washed her face. A clever woman assisting in plan ning houses or apartments would see the advantage of plain moldings and En pj KtTCHtii p3Sj Living Rm ii Jfi-0-XU-0- •U-TTZe': Otuncßk I5 OXUV CZj Pooch MVXifO" First Floor Plan. woodwork, oiled kitchen and bath room floors, and washable walls. An other feature that might be easily in troduced lu the kitchen, laundry and bathroom floors is a drain, so that they could be flushed with water that would run off through connections with pipes. In the more luxurious homes, dish and clothes washers run by electricity would help materially to render the work less disagreeable and to induce the servant problem to settle Itself. Fireless cookers, now used by not a few up-to-date housekeepers, might also be built In. Outdoor racks for garbage cans, with openings Into the kitchen, have at last found their Way Into a few of the better class apart ment houses, but these as well as soiled clothes chutes from upper floors to the laundry should he Installed In every well appointed private house. Indoor drying rooms for use on snowy or rainy washdays are another convenience that might easily he pro vided tor In the cellar, but are geor •rally lacking. These are but a tow of the things that a woman assistant could keep before the eyes of an architect in the domestic branch of the work. In buildings that are to be rented, it should be made an invariable rule to put in as many permanent features as possible, such as towel and soap racks and medicine in bath rooms, utensil shelves and hooks in kitchen and pantry, as well as curtain hooks and portiere poles, in addition to shades and screens for windows and doors. For, where this is not i x ■ —■* au hall cl " B£X)Pm v Bed Rm. I it-vxiv > . " ii Second Floor Plan. done, each succeeding tenant adds hia mite to the disfigurement of walls and woodwork. In tYie design illustrated herewith, many of these suggestions have been taken advantage of, and this design is offered as embodying numerous desir able features and labor-saving con veniences which the women appre ciate. In this design there are three large rooms on the main floor, besides pan try, downstairs toilet room, ice box alcove and, back entry. The front of the house is especially attractive, with the large living room lighted on three sides. Broad cased openings connect the stair hall with the living room on one side and the dining room on the other, making in all a very spa cious apartment. The kitchen is con venient to the dining room, also to the front door and the stairs. The second floor of this house Is small, compared to the first-floor plan, since the living room is a one-story wing with flat roof. This, however, provides a very nice second-story ba’i cony opening out of one of the bed rooms, which can be’used very easily for an outdoor sleeping room in the summer time. Both of the bedroom* are of good size, and are nicely ar ranged for convenience. This house Is designed along strict ly modern lines, giving the popular cement stucco outside finish. The house will cost from $3,500 to $4,000, depending on the local material and labor market. It is a design of a good deal of style and can be recom mended as generally satisfactory. Napoleon’s Vain Hope. One hundred years ago, March 6, the allied army advancing on Paris was seriously threatened in the rear by the French peasantry. Long unac customed to invasion, and exasperated by the devastation wrought by the invaders, the peasants gathered into troops and massacred the foreign sol diery when not in sufficient numbers to keep them in check. This led Na poleon to hope that his diminished army would be supported by a general rising of the people. But in this he was disappointed. The people didn’t rise in any considerable number, and the allies continued to march upon Paris, convinced that the possession of the French capital must inevitably bring the war to a favorable conclu sion. Find Relics in Old English Mine. A curious find was made by quarry men working In Hopton Wood lime stone quarries, neear Matlock, Derby shire. England, recently. They broke into the shaft of a long-forgotten lead mine, which is expected to yield in teresting relics when fully explored. At the head of the shaft several min ers' petrified candles were found, and on a ledge of rock were the initials P. B. and the date 1766, cut with i pick. Of Interest to W. C. T. U. W. C. T. U. members will be inter ested to know that Sir Ernest Shack leton, who is on a long journey across the South Pole continent, will not al low his men to take any alcohol on the journey. The beverages they take are only tea and cocoa, tea in the mid die of the day and cocoa at night For That Faint Smell. To get rid of the smell of new paint .put a handful of hay into a pailful of water aad let It eland la the roocg i, m - mm a .A a I OWUflkii Uncle Sam's latest giant fighting snip v. as launched at the yard of the New York Shipbuilding company at Camden, N. J., March 23. Miss Lorena J. Cruce. daughter of the governor of Oklahoma, is shown in the picture just before she sent the dreadnaught down the ways by smashing a bottle of champagne across the bow. PAS RECALLS CAREER OF CASSIUS I CLAY Strange Marriage of Aristocratic, Fire Eating Southern Abolition ist at Age of Ninety and Dora Richardson, the Thirteen- Year-Old Child of a Poor White Family, a Union That Caused a Siege at Clay Mansion. Louisville, Ky. —It is more than ten years now since the name of Gen. Cassius M. Clay figured in the day’s dispatches from Kentucky. We used to read of him in 1903 as an old man with a bushy white mane in a state of siege at his family mansion near Richmond, Ky., with faithful retain ers. armed with guns, defending the Gen. Cassius M. Clay. besieged house against attacks by process servers and the curious pub lic. The name Is only recalled to mind now by the dispatch the other day announcing the death of Dora Richard son, the erstwhile child wife of the aged w T arrior and statesman. It was one of the strangest ro mances in history, that strange affin ity between the old man, the aristo crat, scholar, diplomat and soldier, the scion of one of the proudest lines in America and the little, untutored, unkempt girl of a poor white family. He was ninety, she was thirteen. He was old enough to be her great-grand father, yet he married her. It was the old man’s dream to take the untaught child, accustom her to the ways of culture, educate her, make her a fitting heir for his name and estate. He carried out his part of the plan, but the poor child could never accustom herself to her un usual surroundings. After she tired of the dolls and the other toys he bought her she pined for her own folks and, when he saw it was inevit able, Gen. Clay yielded gracefully, dowering her with some of the pre cious heirlooms of the Clay family and giving her a house. The girl. In turn, having married Riley Brock, a youth of her own station and age, named her first born Clay Brock. - And now her little day of fame la ended. Death has closed the most unusual romance of the old Blue Grass state. Finis is written. Gen. Clay was all but forgotten prior to 1903 when his marriage to the slip of a girl brought once more into prominence the hero of a departed age. Now he will recede into history. The events growing out of that mar riage, the beleaguered state of his house, the opposition of his children, the sensations that developed were DYING BOrS WISH GRANTED ■iSE'Sr.'S, vs.' ? • ’•* i ojSfffii jAc'^3? Washington Youth, With incurable Heart Trouble, Sees President Wilson at White House. Washington.—A nlne-yearoid bay, dying of heart trouble, eras brought to the White House to have his de sire to see and be. smiled upon by the president of the United Slates granted. He is son of Mrs. A. L. Davis dt Sewickley, Pa. The boy has had inoumife haart trouble for years, and Is now bldng . TH£ SEA COAST ECHO, BAT ST. LOUIS, MISSISSIPPI but recrudescences of the old time bellicose nature of the man who fought with pen or bowie knife or tongue with equal facility. It was because he was a fighting man that the marriage with the child wife and the reluctance to be interviewed on the subject attracted attention. Those were the days when faithful servitors of the old aristocrat guarded every approach to White Hall, the manor house of his estate at Rich mond, Ky., with loaded guns; when the house itself was in a state of siege, guns bristling from its win dows and sentries keeping incessant watch. That impertinent curiosity of the public regarding his private affairs irritated the old fighter. The bitter ness that arose between the doughty old general and his kinsfolk follow ing his strange marriage aroused his animosity. He did not hesitate to fire on a couple of deputies w r ho ap proached to serve a writ demanding furniture which belonged to his daughters. His Spartan spirit did not hesitate even to threaten to fire at his own son, when the latter would have made peace. He was of an im placable nature. He was a fighting man born and bred and he died a fighting man, de nying entrance to a physician, with his trusty bowie knife near his pil low and bis guns within reach. The body of the old man might decay; his spirit nothing quench. A flood of memories comes with the mention of the death of the child wife of this fighting Kentuckian, memories that are now beginning to a*. ' ' Dora Richardson, at Thirteen, When She Became Wife of Genera! Clay. harden into formal history with the passing from the stage of the men who recall the day when the name Clay was a name to conjure with. In the halls of congress, in the secret chambers of diplomacy, on the bat tlefields of the country a Clay has ever made his influence felt. Ever since the country has been a coun try there has been a Clay to figure in its history. If there were no con troversy to take part in a Clay would start one. And now the last of the family is gone—the last fighting takeu to Atlantic City, where there la a chance that he may live a few weeks longer. He was taken to the White House in an ambulance and was brought into the blue room on a cot, where the president and Mrs. Wilson greeted him. The president made the boy happy by presenting him with a bouquet of forget-me-nots. Husband Called Her "Cave Woman.* Hoboken, N. J.—Because her hus band called her an "ignorant mutt" and n "cave woman" when she oh- ■ MI ■> mi - ' M,-, —■ .member, for of the aeecehdants of tM has been none yet to break l into; print with bellicose threat enln*s. v the old general It made little dft|fere)i£ .whether the fight were with <frawn peas, with revolvers, broad swords, fists or guns. But perhaps he liked best the bowie knife. That Jg&a a Kentucky defense. Old Colonel 116w1eT53 devised It The long, keen blade, a certain weapon in the hands of a strong man, it was the common thing among those who resorted to brute strength. No story of hunter or outlaw was complete in the old Nick Carter days without the bowie knife. It is obsolete now, but It was the weapon General Clay knew; when his fingers gripped its hilt his own valor did the rest. He once stood off a dozen men in a hand-to-hand con flict, ripping them to ribbons with his bowie knife and a bowie knife it was that he kept near him as long as breath remained in his body, in that last warm fight with death. A fight was natural for General Clay. He got his title for leading troops in the Mexican war. He used to say that no man. could get political pre ferment In Kentucky without a mili tary title and that he went to war with that purpose in view. His Mexi can campaigning days he endured with distinction. His main fights, however, were In connection with slavery. He was one of the few southern abolitionists. To what fortuitous circumstance we owe it that he went to Yale college to complete the studies he had begun in Transylvania college does not appear. But he went. And when in New Eng land he was deeply moved by the speeches of that prophet of abolition, William Lloyd Garrison. Champion ,| . ■ ■■■l. ■■ ■■■ I General Clay’s Mansion. of an unpopular cause, Garrison be came a hero to young Clay. It may have been because the great aboli tionlst was with bravery putting up a losing fight that the Kentuckian admired him. At all events when he went back among his Kentucky slave holding friends he went back an ardent abo litionist. Fearless espousal of that cause lost him the re-election to the state legislature in 1841. In ’44 he stumped the North with all the Im petuosity of his fiery nature for the election of his father’s cousin, Henry Clay, to the presidency. In' a barricaded building, more re sembling an arsenal than a printing office, in the city of Lexington on Kentucky’s slave soil he issued in 1845 The True American, openly advocat ing anti-slavery. And all but forgotten was he, had it not been for his strange marriage and his child wife, whose passing the other day revived memories. DECLARES DOGS SEE SPIRITS Miss Lind Also Believes That All Ani mals Have Souls —Comes to Fight Vivisection. New York. —“You’ve got to stop kicking my dog around.” The lady is here to make you stop. Miss Louise Lind of Hageby, cham pion of the anti-vivisectionists, of world wide fame, arrived on the Lu sitania from Liverpool. Miss Lind says that she is far from being opposed to science, but she is violently opposed to cutting up live dogs and other ani mals for the benefit of science. She says that it Is not necessary. Some years ago she had erected in Lon don a monument to “The Little Brown Dog; the Victim of Vivisection.” College students tore down the mon ument and a few riots followed. But the champion of the little brown dog says that the monument served its purpose in directing attention to the sacrifice of live animals to science. Miss Lind says that it was a visit to the Pasteur institute in Paris which originated the crusade in aid of the dog and other animals subjected to torture for science. She is on her way to Washington to attend the interna tional Anti-vivisection and Animal Protection Congress. The friend of the canine is interest ed in a number of women’s move ments. She is a suffragette but does not believe in militancy, she says. Mil itancy, she believes, is as bad as vivi section, in its way. Miss Lind is also a student of psy chic research. She was a friend of the late William T. Stead, who went down on the Titanic. She believes that dogs and other animals have im mortal souls as well as human be ings. “It is just as reasonable.” said the lady, “to admit that animals have im mortal souls as that we have. I be lieve that dogs may see spirits. We often see exhibits of a high order of intelligence in animals. How often have you observed a dog Ijing at jour side suddenly rise, with his hair bris tling and a strange look in his eyes? He sees something which you cannot see.” jected to bis singing, Mrs, Charles Albers seeks a separation. Roosevelt’s Works Bring 30 Cents. New York. —Six volumes of Theo dore Roosevelt’s works were sold at auction for 30 cents at the defunct Union League club, Brooklyn. Continues Ban Against Autos. Mount Desert, Me.—By a vote of 25J to 58 this town decided to continue the ban against automobiles which began last summer MRS. WARREN NOT A CLUBWOMAN i 1 — Mrs. Francis E. Warren, the young i .A contain some rare pieces of old ma \ hogany which would delight the eye J. 4 of the collector, but Mrs. Warren V prizes them most for their family asso v. '" f MBL ciations. The guestroom of this man JilSfck. sion Is furmaLLed. yJ.ULJPSIQ nIaI ... P iecea , •>.which are probably as beautiful ex ?\ am pies of the craftsmanship of that period as are in existence. “ ' ' Mrs. Warren is fond of society and finds the cosmopolitan social life in Washington particularly interesting, but she is essentially a home woman. She takes great delight in reading, and some of her happiest hours are spent in her big, well-stocked library. Mrs. Warren has never gone in to any great extent for athletics. She has always loved horses, however, and before her marriage kept some particularly fine ones and rode a great deal. She is devoted to outdoor life and a greai lover of nature. She often declares that nothing has ever appealed to her a* did her first trip to the West, with its revelation of great distances anc grandeur of scenery. Soon after their marriage, three years ago, benatoi Warren took her West and she made her first acquaintance with her adoptee state of Wyoming. She saw most of the state on that visit, was captivated by its beauty and has longed to return to it. If congress does not sit in extra session during the coming summer Senator and Mrs. Warren will return tc Cheyenne and open their house there. Mrs. Warren is not a clubwoman. She Is, however, "a suffragist by mar riage,” as she says when asked for her views on equal suffrage. 1 hen sh explains that Wyoming, her husband’s state, enfranchised its women nearly half a century ago. SAYS DIVISION OF PRODUCTS IS PROBLEM “The equitable division of that - which is produced Is a problem we versary banquet of the department in crete plan by which this problem can tIP 0 button and exchange would solve it W and give to every man the full social %,/, -y& • equivalent of that which his labor pro- duces. But assuming you have collec- V Jar live ownership of all means, how are you going to determine what the full re|^ : . ownership would not give us a solu tion. Maybe a solution will come yet, though not as the result of one man’s brilliant idea, but from some thought upon thought, idea upon idea, until every man on earth may have a full social equivalent of his labor.” # The speaker then referred to the different branches of the department ol labor. He said the department is bound to grow. “The labor question,” he asserted, “is more vital than any other question before any of the government departments. We have solved the problem ol production, so that we need no longer worry about our ability to make enough for our needs; but the problem of distribution Is to be solved. “The welfare of the children of this country is no longer a question ol humanity alone,” he continued, “but one of economic welfare also.” VISCOUNTESS D’AZY IS POPULAR §3LL. Viscountess Benoist d'Azy, thi f :'' isHt j amuses itself, and she often bends her energies upon the successful con % /' summation of some enterprise which jm she has organized for one American % x . / charity or another. Not long ago she produced the play, “Le Voyageur,” Id f. . the ballroom of the mansion of Mr. anc v Mrs. Franklin MacVeagh. Viscountess d’Azy herself played a role, and ths other members of an unusually dls g.; tingulshed cast were the C’ountess • ..>■ Bertier de Sauvlgny, wife of the mil L. itary attache of the French embassy; , Baron von Nagell, Baron Karl vot Freudenthal and Mr. von Rath. The play was given as a benefit for the Washington diet kitchen and SI,OOO was realized. The Viscountess d’Azy has five children. The daughter of the Marquis d< Vogue, himself a scion of one of the oldest houses In France and a membei of the French Academy, she was married, as are roost French girls of gentle blood almost as soon as she entered her teens. She is a devoted mother, anc the comrade and playmate of her five children, whose names are Charles Elaine, Clare, Margaret and Martha. EXPLORER GREELY STILL VIGOROUS I ■ ■■ " ' the chief. This expedition sailed northward In 1881. It contained 25 members, of whom only seven came back Two relief expeditions failed to find the Oreely party, and when finally rescue* by the third expedition, sent under command of Capt Winfield Soott Sehleft the survivors of the party were nearly erased with hunger.