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AUSTRALIAN FIRING A TRENCH MORTAR
s w *v ✓ ... - --*• -~ ' ' ' I ins remarkable looking weapon, which is being used with telling effect against the Turks in the Dardanelles campaign, is a trench mortar, one of the new engines of war which has been brought into play during the present European war. It is mounted on boxes, and judging from the way It is handled when fired there is considerable risk to ttys pointer or operator of he weapon, for while one arm directs the fire of the mortar the other arm pulls the slug which sets it off. LIKE PIHG PARTY Italian Faces Death With a Smile and a Joke. Austrian Officers Astonished at the Easy, Cheerful Ways of Italian Soldiers —Comradeship Be tween Officers and Men. BY CAMILLO CIANFARPA. • International News Service.) Udine, Italy.—A stay of a few days at any of the sectors into which the Italian front is divided will convince the neutral observer of several things. Two of these will suffice as chiefly characteristic of the Italian array, viz.: The good humor of the Italian troops even in the face of the most desperate straits; and the ex cellenl relations which exist at all times between the officers and men. Shrapnel shells may explode at reg ular intervals in and around the Italian trenches, the roar of the guns may be deafening and awe-inspiring, the rain of bullets may raise clouds of dust, and send pebbles and chunks of rocks hurtling through the air— and yet the Italian soldier will al ways be ready to get all the fun he can out of the situation. In fact the clammy hand of death may he lurking in every corner and yet his native smile will never desert him, the unquenchable fire will never leave bis eyes, he will always be ready for a joke at the expense of the unsuspecting comrade standing, rifle in hand, at his side, alert at the first signs of real danger. This good humor, the radiant smile and the easy cheerful ways of the Italian "Tommy,” even after the most bloodcurdling operations, in which he may have risked his life a dozen times, excites the wonder of the Aus trian officers. One of the latter in a letter to his mother which was found on the bat tlefield declared that he could not make up his mind whether these Italian soldiers were cynics or en thusiasts. “For a whole day," continued the officer, who is a devout Catholic, "I was prevented from training a gun against a certain spot, because I saw through my field glasses that an am munition wagon was guarded by a priest armed with a long shining cross.** When the Italians evacuated the spot it was discovered that the priest was nothing more nor less than a black cassock and a widebrimmed # hat. supported on two wooden sticks and the cross formed out of a num ber of tin meat cans. Music and singing, however, form the chief diversions of the Italian troops, whenever and wherever the officers allow it. As Colonel Dunn, military attache at the American em bassy, remarked after a short visit to the Italian front, "These encamp ments behind the firing line are more like a picnic party than soldiers on a battle front." Every contingent has Its quota of guitar, mouthorgan and mandolin players, and night concerts follow each other on every side until the "Last Post” Is sounded and the regi ment retires under canvas. But even then after the patrol has disappeared toward the farthest end of the camp, a tender and touching melody steals through the air. lulling the nearby restless to sleep. As to the relations existing between the officers and the men in the ranks, they form, in the opinion of Captain Hayshi. member of the Japanese mil itary mission, a striking feature of the war. Italian military discipline is strict, but not harsh. It is main tained by kindness and justice rather than by fear. First, the officers invariably treat KANSAS HAS 900 PAUPERS Twenty Counties in the State Have No Poor Farms Nor Poor Indigents. Topeka.—Twenty of the 105 Kansas counties have no poor farms or indi gent poor, while in other counties the poor farms are self-supporting, accord ing to a report made by J. W. Howe, secretary of the state board of con trol. r . * In the year ending July I the vm- their men as they deserve to be treated; kindly, humanely. Moreover, they do it without loss of dignity. Hence, the soldiers respect, honor and even love their superiors. In the trenches and everywhere on the firing line, where danger is great est. the feeling of devoted comrade ship between officers and men is ad mirable and it is safe to say that every soldier is ready and willing to lay down his life for his superior. Stories of soldiers who risked their lives to save those of their officers are a daily occurrence at the Italian front. The last soldier to be decorated was a certain Guido Vltelli who. on seeing in the course of an engage ment his lieutenant fall grievously wounded. left the trenches accom panied by a comrade and rushed to the rescue. The spot where the offi cer lay was quite a distance from the trench and Vltelli was struck twice in the band and in the cheek, while his comrade was slightly wounded in the leg. Nevertheless, the two wounded sol diers succeeded tn carrying their su perior officer into the Italian lines. At the hospital, where he is now re covering. Vltelli related his adven tures to the captain of his company, adding that he was glad of the oppor tunity of proving the devotion be felt for the gallant young lieutenant. Nat urally, the captain has recommended him for the medal. MISS MARY ELLEN WILSON * s / \ v*-: . : .-*• • ■:•* *• / *. .- \ *. ! \ ■' f ; % ■ ' . ■■ > ... > • .-.v -• .v.-.*. . .- . . ;•*• • • i. u-. % j>lvivXviv>x \ %< Up I> y / >'' . : Second daughter of the Secretary of Labor. W. B. Wilson. Bank Teller Admits Hold-Up Fake. Cedar Rapids, la. —Leo Perrin, de posed paying teller of the Ceohr Rap ids National bank, is under arrest, charged with embezzlement of $20,070 from that institution. Perrin was ar rested after he confessed that the money, lost by the bank In a supposed hold-up. really was taken by him. He was taken to jail when unable to ob tain signatures to his $5,000 bond Lives on Coffee. Baltimore —Kate Larber, aged thir teen. has since she was fourteen months old taken practically no nour ishment except coffee, which she drinks In large quantities, sometimes 20 cups a day. rious counties in Kansas cared for only 900 paupers, the report says. Pending the construction of new quarters at the Winfield Hospital for the Feeble Minded, a number of in sane and feeble minded patients have been cared for by individual coun ties. Asa result there were ten more in mates of poor farms this year than last year. In the year ending July 1, says the report, there were 19 chil dren in the county nstitutions as against 14 the previous year. EARS OF THE ARMY l . Signal Corps Get Little Credit for Most Heroic Work. • With Shot and Shell Playing Around Him Signaler Coolly Splice* BrW ken Telegraph Wire# Al ways at Danger Point. v By CHRIS HEALY. • International News Service.) . Liverpool.—When the full story of the war is written we shall know the exact part played by the skilled craftsmen of Great Britain. Apprfr ciative hints are given here and there of the work of the collier i". detect ing the enemy’s mines, and boring counter-mines,-and of this woik and that of the navy, in building trenches but of the official war corre spondents have told us of the bravery and skill of the telegraph section of the Royal engineers, whose work is to organize victory by making iupos sible for one line of the men to com municate wit’; the other by erecting and repairing wires; in a phrase, by acting as the ears of the British army. The signaler is seldom the hero of one of those great stories oi aggressiveness which makes the name ■ of Michael O’Leary the subject of a ; thousand stories and legends, yet his | work, nevertheless, is heroic to a de | sree. An officer who has recently re turned from the region round Ypres. Festubert, and La Bassee tells me that he bravest feat he witnessed during his stay at the front was that of a telegraph signaler in the midst of a battle whose fortunes were turn ing now on the side of the Germans, and then on ours. A shell came from the Prussian side, which blew in a trench and cut a telegraph line to pieces. The next moment a signaler dashed through with a layer of wire in his hand, his pincers between his teeth, and quite an armory of other tools in his pock ets. Then with shot and shell playing round him he began to relay the bro ken telegraph line, fixed it up. walked calmly back to his original spot, wiped from his face the mud and dust with which it, was covered, relit his pipe, and aw r aited his next job. “It was the coolest piece of work 1 have ever seen,” said the officer. He was a judge, too, for he had seen six Victoria crosses earned, although the signaler in this case did not get one Here is a sketch of the dally rou tine of the signaler; He rises while all the other soldiers are asleep, and quietly makes his w'ay to the place where the new 7 trenches are to be made, estimates the amount of mate rial necessary, thinks of the men he can spare from the work of repairing, and then goes back to make all the preparations needed, which must be completed before the shell signal is given that the artillery attack has opened. He waits with strained nerves, so as to be at the heels of the rfch of infantry which Is to capture the ene my’s trenches; then, as the last Ger man is bayoneted or taken prisoner, even before the w r ork of the Red (Toss section has begun, he starts laying the telephones and telegraph wires w’hich are to keep the field commanders in touch with one an other. Night work is not only difficult but dangerous. Apart from the discora fort of trudging through plowed fi.elds, often after heavy rain has made them into huge quagmires, fall ing into deep ponds made by a big shell, and running the risk of being drowned where a cry for help may mean wholesale death for your own sector: dodging the star shells winch the enemy send up to take a view ot things, the signaler must always bear in mind that the lines must be laid or repa*red, and his own life is simply a means for that end. If he is killed after his work is done, then he can die happy knowing that he has saved the lives of men. If his work is unfinished, then death has a now terror, anew agony. This braces him up when a star shell lights the sky. He promptly faces his own trench with his back to the enemy. The pink patch on his face would not only make him a target for a sniper, but would also give away the posi tion of his regiment. So he stands stilL or else throws himself face downward, running the risk of getting honorable wounds, in the back. By the time he has meas ured the ground for the new lines, given a look for the other lines in use, and made a test or two, it is time to return to his dugout quarters, crawl in for an hour or two's rest, and. perhaps. Just as he has fallen com fortably asleep, be peremptorily awakened by the news that the ene my has blown in one'of our trenches, and the wires must be repaired or re laid at once. Under no circumstances whatever must the communications between the artillery and the infantry sections be interrupted for a moment, for that might mean disaster to the whole army. His Precious Horses. Miller, S. D. t — Robert Wilson, a prominent rancher here, is known for the fine horses he raises. He has many ready for the market but he re fuses to one while* the war in Europe lasts, fearing they would be sent there and injured or killed in battle. He refuses fancy prices right along for horses. Rabbit Hole a Treasure. Pratt, Kan, —A Mexican some six miles east of bere was bunting rab bits yesterday and ran a rabbit into a hole. He reached into the hole and pulled the bunny out. but the rabbit held to a sleeve of a man's Jacket Further investigation by the Mexican showed a large swag of heavy sllvei ware that had been hidden in tne bole, wrapped up In the Jacket. The silverware was turned over to a near by resident and he notified me offi cers. zzz czia coast acho, bay st. louis, Mississippi 61 OFTHE RETAKING OF MIME^CRATER Frederick Palmer Describes One of Most Picturesque Actions on British Front. BAG GERMANS IN NOVEL WAY """bunders of Artillery Duel Heard Many Miles In Rear—British Offi cers Enthusiastic Over Work of Big Guns —Fight Without Thought of Cost. By FREDERICK PALMER. (International News Service.# British Headquarters, France. —The British have retaKen the mine crater at Hooge ’ll one of the most pictur esque actions which has happened aiong the British trout for a long lime, without counting the novel way in which a bag of prisoners was made. Hooge is the name of what was once a village in a region as hat as a Dii liard table. It is m the Ypres salient As for the nature of life in the Vpres salient there is the testimony of Ger man prisoners who say that when a man on their side is assigned to it the saying is that he may consider himself as good as lost. It is generally agreed that more blood has been spilled in the Ypres salient than over any similar length of line on the western front, with the exception of Souchez, where the French made their real attack in May and June. The blowing up of a mine under the German trench some weeks ago made Hooge about the hottest point in the Ypres salient. It was one of the largest mines the British had ever exploded to begin with, and it made a hole in the earth about 40 feet deep and 70 feet across. The British charged in and took possession of it. In reply to the mine the Germans brought up their flame ejector ap paratus, which they had tried on the French before but now used on the English for the first time. Mean while around the edge of the crater the two sides were only five feet apart at one place. The crater was so' big, and it had so disfigured the landscape that it was very difficult to ‘consolidate the po sition” as the official bulletins say, particularly when showers of bombs from either side punished any enter prise on the part of the ether. On top of a bombardment with ar tillery of all the neighboring part of the British line w’hore the trenches were close together, the Germans sud denly sprayed the BGtish front with fire over a section where their in* fantry attacked. The British had to give up their crater and Hooge, too, and some 500 yards of trench. When they set out to recover it at first .they found the Germans had the line bristling with machine guns, sc they got back one end of what they lost. Reck Not the Ccst. The rule in the Y'pres salient seems to be never to lie down tamely under any setback.. Both sides fight to re cover a loss, no matter what the cost. Sanguinary battles are waged for few acres of ground. All one day tAe British kept an al most continuous roar of shells over other parts of the salient. They made the German trenches boil with dust unefor clouds of shrapnel smoke. The German guns replied. They threw in some more 17-inch shells into the ruins of Ypres and into other points which they had not considered worthy of 17-inch attention before. The thunder of this artillery duel could be heard .TO and 40 miles to the rear. It made a sound like the roll of a drum with almost no inter vals between the shots. Nothing heav ier had been heard since Souchez. About two the next morning guns GIRL DOES FARM WORK X > ■ Nv t-'- Miss Rose Williams, who, owing to the shortage of labor, is working on her father’s farm at Wisborough, near Billingshurst. England. She found skirts a hindrance, so she wears her brother’s flannels working in a hay field. HIS WIFE IS HIS “ANGEL” Indiana Farmer, Visiting State Fair, Save# When He Takes Advlifiii Colurab'O^vlßd.—Wilitnm Dawson, $ farmer de fided to (iwnft tsf Columbus ami attend the fair recently. He had m bills in his purse and hi? wife toi l him to Daw son and he would|pte la adkr aayWMy take bis aoney PROTECTED AGAINST POISONOUS GASES tI.M m m M *’ ~*t*f . •j " N Group of French infantrymen in the trenches equipped with respirators and goggles as protection against the poisonous gases used by the Germans. which had been silent before came into action. They all directed on the German trenches at Hooge tons of high explosive and storms of shrap nel. Then at 4:15 by all the watches of gunners and infantrymen, the guns stopped. The next minute a British major at the head of a battalion line leaped over the parapet. As, he said, he found “nobody home.” The Germans were in the dugouts according to the custom on such occasions, taking shel ter from the tornado of shell fire which makes even a lookout hardly possible. Turning the corner of a traverse the major fairly bumped into a German who apparently had come out of his dugout to see whether the shelling had c opped. “You’re mine,” said the major, put ting his revolver muzzle to the Ger man’s breast. “He promptly an swered that he w ? as, ’ as the major ex pressed it. Praise for the Artillery. The happiness of the officers and men as they told the story of that fight to the correspondent turned on gratitude to their artillery support.- “It shows what artillery can do,” said the colonel, “and what the in fantry can do when the guns give them that kind of aid. Their work was perfectly straight on there In front of the men’s noses with no shells bursting short and then they all stopped like an orchestra at the end of a piece. My only trouble with the men was to hold them back from the front line. If there is anything that puts spirit into the men it is that kind of support. We got four good ma chine guns, and I don’t know how many were destroyed. “Germany is one big battery. She does it with artillery and machine guns. Guns against her guns and we shall be all right. Yes, we had a fine sh#w.” He kept on speaking of the guns, and as he did so, so did the ether offi cers and men with the depth of feel ing expressive of realization that the guns meant life and death and suc-f cess and failure for them. Singular ly enough the British loss in taking the trench was less than losing it. They got about a thousand yards with the first rush. Mostly they met the Germans coming from their dugouts, and it was hand to hand when the Germans did not yield. As soon as they had yielded they were started back toward the British rear, for in the maze of traverses where rifles and bombs are lying about loose prisoners may soon renew the fray. The next day a faint rumble like that of a human voice came from a pile of earth and it was found that one of the high explosives had closed the door of a dugout. The oc cupants were rescued alive. W hen an officer and some men came to the edge of the mine crater they found nearly a hundred Germans in the bottom of it where they had taken cover from the bombardment. The British locked down at the Ger mans and the Germans looked up at the British. As one of the men said, the surprise was mutual, but the Ger mans w’ero a little the more surprised of the two. The British had bembs in their hands. All they had to do was tc stand back and toss the bombs Into the crater. Chucking bombs into a dugout when the occupants will net surren der is one of the commonest proceed ings in the course cf taking a trench. ‘Well give ourselves up,” said a German officer, starting up the wall of the crater. “You’re got us." Shake Hands With Foe. As the Germans came up some of the British shook hands with them; and soon they were marching along a road in the midst of German shell fire, smoking cigarettes given them by their captors. Meanwhile it was stab and thrust in other places till Briton or German was down. One British soldier told how he felled a German with his fist. *T was out of bombs,” he ex plained. “So I give him my right and he went down for the count.” Rushing up the traverses the Brit ish drove the Germans before them with bombs, gaining more ground. In addition to fcieir own bombs, they used the Germans'. “One German prisoner showed me how to use them,” said a British bomb thrower. “He did it instinctively After Dawson came here and saw a big crowd of people he thought per haps there might be something in the pickpocket stories. Je went to a local bank and deposited ISO. Tho other $6 he retained for spending money. Then he went to the Pennsylvania station and saw a big crowd. A train came in and a man bumped against him. He reached for his purse later and found it was gene. Dawson says he was glad he took his wife's advice. It saved him SSO. when be saw 1 was fumbling with it. That was very helpful of him. You bad to pull a string on top before vou made the throw. They seemed to be first-rate bombs.” Once over the demoralization caused by the crash of the bursting shells from the British artillery concentra tion in their ears, the Germans, out of their dugouts, began resisting with bombs. The British, running short had to fall back traverse by traverse, pursued by the Germans, thus losing some of their gain before more bombs were brought up from the rear. This had to be done under gusts of shrapnel bullets, for now the Ger man guns were giving the British sup ports all they had to give, and as fast as they could. The struggle pro ceeded in the midst of the scream and bursting of projectiles. Twice one of the sergeants crossed the zone back to the support trenches bringing supplies cf bombs before he was killed. Others were at the same work, and many were killed and wounded, but they got enough up to hold 1,200 yrrds of trench. A PRINCE OF SPAIN vgy.v. Prince Jaime, the second son of the king and queen of Spain, accompa nied by the Countess del Puerto, en joying a stroll at the Sardinero in San tander, a famous watering place on the Bay of Biscay, where the Spanish royal family is spending their sum mer vacation. Prince Jaime is seven years old, having been born June 23rd. 1908. YANKEE TARS ASK NIGHTIES 70,000 Perfectly Gcrd Suita of Pa jamas Are Scornfully Rejected by Sailors. Washington. The "old-fashioned man who wears a nightshirt,” long sought by newspaper humorists, has been found in large numbers in the United States navy. ”"he tars refuse to wear pajamas, and the navy depart ment is therefore "stuck” with 70,000 suits, which will be offered at auc tion. Two years ago orders were issued 1 that pajanjas be provided for enlisted men, for it w r as assumed that this garb would soon become very popular. Something like 109.0C0 pairs were pur chased, and the sailors w y ere informed that they could draw theta whenever they liked. For a time there was no demand, but finally some of the men discov ered a use for the garments. About 3U.UUO pairs wer distributed. Then it was found that the seamen were using the pajamas as underwear. Others wore them while coaling ships. Banker Pays Old Debt. Middletown, Wis. A well-dressed stranger walked Into the First Na tional bank here where David L. Conk ling is employed. He asked for Conk ling and the two held a conversation in which the stranger was noticed to hand Conkling money. 16 years ago the same Biranger, hungry and ragged, was given a supper, bed in a hotel and breakfast by this debt, with interest, he paid. Splinter in Nose Caused Death. Fresno, Cal. —Horace Y. Tanner, a mountaineer, died recently from lock jaw caused by a little splinter which ran into his nose. It was removed by another rancher, but Tanner devel oped blood poisoning. Capita) Offenses. 'You are opposed to capital pun ishment?" “Yes; even in its mildest tuna, i don t even approve the writers and speakers who begin every other sentence with a capital 1." WAS NOT A SEA SERPENT American Museum Gets Picture of Harmless Shark, Mistaken for a Monster. Stories of persons having sighted sea serpents and other monsters of the deep reach the officials of the American Museum of Natural History frequently, most of them coming in the form of letters during the sum tner months, when persons more fa miliar with business offices or then homes than with the inbabits&ts of the sea are attracted to the resort* Most of the letters are based on hearsay evidence, and so it was wifi, some surprise that Dr. F. A. Luca the director of the museum, road in one of the letters that an actual pho tograph of the sea serpent whose ac tions were described was being for warded under separate cover. He awaited the arrival of the photograph eagerly. Th* 1 letter which preceded ii said that the sea serpent had made its appearance at the eastern end of Long island and that it had whipped and churned the water near the spot at which it appeared for nearly an hour. Occasionally Its huge tail could be seen above the water; at other tiroes two or three sections of its writhing, dark body could be seen at once, fine of the spectators who had fled to the shore from a small boat procured a kodak and snapped the monster as conclusive evidence that sea serpentt did exist. The photograph arrived in the next day’s mall, however, and Doctor Lu cas found it to be not a sea serpent but what is known as a “thrasher’ shark, a species which, it is said. Is more afraid of man than man is of it Its name is derived from the manner in which it thrashes about in the wa ter with its huge tail. MARK GRAVES WITH MAPLES Plan Proposed to Honor Canada's Dead Who Have Fallen In Flanders. How to mark permanently the rest Ing places of the thousands of Cana dlan soldiers whe have fallen in Flan ders and in France is a matter to which the people of the dominion have given considerable thought. From a member of the Over-Seas clut comes the happy suggestion that since the maple leaf is the emblem of Canada, maple trees be over Iht isolated giaves and along th* roads leading to the cemeteries. He has already sent millions of seeds to France, and is to send more. The species * hosen is the sugar maple, and so France in time will have a beautiful memorial of the aliens who gave their Jives for her. - Youth’s Companion. What Did She Mean? The two yonug ladies had gushed and “deared" each other until the other passengers in the tram were heartily sick of It; especially as they never lost a chance of getting *n * nasty cut at each other Just before they parted. Angelina obliged Smmeline with a stamp for a letter. “Oh. I must give you a penny for this!” exclaimed Emmie, as she pre pared to leave the car. “Don’t bother, dear,” cooed Angle; “give it to me next time I set you.'" “But you mayn’t see me for a long time,” protested Emmie, “Oh, well, the loss wouldn’t by great!” cooed Angle, more sweetly than ever. —Pearson’s Weekly. To Keep Mosquitoes Away, p’or keeping the mosquito away, a mixture of one ounce of cedar oil, two ounces of ritronella, and two ounces of spirits of camphor is recoin mended, and it is said that a few drops of this mixture on a cloth or the bed will keep mosquitoes in the distance and will be effective for * long time. If you don’t like the fra granee you might put a clothespin on your nose. Just as Good. “I wonder women don't want to pla* football.” “Why should they when they hv* bargain-counter rushes?” Ominous. ”My son’s bought an auto and hen got a garage.” “Good gracious! Who s the grudge against?” Building Master Men Potash, sodium, lime and iron a;e some of the vitai mineral salts necessary to proper nourishment of mus cle, brain and nerves, but are not found in proper abund ance in white bread and many other foods. Grape-Nuts made from whole wheat and malted barley richly supplies these needed min eral elements and is a deli cious dish served with cream or rich milk. Grape-Nuts food is splen did for brain workers, and ideal for school children. Being partially pre-digested, it is quickly absorbed by the system going directly to the up-building of * sinew, brain and nerves without overload ing the stomach. “There’s a Reason” Sold by Grocers.