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(orrs/o/rr. j, ar me rt*cime newj/*rr/f jr*McAre QUARRELS OF YOUNG FOLKS. What 5f night name, ami not he? Something might mislead his feet. Does the moon rise late? Ah, me! Listen, listen—that is he! I was all to blame, today: Sweet, forgive me, why—l may! “What! Young married couples quarrel? Surely not!” You say. ‘Oh yes, but they do; * and I can tell you too, how it often . comes about: The * * . knot is no sooner tied than each think they own become lost, or stolen. The length of the married tether is exceed ingly short; ex tending little fur \ %_ ther than the home roof. Rich and poor couples quarrel over about the same things. The bride feels her self aggrieved over the lack of ca resses. such as she believes her young husband should lavish upon her. The husband becomes annoyed at the no tion that they should sit and court of an evening in the park now that they are wedded She accuses him of his love growing cold He accuses her of being far more of a foolish girl, than he ever imagined her to be. She ac cuses him of not wanting to take her out of an evening, yet passing those hours away from her. He retaliates that he has to work overtime to pay their hills, adding that he didn't cal culate it would cost so much more to keep two than one; continuing he finds he has to put up for the cost of a whole army of people, for that’s what the entertaining she insists upon doing, amounts to. What woman will allow a man to have the last word? She retaliates. Because she is married, does he expect her to shut herself up in the house, never see a human face, or the light of day outside of the four wails? He suggests that a wife’s place is at home, not gadding. This adds fuel to the fire of her wrath. She splutters hotly. Her eyes are being opened to the fact that it is a cook, and elderly woman of all work he should have secured, and not a young wife to be finding fault with. If the one or the other turned the first re mark off with a smile, refused to an swer back, much trouble could be avoided. One angry word brings on another. He turns moodily away, leaves the house without his good-bye kiss, that made his duties, his life and the w orld so sweet to him. She misses it quite as much; but finds little satis faction in resorting to tears, crying herself into a headache. There is still n trace of it when he comes home at night in her swollen face, bloodshot eyes. She thinks he does not notice it. when she Itas her hair so nicely curled, and her best bib and tucker on. But he does. Each is repentant to be sure. It’s the one who shows the first overtures towards peace, that gives proof that such little tiffs are danger signals, to wreck future hap piness. Each young married couple should make a compact that they will never never, quarrel, hut keep their hearts happy with love. WIFE AND STENOGRAPHER. Tlv cruel ami the bitter word That wounded, as it fell; Tin chilling want of sympathy W.j feel, but never (ell. T!.o hard repulse that chills the heart Whose hope* were hounding high— In an unfading record kept These tilings shall never die. I receive more letters on the follow ing subject than most people would imagine; ‘Are Stenographers Treated Better Than W ives?” There is so much snap in an epistle just received. I print it in full; Dear Miss Libbey—l should lik*P to hear your opinion in an article dealing with the subject of haughty stenographers and cringing wives. My husband employs a very handsome young woman in his office at a salary of eighteen per. She runs his office. I. his wife, run his home, and our three small children in it. I never have eighteen dollars, all my own, year in and year our. My husbi nd says his stenographer is an angel; that she always greets him with a pleasant good morning,’ while I greet him with, did you bring home the money for the butcher, the baker and candle stick-maker,’ adding, don t you see lit tle Mary’s toes are sticking out of her shoes, that calls for anew pair. Jamie is poking his elbows oyt of his jacket; little Dick cant be in swaddling clothes any longer. Then, there s the coal. Don't wait until we freeze to death before we get it in. Yesterday the girl broke the kitchen range, and — well, 1 might go on mentioning needful things to be done for an hour. He jumps up from the table in a rage, hurling cuss words back at me. 1 hear he arrives at his office as sweet as a Mayflower. Now, why should he think her an angel and me just the opposite? —Mrs. D." There’s much food for con tempi?.Hon for the husband who keeps a young woman stenographer, in this lett' :. She can look happy and serene, she has nothing to worry her. If she has only five sheets of paper to write seven letters on, her employer sends out and gets anew full box to place at hef disposal. Her pay en velope is put Into her hand punctually every Saturday night. She has no ause to be anything but augelic to her employer. He would see quite another side of “the angel” if she were obliged to nag him repeatedly for her salary. She and soon tell him she had her share ef the rent to pay; she must have money for coal, food, and clothing, etc. She is more independent than the wife. She could tell him what the wife could not; if the money was not forthcom ing. she’d step out. The wife, who is obliged to beg for money of her liege lord, always has a heart filled with bitterness. Every man should give his wife an allowance sufficient for her needs. The stenographer would expect support, without asking for it, if she wedded. It’s jail in a man’s hands, to make his home happy. The stenogra pher knows he’s married. Her only in terest in him is dollars and cents. A wife expects to live her life out with him. She’s not looking for boxes of bonbons, meals sent in to her on rainy days, or compliments paid her. SOLDIERS AND SWEETHEARTS. Ob. there are struggles and striving: Oli, there are cares, there are teaff=: Now is the time to be smoothing The frowns and the furrows and fears, What to closed eyes are kind sayings? What to hushed heart is deep vow? Naught can avail after parting So give them the flowers now. There are those who would stand In the way of a pretty, attractive girl be coming the sweetheart of a soldier. He leads a life in which home plays little or no part, they contend, and try to dissuade her from her liking lor the lad who belongs to the army and his country. The soldier sees the girl .whom he loved and might have won drift out of his life. It is not given to every man to love a second time. In the dark watches of the night, tossing on his rude bed. or doing lonely sen try duty, under the light of the stars, he yearns for a sight of that one loved face, and brushes away a tear perhaps when he thinks of what might have been. It is a cruel mistake to have a girl withhold her love for a soldier be cause of his calling. The life these noble fellows lead is lonely. Joys are few and far between. If they have no refining influence to hold them in check life is gray and drear for them, under any sky. The man who goes to battle with the foe. leaving no one be hind who cares whether he lives or falls, fights recklessly and mechanical ly. He docs not press forward with a prayer on his lips, that he may be saved for her dear sake. And. oh. what a boon, direct from heaven, is a sweet heart to a wounded soldier. Her cheery letters do him more good than all the medicine and doctors in the world can. He reads over every line until each word is inscribed indelibly on his heart. The wounded mate who lies next him and has no sweetheart looks on with hungry eyes, manfully repress ing the sigh that rises to his lips. What would he not give for the knowl edge that in some part of the world a sweet and loving woman cared for him and was praying for his recovery His heart grows sad with its unsatis fied longings. Heaven bless those who encourage the love affairs of the maid en and her soldier lover. The very strength of his affection for her will bring him unscathed to her, from the worst of battles. He will trample over red-hot plowshares to reach her side again, and to clasp her hands in his. The hope of love rewarded, some day. not far distant, is the soldier’s beacon light. His life will not always be de voted to the army. After he has served in the ranks honorably, his allotted term, love may draw him from the ranks. His aftey years will be all the better for his army training. Yes. soldiers do need sweethearts, every one of them. The boys of the regular army need love even more than their brothers at home. Sweet Box Office Man. A stylish girl, whose toilet included fur topped Russian boots and a steel plush helmet, ala Berlin, rushed dis tractedly up to the box office window of a city theater and laid before the ticket mogul a handful of tiny bits of cardboard. It represented one re served orchestra chair for a matinee soon to begin, which she had put care fully in an envelope and then torn up while cleaning out her handbag. Would, oli. would he'let her go in? He did. And as the girl Joined a same-style companion whose ticket, next, was in a state of perfect preservation, she ex claimed. happily: ‘lt s all right! I knew he wouldn’t mind, because the last N time they passed me in after I had dropped my ticket in the mail box instead of a let ter. don’t you know? Sweet of him. wasn’t it?” And it was. An African Woman. Today on the road I saw a woman so small, so perfect, so black, and so comely that I looked at her with wonder. She walked with her arms folded, before a big carrier. She wore a leaf bandage supported by a crim son strap which held in place low on her back one of those curious bustles which are the pride of the people from the interior —a thick, even, glossy bunch of dried grass that looks like black horsehair, and is jaunty to a degree. Her dark skin was in per fect condition; her beautiful slender limbs moved with elastic precision; above her slim shoulders her head was poised with a sort of nervous pride, and her hair was charmingly and elaborately dressed. Fairly she seemed to glitter in the sunlight. — Jean Kenyon Mackenzie in the At lantic Monthly. How to “Milk” a Snake. To “milk” a snake, or, that is, to extract the snake’s venom, from which the serum is necessary, to one end of a stick a loop of leather is at tached, and this loop is slipped se curely over the reptile’s head and firmly held. A second person holds in hts hand a pair of forceps, and be tween the forceps is a wad of cotton at which the snake strikes; He is teased, and consequently strikes vunti! every drop of poison Is in the cotton. The cotton is then washed in glycerin until all the venom is obtained. From this mixture of venom and glycerin the serum is prepared. Counts. A man who lives right, and is right, has more power in his silence than another has by his words. Character is like bells which, when touched, even accidentally, resound with sweet mu sic.—Phillina Brooks Farmers’ Educational rjFjp and Co-Operative Union of America -„ L/_ , j $ Matters Especial Moment to L. the Progressive Agriculturist Haste is a poor excuse. A man with nothing to do has a hard job It is said that corn juice will make a man’s voice husky. Poverty is no disgrace, but neither does it win any medals for a man. Better a friend that improves on acquaintance than one that doesn’t. Good advice —if you have anything to say to a mule, say it to his face. Many of our best home ties look very much like mother’s apron strings. To be a philosopher all you have to do is to preach wffiat you don’t prac tice. Civilization taught woman to wear tailor-made gowns and eat pie with a fork. •A fat woman would rather have you ask her to* tell her age her weight. A person who is sharp enough to see when he has been fooled will not stay fooled very long. To the man whose store bill ha# been met by eggs and cream settling day has no terrors. Charily covers a multitude of sins, but it is generally our charity and other people’s sins. We all admire a man who does good things, unless we happen to be one of the good things. Take the boy in partnership in your farm operations. It will be a great incentive to keep him on the farm. The man who is continually talking about himself may not know it, but he is actually knocking his best friend. Happiness has been described in so many different ways that a number of people have doubts as to its existence. How many telephones were there in the neighborhood fifteen years ago? How many are there today? Would you go back? \ When a man begins pricing automo biles it’s a sure sign that friend wife will soon widen her circle of old and very dear friends. Worry about what has happened is useless; about what is going to. hap pen. a poor substitute for thought and action. So why worry at all? SALVATION FOR THE FARMER Southerner Who Is Inclined to Stake His All on Single' Crop Is Urged to Diversify. Diversified farming is just a means of playing safe. The southern farmer is in the habit of staking his all on a single crop or a single class of crops. If the crop does well, and if the mar kets are good, and if the crop can be marketed, and if disease does not wipe it out and —well, if he has good luck he will be able to live through the com ing year and have enough surplus to pitch another crop. But if any one of a dozen things does strike that crop his work is lost and it takes consid erable bracing to hearten him again. John M. Scott, vice-director of the University of Florida experiment sta tion, is anxious for the farmers to groW a greater variety of crops so that if one fails they will have an other or others upon which to fall back. Stock raising is one of the most easy and profitable means of diversi fying farming operations. In this way the farmer raises his own meat, and in addition produces valuable fertilizer which will enrich the soil for his crops. Truck farmmg is profitable—some years. If the truck farmer would plant only half his land to some staple crop for which there is always a ready mar ket, he would find the business more encouraging. There is a large variety of crops which could be grown which would be profitable every year. Some years they would not bring so great returns as truck or some other spe cialized crop, but when one takes into consideration the years when the sin gle crop fails for one reason or an other, the staple crops will make a pretty good showing. FARMERS ANXIOUS TO LEARN Size of Incomes From Soil Is Largely Matter of Education—Demand for More Schools. The steadily increasing attendance at existing schools of agriculture, and the demand for more such schools in addition to the demand for agri cultural instruction in the. common schools, show that farmers are awake, as never before in history, to the* fact that the size of their incomes from the soil is largely a matter of educa tion. The man who knows when to plow, and why; when to plant, and why; when to reap, and why, is seen to have a decided advantage over him to whom the time for each of these functions is a mere "happenstance” and who never concerns himself with i the “Why?" Scientific exactness is becoming the rule on the farm as well as in the laboratory and the machine shop; and exactness comes only with the mastery of principles. Drying Immature Corn. In drying immature corn, it is im ! portauf to keep the ears from close contact. §■&£* * General-Purpose Breeds. The general-purpose breeds are es pecially adapted to the average farm. The Plymouth Rocks, Wyandottes. Rhode Island Reds. Orpingtons and Langshans are the leading all-purpose breeds. • . 1 ■ Prolificacy of Vermin. The offspring from a single pair'of lice, according to H. L. Kempster of the Missouri experiment station, will in six weeks be approximately 12S.00CC This fact emphasizes the importance of keeping the poultry free from them. TEE SEA COAST ECHO. BAY ST. LOUIS, MISSISSIPPI FARMERS CHOOSE NEW FARMS Greater Care is Now Necessary in Climbing Ladder 1 - Fertile Land is Great Essential. (By F. B. MUMFORD. Dean of the Mis sourl College of Agriculture.) Between now and the next crcp sea son many farmers will choose new farms. Each step must be more care fully taken than ever before on the ladder whose rungs are the positions of hired man. tenant, mortgage owner, debt-free owner and improving owner. Without such help as that of a wealthy father it is no longer so easy to reach the top of this ladder without climbing the lower rungs as it was when land of virgin fertility could be bought for as little as $1.25 an acre. In fixing the cash values of land the renter or purchaser should be careful not to confuse economic with social or esthetic factors. Unusually desir able houses, barns and fences may add to the cost of land out of proportion tc the addition to their earning power, and the buyer must consider whether he can afford certain things which bring great pleasure and satisfaction but no money return Nearness tc town and market similarly raise the price, partly for social reasons, partly because they make it possible to mar ket more cheaply and to market cer tain products which could not be grown from town Fertile land is tne great essential in farming, but a question often raised is whether it is better to buy only the best land or to buy poorer land and build it up by applying the discoveries of the experiment stations and of the most successful farmers. The personal preference and ability of a buyer must be considered in de termining whether to buy a small farm at a higher price per acre and whether to buy only very fertile land with a view to producing only crops, or to buying a mixed farm with some rough, well-drained portions for permanent pastures for live stock. Numerous other factors must also be considered, including the supply and price of la bor, kind of neighbors and nearness to schools, grange and church. COTTON STATUS AFTER WAR Stocks to Be Replenished and New Uses for Staple Are Developing t One After Another. One thing that has been demonstrat ed by the experience of the last year is that the world requires American cotton in times of w r ar as in times of peace, the Savannah News observes. New uses for cotton are developing one after another, and the new use once established, cotton seems at once to become indispensable for the pur pose. Cotton is now used in substitu tion for many commodities of appar ently totally different characteristics from its own, and is found not only cheaper in cost but superior in ef ficiency. Normal uses of cotton are naturally much interfered with by a great war. In some cases this becomes obligatory from the scar*. Jlp staple, to gether with the more compulsory re quirements for war purposes. No one can calculate how long the people of any country or all countries could manage to get along with practically no additions to pre-existing stocks" of manufactured cotton goods. They are first the supplies already in the hands of final consumers, then the stocks in the hands of retailers, enor mous in the aggregate; finally the larger individual stocks, held by wholesale dealers and manufacturers. It is evident that the time through which all these supplies can be forced to last is very elastic and can be much prolonged. But the scarcity must become acute after a while; then the need for fresh supplies will be all the more urgent from having been so long repressed. The end of the war will bring not merely the restoration of normal uses but the call for replenishment of de pleted stocks everywhere. A surplus of cotton was carried over last year; it was an unwieldy surplus under or dinary conditions, the largest ever known in the history of the trade. But it was a moderate surplus in compari son with the great inroads made upon manufactured stocks. BUSINESS RISKS IN FARMING Man Must Pick Out His Specialty and Stick to It —Hard Work and Some Capita! Needed. Farming a risk? Of course it is, but so is everything else Are you ever sure of a position anywhere? No one should go into it. surely, who means only to dabble in a little of ev erything for a while. You’ve got to pick your specialtj.mnd stick to it. even if it seems to kj a failure And you’ve also got to make up your mind that you have to get up early and work late and ache like anything when you first begin. Also, you need capi tal, for farming is usually a loss be fore it’s a business. But it does pay. if you go about it in the right way. Unless you produce the very best, you stand absolutely no chance on the market. Peace Is Best. The farmer has no greater enemy than war. He has no greater need than peace. And peace is the mission and the duty of a republic. A repub lic ia a form of government fitted for minding its own business. Its busi ness is mainly justice, sanitation, edu cation and peace. With fair play, good schools and security, the farmer can do all the rest for himself.—David Starr Josdan. Ticks. Cattle ticks take as much as 206 pounds of blood a y ear from a 1,000- pound steer, and in the case of a cow that ought to be giving eight quarts of milk a day ticks will cut the mflk yield down as much as one to have ’ Pile Fabrics for Midwinter Suits | <- kSk \ ytfjj Ml ' 1 \ j jy .! • '\# *' j?ffS)K^BBRI^BBMwiBKftK'‘ L !y*ii^^jß^ A novel pile fabric, of high luster and great suppleness, appears in the suit pictured here. It has made it pos sible to vary the expression of the mode in velvet and fur and has there fore merited and received much con sideration. The surface is broken by stripes or blocks or other forms, made by the direction of the pile and not by color contrasts or by shades of one color. The management of the surface in this way produces very ele gant effects, ai*d the material is suit ed to the handsomest of gowns and wraps. In the suit pictured the skirt has a moderate flare with the direction of the stripes cleverly managed to em phasize it. The front and back seams are on a diagonal of the goods, and there is little fullness about the waist line. It is longer than the average suit-skirt, and is finished with a band of fur. The designer of this model has at tended to the management of stripes in the coat with the same care that is evidenced in the skirt. In the body and sleeves the stripes are vertical, but in the flaring peplum they run around the figure with a slant toward t . [ Contributed to the Christmas Season Now that Christmastime is near, and decisions as to gifts must be made, the consideration of comfort will help in settling the distracted mind of the Christmas shopper. The gift that bears with it comfort as well as remembrance is many times wel come. A number of knitted and crocheted novelties have brought out for the holidays. They are ail intended to fortify those who receive them against the cold, and they include items of apparel for everyone. Sin.ce it has become fashionable to occupy all the time, otherwise unoccupied, with knitting and crocheting, and all sorts of needlework, the number of comfortable little additions to the wardrobe has been increased by many new things. Among them are morning jackets, such are also fhade of thin fabrics and laces. These are crocheted of light zephyrs and adorned with ribbons. There are many knitted vestees, shaped like those shown in the pic ture, which are machine made. * * Classical Influences. When she helps her young daughter with suggestions for dress designs the mother-wbo recognizes how well youth and simplicity blend gives a favorable verdict to those models based upon the simple classical lines and draperies. A design for a frock that would serve the double purpose of a late afternoon and evening gown shows the classical influence strongly. Made of tTiat softest of soft pink •nonsselihe de sole, the color of which s Known aptly as foxg'Vve. it has the bottom of the skirt toward the back. The waist line is defined by a nar row belt of the material with overlap ping tabs at the back fastened down with small crochet buttons. The sleeves are finished with a band and tab. and the hand edged with fur w r hich extends over the hand and opens at the outer side. The standing collar of velvet, edged with fur, is as wide as it is possible to wear it. The manufacturers of velvets and other pile fabrics have been working to the end of making them as light in weight as it is possible to weave them. After arriving at light weight and suppleness they have created nov elties by departing from plain sur faces. These novelties eliminate the need for trimmings or ornament to a very great degree. But their rich ness is matched by that of fur. During the present season hand some plaids have appeared in velvets, presenting three colors sparingly used on dark grounds, or two-toned checks. These are made up with chiffon In the bodices and very little ornament, the fabric presenting variety enough with out trimming. These machin -made vestt.cs lor women who haven'* timo tor hand work, make quite satisfactory substi tutes for it. They are shown ir patterns and colors to suit a! ages, and are to be worn under the top coat in extreme weather. Or they are made in light colors to be slipped on between dances, over tpt evening frock or whenever protection against the cold requires them. Do signers always bear in mind that the wearers expect to look their prettiest in evening dress, and since the mod* in evening dress is ranch beribbonetP these vestees gayly follow it with ro settes and flying ends o ' color. / Small Sailor Hats. A rather small sailor hat is prettll} trimmed with a band of ribbon around the crown, finished with a simple fla* bow, two ends hanging over the brin: in the back. upon the crossed shoulder band and round the waist, as well as upon the triangular pieces in the front and at the back of the corsage, embroideries done in bronze and aluminum threads, which contrast exceedingly well vtfitb the rest. Cretonne Parrots. Cretonne parrots (simply made ol two birds cut from cretonne and sewed together, calico cat fashion } are a hat feature. One is perched at the left of the crown. '* % One Farmer Adopts Plan of Raising Two Litters Yearly, Thereby Keeping Brood Sow Busy. It is a question with many farmers whether it is advisable to raise fall pigs. It is our practice, writes a farm er in an exchange, to raise fall pigs, two litters a year as near as possible. We would abandon the fall pig entirely If we had to keep him until one year old before putting him on the market. We do not feel we can afford to keep a brood sow for raising only one litter a year, and we have fallen on the plan of growing two litters to keep the sows continually at work. Spring-farrowod pigs we do not keep, as a rule, longer than eight A Tamworth Sow. months old. This puts them off the farm by the time the fall pigs need extra care. Up to this time they have been fed principally through the dam. When about ready to leave the dam we begin to give thorn a slop ration, which we keep up until they go to market. We begin feeding corn small quantities at lirst—as soon as they have been weaned. The slops consist principally of skim milk, and right here we want to say there is nothing that compares with skim milk as an accompaniment to corn for the grow ing pigs. When there is no skim milk to be had we have used wheat mid dlings scalded in hot water with fair results. ATTENTION TO COLT'S FEET Great Danger in Allowing Hoofs of Young Animal to Grow Too Long —Avoid Trouble Later. It has often been said that a horse’s feet arc the most important parts of its body; and anybody who has bad experience with lameness and inability of horses to do a reasonable amount of work because of lameness of one kind of another. |vill readily acknowledge the •importance of prop erly caring for the feet equine stock on the farm. Proper care of the horse’s feet means that attention must be given when he is a colt. In fact, if the horseman or farmer carelessly allows the colt’s hoofs to grow long and un even, there is a great deal more dan ger of injuring the feet or deforming them than if the same carelessness is practiced with mature animals. The bones, ligaments and tendons of the colt's feet are not so hard nor so strong as those of the mature horse and the result is that improper stand ing, induced by poorly shaped hoofs, throws the bones and ligaments out of their natural positions. Again, it may be a case of where the colt s e g* are crooked at birth, and in such in stances care and attention to trim ming the hoefs may be of con nd* : able help in straightening the log in handling the colt’s feet it ■ best to begin with the front ones. 'leach the colt to rest his weight on the c>] posite foot, rather than the one which is being held, by shoving it enough to throw the balance over on the op posite foot at the same time the oth> r foot is picked up. The proper ! .n i ing cf this lesson will oft n eav' con siderable trouble later v h :> tie (, olr must be shod. After the colts feet have -teen picked up in this manner a few Tin: s its hoefs can be trimmed with hue very little trouble. Give this matter attention and often the colt will com out with a good set of legs when i otherwise would be greatly hamper* at work cr on the market by crookec am! weak "under pinning.” SPREADING CF HO3 CHOLERA Important That Owners of Healthy Animals Keep Away From Farms Where Disease Exists. Doctor Koen, the United States gov eminent inspector in charge of the hog cholera in Dallas county, lowa, re ports that 29.6 per cent of all cav -s cf hf>g cholera were caused by the germs being carried from one farm to av, | other by farmers exchanging work or visiting each other. It is important, therefore, that owners cf healthy hogs keep strictly away from farm where the disease exists and shorn keep ether people away from his own heg lets and pastures. By using disinfectant freely cn horses and wagons which have bee) in the neighborhood of the disease an by requiring everyone who comes cn the farm or gees near the hog lot to disinfect his feet, the spread cf th disease can be very greatly reduced. Select Young Brood Wares. In choosing breed mares, always buy young cr.cs, say frem three to bve years old. then you should be able to count on all of them getting in foal, or certainly nearly every one, when, if you pick up a let of "second hand mares, of uncertain age. your percent age of colta will be extremely uncer tain. Skim Milk for Little Pigs. As soon as the pigs begin to o&t from the trough give them acme skim milk and cracked corn as a side dis .