OCR Interpretation

The sea coast echo. [volume] (Bay Saint Louis, Miss.) 1892-current, June 10, 1916, Image 2

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86074033/1916-06-10/ed-1/seq-2/

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Interesting infor
a nmation about
A X I\/a them supplied
V • /!i<v \ by the Bureau
A TTI PT*l PsH i n\ of Biological
Jl V.JL x iwX Survey of the
A3.IX l>4 Js " v :, A .
Mocking Bird
(Mimus polyglottos)
Length, ten inches. Most easily dis
tinguished from the similarly colored
loggerhead shrike by the absence of a
conspicuous black stripe through the
Range: Resident from southern
Mexico north to California, Wyoming,
lowa, Ohio and Maryland; casual far
ther north.
Habits and economic status; Be
cause of Its incomparable medleys and
; Ay
Imitative powers, the mocking bird is
the most renowned singer of the west
ern hemisphere. Even in confinement
It is a masterly performer, and former
ly thousands were trapped and sold
for cage birds, but this reprehensible
practice has been largely stopped by
protective laws. It is not surprising,
therefore, that the mocking bird
should receive protection principally
because of its ability as a songster
and its preference for the vicinity of
dwellings. Its place in the affections
of the South is similar to that occu
pied by the robin in the North. It is
well that this is true, for the bird ap
pears not to earn protection from a
•trictly economic standpoint. About
half of its diet consists of fruit, and
many cultivated varieties are at
tached, such as oranges, grapes, figs,
strawberries, blackberries, and rasp
berries Somewhat less than a fourth
of the food is enimal matter, and
grasshoppers are the largest single ele
ment The bird is loud of cotton
worms, and Is known to feed also on
the chinch bug. rice weevil, und boll
worm. It is unfortunate that It does
not feed on injurious insects to an ex
tent sufficient to offset its depreda
tions on fruit.
House Wren
(Troglodytes aedon)
Length, four and three-fourths
Inches. The only one of our wrens
with wholly whitish underparts that
lacks a light line over the eye.
Range: Breeds throughout the Unit
ed States (except the South Atlantic
and Gulf States) and southern Can
ada: winters In the southern United
States and Mexico.
Habits and economic status: The
rich, bubbling song of the familiar
little house wren is one of the sweet
est associations connected with coun
try and suburban life. Its tiny body,
long bill, sharp eyes, and strong feet
peculiarly adapt It for creeping into
all sorts of nooks and crannies where
lurk the insects it feeds on. A cavity
in a fence post, a hole in a tree, or a
box will be welcomed alike by this
busybody as a nesting site; but since
the advent of the quarrelsome Eng
lish sparrow such domiciles are at a
premium and the wren’s eggs and
lamlly are safe only in cavities having
entrances too small to admit the spar-
Persistent Advertising Pays.
One great, flashy advertisement may
attract attention and also lang some
orders, but it is the steady, persistent
advertiser whose results are eminently
satisfactory. It does not do to adver
tise spasmodically. Your results will
be far better, if you use small space
continually than to “plunge” and then
stop. —Western Monthly.
There seems to be a league for
everything except the suppression of
the open-faced sneeze.
row. Hence it behooves the farmer s
boy to provide boxes the entrances
to which are about an inch in diameter,
nailing these under gables of barns
and outhouses or in orchard trees
In this way the numbers of this useful
bird can be increased, greatly to the
advantage of the farmer. Grasshop
pers, beetles, caterpillars, bugs, and
spiders are the principal elements cd
its food. Cutworms, weevils, ticks, and
plant lice are among the injurious
forms eaten. The nestlings of house
wrens consume great quantities of in
(Oxyechus vociferus)
Length, ten inches. Distingulshec
by its piercing and oft-repeated cry- -
Range: Breeds throughout the Unit
ed States and most of Canada: win
ters from central United States to
South America.
Habits and economic status: Tbf
killdeer is one of the best known of
the shorebird family. It often visits
the farmyard and commonly nests in
pastures or cornfields. It is rather
suspicious, however, and on being ap
proached takes flight with loud cries
It is noisy and restless, but fortunate
ly most of its activities result in
' •
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Wm -
benefit to man. The food is of the
same general nature as that of the
upland plover, but is more varied. The
killdeer feeds upon beetles, grasshop
pers, caterpillars, ants, bugs, caddis
flies, dragonflies, centipedes, spiders,
ticks, oyster worms, earthworms,
snails, crabs and other Crustacea.
Among the beetles consumed are such
pests as the alfalfa weevil, cotton-boll
weevil, clover-root weevil, clover-leaf
weevil, pine weevil, billbugs, white
grubs, wireworms, and leaf beetles.
The bird also devours cotton worms,
cotton cutworms, horseflies, mosqui
toes, cattle ticks, and crawfish. One
stomach contained hundreds of larvae
of the saltmarsh mosquito, one of the
most troublesome species. The kill
deer preys extensively upon Insects
that are annoying to man and injuri
ous to hi* stock a**J crops, ad this
should be enough ove It from
the list 0 1 game birds and insure its
Ruby-Crowned Kinglet
(Regulus calendula)
Length, about four and one-fourth
inches. Olive green above, soiled whit
ish below, concealed feathers on head
(crest) bright red.
Range; Breeds in southern Canada,
southern Alaska, and the higher moun
tains of the western United States;
winters in much of the United States
and south to Guatemala.
Habits and economic status: In
habits and haunts this tiny sprite re
sembles a chickadee. It is an active,
nervous little creature, flitting hither
and yon in search of food, and in
spring stopping only long enough to
utter its beautiful song, surprisingly
loud for the size of the musician.
Three-fourths of its food consists of
wasps, bugs, and flies. Beetles are
the only other item of importance (12
per cent). The bugs eaten’ by the
kinglet are mostly small, but. happily,
they are the most harmful kinds. Tree
hoppers, leafhoppers, and jumping
plant lice are pests and often do great
harm to trees and smaller plants,
while plant lice and scale inserts are
the worst scourges of the fruit grower
—in fact, the prevalence of the latter
has almost risen to the magnitude of
a national peril. It is these small and
seemingly insignificant birds that most
successfully attack and hold in check
these Insidious foes of horticulture. '
The vegetable food consists of seeds of |
poison ivy, or poison oak, a few weed
seeds, and a few small fruits, mostly
Record Crop of Oats.
Canada last year raised 488,000,000
bushels of oats on 11,365,000 acres of
What Becomes rf the Goats.
The reported goat shortage in the
United States may be due to anything
from British interference with neutral
trade to the fact that neighbors with
autos honk loudly before the houses
when returning home at midnight.
What becomes of gotten goats is an
other of those questions like that con
cerning the whereabouts of lights that
go out. —Springfield Republican.
Colorado has the highest automobile
When Frederick W. Lehmann, for
mer solicitor-general of the United
States, studied in southwestern lowa
to become a lawyer the rudiments of
||PtT - / j < <law differed somewhat from today—at
J any rate for Mr. Lehmann.
■l' im % i| |pii |||||||||| “I never saw the inside of a law
§!&■ ' 1 • '' college,” says Lehmann, who once
"IIS was P residen f of the American Bar
association. “In those days the rudi
* / ? ' ments of the law profession were, first,
/ , - | K, * to make a fire in the old cannon stove;
I * second, sweep out the office; third.
lIMPIIi '/ ,J trimming the smoky coal oil lamp,
v || < which served for <tur Biblical mid
' 0 ||| A night oil’ by which to study, and,
J- '/ , * '„ finally, to write out in a fair hand
\ what had been scrawled by our mas
Here is Mr. Lehmann’s version of
how be passed his bar examination in
•'cii\ Missouri in 1890, when ho became
: general attorney for the Wabash rail
——— roa( j ;
“I w T as examined in common law pleading, about which I had known
nothing and cared less. After the examination, H. S. Priest and Wells H.
Blodgett asked me how I got through so marvelously, both apparently being
quite astonished. I informed them that my judges did not know more about
it than I did, and I found that prompt, positive answers were always the
correct ones.” •
“Despite these so-called good
times, when thousands of men have .
jobs in munition factories, we still
have the unemployed problem,” says „
Louis F. Post, assistant secretary of
labor. He asserts that if all the job
less men in the country were put into
the manless jobs, there would still be wB :
many men without work. He points 'llll
out that as long as this condition ex- ..^P^x
ists men will underbid each other, and
cause them to be “afraid of their jobs.” f % / .
“This does not include only the v €£/
classes who do manual labor,” says ''}s i
Mr. Post. “It applies to all classes, Vs
up to the highest. There is an under
supply of opportunities, not an over
supply of men. One of the aims of 'TK
the department of labor is to create
conditions in which men can make N^jj
their own jobs. Along this line is
the movement to make farmers of
them and get them to cultivate the
Waste ground in cities. Every social *“
organism needs medicine at certain times. Wben the unemployment problem
is acute then it needs medicine badly. Associations to encourage the cultiva
tion of vacant lots are to social science what a preventive medicine is to man
kind. Men out of work who might become criminals are riven something cc
do and kept out of mischief.”
Mr. Post is a beMever in the efficiency of the “single tax” as a remedy foi
most of the economic ills of the nation, and for years has been a prolific writer
on£A subject. He is convinced that the erapioymo;, oera, like other's,
would be solved by the single tax method.
Senator Jacob H. Gallinger, who
recently celebrated his seventy-ninth
/ birthday, is the dean of the senate.
Not only is he the chairman of the
• ‘ *V- -
f Republican conference and thus en
titled to the designation of minority
I leader, but he Is the oldest member of
- ■ senate ei<; h er In respect of years
\ or in point of service,
s' J The senate used to be regarded as
f. ? a body of octogenarians, but it comes
; a long way from that nowadays. Asa
m j gseg a committee meeting. It was
twenty-five years ago March 4 last that Gallinger entered the senate. Next to
him in length of service stands Senator Henry Cabot Lodge of Massachusetts,
who entered the senate in 1893. Senator Lodge was born in 1850. Senator
Clark of Wyoming, who entered the senate January 23, 1895, stands third in
point of service.
“The American garbage can is the
fattest in all the world,” declared Sen
ator Smoot of Utah to the senate, in-
Jecting into the discussion on “pre
paredness” a plea for preparedness £
for good housekeeping and better f
lomes. Senator Smoot urged action f
an his bill for increased appropriations
for home economics, “to prepare the
firls and mothers of the country for
ibeir life duties. I
‘Tf I had a dozen daughters and
was able to give each of them a mil- | -mm. ■■ ''' WKbF '
ion dollars the day of her marriage, |
I would still want each to know' how to
200 k, make her own clothes and, in
fact, be a superior housekeeper,” said
‘1 cannot understand why girls of \ | ; W
the working classes are ashamed to Jk
sonfess, and rather pride themselves >|||
ipon, their ignorance of the simplest 1
brm of cooking. Then, after marriage, m
hey bewail their fate if their bus- i —- {
Pands, tormented by dyspepsia, seek relief at the restaurant, or, in many cases,
In strong drink.
"Tens of thousands of homes are ruined by helpless and ignorant house
In an American consignment of bachelor buttons (snap fasteners) to
Cartagena, Columbia, amounting to several thousand dollars, the cardboard
to which they were attached for shipment was heavier than the buttons, and
is a result, the import duty being on the gross weight, the consignee was
obliged to pay more for the cardboard than for the buttons.
On hla seventieth birthday Magnus Goesta Mittag-Leffler, the eminent
mathematician, bequeathed his entire fortune for the founding of anew
International institution for pure mathematics. Work on the institution is to
login six months after his death.
State Librarian Dunnack of Maine finds there are 109 towns In Maine that
lave access to free public libraries and that 442 towns are without libraries.
Borne of them have grange, church cur club libraries, but 220 towns have no
mblic library of any kind. )
jf / t \ vb^
•• £v -• m ■ Jsp*ygf
a*' 27£? JttSrf&RfXCT <sK£cmZ2r6
p. j—,l HE cedar forests which
| |J once clothed the sea
ward slopes of the Sy
* rian highlands were the
j Sy ‘‘glory of Lebanon.” But
r J f the remnant of those
primeval forests which
supplied timber for
Babylonian temples,
and were a profitable possession of
Hiram, the Phoenician king, are only
a sad reminder of a glory that has de
The cedars have lost their claim to
be the pride of Lebanon; barren gran
deur and beauty of color are in these
days the leading characteristics of
these delightful mountains, for naked
rock and sterile scree now reign
where once dark forests thrived. Yet
sufficient remains to show what Leb
anon must have been in the old days;
a mockery, no doubt, of their ancient
splendor, but on the other hand an
interesting relic and a valuable heri
tage. Living trees such as these,
which their most sanguine admirers
claim to have been contemporary with
Solomon, must be reckoned as one of
the historic treasures of the w'orld.
Not only does their fame rest upon
traditional grounds; their beauty of
form and power of growth have been
extolled in psalm and verse by the
bards of many lands, while their shad
owy groves in still earlier days were
the object of veneration.
The primitive nature worshippers
could not have chosen a finer ideal
than this giant tree—perfect in every
moment of its existence, an emblem of
beauty, strength and vitality.
It is easy to understand the admira
tion that the cedars evoked in their
native land*. To the inhabitants of the
otherwise barren Lebanon, to the w’an
derers in the deserts beyond, and even
to the dwellers in the hill country of
Palestine, these trees must have been
miracles of creation. These people
only knew the delicate palm, the
gnarled olive and stunted scrub oak;
compared with these the gigantic
boles and spreading arms of the lordly
cedar were indeed a mystery. In any
land it is a tree that attracts atten
tion; but in such a naked, treeless
country as Syria and Palestine it is
especially appreciated. Small wonder
that it became “the tree of the Lord”
and a symbol of power. The eastern
mind could find no better simile for
expressing greatness, grandeur, ex
cellence of character or loftiness of
purpose The might of the Assyrian
empire w T as likened to the cedar in
words too wonderful to be left un
“Behold, the Assyrian was a cedar
In Lebanon with fair branches, and
with a shadowing shroud, and of an
high stature; and his top was among
the thick boughs.
“The waters made him great . . .
therefore his height was exalted above
all the trees of the field, and his
boughs were multiplied, and his
branches became long because of the
multitude of waters, when he shot
“All the fowls of heaven made their
nests in his boughs, and under his
branches did all the beasts of the field
bring forth their young, and under his
shadow dwelt all great nations.
“Thus was he fair in his greatness,
in the length of his branches: for his
root was by great waters.
“The cedars in the garden of God
could not hide him; the fir trees were
not like his boughs, and the chestnut
trees were not like his branches, nor
any tree in the garden of God was like
him in his beauty.
“I have made him fair by the multi
tude of his branches; so that all the
trees of Eden, that were in the garden
of God, envied him.”
Again; the success of the good man
The tallest man in the world is not
above criticism.
Seaweed offers a prolific source of
fuel oil when present supplies are ex
hausted, according to an English
scientist, who has obtained sev en gal
Inns from a ton of vegetable matter.
Physicians have decided that several
forms of nervous diseases, sometimes
dangerously severe, can be caused by
persons standing up and holding straps
while riding In street cars.
Scientific tests have shown that in
occupations employing the larger mus
cles, 'women tire more rapidly than
men, while in work in which smaller
muscles are used they are more effi
Each with a theoretical SSOO. girls
of the home economics class at Whit
man college, Walla Walla, Wash.,
started out to buy furniture and house
hold supplies for a house of six rooms.
The class visited stores of the city
and then made out the list. They en
deavored to be as economical as pos
sible, but found S6OO hard to stretch
pver six rooms.
' ilsjSm
' : ■ j jSi^? l '
wWk|l ■cy>j ■ - v > -^*NSflf
" &£? BJH&X&i QltOVE'
is guaranteed by the promise that “he
shall grow like a cedar In Lebanon."
And when the earth is shrouded in
misfortune and tragedy, the metaphor
used is: “Lebanon Is ashamed and
hewn down.”
But the cedar has fallen on bad
days; it has not escaped the curse
that has settled on to those fair lands.
The blight of desiccation, the ravages
of unthinking and unworthy guardians,
the canker of a stagnant government,
have all done their share in the de
struction of what was once the glory
of an historic land.
In the days of yore the cedars were
not carefully guarded relics, but actu
ally formed the source of a lucrative
timber business. As long ago as 245 U
B. C. we know that the contractors of
the Babylonian kings brought cedars
from the Amanus Mountains, in north
ern Syria, to the Euphrates, whence
they floated them down to their des
tination. Even as late as 1000 B. C.
they must have been very plentiful,
for Solomon raised a levy of 30,000
aliens in the Land of Israel for the
sole purpose of hewing timber in Leb
The supply, no doubt, gradually de
creased as the population increased
and the rainfall diminished. The un
controlled destruction of the forests
went on without interruption, so that
in the absence of regeneration their
doom was sealed. What is left of the
former glory of Lebanon is but a few
isolated and comparatively insignifi
cant groves. In point of fact, there
are today five distinct groups of ce
dars. but the most famous of these
docs not possess above 400 trees, all
told; and of these there is a very
small proportion of real patriarchs.
The actual geographical distribution
of this cedar is not limited to the
mountains, in northern Syria, and on
the Taurus range, in Asia Minor;
while Ccdrus Llbani is really only a
local form of a large family which
thrives in the Himalaya as the deodar,
and in North Africa as the Algerian
cedar. Asa matter of fact, the Leb
anon cedars do not bear comparison
when brought into contrast with oth
ers of their kind; but the romance of
their environment and their historical
The northernmost ostrich farm In
the world is in a suburb of Stockholm.
The birds were taken there last year.
They spent the winter mostly in the
open, in perfect health, and toward
the end of May the females laid their
eggs, just as if they had been in South
Africa. It takes six weeks to hatch an
ostrich egg.
The total coal supply of the world
has been estimated at 7,397,533,000,000
tons, of which nearly 4,000,000,000,000
tons are bituminous, Asia having the
largest quantity of any continent.
The city of Dresden has bought 12,-
000 hogs in Serbia, and arrangements
have been made by other German
cities to obtain a similar number. It
Is believed this will relieve to some
extent the famine In lard.
Catholics are still slightly in the ma
jority among the Christians in India,
not considering the Eurasians. There
are 1,294,000 Roman Catholics out of
a total Christian population of 3,574,-
000. In the last ten years Protestants
have Increased almost twice as rapid
ly as Catholics, the Catholic increase
fox that period being 272,000 and the
Protestant nearly half a million.
interest envelop the remains if King
Hiram’s forests with a glamjur of
their own
Here, in their ancient home, the
residue of those forests which onca
darkened the seaward slopes of love
ly Lebanon still hold their own, aided
by the timely protection granted them
by European sympathizers. At an
altitude of about 6,300 feet above the
sea, in sheltered amphitheaters sur
rounded by naked ridges and imposing
crags, nestle the five remaining groups
of cedars. None of them is more than
fifteen miles from the coast in a di
rect line.
The best known grove, and that
which contains the oldest trees, la
situated at the head of the Kadisha
valley, a little to the south of the cul
minating peak of the Lebanon. It la
a day’s ride inland from the port, of
Tripoli. In the neighborhood is a
comparatively new grove which was
started and preserved by a local .Ma
ronite bishop. These are a standing
proof of what can be done in the way
of reafforestation. The other three
groups are in the southern Lebanon,
and are more easily approached from
Beirut, or, better still, by way of the
station of Ain Sofa, on the Damascus
railway. These three are all close to
gether. but are distinguished by the
names of the villages to which tf ,-y
belong, namely, Ain Zahalta, Maasir
and Baruk. Of these, the Baruk
grove is the best known and most fre
quently visited: it is also the largest
group of all five. The oldest trees,
though, are to be found in the north
ern, or Bsherreh, grove.
This locality is known as the Jebol
el-Arz, or Cedar mountain, the grove
of cedars being situated close under
a 9,000 feet ridge of barren limestone.
Here the solitary 400 are set in a life
less, silent world of rock and scree
where no other egetation exists,
shown off to perfection by a back
ground of drifted snow and naked
bowlder in winter and of utterly bar
ren, bleached flanks in summer. Seen
from a distance, they appear as a lit
tle black dot in the imposing amphi
theater of hills; but on closer acquain
tance they prove to be spread out in
to several scattered clumps, covering
the hummocks of an ancient moraine.
Handicapping Sally.
“Jane, don’t you want our Sally to
git married?”
“To be sure I do. Hiram!”
“Then why do you keep tellin' every
body that she’s the very pictur’ o’ what
you was when you was her age?”—
Browning’s Magazine. *
Its Proper Place,
Florist —Did you ship that order of
elephants’ ears on the branch express?
Assistant —No, sir; I thought it bet
ter to send them on the trunk line.
What Is a Weed? *
According to Webster’s Standard dic
tionary there are two definitions of a
weed: 1. Wild growth in the nature
of rank grass, undergrowth, or the
like. 2. Any plant growing in cultivat
ed ground to the Injury of the crop
or desired vegetation, or to the dis
figurement of the place; an unsightly,
useless or injurious plant. The follow
ing note is added: A weed is a plant
that is not wanted. There are, there
fore, no species of weeds, for a plant
that is a weed In one place may not be
in another.

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