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I HANDICRAFT FOR BOYS AND GIRLS ij
By ;! A. NEELY HALL and DOROTHY PERKINS j \ (Copyright, by JL Neely H*IL) A WIRELESS TELEGRAPH RECEIV ING SET—PART 2. ■ The first thing to consider when set ting up a “wireless” receiving set is the aerial. This should be supported at least 30 feet above the ground, at one end, and should be 50 feet or more In length. Fig. 1 shows an arrangement for an aerial of six strands, and Fig. 2 shows how the end connections are made C 7 Y c * b ft-'B Lb Lb b i t i@ Ii I Any wire but steel or iron, not smaller than No. 16, either bare or Insulated, may be used for the strands, and the end spreaders (A, Fig. 2) may be any light, strong poles feet long. In sulators must be set In between the spreaders and the ends of the wire strands (B, Fig. 2), and the strands must be fastened 12 inches apart. Or dinary porcelain cleats (Fig. 3) make good insulators. Tie the supporting ropes C of the aerial (Fig. 2) to screw eyes placed at the ends of the spread ers, and then fasten the rope stays D to them, and to the spreaders, so the spreaders will not become bowed. Fig. 5 shows a good pair of telephone receivers, with head-band. If you can not afford a pair, you can get along ~\/ - AEFHAL 1 L-sjjj, CONDENSER receivers' VSILICON LJX DETECTOR <Vtuning- COIL MV V . V \ J Q|bUND GROUND \ with a single Fig. 6 shows the kind of switch to buy —a single pole-double-throw switfeh. This switch must be placed outside of the window', to provide for disconnecting the aerial when the receiving set is not in opera tion, as a precaution against lightning. Fig. 4 show's the wiring diagram. One w'ire from the switch must be ground ed, also, as shown, outdoors. The re ceiving set must be grounded, and this grounding can be taken care of by connecting a wire to a radiator or plumbing pipe. With the receiving instruments properly prepared and set up, and a good aerial with Its lead-in wire per fectly insulated, you should be able to receive from commercial stations at a distance of at least a hundred miles, and from all amateur stations in your vicinity. The tw'o telegraph codes — Morse and Continental —must be learned, because both are employed, though the Morse ®‘ CODES MORSE CONTINENTAL ®j> IT ® <2>p!m code is the one in general use. The tw'o are shown in the diagram of Fig 7. You will notice that in the case of many characters the arrangements are similar. The dots of the codes will be heard through the receivers as short buzzes, the dashes as long buzzes. As there is great difference In the equipment of “wireless” sta tions. your instruments must be “tuned” before you can receive a mes sage. by slowly sliding the sliders of the tuning-coil back and forth, and oc casionally adjusting the wire resting upon the piece of silicon of the detec tor, until the buzzes are heard. His the Gain. “My friend,” said the aged moralist, T hope you don’t waste your substance ta riotous living.” “No, sir,” answered the flashily tressed man. “I profit by it,” ’•What do you mean?” “I’m the proprietor of a popular cab ireL” Like Breeds Like. “Your soldier son’s letter-writing Ityle Is trenchant.” “I suppose that comes from his be ta so much in the trenches, ma’am.” } A WASTE-BASKET, SHIRTWAIST BOX, AND SHOE BLACKING CASE, IN CRETONNE. On account of the simplicity of the construction of cretonne covered fur nlture, there are all sorts of thingi which a girl can make for her own room, and for mother’s. The waste-basket in Fig. 1 is made out of a soap box. Remove one end of the box. as shown in Fig. 2, for the open top of the basket, and nail the cover board in place to enclose the side (Fig. 3). The next step is to cut several strips about an inch and one-half wide, and nail them around the top edges as a finishing band. Tack the outside cretonne on first, then the inside lining. Lap the cre tonne over the top edge, and cut it so that about an inch will turn down all around. Then conceal the edge of the cretonne by lapping the lining over it. The lining may be of a plain colored cambric. The shirtwaist box shown in Fig. 4 is made of a box of the right height to slide underneath a bed, and a pair of handles are screwed to each of the two long sides, so It may be pulled out from either side of the bed. Because the shirtw'aist box must be shallow, it is well to make it long. Having procured the box, it is only necessary to fasten a strip two inches wide along the center of the open top, from end to end, for the hinge-strip A (Fig. 5), and hinge a board each side of It for the covers (B, Fig. 6). That completes the carpentry. It will be easiest to cover the box before the hinge-strip and covers have been put on, and to tack the cretonne on the hinge-strip and covers before fasten ing them In place. The handles and the castors go on last. Have you a shoe blacking case in your room? Very fewr girls do own one, yet It is an article of great im - ■■ ■■ ■ portance to the girl w'ho is particular about keeping her shoes tidy. Fig. 7 shows a practical little blacking case. By making the top removable, the in side of the case may be used as a re ceptacle for cans and bottles of polish, brushes, and rags; and by padding the under side and covering It with cretonne, the top may be inverted aft er use, and the blacking case thus converted into the attractive footstool shown in Fig. 8. Fig. 9 shows how four short legs should be nailed to the corners of a square soap box, with the tops pro jecting just enough to allow for the thickness of the cover, and Fig. 10 shows how the cover boards should be fastened together with the cross strips A, and how a triangular block B should be nailed to it for a rest to push the shoe against. In covering the blacking case, it is best to omit the inside lining. Helps Digestion. If you find it difficult to drink milk alone, take some bread or crackers with it. Either prevents the forma tion of large clots and the milk la therefore more readily digested. Lime water or barley water added to milk has the same effect The Usual Way. First Humorist—ls that an old joke? Second Humorist —Well, it is old enough to be printed in an almanac, but scarcely aged enough for a con gressman to tell as his own. mife co*r*/arr.m,er nc /rrcu/fK ntwimv* smotcArr MONEY COULDN'T TEMPT WOMAN. No one could tell, for nobody knew Why gold was made to gladden a few And those who need It the most, I trow. Go lone and starved the whole way through. There's a lone little lady on the out skirts of New York whose life has just revealed a ro “• ' had been made the heroine of a novel, men would have cried “Tush!” and flung down the book declaring that no such woman existed. It wasn’t true to human nature! But the woman who has stepped suddenly into the world’s limelight proves that there is a class of women who hold honor more sacred than wealth. Recently a man known as a bachelor died in the good city of churches. He left no will, but scribbled on a piece of paper was the memorandum that when his end came he intended to leave, out of his accumulated wealth of $200,000, $40,000 to his niece who was his next of kin, and the balance to charity. The niece heard of the wind fall of wealth. She startled the whole w’orld by declaring positively not a penny of her uncle’s money would she accept. She gave as her reason that it had not been acquired in a way she ap proved of; called it “tainted money.” People flocked from far and near to see the w'oman, who, it is said, is poor as a church mouse and w T ho delib erately cast a fortune out of her hands because of her moral principles. Rep resentatives of the press sought her out. In a small house, in an unpretentious street, the niece—who was a little lady no longer young—rented a smaller room. She had made her home there for years, living on an annuity of S3OO. This little lone spinster cooked, ate and slept, happy with the books she had gathered about her, giving not a rap for the outside w T orld how it jogged along. She envied not its luxu ries; cared not for society. She had no thought of love. She was bright and happy in her own way. She did not feel the want of companionship or sympathy. She would spend 30 cents a day for her meals and $2 for a copy of Goethe or Aristotle. When not reading or tidying up her room, she spent hours out of doors, enjoying sun shine and long walks. She had a con tempt for fashion. On days when other women were wrapped to their eyes in furs, she sallied forth for a saunter, her tiny form enveloped in a big Mother Hubbard cloth cloak and hood. Her small feet boasted of neither shoes nor other protection save sandals. Why a woman having so little should spurn such a windfall fairly staggered folks. The wealth which she declared “tainted” had been accumulated by the uncle in loaning money to the very best advantage, standing not upon ceremony In collecting it on the day it fell due. Be this as it may, the niece had strong scruples about such deal ings with the poor and oppressed. For this reason, she declared that money unlucky; that a crust of bread bought with honest money was preferable to a feast purchased otherwise. There are many viewpoints to this strange affair. There are those w'ho may sneer at her. A far greater num ber of people will thank God that the w'orld still holds women who set for themselves a high standard of morals In the mad grasp for wealth, few con sider its source or how it was gained. Hearts such as this woman’s are rich in purity. There are men who think no matter how bad a life they have led when it comes to settling down all they will have to do is to shake money bags at a woman. They never dream of being refused her hand. The type of woman here described will be an eye opener to thousands of men who haven’t realized the magnitude of woman’s honor. HOMES OF WEALTHY. I reach into the dark, O Love! I cannot find thee, and my groping hands Touch only memories and phantom shapes. O empty arms! Be glad of those sweet lands Wherein all loneliness escapes. Did she marry well? That is most apt to be the first question asked when one woman informs another of a friend's matrimonial venture. “Yes. He has lots of money. She can have her automobile, a city and a country hnme, a box at the opera, servants, fine Jewels. She is the luckiest girl In town.” Not one word is said about her mat ing or if the young woman selected a man so congenial that they would be married lovers while they lived. While marrying for love will never go out of fashion, ambition very often elbows it aside. The girl who weds for wealth alone can never cheat the world into the belief that she is really a very happy wife. She has missed the tender note which makes wedded existence one long, sweet song. The wealthy man who has wedded for beauty and youth soon opens his eyes to the fact that his money bags were the attraction,! THE SEA COAST ECHO, BAY ST. LOUIS. MISSISSIPPI not himself. He feels keenly the lack of affection, the absence of true wife ly interest. The home of wealth is usually fair to look upon. The parlors are luxurious, as are the library and dining room. But there Is not one room in the house in which a man can feel content to sit. The parlor is too cold. The beautiful chairs are stiff and uncomfortable. The library is lonely If one is not in the mood for reading. It is irksome for a man to sit in his bedroom. The club holds out, at one and all times, luring arms to a man. He spends his evenings there. The young wife, relieved at his ab sence, finds her pleasure in the gild ed ballroom, fashion of young men to flirt and pay homage to beautiful matrons. Nine times out of ten such marriages are childless. Is it to be wondered that young wives, flattered by attention, drift into unfortunate romances? They feel the lack of love’s appreciation and sunshine to brighten their dread ex istences. How they envy the shop girl and her beau hurrying along to the movies of an evening. The woman of wealth gazes out at them from her automobile with a hungry look In her eyes. What are simple clothes, a slim purse and an humble home compared to the rieh, full measure of love that crowns the girl’s life? Many a wife would live over again, if she could, the days of her poverty long ago, when she cooked her hus band’s meals and met him at the door with a kiss. Then they were all the world to each other. Great wealth oft times drifts husbands and wives apart. So many divided interests fill up their lives that love for each other is crushed out or becomes only a name. It is better by far to marry for love and work together for prosperity. IF WE ONCE KNEW. The thoughts that are truest and bravest Are the ones that are never expressed. And the tender love tjiou cravest Somehow is never confessed. The rose that is sweetest and fairest Is the bud that is killed by the frost And the love that Is dearest and rarest Is the true love we have lost. Experience is a wonderful teacher. Those who get their fingers in the flame once take good care that it shall not happen again. A girl may have had half a dozen beaux ’ere she col lects sense enough to fill the bill of what a marrying man is looking for when he weds. If she has been jealous of her first suitor she is careful to hide any trace of It from the second young man. If she loses him by a display of extrava gance. which he takes pains to com ment on, she is sure to tell her next admirer she makes all of her own clothes, knows how to cook and bake and she thinks waste is such a sin. If she loses him by flirting she is pretty sure not to err in that direction when another lover comes on the scene. Had she possessed as much knowl edge at the outset as she did when all of her beaux wearied of her and rode away, she would have been wise enough to have held the heart of her first lover, who is often the best of the lot. A methinks she can impress upon her daughter the knowl edge of the world from her experi ences. But no two admirers are alike. What one man may consider a girl’s playful moods another will regard as faults. If we knew in the beginning what we find out to our loss later on, how differ ent our lives might turn out! Youth is the happy stage of inexperience. How can it be expected that old heads should sit on young shoulders? Each one must learn her own lessons. Knowledge comes with years. There are men who do not relish the idea of playing teacher to a youthful wife. They had rather have one who had ac quired all of her lessons and was ready to profit by them. A happy home depends much on a wife’s tact, her ability to keep her husband interested In her. The trouble of most households that have domestic feuds is that the wives in such homes have little or no knowledge of the moods of the general run of men. Had they this intuition, they could rule their husbands without their knowing they were ruled. There are big, brave men who like to be petted and coddled. There’s the boorish husband, who puts his wife’s nerves on edge, who should be dealt with kindly, but firmly. The woman who has learned her lessons from ex perience knows men are never so old, so learned, so great that they do not enjoy being flattered a wee bit on the right occasions. It means, to them, ap preciation. Men who know it all them selves are, on the contrary, better pleased with wives who have had no schooling in the world's ways. They do not attempt to teach them, but per sist in their remaining in happy ig norance, which means contentment all around. They believe “Where ignor ance is bliss, ’tis folly to be wise.*’ They wouldn’t have thought that in their earlier years. That was because they didn’t know then as much of life and what constitutes happiness as they know now. The Old Man Shied. A story by Imri Zumwalt in the Bon ner Springs Chieftain: “A man travel ing over the country soliciting sub scribers for one of the big metropolitan newspapers not long ago found himself In a community remote from railroads. After traveling for some time without seeing any signs of life he came at last upon a stony field on the moun tain side where a man and a woman were plowing. The old man was hitched in front pulling the plow and the woman was guiding it by the handles. After a few preliminary re marks about the wether the solicitor asked them if they would like to sub scribe for his newspaper. They stared at him blankly and inquired what a newspaper was. He pulled a sample copy from his pocket and began to un fold it to show them, whereupon the old man became frightened and ran away, smashing up the plow.”—Kansas City Star. Tough Conundrum. If it is really “service” that the man who shuffles around and shamefacedly produces a tip Is paying for, why. do the pretty waitresses take in the most? DAINTIES FOR TEA TABLE Sandwiches of Many Kinds Are at the Command of the Hostess —Vari- ous Forms of Cakes. Sandwiches of various kinds and di mensions are always a good beginning. Better have the loaf a day old, and sandwich bread, close crumb, is the best to make them with. Spread the butter on smoothly and add a thin layer of nut paste. The top slice will not need butter. Trim the crusts off and cut diagonally across. Even smaller sandwiches, making four out of the square, are large enough for the bite. Finger rolls, very fresh, with a soft crust and a paste made of chicken mashed with the yolks of eggs, boiled six or seven minutes, and just a little milk to make it smooth, are very ap petising. Graham bread, buttered and sliced the same as the sandwich loaf, spread with a mixture of Jam and cream cheese. Is very nice, too. Meat toinced very fine, with some milk to moisten it for smooth spread ing, or thin slices of tongue with graham bread, makes good sand wiches. Fresh Boston brown bread, mashed with cream cheese and sugar and made into balls, like butter, only smooth and larger, looks like great chocolate creams and makes a deli cious titbit. Meats that are potted and already minced into a paste for spreading of chicken, tongue and turkey make ex cellent sandwiches of white or brown bread. If the sandwiches are made in the morning and intended for later use it is well to wrap each separately in paraffin paper. This will keep them soft and perfectly fresh until served. Ginger nuts and cinnamon cakes have some snap to them, and maca roons and kisses are always ready at the baker’s if the busy housewife is too rushed make them. It is not necessary to have so many kinds of sandwiches or cakes, but a choice of two or three of those men tioned here will be sufficient. The finger rolls are especially attractive, as they can be daintily disposed of without removing the gloves. For Luncheon. Omelette with tomato sauce is a deli cious dish for luncheon. Beat the yolks of four eggs until foamy, then add two thirds of a cupful of milk, with which has been mixed a teaspoonful of flour, one-third of a teaspoonful of baking powder and a pinch of salt. Beat well together, then fold in the stiffly beat en whites and bake in a buttered pan in a hot oven. For the sauce melt a tablespoonful of butter in a saucepan and fry in it until brown a small, finely chopped onion. Add a little of any small vegetables and a half a can of tomatoes rubbed through a sieve. Thicken with a table spoon of flour moistened to a smooth paste with a little cold water. Season with salt and pepper and cook for five minutes, stirring constantly. Pour over the omelette as soon as it comes from the oven and serve hot. Rice a ta Conde. One-fourth pound Carolina rice, two ounces butter, three ounces sifted sugar, one pint milk, one tin apricots or peaches, one teaspoonful vanilla es sence, cherries and angelica. Wash the rice thoroughly in cold water, put into a pan of cold water and bring to a boll, then pour away the water. Add the milk and stir until boiling, then cook slowly for three-quarters of an hour, stirring occasionally. Add the butter, sugar and vanilla, and turn into a bordered mold —one with a hole in the center —and set aside to cool. When cold turn out, fill the center with apricots or peaches and decorate with cherries and angelica. The peaches should be cut in half and the juice poured around. Good Round Steak. A very palatable and economical dish can be made from a round steak as follows; Pound flour into both sides •of the steak, as much as the meat will take up. Fry in drippings or other fat in an ordinary pan or kettle, then add water to cover it. Cover the vessel tightly, so that no steam can escape, and allow the meat to simmer very gently for two hours. It is then ready to serve, the gravy being already thick ened by the flour beaten into the steak. The gravy is delicious and far superior to the kind made in the ordinary way after the meat is cooked. Vegetarian Turkey. One-half pint mashed potato, hall pint shelled English walnuts or pe cans, one-half pint lentil pulp, one-half pint graham flour (coarse grains sift ed out), two beaten eggs, two tea spoonfuls salt, one small onion minced, one teaspoonful sage, one heaping tea spoonful minced parsley and two tablespoonfuls butter. Mix ingredients, press in pan and steam one hour. Let cool, mold in shape of turkey and bake until brown. Baste with butter or meat stock. Serve with cranberry sauce. Ice Cream in Fancy Shapes. If you wish to serve ice cream cut In fancy shapes and hesitate to do so on account of the cost, get plain brick Ice cream and slice it lengthwise in half-inch thicknesses. Use a cookie cutter form of a heart, fruit or animal, and dip in boiling hot water. After wiping the cutter dry, but while still hot, cut the cream in as many pieces as the slice will make. Homemade Mop. Cut old stockings like carpet rags, then take a strip of cloth three inches wide and ten inches long, fasten one end under the presser foot of the sew ing machine, and stitch the stocking rags through the center very close to gether across the center of the strip and again on each side. Moisten It with some good furniture polish and fasten in a common mop-stick. Egg Sandwiches. Try these for the lunch boxes: Boil as many eggs as desired until yolks are mealy. Chop the whites fine, add yolks rubbed to a paste. Moisten with salad dressing. Spread between slices of white or graham bread. American Flag Under Lions That Look British nt ASHINGTON. —Four bronze lions, said to be exact copies of those on the ff Trafalgar square Lord Nelson monument in London, couchant on flags presumed to be the American colors, form a group on the Grant monument in the Botanic garden, which is attract ing much comment at present because of the un-American idea the Hons con - - vey by reason of the<r position the Hags. Although the group has been *■ in position for some time, this peculiar feature has apparently escaped notice until recently. The additions Just be ing made attracted closer attention, - ) however, from the casual observer. !p~ ~~ j The figures of the lions which - —I have given rise to comment form the centerpiece of the monument. This section, therefore, is the most conspicuous. The center is raised, and on this elevated base Is the large tablet on which the inscription is to be placed. Around this base, at each of the four corners, is a crouching lion, under whose body is stretched a flag, which, by the American eagle forming the head and by the fact that It is a monument to an American hero, might be taken to be the American standard. The fact that the lions are copies of the British lions on the Trafalgar square monument in England and the sight of the flag stretched under their bodies has caused many tourists and other observers to wonder just what the motif of the group is intended to express. To an artist perhaps the proud attitude of the crouching figures might convey an air of heroic protection, but to the ordinary mind this same proud appearance might mean haughty possession, and it Is this latter impression, probably, which has caused the inquiries to be raised. Commerce Department Talks of Volcano Foundry 4 PROPOSED novel co-operation with nature in a manufacturing enterprise, whereby the great volcano of Kilauea of the island of Hawaii would bo made to serve as a gigantic foundry for casting sewer pipe and bricks, is arousing interest among officials of lems, and a suggestion has been made by the governor of the islands that congress authorize the federal department of commerce to co-operate in the work. The possibilities of casting sewer pipe from the molten lava of the volcano have been studied by a retired pipe manufacturer from the United States who recently visited the islands, and he has even suggested details of the pro cedure by which buckets of exceedingly refractory material on an endless chain would bring the molten lava from the bed of the crater to its rim. where the pipes would be cast. Buckets capable of resisting 2,000 degrees Fahren heit easily can be provided, it is declared, while the temperature of the lava has been found from scientific observations to be about 1,800 degrees. At such a high degree of heat the lava, it is believed, would remain liquid during the short time necessary to transport it to the molds. Though the plan is so out of the ordinary that it sounds almost visionary to the layman, it is explained to the commerce department by its agents in Hawaii that Kilauea presents one of the best opportunities known anywhere in the world for industrial utilization of the earth’s natural heat, since the lake of molten material is accessible and relatively quiescent, and workshops may therefore be erected and manufacturing operations carried on close to the rim of the crater. Senator Reed’s Secretary Bests the Constable DON HUNT of Kansas City, secretary to Senator Reed, is the hero of District of Columbia autoists by reason of his victory over Maryland constables who arrested him Sunday for driving his “flivver” into the state without a .Maryland license. Hunt’s machine was adorned with Washington and Missouri tags, but Maryland officials held that VVfT'I) this was not sufficient. They escorted J&PL Hunt to a justice of the peace, who promptly assessed a fine of $5. Hunt i \TZ~V demanded to be shown the section un ifjs'— sj der had been penalized. It fgyyT ipjga was produced with the result that Hunt pointed out to the J. P. that as a nonresident he was entitled to drive I * through Maryland seven times with cut a license. “I am willing to take oath that this is my second invasion of Maryland,” said Hunt. The J. P. perused the law and reluctantly handed back the fine. Under a recent decision of the Supreme court of the United States residents of Washington are required to have both Virginia and Maryland licenses in addition to the District tax if they desire to tour the neighboring common wealths. Hunt, however, has convinced the Marylanders that this ruling does not apply to Missourians unless they exceed the tourist limitations. Col. Harts Training His Watchmen tn Be Camels COL. W. W. HARTS, superintendent of public buildings and grounds, who is an advocate of preparedness, is putting his “watchman’s brigade” at the state, war and navy building through a course of training for service in north ern Mexico or any other old waterless waste where they may be needed. khowT] As one of the features of the iHAD TO be A course, the colonel has removed all C/\nEL Ah’ A the watercoolers from the corridors. And as the watchmen must now S cl woe fK~~ walk through miles of corridors and I-- 1 - up and down long flights of stairs to j get water, the result is twofold: Most ST of the men are developing a remark- ~~ j§SgZ2—X ?V \ able endurance against thirst, while others —those who must have water — ~ ~~ are developing the muscles they would have to use on long marches and mountain climbing. In a sense, also, the “brigade” is getting practice in the use of firearms. Ever so often in the week, usually after the departments are closed for the day, the colonel gets his assistant to turn in a fire alarm in some remote corner of the building. Thereupon thirty-odd watchmen In brass buttons and blue coats go tearing through corridors and bounding up stairways carrying fire extinguishers. These hand grenades are aimed at the imaginary fire by that section of the “brigade” which, for purposes of military training, may be regarded as the machine-gun platoon, while those assigned to the heavier artillery handle the heavy hose lines. Monday afternoon, however, is the time when the colonel takes greatest pride in his brigade. Promptly at 3:30 o’clock, the members of the “brigade” line up on the lot back of the state, war, and navy building, and are inspected. The colonel, with his assistant acting as adjutant, walks slowly along the line in front of the men, and then along the line in back of the men. inspecting the hang of their clothes and the erectness of their carriage. Germany, where iron money of small denomination has for some time been in circulation, is not alone in suffering such a stringency. Russia is having printed duplicates of the Romanoff jubilee postage stamps on heavy cardboard, the pieces to have the value as money of tim stamp denomination, while in England also anew treasury note has been put in circulation, value, £1 10s. Except perhaps for the old slave market at Milledgeville, the city of Savannah has, in the foundation of the Pulaski hotel, one of Georgia s most notable mementoes of the day when men were sold. The basement of this ancient hostelry is honeycombed with bricked-up cells used before the war by slave owners for the safekeeping of their slaves. The failure of the mortality rates of measles and whooping cough to show a reduction during the last 15 years is due to the fact that they are highly communicable in their early stage, when diagnosis is moat difficult.