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GENIUS-WHENCE COMES IT?
No Amount of Training or Environment Can Create It, but a Child’s Natural Talents May Be Developed by Cultivation. By SIDONIE MATZNER GRUENBERQ. _ j S S J \ -s . xSafa I ~ No Environment Can Develop Qualities That Are Not There. IT possible to make a musical genius out of my child by pro * viding a favorable environment for him?” This question was asked by an am bitious mother of a very young infant. This is the kind of question that moth ers (and fathers, too, no doubt) often ask themselves, but feel too timid or modest to ask the family physician. When the question is answered in the affirmative efforts are stimulated, and after many years there is disillusion ment and disappointment. When the question is answered in the negative there is disappointment and often ne glect and indifference. The fact is that the question itself involves a contradiction. A genius is an exceptional person by very “na ture” —that is, by having inherited a combination of qualities that makes him distinct from his fellows. The most that the environment can do fpr him is to make possible the formation of certain habits, the cultivation of certain interests, the development of certain native powers. In other words, the environment can provide condi tions favorable for the growth of genius; but it can never create genius out of mediocre capacities. One need not go very far in a study Mother’s Cook Book Fruit Bars. Mix two and one-half cupfuls of flour, two and one-half cupfuls of rolled oats, one cupful each of shortening and brown sugar, one-half cupful of sour milk, and a teaspoonful of soda. Flour the board generously, roll thin and cut with an oblong cutter. Put a half pound of dates and a half cupful of pecan meats through the meat chop per, mix this and roll out in a thin sheet and cut with the same cutter. Put a layer of date paste between every two of the cooky dough, sand wich fashion, and bake in a hot oven. When cold pack edgewise in a jar. Hide the jar. Apricot Shortcake. Make a rich biscuit dough, roll out and cut with a large biscuit cutter and bake. Cook six apricots either fresh or dry with the juice of half a lemon, and half a cupful of sugar, mash, strain and flavor with a quarter of a teaspoonful of almond extract. Put three half apricots between the cakes and a half one on top. Pour the sirup over all and till the top apricot with sweetened whipped cream. Jam Omelet. Beat the yolks of five eggs light with a tablespoonful of powdered sugar; into this stir a teaspoonful of cornstarch mixed with three table spoonfuls of milk, cook. Then fold in the stiffly beaten whites of the eggs and cook in a buttered omelet pan until set. Spread with jam, fold and serve sprinkled with powdered sugar. Serve as a dessert. Escalloped Eggs. Make a white sauce as for creamed eggs. Cook six eggs in the shell, cut in eighths lengthwise, put a layer of white sauce, then a layer of eggs and a layer of chopped olives using a fourth of a cupful of olives, repeat and finish the top with a thick layer of but tered crumbs using a cupful and a half of crumbs. Bake until the crumbs are brown. Egg and Ham Timbales. Cook together two tablespoonfuls each of flour and butter, add a cupful of milk and when smooth and thick cool and add three beaten eggs and two cupfuls of chopped ham, season well with pepper and salt and put into timbale molds to cook in hot water until firm. Stuffed eggs are always appetizing and may be served as a hot dish with a white sauce. t Fashion’s Edicts. | ♦ , . Fashion influences are now one of several Russian, Spanish, Directolre or Oriental. Second empire styles in veils fall in with the fashions. They are some times nothing more than a frill on the hat, but throw a becoming shade on the face. The more novel the shape and color ing of the parasol, the more fashion able it is. Khaki-kool la an imported eastern silk used for man's suitings and now for women’s sports coats, suits and frocks. Pastel shades in broadcloth are used for daytime coats. The raglan sleeve is prominent. Remember the inevitable touch of red on your costume if you would be “on time” in fashiondom. An infantry helmet of the blue faille ts a millinery inspiration. A blouse developed in peace-gray crepe georgette is unique in the single rose motif embroidered In purple and< of the development of children to real ize how Incompletely do the capacities of most Individuals ever develop, com pared to the possibilities latent at birth. Every individual is born with rather definite limits to what he may become, whether It be in music or In science, in art or in business, in golf or in astronomy. But it is very sel dom that these limits are approached in more than a very few directions by any Individual. It is because we are so impressed by the remarkable results that can be attained by sys tematic and continued training, that we are led to suspect an indefinite increase in talents under proper guid ance and cultivation. But when all allowance is made for lack of opportunity and for improper treatment in childhood and youth, we are still far short of being unde veloped geniuses. A suitable environ ment can help to develop qualities that are present at the start, but no en vironment can develop qualities that are not there. It is the old question over again, of whether any royal food can be found that will make a gosling develop into a swan. From the goose’s egg you will get only a goose, although some geese are better than others. Again, after hatching the egg, proper feeding and care will give you a better goose than can develop through neglect and starvation. With the children of man it is unfortunately true that while feeble-minded stock is likely to remain feeble-minded, the people of mediocre abilities often give rise to combina tions of valuable qualities that do not reveal themselves in the appearance of the child or in the wealth of. the family. It is therefore desirable that every child receive all the opportun ities and all the encouragement to show what his possibilities are. This is necessary quite as much for the en richment of our lives as for the discov ery of the occasional genius. > j . \ Few Women Who Have Plenty to Do Have Fits of Blues By LAURA JEAN LIBBEY. (Copyright. 1916.) We have many goodly days to see The liquid drops of tears that you have shed Shall come again transformed to orient pearl; Advantaging their loan, with interest, Oftentimes double gain of happiness. Was there ever a woman—no matter how many blessings surrounded her —who did not give herself up com pletely to a fit of the blues now and then? They have indulged this habit —for it is nothing else than a habit —from girlhood up until at last it has taken such a hold upon them they are unable to shake off these depressions. The splendid army of working girls should be an example of cheerfulness to the women In good homes who r HnHV : ' f have nothing to do but nurse their grievances. W -- >- These working girls, each and ev ate cheerfulness. If you put the whether or no they ever have tits ' ■ of the blues, the > - • smile will die out of their eyes as % they answer gravely that in . the business world there is no place for the girl or woman who gives free rein to tits of melancholy and that good nature, a happy mood and a genial disposi green on each side of the waist front. The collar and cuff have orchid purple silk hemstitched to the crepe. With the new vogue for leather trimmings and accessories of all kinds there are now being offered sets of leather articles which consist of stock collar, gloves and tie to match. Both Disappointed. Q&S married you I thought I was get £ ting a helpmate. I was £ ettin S a 1111111 sjfaf who could supply could help myself. Photographs Growing Plants. A professor in Kansas university has invented a machine by which it is possible to take motion pictures of growing plants. The process is slow in almost every case, but the result is not only amusing but very instruc tive. Timely Hints for Poultry Growers. The best feed for little turkeys la dry grain chick feed, but it must be free from mustiness or moldlnesa and be clean and sweet. Weaklings should never be tolerated in the chicken coop. Kill and bury them, for otherwise they will be the first to become Infected and later die. More ducks are killed by unneces sary handling, chilling and underfeed ing than all other causes combined. Be sure that little ducklings always have plenty of water to drink, espe cially at meal time, and deep enough so that they can get their heads into it up -to their eyes. Eggs to be used for hatching should not be subjected to either abnormally high or low temperatures. If they can be gathered before they have time to cool after being laid It is all the bet ter for their hatching qualities. From 50 to 60 degrees is the best tempera ture for storing hatching eggs. Little chicks should be protected from cool, damp surroundings. Noth ing Is more detrimental to their health and more certain to bring heavy mor tality than to let them out in the wet grass early in the morning. When shipping live poultry to mar ket always allow sufficient room and use a coop sufficiently high, so that the fowls will not suffer from cramped positions while on the road. Any dis comfort reduces their weight and costs the producer a certain amount of money. Avoid feeding chicks food that has been in stock so long that it is moldy. It is bound to cause much trouble. To get the most out of your flocks you must adopt present-day methods, so as to be on an even footing with your competitor. Collars Make Blouses. Do you know how to “trim up” the plain blouse and make it become your individual style? Get a collar in white chiffon or sheerest organdie which, in turning back, covers the nape and the sides of the neck, runs flatly across the shoulders and straight down over the bust, forming a slender “V” open ing below the throat. This collar is bordered with pin-tucked self material, straight on its outer edge and widely scalloped along the fine, embroidery outlined inner edge. Another blouse dominating collar has a tapering, nar row turnover coming high against all save the front of the neck, and wid ened by an extremely broad frilling of the plaited material, a-jour hemmed. In crepe de chine this second collar is extremely practical as well as dainty. Its Contrariness. “A club buffet furnishes but par adoxical comfort,” “How so?” “Because the members often use it when they are out of spirits.” tion in general are the assets she de pends on not only to keep her posi tion, but to forge ahead. There are too many helpless ones at home, usu ally, dependent upon her to encourage fits of the blues. It Is only the idlers or those who have little or nothing to do who rail secretly over really insignificant af fairs. The women wedded to men who drink up the greater part of their wages, leaving the family at hone to fight starvation, ejection from the home that shelters them and with in sufficient clothes to cover them, bravely fight the demon discontent, put their shoulders to the wheel and live and dream of the glorious duties they are performing In keeping their children at school and the golden re ward that will surely be theirs later on. The childless wife, who has longed for the clasp of little arms around her neck and childish, loving lips pressed to her own. encounters battles which she must fight bravely to outwit at tacks of the blues. Philosophical women accomplish this by answering the cry of their lonely hearts with this truth: Whatever should be, will be. Whatever is, is best. He who ejenies their earnest prayers knows best. v Even those who have known and lost love can be made to realize that the heart has been enriched by it through memories of the hours when it was tenderest, truest and at its best. , If but one blessing is given us, we shouro be grateful for that one, shut out discontent and cultivate a happy disposition, though we have it not, and always look on the bright side. The Boot Question The girl who wishes to be ultra smart will stick to high boots even when the most of her acquaintances have discarded the same and put on low shoes. For It Is quite the correct thing to adopt shoes made of metallic brocades to wear with the satin, the silk or the chiffon afternoon dress. Then there are high shoes of metallic tissue which well-dressed women prefer for wear with their evening frocks. Many of these are laced. Evening slippers are of metallic bro cades as well as of novelty tissues and satin. In some instances they are completed with an elaborately carved button or with one of rhinestones. A Cautious Witness. “Where did you get that chicken you had for dinner yesterday TANARUS” “Look yere, boss; if you’s axin’ jes’ out o’ Inquisitiveness tain’ no use o’ wastin’ time an’ if you’s boldin’ an’ investigation you’a got to staht in by provln* dat I bad any chicken in do fust place,” THE SEA COAST ECHO, BAT ST. GOTTIS, MISSISSIPPI I Historic I Crimes <md Mysteries & Wall Um <OOTRtorT I AdttfAPeA ||| THE SIGN AT THE GALLOWS. This is a harrowing story, but it has a large and valuable moral, which should be pasted In the hats of all men who serve on juries in criminal cases. Sunday, May 7, 1797, was a beau tiful day. The skies were blue, and the birds were singing, and the young man’s fancy lightly turned to thoughts of love. Sydney Fryer, a wealthy young citizen of London, called upon his cousin, Anne Fryer, and asked her if she wouldn’t like to take a walk, and she said she would. So they strolled around the streets until they reached the suburbs, where there were fields and commons. Presently they heard a cry for help, and Sydney said: ‘‘Some woman is In distress! I must go to her rescue.” Anne tried to persuade him to pay no attention to the matter, but Syd ney was too gallant a gentleman to turn a deaf ear to a damsel in distress, so he vaulted over a five-foot wall. f rom the cry had come, md, instead*f finding himself in the Viie Two Wretched Men Were Again Escorted to the Platform and Turned | presence of a suffering female, he was 1 faced by three ruffians, who told him ito hand over his valuables. Sydney ; drew his sword, intent upon giving j battle, whereupon one of the robbers ' fired a pistol at him, and he fell dead. Hearing the report of the pistol, Anne scrambled up the wall until she could see over it, and beheld her cousin lying dead and his assailants fleeing from the scene. She reported the crime to the authorities, and dili gent search was made for the murder ers, with the result that three young men soon were in custody. They were Martin Glench, James Mackley and Jo seph Smith. They had a local reputa tion for wildness, but had newer been suspected or accused of crime. Anne Fryer identified Clench and Mackley at once. She was absolutely positive that they were two of the murderers. There couldn’t be any mistake about it. The young men appeared for trial in due season, and Anne Fryer was the chief witness against them. She was as positive as ever in her identifica tion of the two. The whole case rested upon her testimony, and the jury evi dently agreed -with her that she couldn’t be mistaken, for Clench and Mackley were convicted of murder, and Smith was acquitted. The verdict was somewhat surprising, because the instructions of the court favored the prisoners. The learned jurist pointed out that too much reliance should not be placed upon the testimony of a young woman who must have been wildly excited at the time of the crime. Mackley accepted his death sentence with sullen resignation, as though he considered It a part of the day’s work; but Martin Clench, who was a fine. Intelligent young man, protested bit terly in open court, saying that he was no more a murderer than the judge on the bench. Having been sent back to jail to await the day of execution. Clench de voted most of his time to religious study, and the mantle of Elijah de scended upon him. He began to make prophecies. He said that heaven would not permit two Innocent men to be executed without some sign that all men might understand. "Mark my words,” he was wont to say, “there will be a sign at the gal lows, proclaiming our innocence.” This Idea became an obsession with him. and he talked of little else during his last hours. On June 5 the gallows was erected before Newgate prison, and the usual immense mob had gathered to see two unfortunate men pay the price. It was a trusty old gallows that had been used on many previous occasions, and the indications were that it had a long career of usefulness before it. The fatal hour arrived, and the doomed men appeared upon the scaffold, the doleful chant of the bellman still ring ing in their ears: All ye that in the condemned hole do He. Psguura TOtt- for tonormw voa mhm.U Aim. Watch all and pray, the hour Is drawing near. That you before the Almighty shall ap pear. Examine well yourselves. In time repent, That you may not to eternal flames be sent. And when St. Sepulcher’s bell tomorrow tolls. The Lord above have mercy on you* souls: The usual officials appeared upon the gallows with Clench and Mackley, when the sign predicted by Clench was given. The whole gallows collapsed and prisoners. Jailers, executioner and priest went down in a heap. Martin Clench sprang to his feet and triumphantly cried that the sign had been given. And It was even so, but it didn’t do Martin any good. Carpen ters went to work at once, and soon had the scaffold In shape again, and the two wretched men were again escorted to the platform and turned off. For a little while their curious story, with its coincidence at the gal lows, furnished a topic for my Lord Topnoddy and the other bloods who never missed a hanging, but the gal lows was making its own kind of his tory almost every day then, and no man’s story could hold public atten tion long. Clench and Mackley were almost forgotten when a man named Burton Wood was tried and capitally convict ed for some offense. Finding that he was doomed, and wishing to make his conscience as easy as possible, he con fessed that he vras the slayer of Fryer, and related that when the crime was committed he was accompanied by a man named Timms. Then came the further intelligence that Timms, also under sentence of death was in Jail at Reading. Being questioned, he cor roborated Wood’s story in every de tail. There was no possibility of a doubt as to the innocence of Clench and Mackley, but they no longer cared anything about earthly justice or in justice. For several years thereafter an old residence in Shepherd street was much gazed at by the curious. Londoners pointed it out to their visiting kin from the country. One of the rear windows was heavily barred with iron, and sometimes a ghastly, phantomlike face was seen at that window. “That is Mistress Anne Fryer,” the Londoner would say to his wondering cousin from the back districts. “She sent two men to the gallows by giving mistaken testimony, and when she learned the truth she became a raving madwoman. She is kept in that room all the year round, and sometimes when she is violent they gag her and chain her to the floor.” As remarked in the beginning, this true story has a moral, and it should be framed and hung up wherever mor tal man is engaged in the administra tion of justice. Tars Paid for Indigestion. The United States circuit court ot appeals has rendered an opinion awarding $65.50 to each of the mem bers of the crew of the Alaska fishing schooner Ray Somers to reimburse the sailors for their sufferings caused by the serving of bad food on a re cent voyage to northern waters. The crew libeled the vessel upon their re turn to this port. The following are the items charged against the charterer of the schooner and allowed by the court: Impure drinking water, $14.50; bad potatoes, $29; shortage of rice, $6; shortage of onions, $8; shortage of beans, $2; shortage of salt pork, s6. San Francisco Bulletin. Good Results With Alfalfa Flour. Alfalfa flour is one of the new prod ucts that are being prepared for the market. It is blended with wheat flour; as the alfalfa protein does not supply the necessary elasticity. The unbleached flour gives to the food a characteristic green color. The ad vantages are to be found in the lower cost and greater food value. The food classes have been working with the flour and have had very sat isfactory results, substituting alfalfa for wheat flour in muffins, biscuit, bread and cake. There is a slight characteristic flavor that is objection able to some people, but in most cases it is a very satisfactory substitute. — Charlotte E. Carpenter, Colorado Agri cultural College, Fort Collins, Colo. Something Cheaper. “Mon, A’ve an awfu’ cauld,” he said plaintively. “Hae ye a guid cure fur It?” “I have,” said the man of drugs promptly. “I know a sovereign rem edy.” Sandy backed slowly toward the shop door, “Hoots ava, mon!" he said again, anxiously. “D'ye no' ken yin about fowerpence?”—London Answers. Leap-Year Skirmish. “Do you think people should marry their opposites?” queried the fair maid. “Yes, I think it advisable in most cases,” replied the wise youth, “but most assuredly not In yours.” “And why uot?” she asked. “Well, just think what an ugly, sour man he would have to be,” answered the w. y. ifiNTnc][incLioiiT “GATLING GUN” PARKER ) ' '"'"I Surprise and concern were felt when it was learned that a United States army machine gun had failed to work during the raid made by VlHis tas on Columbus, N. M. Promptly the war department set about preventing a repetition of that breakdown by sending to the border the army’s ma il Parker of the Twenty-fourth infantry, variously known in the service as “Gat | ling Gun Parker” or. more intimately. ■J “John Henry.” Major Parker has a noteworthy record, because he is the i| man who demonstrated the posslbill- Thia happened 18 years ago, dur ing Shafter*s campaign, which cul minated in the fall of Santiago de Cuba. The man in the street may not be aware of it, but Lieutenant Parker :—for such ho was then has I- . u credited with turning the fair ’ ./. t j 6 at a cr itical period and making the capture and the retention of San Juan hil! possible. More than that, his modest little detachment effectually halted the operating of a formidable battery that might easily have put many of Shatter’s fleldpieces out of action. In short, Lieutenant Parker showed the military world for the first time just what the machine gun could be relied upon to do in the hands of capable men. He anticipated and actually predicted the part that the machine gun has played in the present struggle in Europe. Long before the war with Spain Lieutenant Parker grasped the tactical value of the machine gun. and became so insistently an advocate of the weapon that he talked about it upon every possible occasion. He drew up plans for a suitable carriage, so that the machine gun, ordinarily equipped with only a tripod, might have the fullest mobility and keep right along with the most advanced troops. So persistent was Parker in riding his hobby that other array officers thought him something of a bore and sometimes avoided his company But his enthusiasm and theories have been fully justified, first by the work of his machine-gun detachment In the Spanish-American war. and now, even more fully, by the developments of the great conflict in Europe. VARDAMAN ON “FLUNKIES” j mmm §****"*'■ m iigf'wwP aJ James K. Vardaman, United States f senator from Mississippi, has said many’ biting and even bitter things during his public career, and the other day he took occasion to pay his re spects to a certain class of citizens of Washington, in the course of an elo- m ; quent plea for better citizenship made R before a mass meeting in Alexandria. d&Jf |il|* “There are more flunkies to the %£•: ■ * |||| •■'■NligiPvL square inch in Washington than 1 ever 11. saw in my life,” declared the senator, H stuff a colored laborer’s overalls with V. straw and label the effigy ‘congress man’or‘senator.’ you would soon have half the population crawling to it.’’ wfc Senator Vardaman said that a pub- _> lie office should be honored, but that V the man in that office should be bon- Jb ored in accordance with his worth. Honest, fearless, patriotic men and women are needed at the ballot box . jd&WsmiEar '' Jy ife today, Senator Vardaman told his audi ence! and it mistakes have been made in the past they may be righted in ihq futute. The speaker expressed the fear that “in this nation dollar is the god and commerce the religion of too many.” j DEMOCRATS’ PUBLICITY MAN 1 * i*r* mll* most* *am< When the joint finance and execu five campaign committee of the Demo cratic national committee selected Frederick W. Steckman as director of publicity for the national committee in ® the coming presidential campaign, it W' ' picked one of the most experienced .• and popular of the newspaper writers and correspondents in Washington. Mr. Steckman. who was born in | V ff Princeton, Mo., thirty-six years ago, first went t 0 Washington about 1904 as M correspondent of the St. Louis Repub \ lie. For some years now he lias been • a P°^ t,cal writer for the Washington v $ Jk Post and besides has covered the capi- J|a. tol and the White House for the New Orleans Daily States. However, he be gan his newspaper activities when ho ; was less than ten years old. In 1912 Mr. Steckman was in charge of the Chicago headquarters of the Democratic national committee, - an d it was he who devised the plan of small contributions for the campaign from great numbers of people. The scheme netted the committee more than SIOO,OOO. His excellent publicity work that year led to his selection for chief of that department in this campaign. MADDEN, LONG LOST BROTHER Martin B. Madden, congressman from Chicago, is not only wealthy. H e r r "’ aSv is also quite handsome. Nevertheless . he is not satisfied with his physical I \ make-up. He would be much belter pleased if he were built along more ;' \ original lines. The trouble with him is * \ that ho looks like too many people. Ho I , r . makes a specialty of being a ringer for i! ; ? • - the long-lost brothers. ; Vw' ~ V On an average of once a month he I gets a letter from someone who has * - %:■ ***£ seen his picture and claims him as a v \ / brother thought to have been lost at ■ I.* '• sea or strayed from home years and M years ago. Wm I One day he heard from a woman, & who said she had a locket with an \ v “M” on it, and containing a boyhood V picture of her long-lost brother that /\ ' looked exactly like the one of Madden J \ / in a Chicago paper. Madden was obliged to tell her that his congres- yfgßn slonal duties are too pressing to allow’ him any time for being a long-lost brother this year. This is only a sampl J incident, and Mr. Madden is getting somewhat “peeved.” ■ CONCRETE PIPE AS TUNNEL LINING, I In reconstructing a part of the water supply system at Baltimore, an ohß subterranean aqueduct 12 feet in height is being lined with a sectional re-eJ forced concrete pipe, which has an outside diameter of nine feet. While thl size of this conduit makes It an Interesting example of the advances w hich arl being made in concrete construction, the method employed in laying It is alsA worthy of attention. The pipe, which is cast in units six feet in length, w eigM Ing 10% tons, is lowered by a crane down a shaft to the tunnel, where is il slipped over a steel beam supported on a car, n This operation requires considerable maneuvering because of the limits® space available for working underground. When the pipe is loaded and thl truck placed on the track by block and tackle, it is carried to the place wher® it is to be set. More than 5,000 feet of conduit of this size is being laid, rno of it within the acqueduct. and 2,000 feet of seven-foot pipe, each unit of whlcH weighs seven and one-half tons. The re-enforcing consists of steel bars an® wiremesh. and the molding Is done In upright metal forms.—Popular M® ch antes Magazine. ,