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The Big Cotton Swindle
Stories of the Greatest Cases in the Career of Thomas Furlong, the Fa mous Railroad Detective, U Told by Himself Copyright by W. G. Chapman Early in the month of January, 1884, I was suddenly called to the office of Capt. C. O. Warner, who was then general auditor for the Gould railway system, whose chief special agent I then was. “Furlong,” said Captain Warner, “I have Just received a long telegraphic dispatch from one of my traveling auditors In Sherman. Tex. He states that a large amount of cotton, which had been shipped from that station, has undoubtedly been diverted in transit, as it has not reached its prop er destination. I want you to go to Sherman at once, find the traveling auditor. Mr. Flnby, and make a thor- Ciugh investigation.” Sherman was a point from which a very large amount of cotton was shipped annually. It was the outlet for one of the largest cotton produc ing districts of the state. For this reason the eastern cotton buyers and cotton mill owners were represented by agents here. These agents were really brokers. It was their practice, as soon as they had purchased cotton, to have it delivered at once to the rail way company for shipment, when they would receive from the railway com pany’s agent a bill of lading, setting forth the number and -weight of each bale. This bill of lading, when signed by the railway agent, was negotiable at any bank in the cotton producing district. The bank would take the bill of lading, allowing the depositor 90 per cent cash on the face value, and would hold 10 per cent back until the exact value of the cotton had been ascertained. I left for Sherman on the first train, and found Mr. Flnby at that point. He Informed me that the company’s agent In charge at Sherman had left there on the preceding Saturday night, saying that he was going to take a run down to Galveston on personal business and expected to return on the following Monday. It then being Wednesday, and the man not having returned, Mr. Flnby had become sus picious and had wired to headquar ters, with the result indicated above. I spent several days at Sherman, making inquiries about the missing agent. Meanwhile telegraphic mes sages of Inquiry were pouring In from New T York, Philadelphia, Fall River and Providence, from persons who ha im purchaser? and paid for large quantities of cotton, the total value aggregating $121,000, and they wanted to know why they had not received It. If the cotton had been diverted from its destination and stolen, the railway company would be responsible for the loss. After ten days’ investigation at Sherman, I became convinced that three other men w’ere connected in the swindle with the missing agent. These may be known as No. 1, No. 2, No. 3, No. 4 standing for the agent. The swindle had been perpetrated in this way: The bills of lading had been signed by the agent In blank and turned over to a confederate in blocks. This confederate had then filled out each blank for various numbers of bales of cotton, setting forth the number of bales and the weight of each bale In the regular way. He then turned the bills of lad ing thus prepared by him over to a second confederate, a cotton buyer, who placed these bills in various banks at Sherman, Dallas and other Texas towms, drawing cash for the face value, less 10 per cent. I succeeded in locating the family and friends of the missing agent (No. 4), and also learned that No. 1 had a brother living in New' Orleans. I de termined to go to that city and quiet ly Investigate this brother, in the hope of discovering where No. 1 was staying. I telegraphed to my office in St. Louis for George W. Herbert, one of my assistants, directing him to meet me in New Orleans, which he did. The brother of No. 1 was found in New Orleans without any difficulty, and there was reason to believe that No. I’s wife might be staying with the brother and his family in the rather pretentious mansion which they oc cupied. For some three weeks the house was assiduously watched, Her bert and I taking turns of eight hours each. This was one of the most diffi cult tasks that I have ever under taken. I was well known to the New Orleans police, who would, no doubt, have rendered me valuable aid, but if I had been recognized I would have had to explain to them my presence In that city, and, owing to,the influ ential position which the brother of No. 1 held, the new's of my presence might have leaked out and given the man whom I sought the' alarm. Many amusing incidents occurred during this vigil. One morning, after we had been on watch for sev eral days. I hit upon a plan to find whether there were any women In the house, hoping to discover the wife of No. 1 among them. A few blocks dowm the street a couple of good looking young Italian girls were play ing a fine new hand-organ of ex tremely loud tone. I bargained for their services and arranged that they should take up their station In front of the house which we were watching and play there as long as the police permitted them. The music and the performance of the monkeys brought several women from the house to the veranda, but the who was wanted was not among them. The same performance, repeated on sev eral mornings, produced a similar re sult. The brother of No. 1. who was a gentleman of Msure, was in the hah it of strolling each morning from his house to the post office, where he usually mailed several letters. He always dropped these into the gen eral receptacle, which had an opening in the main corridor at least a foot In length and three Inches wide, and led to a large box in the basement below the main floor. This box contained about a wagon-load of letters and packages, and when a letter had been dropped In this mass It was almost Impossible to find It again. The brother was a middle-aged man, rather slow In his movements, and very deliberate in everything that he did. He would approach the general mall box, placing his cane under his left arm and carefully re moving the glove from his right hand; then he would take the letters, generally three or more in number, and in an exasperatingly slow and de liberate manner would deposit t£em in the box, watching them till they had disappeared down the chute. This operation was repeated by him each week day during about three weeks, being witnessed each time by one of us. I prepared two. letters, directing them to myself and my associate, stamped them, and then covered the back of each envelope with a thick coating of mucilage. I myself took one letter and Herbert the other. Each of us posted himself on one side of the chute, being some little dis tance from the receptacle. FOUND HIMSELF COVERED BY TWO DOUBLE-BARRELED SHOT GUNS. Knowing the hour at which No. I’s brother was in the habit of visiting the post office, we were not kept wait ing more than a few minutes before he put In an appearance. After he had gone through his customary maneuvers, but before he had time to drop the three letters w'hich he held, Herbert and I rushed forward, one on each, side, both reaching out the let ters which we held simultaneously, in such a w r ay that the five w r ere forced Into the chute together. No I’s brother became very indignant, and muttered something about rude ness and awkwardness. After at tempting a hasty apology, I disap peared around the corner to the office of the assistant postmaster, whose ac quaintance I had previously formed. I told him that I had just deposited two letters In the chute, and, having discovered that I had put each in the wrong envelope, wished to get them back in order to rectify the mistake. The assistant postmaster at once con ducted me to the main mail box be low, where, among a half wagon load of letters and general postal matter the five letters were speedily discov ered, all stuck together. One of these was addressed to a relative of No. I’s wife at her home in Tennessee, and a second to another brother of No. 1, who resided at Atlanta, Ga. The third letter was addressed to No. 1 himself, whoso name was Dillard, at Ocean Springs, Miss. I went at once to Ocean Springs, which was then a small winter resort located on the Louisville & Nashville railroad, between Montgomery and New Orleans. I arrived there the same midnight, and found that the post office of the town was kept in a small grocery store, which was part of the principal hotel of the town. I showed the landlord photographs of Dillard and his wife, and be at once identified them by name. He stated that Dillard had represented himself as being a rich Iron manufacturer from Chattanooga, that his wife was in ill health, and that they had been there for the past month, having rent ed a beautiful residence known as two miles away. I gave the post master to understand that Dillard (No. 1, be It remembered) had fallen heir to ft snm of mqney and property, and that I was desirous of acquaint ing him of hia good fortune by sur prise, after having established his Identity. This, I told him, would re quire about ten days, and I cautioned the landlord to say nothing to Dillard or his wife, a request which elicited a ready progmlse. It was necessary to obtain requisi tion papers from the governors of Mississippi and Texas, a process which would require eight or ten days, as complaint had to be lodged at Sherman, Tex., a request for the requisition had to be sent from Sher man to Austin, and the request of the governor of Texas to the gover nor of Mississippi had to go to Jack son, Miss., where the agent for the state of Texas had to appear In per son to receive the papers. I bad myself appointed as the agent for the state of Texas. Taking a night train to New Orleans, In due course I obtained the papers, and then proceeded to Canton, Miss., which was the county seat for Ocean Springs. T there found Sheriff Clark, who, In the requisition papers, was Instructed to render me, as agent for Texas, all the assistance which T needed. Accompanied by the sheriff and a deputy, I returned to Ocean Springs, stepping off the train at a station about five miles distant, be cause I had been informed that No. I's brother-in-law visited the depot at Ocean Springs every night to see who had arrived. We three, taking a roundabout route, met Herbert at a point agreed upon, near the cottage. Before leaving upon ray mission I had instructed Herbert to go to Ocean Springs in the guise of an in valid, and there to make No. I’s ac quaintance. Herbert represented him self as a sufferer from chronic rheu matism, and soon met No. 1, who in vited him to visit the cottage and to take a sail on the bay in a yacht which he kept anchored in front of the property. Herbert accepted the invitation, and was introduced to the wife of Dillard, and a good-looking young woman who passed under an assumed name, but was subsequently discovered to be the wife of the miss ing agent (No. 4). The yacht, which the party boarded for a short sail, was of about twenty tons’ burden, and managed by a little [ man some five and thirty years of age. Herbert was not introduced to this man by his host, and thought lit tle about him, imagining him to be the sailing master, since he was al ways In uniform. However, upon re ceipt of Herbert’s letter containing a description of this man, I was satis fied that the sailing master was none other than the agent. No. 4, himself. The confederate had left little to chance, for not only was the yacht ready to take them at any time out side the three-mile limit, but they had rigged up a wire-tapping arrangement consisting of two thin copper wires, hidden among the thick foliage, and running from the cottage to the Lou isville and Nashville railroad. These wires, as was discovered later, w-ere connected with the commercial wire of the Western Union Telegraph com pany, and there was a telegraph of fice in one of the rooms of the cottage from which the conspirators could find out all that was passing over the wires of the Western Union company. The cottage was surrounded early In the morning, after a reconnaissance had showed that all the inmates were asleep. While Herbert and the deputy covered the bear, the sheriff and I went to the front door and rapped for admission. “Open the door or we shall force It!” shouted Sheriff Clark. After a little parleying the front door was opened. This was a double door, and only one-half of it was opened, and then, very suddenly. No. I's brother-in-law, a very tall individ ual, appeared with a double-barreled shotgun in his hands. Before he had time to raise the weapon to a shoot ing position, however, he found him self covered by two double-barreled shotguns, and dropped his own promptly on the command. The sher iff took possession of him and 1 start ed into the cottage. No. 1 appeared at his door, a pistol in his hand, and was promptly arrested. “Where is the agent?” I asked. “In the room across the hall,” re plied the other, sullenly. Trapped THE SEA COAST ECHO, BAY ST. LOUIS, MISSISSIPPI THE MUSIC BROUGHT SEVERAL WOMEN TO THE VERANDA. the door open, where I found No. 4 partly dressed. He and his wife were arrested, and the whole party marched to the hotel at Ocean Springs, where the landlord was great ly surprised to learn the true nature of the detective’s mission. The prisoners were taken to Dallas, Texas, by a roundabout route, and so quietly that that i?ity *vas reached be fore the story of the arrest had be come public. The cause for this se crecy was that Nos. 2 and 3 had been located in Dallas, and it was essential to arrest these before the story of the capture became known to them and put them on guard. Dallas was reached at nighty and on the follow ing morning Jim Arnold, the chief of police for that city, together with my self, arrested the other -two accom plices. After his arrest No. 3 was taken ill, and he died about a month later. Nos. 1 and 2 fled the country almost immediately they were released on bonds, No. 1 going to Mexico and No. 2 to London. Ontario, Canada. When the cases were called for trial, there fore, only No. 4, the agent, appeared, having remained the whole time in jail. The trial was accordingly post poned pending the arrest of Nos. 1 and 2, and my work had largely to be done over again. Upon receipt of instructions t 9 this effect from the Missouri-Pacific rail way I detailed Herbert and Bailey, another of my assistants, to locate and arrest No. 1 in Mexico, which they succeeded in doing after much hard work. /T I'myself assugwd the task of arrest ing No. 2. I dJßoVrreci his" location In London after Some effort, and vis ited the place’ seeing the fugitive without being seen by him. No. 2 had surrounded himself with a num ber of sympathizing friends, many of whom were, like himself, fugitives from Justice, and among them he felt safe. The extradition treaty then in force between Great Britain and the United States, known as the Ashburton and Webster treaty, had been passed about the middle of the century. It permit ted the extradition of fugitives charg ed with the following offenses: Mur der, felonious assault with intent to murder, arson, rape, forgery, uttering of forged paper and perjury. After I had seen No. 2 in London, I telegraphed by wire code to ex-Gov. John C. Brown, the general solicitor for the Gould railroads, through Vice- President Hoxie, who had commis sioned me to procure the fugitive’s arrest. Ex-Governor Brown had a national reputation as a lawyer, and, being convinced that No. 2 could not be extradited under the treaty, he wired back by code, instructing me to induce the exile to accompany me across the border, either into Michi gan or into New York state, where he could be held for extradition to Texas. Needless to say, this would have been an impossible feat, the fugitive being well acquainted with the man who had aided in his arrest. Further more, I soon discovered that, if I at tempted to induce No. 2 to accom pany me across the border, for the purpose of arresting him without legal authority, I would be liable to prose cution for kidnaping, and might be sent to prison for a term of from two to seven years. Seeing the impossi bility of carrying out his instructions, I took counsel’s opinion upon the sub ject from a young barrister named Mcßride. After detailing the case to the young man, I asked him what qrime the men had committed under Canadian law. Mcßride at once in formed me that they were all guilty of forgery, and of having uttered and published forged paper. “Supposing these men had fled from the United States and were found In Canada, could they be arrested and extradited back to the United States for trial?” I asked * “Undoubtedly, under the provisions of the Ashburton and Webster treaty,” answered the other. “But,” I said, “the judge who pre sided over the criminal court at Dal las, Texas, was of opinion that the fraudulent bills of lading signed by the agent were not forgeries, as the agent was in the employ of the com pany.” “The agent signed the bills of lad ing for fraudulent purposes,” answer ed Mcßride, “and therefore his signa ture was unauthorized by the com pany which employed him. Under the Canadian law he is a forger, while the other conspirators would be guilty of uttering and publishing forged pa per.” I at once filed the necessary com plaint, and procured a warrant for the arrest of No. 2, who was taken to Chatham and lodged in jail. I then telegraphed to ex-Governor Brown, ex plaining what I had done. The latter wired back: i "Why did you disobey my instruc- tions, when you knew that I had in structed you as to what the Texas judge had decided, and therefore the fugitive could not be extradited from Canada under the existing treaty nor in accordance with the act of con gress, which provides for said treaty? Answer. John C. Brown." I replied: "I disregarded your instructions, finding them erroneous, and that you did not understand the law pertaining to this case. Have also learned that a Texas judge’s ruling is not consid ered in Canada and I find that I can legally extradite the fugitive from Canada under the present law.” With a copy of the revised statutes of Canada in my suitcase, I at once returned to St Louis, where I report ed to Vice-President Hoxie. “Tom. Governor Brown showed me a mes sage which he had received from you yesterday. He appeared to be quite angry.” “I am here to explain my actions fully,” I answered, “and I wish you would kindly request Governor Brown to come to your office at his conveni ence, as I think my explanation should be jtnade to him in your presence, so that one explanation may serve for both. My time is limited, as I must go to Texas and procure certain wit nesses and return with them to Chat ham, Ontario, within two weeks, the time set for the hearing.” In a short time ex-Governor Brown appeared, and I repeated the instruc tions which I had received from him. I then stated that I had found ft would be impossible to carry them out with out subjecting myself to prosecution and a possible Jaß sentence, and that I had therefore done the next best thing, which was to consult a compe tent attorney. I then produced his copy of the statutes, and directed the ex-governor’s attention to the marked sections, which the latter carefully read. After he had finished his perusal I read the telegram wdiich he had re ceived, and my own answer. “Well, governor, what do you think of this matter?” asked Mr. Hoxie, when he had read the dispatches. For answer, the ex-governor walked round the table to where I was seat ed and extended his hand, which I took. “Furlong was right all the way through,” he said to me. No. 2 put up a strong fight for free dom. The appeal upon the extradi tion was argued, and the extradition papers were sustained. A higher court upheld the action of the lower one, and the case was at once taken up by the privy court at Toronto, which likewise affirmed the action of the lower courts. As this was the highest tribunal in Canada, its decis ion was final, and No. 2 was commit ted for extradition. I immediately left Toronto for Washington and presented the neces sary papers from the state of Texas at the department of justice there. They were promptly approved and sent to President Cleveland for signa ture. President Cleveland had then been in office just four days, and these were the first papers of the kind that he signed. With the signature of the president affixed to them,' I left for Chatham, 'with the purpose of bring ing No. 2 back to Dallas for trial When the train stopped at Canan daigua, New York, a messenger called my name at the dining room door. He handed me a telegram from the high sheriff of Chatham, which read as follows; “When my jailor went to the cell occupied by No. 2 at twelve o’clock today he found him dead. Had ap parently been dead an hour. Cause of death yet unknown. Probably heart failure.” The autopsy showed that the man had killed himself by swallowing laudanum, but hoir he had obtained the drug was never discovered. Thus only two of the swindlers re mained for trial, and these, rather re markably, were No. 1 and No. 4, both of whom I had arrested at Ocean Springs, The case now came on for trial, and I turned the duplicate bills of lading over to Capt. Tom Brown of Sherman, Texas, who was the railroad com pany’s attorney In that district. These, with other documentary evi dence, the captain placed in his over coat pocket, and he left that garment, together with his coat and hat, on a rack in the corridor of a hotel while he was eating breakfast. When he returned for his overcoat the papers had been stolen. In consequence of the loss of these documents, when the case was called the prosecuting attor ney asked that a nolle prosequi be en tered in the case, thus letting the two men go free. v This was an unfortunate ending to so much enterprise, but no stigma ever attached itself to Captain Brown, who was afterward elected a Judge of the supreme bench of Texas. S Ring or S I Fiver? s I- I 5 JESSIE SHERWIN , I A (Copyright, 1916, by W. Q. Chapman.) "We are very glad yon have come and you are truly welcome, Mr. War den, or shall I call you Albert? You know your mother is the dearest friend of mine. Yours brought my father and mother together years ago, and if it hadn’t been for that you would not be here today, nor 1 either." The young man gazed studiously in to the friendly, intelligent eyes of the speaker. She was not pretty, in fact any of the girls scattered about the lawn excelled her in loveliness, but there was something genuine and charming in all that she said and did. “As I understand," went on Mary Hope, “I am to be your guide, guardian and chaperon. When we speak of you it ia always as if you were almost a relative, I can he right out sisterly with you, can’t I, Albert?" "You set me at ease, you make me very happy,” spoke Albert Warden in his usual blunt, honest fashion. “You see, I have been a bookworm. I don’t know what tennis is. As to the girls, I am afraid they will think me rather crude, for I have never had much ex perience with them.” “Indeed!” responded Mary with dancing eyes. “Now we can sit on this rustic bench for a few minutes until the game begins and I will post you.” Thereupon she proceeded to desig nate, individually and specifically, the members of the merry quartet on the lawn. “That one,” said Mary, after expati ating on the merits of the others and indicating a young girl promenading She Sat for a Moment Dumbly. with an overdressed fellow of her own age, “is taboo. Remember that, Al bert." "And what does ‘taboo’ mean in this instance?” inquired Albert. "Just this; She is engaged.” “To the fellow with her?” “Oh, dear, no! You don’t, like his looks, I see. Well, to be frank with you, neither do 1. He is Gregory Milne and an old discarded lover of the girl with him, Etta Vincent. Her fiance is away for two months and Milne has haunted her ever siace. Her fiance is a jealous man. and it has seemed to me all along that Milne is pressing his unwelcome attentions on Etta just to make trouble. When Gordon Massey returns —" “Who?” challenged Albert, with a quick start, “Mr. Massey, Etta’s fiance. Why, do you know him?” “He was my closest chum at col lege,” explained Albert and he sur veyed the rival lover thoughtfully. He was admiring, grateful and at tracted by the trouble Mary took to make him at home at tenuis. She w-as older than most of the girls, and as hostess seemed to be some gracious lady chatelaine, with the thought only of making everybody happy. Mary began to do some serious thinking, however, as the pleasant days drifted by. Unmistakably to her mind Albert had gone directly against her suggestions. He was courteous to all, but the tabooed girl seemed to have fascinated him. Whenever he could he was with her and Etta appeared to be pleased with his attentions. Milne was furiously incensed, for Albert constant ly forestalled him in securing the com pany of Etta. It was in the thoughts of Mary more than once to speak with Albert on the subject of his flirting, or courting, whichever it was, with Etta Vincent. There was a delicate construction of unfaithfulness to his friend Massey in his action. “It may be a passing fancy,” con cluded Mary. “If not, my influence would not deter him, I fear.” To herself Albert was more than courteous, Mary had lost a pet dog. It was missing for a week. She was wild with delight when Albert restored it, as she knew after, trouble and ex pense. “You kind, good friend!” she de clared exuberantly and seized both of his hands In a transport of rapture. She noted a quick breathing expres sion crossed his face. He bent toward her as if to kiss her. “Oh, no! No!” she demurred, hold ing away. I “I was thinking w© were ‘nearly relatives’!" he quoted and seemed sorely disappointed. Unconsciously that strange episode had drawn her nearer to him. In a measure she resented the manner in which Etta Vincent boldly appropri ated this manly young knight arrant! It was a sunny afternoon, and. for a vronder, as Albert entered the Hope grounds he found Mary alone with some fancy work on a rustic seat. She laid aside her work with a welcome smile. She rapidly glanced at his face. It was earnest and serious. She won dered what was troubling him. *T have come to see you about a mat ter very close to my heart,” lie said with unusual gravity. * " ** .“Indeed2” she murmured encourag ingly. “I am In love. Mary,” he frankly con fessed. *1 am going to tell that to the object of my affection," A quick pain crossed the heart of Mary. "Mr. Massey Is coining home tomor row,” she spoke involuntarily. ‘‘Yes, I know that,* replied Albert carelessly. “I shall be glad to see him, and he me. But that which I have disclosed at present excludes him from my thoughts. Tell me, how shall I approach the lady of my love, you. my good, kind guide and mentor?" “Why, don't think out a set speech." rallied Mary, trying to he calm and merry. "Why not?” “You will be sure to forget It when the crucial moment comes.” “Then what shall I do?” "Love will find the right words— love and the engagement ring." “Yes,” said Albert steadily, “I have provided that. If she refuses me It Is easy to cast the ring into the river and seek to forget her in some distant place. Mary, I want you to post me, to rehearse my declaration with me." “Why, surely,” acquiesced she. Albert walked away a few paces. He returned and sat dowm beside her. “Mary," he began, “I have something to say to you—” “Why not use the name of your pros pective fiancee?" she questioned. He paid no attention to her words, but proceeded: “I love you. I have loved you from the very first moment. Don’t you un derstand? To protect the claims of ray dear friend, Gordon Massey, and to drive off that pestering Milne, Etta and I entered into a plan. Mary, is it the ring or the river?” She gasped, she paled, she sat for a moment dumbly, regarding her earn est-faced suitor. Then she broke forth: "You mean—me?" “Could I mean any other!” be cried. “From thp first moment —you. Night and day—you. AH through life —you and you alone, if you will have it so!" She sat overwhelmed, as her heart beat a glad Joyous throbbing. “The ring—or the river?” he asked, almost solemnly. Slowly her dainty hand reached to ward him. He placed a resplendent circlet upon the long tapering finger. He imprinted a kiss upon finger and ring alike. She turned toward him, her eyes shining with happy tears. “My only heart’s love!” ne whis pered with fervor, and she rested in his arms and her lips met his. FINE LITTLE DUCK STORY However, It Sounds Too Much Like a Fish Story—But Here It Is. “Jim Jacobs had quite an exciting experience while hunting ducks. He had made repeated .attempts to in range of a big flock that had set tled on his pond, but each time the ducks would fly before he got in shoot ing distance. As soon as he would leave the ducks would return. “Finally Jim threw his old muzzle loader away and gathered about a dozen big pumpkins and set them afloat on his pond. After the ducks had got used to the pumpkins, Jim hollowed out one, with eyes like a jack-o-lantern, and slipped it over his head. Then he waded out in the pond up to his neck and when the flock was all bunched up he got out among the ducks and caught them by the feet. “The plan worked all right, but Jim was too greedy and kept catching them until he suddenly felt himself rising out of the water, and was ter rified when he found that he was being rapidly carried away by the frightened mallards. He didn’t dare let go for fear of falling, and every second he was being raised higher above the earth. “Finally a bright idea occurred to him and he began to release the ducks, one by one, until he got too heavy, and they gradually settled down. He still had enough ducks that when he dressed them there was meat to last him and his family all winter." —Cher- ryvale Republican. Unprofitable Land Transaction. What might be called a remarkable land transaction took place years ago in Tokyo, with no thought of profit on either side, and today there is much searching of heart among those who are interested, heirs and lawyers. It appears that the land now occupied by the Belgian legation in Sannen cho was leased fourteen years ago by the late Baron d’Anethan from Mar quis Toshinaga Okubo, heir to the famous Okubo, and brother of Baron Makino, former minister of foreign affairs. A perpetual lease agreement of two thousand years was signed in consideration of the payment of ap proximately $4,000. This land is now valued at about SIOO,OOO. Important Scientific Discovery. The discovery of a process by which aluminum may be plated with nickel has been announced in a paper read before a French industrial society. The plated metal Is claimed to en dure hammering and to be bent in sheet form without cracking. The metal, as cleaned in the iron acid bath, shows under the microscope a surface full of minute cavities in which the nickel deposits and adheres. A Deceptive Pose. “What is meant by the ‘virtuosity’ of a musician’s performance?” “Oh, that,” answered the low browed person, “is some of them have of scraping a fiddle or thumping a pi ano as if they had forgotten all about the SI,OOO or $1,500 they insisted on being paid before they would sound a note.” Logical. “It's the pen for me," boasted the man who had forged a check. “It’s the ‘pen’ for you," said the Judge a few weeks later.