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Landfjgk KEW MARINA STREET. MARACAIBO COMPARATIVELY few travelers who have made the long tour of the South American conti nent care to continue the voy age to the several countries bordering on t lit? Caribbean without a period of rest. They usually return to the United States directly from Colon, and possibly visit the Caribbean nations on one of the many winter tours so extensively advertised by steamship and tourist companies. However, to continue our sightsee ing in South America we shall proceed from Colon to Colombia and Venezuela, and from the latter country voyage homeward via the Leeward islands to New York, writes William A. Reid in tin* Bulletin of the Pan-American Union. From Colon there are in nor mal times sailings of passenger ships once a week or oftener, touching at Cartagena, Puerto Colombia, Santa Marta, Puerto Cabello, La Guaira, Trinidad and Barbados. Service to these ports is maintained by Italian, Spanish, French, Holland, English, and to some of them by American lines; the former trade to the various ports of Europe. One may cross from Colon to Cartagena, 280 miles and about one day’s sail, by the steamship line and later continue eastward by vessels of the other lines. Cartagena, with a population of about 30,000, is one of the oldest cities of Colombia, and its harbor ranks as the best of the country. Passengers are landed at piers instead of by small boats. One of the interesting sights is the famous wall that once surround ed the city; It is sufficiently wide in places to admit a carriage and horses. Coaches are available at about $1 an hour for sightseeing in or near Carta gena ; and this drive should include Manga, Espinal, Cabrero and Pie de Ja Popa. Automobiles are growing in number, but the excessive cost of gas oline makes their use expensive. Other places which the stranger should see are the ancient fort of San Felipe, La Popa castle, the tombs, Government palace, Palace of Inquisition and the several cathedrals. Santa Marta and Curacao. From Cartagena or Puerto Colombia, preferably the former, the traveler may pursue his journey to Venezuela by taking passage on a steamer of the lines already mentioned. If the boat selected calls at the ports of Santa Marta, Curacao and Puerto Cabello, the better of course are one’s chances for observations of peoples and cus toms. At the former the traveler sees phases of banana development which has grown to large proportions within a few years. Santa Marta itself is an ancient town of 9,000 people. The Dutch island of Curacao, 50 miles off the mainland of Venezuela, has at times belonged to various na tions; it is often a port of call for large steamers. Spanish-American history is closely interwoven with this island. Willemstad is the port and capital, and the governor of the Dutch West Indies resides there. A peculiarity noted by the stranger is the inclination or bend ing of trees and vegetation toward the west, a condition attributed to the con stant trade winds from the east. As in many other parts of the tropics, the nights are delightfully cool, while the heat of midday is tempered by breezes. Curacao is a port of call for a Vene zuelan line of steamers plying to Mara caibo. Maracaibo hits ol),000 popula tion. is located on a flue harbor on the northwestern part of Lake Maracaibo, and has an extensive commerce with interior regions, whose products reach the various ports of the lake by sev eral short railroads, river boats, etc. GROWING OF COCA LEAVES Maintenance of an Extensive Planta tion Demands Much Care and Work. The cultivation of coca leaves is very similar to that of tea. The bushes are kept at a height of four to six feet by severe pruning. Under the most fa vorable conditions of growth, such as the island of Java affords, it is possi ble to collect the leaves at short in tervals throughout the entire year. Nevertheless the maintenance of an extensive coca plantation demands much care and work keeping out weeds and pests, thereby raising the production price of the leaves consid erably. The general view of one of these plantations is especially pleasing. The light-green luxuriant foliage of the coca bushes, that carpet the rolling hillsides for miles around, contrasting with the dark green foliage of the trees of adjoining rubber estates, while all is surrounded by dark depths of virgin forests, makes a landscape that is beautiful indeed. From Puerto Cabello (port of the hair) the traveler may leave the ship and proceed inland by rail to Valencia, 34 miles; thence to Caracas, 137 miles from Valencia. Puerto Cabello, the railway terminus and port, has 20,000 population and has the most modern customhouse of the country. The placid natural harbor suggested the name, as so little resistance is offered that ships are proverbially anchored by hairs. Eastward, 65 miles from Puerto Ca bello, lies La Guaira. This port is one of the world’s picturesque harbors, with a beautiful background of moun tains. Macuto, a bathing resort several miles eastward, is connected by elec tric line. There is a good hotel and many aristocratic Venezuelans and foreigners frequent the resort. If the tourist is fond of climbing he may fol low the course taken from this point in 1580, when the buccaneers scaled the mountains and descended on Car acas. Through the Islands. Steaming out of the harbor of La Guaira on one of the larger east-bound vessels, we pass along the Venezuelan coast for several hundred miles, occa sionally catching a glimpse of the fo liage-bedecked shore, but without a stop until Port of Spain, Trinidad, is reached. The island of Trinidad lies only 10 miles off the coast of Venezuela and almost opposite the delta of Orinoco. It is a British possession, together with Tabago, near by, forms a Joint colony. Port of Spain is the chief shipping center and has a population of 60,000; in recent years there have been many Immigrants from India and other oriental lands. About 20 miles northeast of Trini dad lies the island of Barbados, an other English possession and one also offering the tourist, in addition to In teresting sightseeing, pleasant hotel ac commodations. Excellent highways lead from Bridgetown, the capital, to all parts of the Island. The old-fash ioned windmills to be seen In every di rection are some of the picturesque features in connection with sugar pro duction. Codrington university, the oldest college of the West Indies, is 14 miles away; Boiling Spring, another sight visited by tourists, is 16 miles from the capital. During our winter months there Is usually a large quota of tourists from the United States to be found at Barbados, the climate be ing especially inviting and salubrious. A number of the northbound vessels after calling at Bridgetown pass east ward of the group known as Leeward islands. Frequently the ship Is near enough for a good birdseye view 7 of the towns and settlements. The first island passed is St. Lucia; an hour or two later the ship passes Martinique in full view of the remains of St. Pierre, the town destroyed by the vol cano Mount I’elee a few years ago; the next island is Dominica, with its quaint little capital, Roseau; Guade loupe, St. Kitts, and other islands are passed in turn. In order to stop over at the various islands the traveler avails himself of the sailing service maintained, which has regular sailings of steamers from Bridgetown. Weak Natures. There are natures in this harsh world so timorous, sensitive and help less in themselves that the utmost stretch of indulgence and kindness is needed for their development—like plants which the wannest shelf of the greenhouse and the most watchful care of the gardener alone can bring into flower. Hopeless Case. The leap-year maid had just pro posed, but had been handed the frosty digit. ‘T never thought,” she sighed, ‘‘that you would have the heart to turn me down.” “I haven’t,” he replied. “My heart belongs to another at the present writ | ing.” ■ But Not of the Tracks. “What is the occupation of the old man who is always asking at the li brary for books on Indians and Egypt ians and Orientals and the like?” “He gives people tips on the races.” A Still, Small Voice. “Our friend, Henry Peck, says he has a voice in the management of his | household.” “Yes, just a voice. That’s all his * wife allows him.” Widespread Use of English. Of all the letters that pass through the post offices of the world two-thirds are written by and sent to people who speak English. LanrdiHiVi iSIO coPY*K*r ok sr rue h*clmke rt£rof*n* srnucMW Monday for wealth, Tuesday for health, Wednesday the best day of all; Thursday for crosses, Friday for losses, Saturday no luck at all. YOUR WEDDING DAY. All successful courtships lead to the altar. The courtship is the greatest event that can uc- BHHRpf cur in a woman's life. Front the hour the wedding |r"' % day is set, anxiety ' ; \ - Centers around the correct way to conduct tile cere mony. All women adore and dream a. jBMH of a church wed ding. Wednesday - ~TyjjiC High noon or four ,n the afternoon, - ■ the best hour. The bride’s bou quet should be wliite. Orange . % .■%- blossoms are not always obtainable. White orchids or white roses are next best choice. The bride’s gown is of white silk. She must have a beautiful complexion to wear lustrous, white satin. Nothing brings out all facial blemishes so relentlessly. The tulle veil should be worn over the face be fore the ceremony and thrown back af terward. This is the only correct rule, not withstanding deviations from it. The bridegroom at an evening wed ding wears evening clothes. At an af ternoon one, he wears trousers of in conspicuous pattern, but not black, a black frock coat and waistcoat, a white four-in-hand necktie, pearl-gray gloves and a boutonniere. The wedding party, with the excep tion of the bridegroom and his best man, assembles in the vestibule at the entrance to the church. Bridegroom and best man advance from a room off the chancel to the altar, awaiting there the coming of the bride. Ushers, two by two, walk first, followed by the bridesmaids two by two, the maid of honor walking alone behind the brides maids and in front of the bride. The bride leaning on the arm of her father, or whoever is to give her away, brings up the rear. When the party reaches the lower step of the altar, it halts, the bridegroom steps forward and leads the bride by the hand to her place. Ushers file to the left, the brides maids to the right. The best man, the maid of honor and the father stand slightly to the rear. The maid of hon or holds the bride’s bouquet. The best man produces the ring at the critical moment. The maid of honor arranges the bride’s veil at the altar. Instead of removing the glove at the altar, a slit should have been made In the third finger of the glove for the left hand to enable it to be turned aside that the wedding ring can be slipped on the finger. The maid of honor adjusts the finger of the glove, handing the bride the bouquet. The procession is re versed in leaving the church, the bride and bridegroom leading, the maid of honor next, the bridesmaids following, the best man with the bride’s father coming after and the ushers last. The bride’s family pay all expenses of the wedding except the clergyman’s fee. All that in the past was sad Should be forgotten, burled deep. And only what was bright and good Should in our remembrance keep. BORROWING JEWELRY. You may think girls don’t crave bor rowed finery. Oh! but they do. The rings of her friends always look pret tier to her then her own do. Crave them? Of course she does. Youths and maidens seem to have a penchant for wearing each other’s rings awhile. It seems innocent enough, yet much mischief may result from it. A youth wearing his mother's or sister’s ring may loan it to a girl for a while, though she may have none to loan him in exchange. If she becomes intense ly enamored with it, it often seems an act of cruelty to insist upon her re turning it this year, next year, perhaps never. Then, again, there is such a possibility as losing a ring which is val ued by a young man as a keepsake. Its loss cannot be replaced. Hard feelings spring up which can not be outlived in a lifetime. This, al so holds good among girl friends. When they loan each other their val ued trinkets it should always be with the understanding that if damage or loss is the result no blame will be at tached. All girls are not careful of their own jewelry. How -can they ex pect to be with the belongings of an other? One girl may be more than careful of her pretty jeweled ring, treating it with the utmost loving care. The friend she loans it to would think nothing of plunging her hand with it on in a cold cream jar or trying to cut an initial in a window pane to see if the stone is a real diamond or thought lessly pull it off with her glove. The bracelet watch which some girls are eager to borrow from friends who are lucky enough to have them, usually comes in for its share of mishaps. The clasp may become loose, the watch fall to the floor and away goes the main spring. Girls do not mean to be careless with the belongings of another, but usual ly some unexpected mishap befalls the borrowed article. This causes a rift in friendship’s lute. Parents of girls should impress upon them that they should be too proud to borrow Jewelry, even though they have none of their own, and too wise to lend it. It’s a foolish custom at the best. The girl who is a jewelry borrower is of ttictes the terror of her friends. Her visits keep them in constant fear. They are reticent about donning their pretty things when she is around. She mfty not know it, £ut her companions are loth to invite her to affairs. If THE SEA COAST ECHO, BAY ST. LOUIS, MISSISSIPPI one has a pretty wrap and the other a fetching Tam-o’-Shanter cap, a scarf or a muff, they are certain she will want to borrow while they are new and fresh, getting the best wear out of them. She has to be appealed to many times ’ere she reluctantly re turns them to their owners. The borrower has no wrongful in tent. She simply contracts the habit, and it spreads from a finger ring to anything and everything that is port able. There are girls who actually borrow another girl’s home to hold a dance in. Don’t lend such a girl your beau unless you don't care whether or not she keep him for all time. While love has daily perils such As none foresee and none control. And hearts are strong so that one touch Careless or rough may jar the whole. • MAN WHO IS TOO SWEET. A soft-spoken, overpolite man is sure to appeal to the general run of women. There Is flattery in his gaze. He has a way of clasping a woman’s hand, lingeringly, that stirs the blood in her veins and brings the color to her cheeks, giving her tactitly to un derstand that she possesses more in terest for him than any other woman in the world. Every sentence he whis pers in her ear contains covert mean ings. For a time this pleases woman kind. Gradually, however, It becomes an old story. Instead of continuing to admire the overpolite man she becomes conscious after a while that he is ac tually silly. He lacks the manliness of other men. In fact, she concludes that he’s altogether too sweet to be wholesome. Even the most polite men never carry politeness to the point of mak ing themselves ludicrous. A young woman told me this story of the inci dent which helped her to choose a hus band from between two ardent lovers, each of whom would not take no for an answer. She had been entertain ing both in the parlor one winter eve ning. One was a sweet, suave young man, who never forgot the habit of smiling. The other was a plain ybung business man, with no frills about him. At a lull in the conversation she was heartily glad to hear her little broth er's voice pipe out in the hall, “Open the door, Nell, I want to come in.” Both men sprang to their feet. The overgracious lover stepped to her £lde, murmuring softly, “May I not have the pleasure of performing the service of opening the door for this tiny, lily white hand?” In the meantime, the other young man had strode to the door, flying it open, and caught the youngster in his arms, hoisting him to his shoulder, bearing him triumphantly to his sister and depositing him in her lap. The difference between the two men struck her forcibly. She mar ried the man who jumped to accom plish things without ado. Graciousness and sweet words are all very well in courtship’s beginning. But they have a fashion of wearing away like goldplate, usually disclos ing brass beneath the polish. The overpolite lover seldom makes the kindest or most considerate husband. The bluff, outspoken man is more often than not a diamond in the rough. He doesn’t make so much pre tentions as to the tenderness of his love. He believes a woman should take that for granted. With him, it is his deeds that count, not soft prom ises. The soft-spoken genius does not take very well or get far with men. He Is of the class that makes dupes of women. The man who is natural Is genuine to his heart’s core. He who is unnatural comes down to his regu lar gait all in good time. FOUND GEM AFTER 30 YEARS Diamond Is Discovered in Toe of Old Shoe Buried in the Back Yard. A diamond lost more than tlflrty years ago in her former homestead in Harwichport, Mass., was recently found In the toe of an old shoe buried in the yard, and returned to its owner, Mrs. "William F. Willson of Brockton, says a dispatch from that city to the Boston Post. The stone is today worth twice as much as it was at the time It disappeared, being now valued at S2OO. When Mrs. Willson lost the diamond all search was unavailing and she gave up hope of recovering it. She moved from Harwichport to Brockton and forgot about the diamond. Robert Nash, who now occupied the home stead formerly owned by Mrs. Willson, found in the garden an old shoe. In it he found the diamond, whose loss had been a mystery for more than a gen eration. He at once thought of the former occupants of the house and communicated with Mrs. Willson, who identified the gem. Odd Name Oddly Won. The inn known as the “Same Yet,” at Prestwlch, has a curious history which Mr. Hackwood relates: “The house originally bore; the ‘Seven Stars." Many years ago It became necessary to have its faded sign repainted. When the painter asked the landlord what he was to put on the hoard he received the answer, ‘The same yet.’ And the man took him at his word.” —London News. A Wasted Life. “What do you think of Mr, Gasserby, sixty-five years of age, starting to take dancing lessons?” “Poor old fellow I” sighed the tangc fiend. “Pathetic, isn’t it?” “Yes. Consider all the years he has lived without knowing how to dance!*’ Leave Something to Others. If, as Shakespeare says, “all the world’s a stage,” don’t try to be the whole show, or you are apt to find an unpaid clown when you look in* the mirror. Sawed-Off Sermon. If ever man would take as much In terest in his work as he does in try ing to avoid it, poverty would soon be a word without a meaning.—Indian apolis News. An Oregon power-development plant has the world’s largest chain drive eight chains, each 21 inches wide transmitting 5,000 horse power. for Trench Dlin3 Soldiers Devoted men and wom en from the United States teach warriors who have lost their sight certain vocations by which they can earn a livings-- By DOROTHY CANFIELD FISHER. AR-TIME Paris Is full of CWWt big new street signs, / flug-s urmounted, au nouncing in very large UmTv letters the existence of fcpQc e -X war philanthropies of ) one kind and another for the relief of those strick en by the disasters of this disastrous nge.|* No signs are big ger, none have larger letters than those surmounted by the crossed flags of France and the United States which announce that a Franco-Ameri can committee is at work there. And yet one of the most Interesting, Unique and valuable of these fine American philanthropies has no big sign, no large letters and is so little known in America that I am sure a description of its work will be news to most Americans, and very good news at that. This is the Phare de France (the French Lighthouse for the Blind). It is supported by the Franco-American Committee for Men Blinded in Battle, and is under the direction of Miss Winifred Holt, whose years of work at the American Light house for the Blind In New York has so marvelously transformed life for the blind of that city. She has been in France for a little more than a year, throwing herself Into work for men blinded in battle with the same tremendous energy and indomitable perseverance which has accomplished so much for the blind in America. The French Lighthouse is the result of that year’s activity. Into Quiet Courtyard. Imagine that you are now about to visit that institution under the guid ance of one of the volunteer workers, perhaps that charming young grand daughter of our President Grant, to whom is often assigned the task of showing visitors about. You ring at No. 14 on the Rue Darn, the quiet old street of the Russian church, with Its gold-tipped domes. The heavy door swings open, you step into a large, peaceful, stone-paved courtward, with a handsome old palace facing you, at the top of a flight of broad steps. A soldier or an officer In a natty uniform is probably either going nimbly up or coming confidently down those steps, swinging a light bamboo cane. His alert, upright bear ing give you no hint of his blindness. If you follow him as he turns to his left, you find yourself in a well equipped gymnasium for the blind, which Is, so your guide tells you, the only thing of the sort In France. Your blind soldier (who Is enjoying a rest between lessons) stoops, puts on a pair of roller skates, and is off in a dashing swoop about the polished gym nasium floor. His face is soon tingling and glow ing with the exercise, the strong rhj r thmic swing of his body is exhil arating to witness. Your guide mur murs that four months ago that man was in a hospital, alone, sick, utterly discouraged, life a black abyss of despair before him. Here Is one of the achievements of the French Light house. “But is he really blind?” you ask in credulously. “How can he have won back that fine physical poise, that splendid confidence in his body which means so much for seeing people and which we never associate with the blind?” America’s Great Gift. “Ah, that is the special secret of this American institution, the especial gift of America to the French blind. Our blind soldier, his interval of rec reation gone by, has slipped off his roller skates and stepped quickly into ■a nearby room. His blindness only revealed by a flourish of his light cane to make sure of the position of the door. He has gone to take a lesson in massage, which is one of the most profitable means of livelihood open to men without eyes. Like all his fel lows in the Phare, he takes very short lessons; with frequent intervals of recreation and change of occupation, because war blindness means nearly always head wounds and head wounds mean a brain that must not be over taxed. , We leave him to his study of the skeleton, the big plaster casts of mus cular arms and legs, and to his expert teacher; while we turn to other things. Our guide takes us back through the T&2CISM FIS@M! The United States has 380 piano fac tories. Argentina is not taking kindly to foreign soft drinks. Australia’s pearl fishing industry is being held up by the war. A scoop which is also a scale has been invented by a man in Mobile. Ala. Three breweries went out of busi ness in St. Louis within 30 days last year. Three pairs of twins recently enlist ed in the United States army at the San Francisco (Cal.) recruiting station In one day. St. Louis is said to receive more raw furs direct from trappers and traders than does any other fur market in the world. An Illinois inventor’s dredging ma chine literally walks on large feet, and will travel over ground too soft for caterpillar wheels. The boundaries of arid and seml arid United States roughly include two-fifths of our continental area ex clusive of Alaska. vUBfT r'vy?SvW-"' ~‘*"^••^ , s ;•'<’.V •. *'. %?' , 1 XRI3 T&UTHAJ JJZARM& TO VZAJ? JWZ> 2V 2W7fA TmrwZVrgß*, '~^ shower bath room ami pauses proud ly. If you are an American you prob ably look blank. Shower baths are not such uncommon objects as all that. Oh, but they are, she tells you, in France, for the blind! So uncommon, In fact, that only at the Phare you are visiting can blind men, after exer cising, have the stimulating tonic of showering water, which helps so much to tone up the system shattered by the nervous shock of wounds. This is one of the Americanisms of the Phare. Look at it respectfully. At the door of the court your guide hesitates between possibilities and then decides to show you the printing press in the big room above the gym nasium. This is an American ma chine, the only electric press which prints books for the blind in France. By the tiq£ this article appears the first issue of a monthly magazine for the blind will have been issued from this press. Blind Editor Busy. The magazine Is under the direction of a blind editor, who with a corps of seeing assistants (volunteers), will also, during the winter, arrange for the publication by this press of a se ries of manuals In raised type, which will help the blind in their re-educa tion. You descend the stairs, glance in at the gymnasium, where a couple of blind men are now fencing, under the careful direction of a teacher, and your guide tells you that the teacher Is perhaps the best-known master of arms In France. In spite of being mobilized he manages to come three times a week to give himself to bis blind comrades. You cross the court to the room of the handicrafts. Here you see sights which, if you are inexperienced In what may be done for the blind, seem miraculous to you. You see a one armed blind man who In five weeks has learned to manage a knitting ma chine so that he can earn a good liv ing by knitting sweaters and bands. Y T ou see another blind soldier with only one arm who is weaving success fully by means of a device of his own invention, which enables him to make one foot do the work of his missing hand. You see blind men weaving col ored rugs with but slightly more su pervision than is usually given to sighted weavers, and others who are making filet work. Then your guide steers you away and astonishes you by saying that you have not yet even set foot inside the main building proper. This main build ing is a beautiful old palace, belonging to the Vatican. The entrance hall is a nobly proportioned room, which serves as a general meeting place. You Are Astonished. Here come wives, sisters, sweet hearts to visit with their men, to hear of progress made in re-education, to guide the sightless heroes out for a walk in the pleasant paths of the near by park. Through this room pass the teachers of stenography, type writing, Braille reading and writing, clay modeling, who daily fill the rooms of the old palace with such use ful industry as it can never have known before. Here the blind men Holland offers a market for Ameri can filing cabinets. One hundred and fifty aristocratic families of Spanish descent are said to govern Chile. An extremely hard artificial wood of German invention is made of saw dust and chloride of magnesium. An airplane with seven planes ar ranged in a semicircle is claimed by its French inventor to be perfectly stable. It is estimated that 25 per cent of halibut, and from 20 to 30 per cent of salmon, is included in the entrails, head, tall. etc. To aid in walking on icy sidewalks an inventor has patented sandals of a nonslipping material that can be clamped on shoes. A light usually attracts mosquitoes, though recent tests have proved that a light covered with a red globe will have the opposite effect. In France a certain manufacturer of beet sugar has discovered in the scum which rises from boiling beets the foundation for a fine cement. as they stop out of the dining room adjoining, pause for a moment to light their cigarettes and pull down their well-fitting uniforms, before they take their brisk way along the Ingeniously placed paths of coca matting. Now you are to see the stenographic department. Everyone who uses a typewriter knows that the best work Is done without looking at the keys; and this means that in typewriting the blind are perhaps more nearly on a footing of equality with the seeing than in any other gainful occupation. Your guide (remember that she Is the granddaughter of our General Grant) stops to chat for a moment to one of the teachers in the steno graphic department, a tall, steady eyed, extremely attractive American girl who Is another gift of tin* Ameri can White House to the French blind. This Is Miss Esther Cleveland, who Is giving all her time to the work of the Phare. Miss Cleveland Js no amateur teach er of stenography. She has mastered the entire Braille system of Instruc tion at the Pennsylvania Institute for the Blind and has been working for months In England. There are the dormitories (fot this American Institution Is housing and feeding Its men us well ns re-educat ing them), here are the bathrooms (strange Innovation in this eighteenth century abode), there Is the clime room, where minor medical attention Is given, whefe wounds are cared for, antiseptic treatments carried on; us well as the other rooms already re ferred to. Keeping Men Cheerful. It Is difficult to realize the effort required to create and maintain the cheerful atmosphere of the house, which means as much for the future health of the men ns does their care ful technical re-education. Outside the classes, the Institution Is like a well-run club. The president of the French republic has several times given his box to the blind men at the Phare, and they often go out to the theater and the Opera Comlque. Own ers of automobiles send their cars to take the blind out for long, exhilarat ing drives. The blind men have a club of their own where they discuss all manner of topics and enjoy music and recitations. Some of them go for horseback rides In the Bois, and others, on their vaca tions, have found themselves so bene fited by the tonic, healthgiving at mosphere of the Phare that they have been able Joyfully to take up again old delights of swimming and fish ing. And all this comes from America. Here Is an American woman who has left a big American philanthropic en terprise anti given a solid year of her life to alleviating the misery caused by the war in which her country has officially no part. Here is a compara tively small committee of American men and women who, without dipping into any of the funds raised by the great war-relief organizations, has been able to raise money enough to start and carry on the work you have seen. China is once more offering a profit able market for American metals. The seraphine was a keyed musical instrument now obsolete, which pre ceded the harmonium. During a recent thunderstorm in Lansford, Pa., lightning struck a tel ephone pole three times. Pink bollworms have Increased the severity of their attacks on this year’s cotton crop in Egypt. Norway has prohibited the exporta tion of coffee substitutes. The water of a St. Louis swimming pool Is kept In good condition by an ap plication or the genu-killing violet rays. The United States is the world's greatest importer of bides and skins, despite the fact that it raises more cattle than any other nation except India. Because so few typewriter inks are indelible or unalterable, the Venezue lan government has forbidden the of ficial registration of typewritten docu ments.