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Tlpe Brandon 5tars.
sTi^ooXyeaeWadvancr ~ W.~S. MAY, Editor. Entered at Brandon, Miss., postoffice as second class mail matter. Chas. Garner, a negro, was tried before Justice Corley Tuesday on £ charge of bigamy and was bound ovei to Circuit court under a bond of $500 Two oilier cases were put off unti Saturday. Col. J. R. Binford, a gallant old cor federate soldier, Duck Hill, Miss., w£5 the author of the separate coach la\\ for whites and blacks, which is nov the law in every southern states Mississippi has always led in meas urcs dealing with race question®. There are now serious indication? I that the projected railroad from Me t ridian to Natchez will be built. And the News predicts that it will not be many years until a line will be con strutted from Jackson up Pearl River valley, North Eastwardly. Senator A. J. McLaurin has asked thatthe government appropriation for fighting the boll weevil pest be in creased to $400,000, and while trying to benefit cotton raisers in that way, he is also doing missionary work for Mississippi cane syrup, by telling of its merits to Northern friends. He was reared on the farm and is the farmers friend. By direction of President Roose velt the name of Ex-President Jeffer son Davis is to be restored upon the tablet of “Cabin John Bridge,” six miles West of Washington; it hav ing been chiseled off duringLineoln’s administration, although the bridge was begun during Davis’ term of Sec retary of War. The trial of the Coopers, and Ex Sheriff John D. Sharp, for the killing of Senator Carmack is now on at Nashville and tlie dailies are filled with the testimony of witnesses, but fl’iere is no telling what that jury will do. With all the defects of Missis sippi’s law in regard to juries, the members must be able to read and write and to be qualified electors. TARIFF ON LUMBER. The lumber manufacturers of Mis sissippiare working strenously against the repeal of that section of the tariff which protects lumber with a duty of $2 per thousand feet. It is doubt ful whether they would makee money milling if the duty was taken off, and they have same right to protection that other commodities enjoy. The Texan is against free wool and hides, the Alabama mining towns want protection on the output of their mines and blast furnaces, and Louis iana demands that the tariff on sug ar to be let alone. It is the same old cry all along the line, the producers and manufacturers wanting tariff du ties in their own lines of business and people not directly interested de siring free trade competition. Gen eral Hancock said, “the tariff was lar gely a local question,” and it seems to the writer that until there is free trade that one industry is as much entitled to the benefits of protection as another. NEGRO APPOINTMENTS. If President-Elect Taft does what is alleged he stated he would do when he became the chief ruler of this nation, “that he would not ap point negroes to office where objec tions weremade/’then he will do more lasting good to the race than any thing that has been done so far by any man. The mistake was made in giving them the ballot as soon as they were freed, instead of having them prove th ‘y were fitted to exercise 'the right of taktUg a citizens part in the gov ernment 6f this country.* It is not the belief of the writer, that even with the best of training that over ten per cent, today, 44 years after the war, would be entitled to vote, and now, after running wild, as they have, not one in 500 measures up to the requirements that should be the standard of measurements for a man who should have that right. The people of the North have never treated the negro with justice. Be ginning with the trading of beads and whiskey to African Kings for black slaves which they sold to the Southern planter for gold; the free ing of them before they served long enough for their own good, not be cause of any qualms of conscience and that the Puritan should free the man he himself had sold into bondage, but because he was envious of the Southern mans’ prosperity; but the crowning act of the yankees hate «of the South, and his greatest crime -"V ^ «» ' ' ..... to the black - man, was when he ves ted in him the right to full Ameri can citizenship. The negro, a cannibal savage, in his native land, is now here as a spoiled child, vicious by nature, made worse by the wrong sort of education, whpse short comings have been too long excused “because he was a nigger," must be made to understand that he shall be law abiidng, Indus • trious, self supporting, and that the ■ white man will rule this country with out any assistance from him. Taft I will do the right thing if he gives it out from the commencement of his term that the negro will not hold fed eral office, and it would be doing th; t L’ which some Northener should take de light in as his people are to blame for the conditions of today. ’ 'The Bilcxi Creole don’t want to pay street taxes, or work the streets of that pretty little city, and at a mass meeting some days ago 157 i signed all agreements that they would go to jail before they would pay $3.00 tax, or work the six days, something that every town in the State exacts of each male citizen between certain ages, but then Bi loxi’s population is “deeferant” from any other town in the State, with many foreign ideas in their heads. At a public meeting at the court house in Scranton, Miss., on Tues day, of the contributors to the Mis sissippi Battle ship fund from the towns of Scranton, Pasagoula and j Moss Point it was ascertained that the three towns had given $894.00 to wards the purchase of the Silver Ser vice and that about $350 of that sum had been forwarded to Ex-Governor J. K. Vardaman before the creation of the Battleship Commission by the legislature;it was “resolved that if that $350.00 had not been turned over to the Commission that he be requested to at once pay the same j over to Mrs. Eunice Lockwood, or return 4t to the contributors, to the end that it might be used, as intended, in the immediate purchase of a battle ship service.” MORE BLACKS THAN WHITES. A compilation of the polls assessed in 1908, which are now entered on th« books of the auditor’s department, shows some interesting and sugges tive figures. The figures show that there are forty-three counties in which the white polls are in excess, to thirty-five of those in which the blacks predominate, though rthe pre ponderance of blacks is all of the delta and Western part of the State and in the counties in which the larger municipialties andthe industrial plants are located is rather greater in ratio tihan that of the whites in the white sections. In the total number of polls assess ed Hinds leads, with 14,304, while Pearl River brings up the taP-end, with a total of 1,260, and although small as the number is, the whites just doubling the blacks with three with three to spare. The same coincidence of juxtaposi tion in figures occurs in regard to the poll figures for the counties of Issaquena and Itawamba as is found in the table of educable children, re-j cently published, the white polls in j i the little delta county numbering 172, while the blacks numbering 2,331, the proportion of excess being 13:5 per cent. Itawamba on tne other hand has a white poll assessment of 2,266, to 164 of the blacks, or a ratio of 13.08 per cent. The county having the highest num ber of black polls is Washington, with its excess of 9,458, while Pren tiss has the largest white excess, or 4.022,the ratio of blacks to the whites in Washington is 5.12 per cent, while that of whites to blacks in Prentiss is 5.36 per cent, in excess. The racial division is more nearly equal in Chicasaw, which has a white assessment numbering 1,834 to 1,883 of the blacks, the black majority; , being 49The only other country show ing an excess under 100 is Jefferson Davis, the black majority being 91. Tishomingo has the highest per c^ht of racial difference, with its 2,158 whites to 130 blacks, or 16.6 per cent. BANK STATEMENTS. The News desires to call attention to the statement®, published ,in this issue of Brandon’s two splendid banks. The Brandon Bank, now with three j times it’s original capital and a good, healthy surplus, the increase being made out of it’s earnings after pay ing 95 per cent dividends to its’ stock holders in 8 years of most suc cessful banking, makes a splendid showing. The Rankin County Bank, organiz ed just before the stringency in mon ey matters occured a few years ago, by careful, yet as liberal:treatment to customers as sound banking woujd warrant, 'has built up a magnificent I Patronage and a careful examination 1 of it’s statement will show it to be ! solid, with an increase in deposits, as well as in its volume of business. 1 Brandon is proud of it’s banking In 1 stitutions. i ^ 'J # —.. ..... ' m NEWS NOTES. Steamer Egypte was sunk by the Andres off Grecian coast. Dowager Queen Maria Pia, of Portugal, is dangerously ill. Anti-American agitation continues in the newspapers of Spain. One hundred lives were lost in a blizzard in Southwest Russia. Cuban colonels made a rough house in a newspaper office In Havana. Senator Marston addressed a boll 1 weevil convention at Gonzales. * The funeral of Captain James A. Wolf took place at Amite City. The Ouachita Parish Sunday school convention adjourned at Monroe. Mexico will celebrate the cen tenary of her independence in 1910. The Senate spent mdst of the day debating the Indian appropriation bill. Much opposition has developed to creating an “under” Secretary of State. Earthquakes caused much excite ment in the Department of Elche, Spain. Burglars at Shreveport secured $1,000 concealed in a box in an Ital ian’s store. Washington is said to hold the key to the success or failure of the Naval Conference in London. A movement was launched at Amite City for the erection of a modern school building. The (house held a memorial session oii Senators Allison and Latimer and Congressman Wiley. The German view is that the situ ation in the Balkans is improving rather than growing worse. King Alfonso of Spain witnessed the airship fligMts of the Wright brothers at Pau, France. / President Hardy, of the Mississippi Agricultural and Mechanical College, has recovered from a long illness. President Roosevelt will make no more important appointments during the remainder of his administration. Funeral services over remains of Admiral Cotton were held in France. Remains will be cremated and sent home. The diplomatic and consular, the Military Academy and the rivers and harbors appropriation bills were passed by the House. The Argentine steamer Presidente Roeo was wrecked off the coast of South America and over 200 lives lest. The Senate Judiciary Committee has censured President Roosevelt for his action in the Steel Trust merger case. President Roosevelt prevented My ron T. Herrick, of Ohio, and Senator Iiemenway, of Indiana, from securing appointments in Taft’s Cabinet. The Czar of Russia attended the funeral exercises over the body of tJ3ie Grand Duke Vladimir at St Pe tersburg. French exporters are grmtly alarmed over the prospects of a tariff war between France and the United States. . Coming week in Congress will be marked by both houses putting on final spurt, and appropriations bills will be given right of way. There was an uprising against ne groes at Ottumwa, Iowa, following series of crimes, and mobstthreatened to break the jail. Principal suspect was spirited away. President Roosevelt has added an other chapter to the secret service squabble in a long letter to Senator Hemenway, correcting mi statements in bis report. He hits Congress an other hard rap. Czar Ferdinand in St. Petersburg has forced recognition of his im perial pretensions. Turkey address ! ed a note to the Powers last night, ! and all replied that they awaited the j settlement of the negotiations before - extetnding recognition. 5 Omaha experienced a day of mob ! rule, as result of murder of a police man by a Greek. A score of build ings occupied by Greeks werewrecked and two boys were filled with bird shot. One building was burned, but but it is believed that all occupants escaped. FOR SALE. At the depot next week—one ear choice corn. Put in your order early as this will be the last car and over half spoken for. W. G. RUNGE. PI am opening up an advance shipment of New White Goods this week consisting of New Madras Piques, Linens, Mercerize Waistings, India and Persian Lawns, Dimities, Laces, Embroideries, Ladies Neckwear, Suitings Percals, Ginghams, Calicoes, Blaech and Brown Domestic, Sea Islands, Hickorys and other Dry Goods. Our Plow Goods Department is also complete—Brindley, Avery, Blount, Daisy and Middle Burster Plows, Traces, Hames, Single-Trees, Wagon Harness and other like goods. A car of Waterloo Milling Co's, Celebrated Monarch Flour came in this week. We are selling it lower than we could buy another car for today. Remember we are still swapping a Ton of Guano for a Ton of Cotton Seed. But you will have to hurry. ' _ V 0* 'PdataateVvie, - « - - 'Wlvssvss^v. FANNIW, Dr. Berry has maidle Several visits out here to see Lute Lawrence, who is very sick, although he is reported some better at this writing. Miss Matt Mchsurin, of Jackson, is visiting in our neighborhood to the delight of her many friends. “Aunt” Jennie Williams, a faith ful servant of H. T. Ellis, died after one week’s injiense suffering. Mrs, Dora McLaurin spent several days in our midst last week transact ing business. Mr. Seymour is now occupying the McLaurin home qn the farm. Mrs. Louise Lee is now assisting Hemby White in the-etore. There is an effort being made for the erection of a good substantial fence around the Baptist grave yard, and all who have dead ones buried there should feel it their duty and privilege to assist in the work. Hugh Washburn, of Brandon, came out Monday evening with his dogs, 12 in number, and took a hunt with Hemby White. Miss Flora Granberry, of Goshen Springs, visited her sister Miss Bes sie, last week. Messrs Hemby White and Henry Ellis with Misses Bessie and Flora Granberry, spent Sunday at Pisgah, visiting at the home of J. C. Rob inson. The youngest child of Joe Stever son was called upon to pay the debt of death last Sunday,and £hey have the sympathy of the entire communit A few of the young people “’storm ed” the home of H. T. Ellis last Friday night and were entertained with music and the usual games of amusements until 11 o’clock. The entertainment given by Hemby White was a delight to all present. PEARSON.. Hail Sunday evening. Spring-like weather. Plum trees are in bloom. Richland Creek could not be* cross ed a few days last week. Improvements are still going on in our little town. The school house came in for its share last week getting some very badly needed re pairs. Mrs. Bettie Saunders is visiting rel atives in Jackson. Mr. and Mrs. Kicks, of Jackson, spent several days in our town last week. D. J. Puckett has sold his place to D. P. Cameron, of Bclzona, Miss. Mr. and Mrs. E. A. Ludlow and children were the &uest of Chas. Far ish and family Sunday. Will Findlay, of Byram, is visiting his grandfather, Wm. Puckett. Miss Florence Saunders visited in Jackson Monday. Messrs. W. C. Allen and D. H. Holder, of Jackson, visited Chas. Par ish Monday. John and Henry Russell are back at Pearson after a week’s stay. at home in Jackson. Rev. Brame, of the State* farm, preached a fine sermon here Sunday morning. Sunday school was well attended Sunday afternoon. % Mrs Richey and daughter Helene, of Jackson, spent several days with Mrs. B. F. Stacy this past week. PUCKETT. We are having some spring weath er now. Hulon Burnham has had some real sick children for the past week, but glad to say that ’they are better now. W. HL McLain has been a little in disposed for the past week but Is bett ter now. R. L. Gates made a business trip to Jackson a few days since. Miss Aura Bott, who is attending school here, visted her homefolks Sat urday and Sunday. Daniel Harvey and wife visited rel atives at Joe last Saturday and Sun day. Joe Donnell and Miss Pokie Don nell, of Johns, visited relatives here Sunday. Collie Polk has his new house near completion and will soon move in. Tallie Mize and Miss Eva Purvis visited Magee last Saturday and Sun day. Eddie Warren made a business trip to D’Lo last Saturday. I. P. Russell, of Dobson, was here last week surveying land for the I Puckett people. Hugh Polk and Miss Alma Robin son made a flying (trip to Magee last Saturday. The Puckett high school is ped paring for a concert some time soon. P. P. Polk made a business trip to D’Lo a few days ago. Some of the Joe people attended! church here last Sunday. There was preaching at the Bap tist church last Sunday and quite a crowd was present. There will be preaching ait the Meth odist church next Sunday. Let every body come out to hear Bro. McClelan ! for he is a good preacher.O j REAL ESTATE TRANSFERS. J. A. Spann Jr., to W. P. Ragan, 30 acres in section 29, township 6, range 5 East.$3000.00 A. & V. railroad, to J. H. Collier, 40 acres, section 18, township: 4 North range 5 East.$180.00 A. & V. railroad to G. W. Collier,' 80 acres, section 18, township 4,, North, range 5 East.$360.00" Martha Walker to Walter Taylor,* 30 acres, section 33, township 3,1 range 2 East. $92.! J. L. Taylor and Maggie Taylor, to Walter Taylor, 45 acres, section 33, | township 3, range 2 East.. ..$317.22 • J. H. Collier and wife, to G. M. j Collier and wife, 20 acres somewhere in Rankin county.$100.00, R. E. Greenwood and wife, to L. S.; May, 120 acres in section 27,and 28. township 5, range 3 East.. ..$1,309.0' Thos. J. and Alma Morris, to S. S. Butler, lots and lands in and near Star.$1,200:00. J. H and Stella Langhlin to John1 Carr, 77 acres, section 13 and 24, j township 6, range 2 East.. .. $300.00 J. W. Payne and Nell Emanuel, ^oj Jas. Ascher, 20 acres in section 13, j township 5, range 1 East.. .. $2S3T.75j A. EF. McLain and wife to W. W. j Hodges and wife, land in section j 33, township 5, range 4 East.., $2000. j F. A. Hobson to W. B. Collier, 1120, acres in township 4, range 3 East. $4,650.00 W: C, Ellis to Miss Mattie Walker, 40f acres in section 28, township 3, rangce 2 East.$400.00 W. H. Myers and wife to L. P. Burnham, 80 acres, section 34, town ship 4, range 4 East.$S00.00 Phi! Did lake to Edmon Beray, 40 acres in section 35, township 3, range 2 ISast.$"415.00 Andrew and Ella Harper ta Philj DiidBake, 40 acres, section 35, town-i ship 3, range 2 East.$331.50 Albert and Ardella Berry te E. F. Muse, 32 acres in section 11, township 3,. range 2 East...$750.0 D. J. and W. C. Puckett to D. P. Chmeron, land and lots in and near Pearson.$1,100.00 S. S. and Josie Butler to Thos. J. Morris, 79 acres, section 10;, township 2, range 2 East. »* ..$1,200. COCKLE BUJRS. Experiments recently made show that the despised cockle bur yields largely of oil and may become a cultivated crop that will pay big re-i turns. The News is not advised as to the I particular use, or uses such oil! could be put to, and being optimistic, j hopes the pessimistic brother is', wrong who offer® to bet $10 against a gallon of buttermilk, that if the de-| mand is great enough in raising the; mane and tall tangling bur, that in less than5 year® the weed will have the rust, the blight, the scab, the wilts and be infested with 37 kinds of bugs and weevils; and instead of growing in fence corners, the middle of the road and everywhere else not wanted, that it will require splendid soil, well prepared, and grown a la approved plans worked out by gov ernment demonstration farms. LET THE TIMBER GO. Suggestion is made that logged-off lands unfit for agriculturture should be taken possession of by the State, or acquired by theState onsome equa table principle, and used for the pur pose of reforestation. There is a good idea in this suggestion, but it may be doubted whether it can be put into execution and practice under our po litical system. The politicians and the officials, during the time neces sary for the growth of the timber, would cost the state many times more than the timber would bee worth. It is impossible under the systeem to establish^ and maintain the rules of forestation and reforestation per6ued in various countries in Europe. With us the main object would not be pro tected and restoration of the forests, but maintenance of a horde of official at the gentral expense, and “pledges" would be exacted for the purpose as ii._ _ « , • mc.y uttvt: ueeu eiaaeu irom great numbers of the legislature of Oregon, by persons who want salaries raised and number of offices increase. Are not “the people” entitled —inquiry is —to get what they want? And who are the people save or expect those who can force members of the legis lature, as a condition of their elec tion, to take pledges and to make promises? The remainder of the peo ple, the great body of them—are “not in it”—whether it is one statement or another. Logged-off lands unfit for agriculture could be made of value for growth of timber—as great in value as eever. But our political and official system will never permit it, except at a cost to the general body of taxpayers for support of polb ticians and officials of far greater aggregate sums that the timberwould be worth. These results, however, would be but some addition to the price we gay for submission to “the will of the pee-pul.” Yet it would be better to let the timber go.—Port land Oregonian. In the Farmers’ Cooperative Demon stration Work great stress is laid up on a more thorough preparation of the soil autumn, because in our southern climate the frosts do not penetrate the soils sufficiently to open them and admit air. We must therefore do by plowing in the fall and by some winter cultivation w,hat nature does in the colder North. In the richest soils there is but lit tle food ready prepared for the plant, and nature’s plan is that this food skall bes prepared more or less daily by the section of the air, the moisture in the soil, and the sun. These three active forces causes the food to he prepared so that, the plant can be properly nourished. This can not be done without plowing and cultivating to admit the air, and tbe earlier this work is commenced in the fall the greater the effect it will have upon the crop of the following sea son. The effect of using good seed is not sufficiently appreciated, nor per haps it is understood just what makes good seed. It must be the best va riety, carefully selected early in the' fall and stored in a dry place. Young plants require excellent cul tivation, just as young animals re quire the best food and care. The judicious use of' commercial fertilizer is one of the most important matters in modern agriculture, for it furnishes plant food directly and indirectly to the young plants. The most important factor relating to the permanent fertility of the soil is the abundant and judicious use of all the animal and vegetable mat ter that may be found on every farm, such as barnyard manure, leaf mold, and green crops. For soil building we must largely depend upon barn yard manure, the compost heap, and leguminous plants, such as cow peas. Tewanina, the Charllsle Indian run ner, won the 20 mile Marathon foot race in New Orleans,covering the dis tance in 2 hours, 10 minutes and 54 seconds.