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The Englishman lives in a J*>use
Which in all probability his father and his forefathers have lived In for a dozen generations. Even where the bouse is not owned by the resident, the preferential right descends from father to son to rent and occupy it. It is a true home. Americans are - strongly imbued with the Idea of owning homes, houses with accompanying plots of land: but as a rule Americans are all too careless, at the same time, about creating a bit of scenery or making the home such an attractive abode as will cause the traveler to pause a moment and exclam: “What a pretty little place!” In the first instance where his Eng lish cousin, or the English landlord erects a stone house, at an advanced cost doubtless, but more than evened up In a few years by repainting and repairing, the American throws togeth-. THE HOME THEY MADE AND THE BARN IN WHICH THEY DWELT WHILE BUILDING IT. er a frame dwelling, usually of cheap, second-growth timber. In twenty years the English home is covered wth ivy and has the appearance of subtanti a'lity and solidity, as though it had al ways been there and intended remain ing. If you mention “twenty years hence” to the American, he will shrug his shoulders and smile and tell you he expiects to be somewhere else in twenty years, if he has not bettered his condition and gotten out of it in half that time. But twenty years pass more quickly than is expected, and what does the place look like then? It has had perhaps three coats of paint. The second set of shingles is curling up and.needs replacing and the house itself is worth one-half of its value when new. Yet it must be agredd that every man ‘should build a housle with the idea of making it his permanent home, adding to it as his needs grow, but continually improving it and beautifying it If for no other cause than increasing its selling value, he should build well and 'improve. And this applies to the surrounding grounds, the outbuildings, eter, fully as much as the home proper. “What is home without a mother” and a good wife and children? Wliat is home, I would add, even with these blessings, unless it is a real home, a comfortable and a beautiful one? Ah, there is a difference, and such a wide difference, between an abodte or a mere dwelling place and a home. Trying to treat this matter from a practical standpoint, the Department of Agriculture recently issued an il lustrated bulletin on beautifying back yards. This applied to city and su burban homes, but the Idea is the same everywhere. fAnL. * OLD ENGLISH SUBURBAN STREET AND STONE HOUSES. And this calls to mind a practical il lustration of what a good thing it is, what a splendid things to start in growing something in your back yard, if you have nothing bigger. For 1 have in mind two people, a young man and his wife, who started their married life in a rented city house with a back yard 18 feet wide and containing about one-fortieth of an acre. They had lived in the city all their lives, and knew nothing of the wonders of plant and animal produc tion. But they commenced at once to use their ground. They planted radishes and lettuce and some flow (ers and trained tomatoes against the fence, and they, set a hen. Their fail - ures and interesting experiences dur \ ing the two years they lined thus would fill a volume. But the great re v suit was that before the end of the \ first year, they who had never llvlod Outside their four walls, felt terribly confined. They longed to get out and have enough land to grow more things, to make a genuine garden and to nurture and rear and reap the things which they ate. And so they moved into the country, hardly the real country yet; but they bought half an acre just beyond the city out skirts and they built a bam and mov ed into it and lived there the first year, while they were building their house. They at once planted a garden which seemed to them like a real farm after their tiny back yard, and the first year they raised all the veg etables they could eat, besides over fifty chickens. And since then they have gone on beautifying and embellishing this place, until it is now a lovely country residence, twenty per cent, higher in value than it would have been if, five years ago they had made it a mere habitation. In the first place they employed an architect and built a good house, one which, with ordinary repairs, will stand in good shape fifty years hence. They painted it well. Many long winter evenings of the nrst year, while they lived in- the bam, were , spent in going over architect’s plans and adjusting pretty and artistic el ects to their limited price. And if a man is going to build a house, why not have it pretty at the same time? This house and its valuable ground cost about $5,000, like hundreds of thousands of other homes throughout — . ,i ■■ i A TYPICAL WATER TANK. It Surmounts a Convenient Cooling House, the country. Yet it is a strikingly handsome place. The proof of this is that whilo it was the first dwelling to be erected in that particular section, other houses which have gone up since have largely copied its style, i and it is now surrounded by a dozen handsome and well-built homes. The care and attention given to this place may in itself have brought good neighbors. A good lawn was made, shade and fruit trees werte immediately set out and sedulously cared for, the man has become an. expert gardener, the chick en business has become an important adjunct, furnishing not only an ample meat supply, but a considerable ad ditional income from eggs, broilers and capons. The fruit trees are be ginning to bear and the berry lushes have long since yielded fresh fruit for the table and Jellies and jams for winter. The place is constantly im proving and being improved. The interior of the housie was well finished to commence with. Boom after room has since been furnished and beautified as means admitted. For making this move, for adopting this change in their modes of life, this couple are better people; they are bet ter citizens, they are broader, they know more, they are happier and they are richer in two senses. They make more money and tttey save more. They buy less of canned vegetables and meats and they have more to spend in improving their place and adding to its beauty and desirability They have lately put up a substantia light iron fence, which, kept wel painted, will last unto the third an< fourth generation. A COSY FIRE-PLACE CORNER. “Ah,” said the man, “if we had only had the advantages when we were young which our children have here, there would have been a lot more in life for us.” And so it is everywhere. It matters little, if you live in a brown stone front with the brick pavement direct ly under your window, whether you have a plain or a carved window sill, but it does matter whether your front or back yard is well kept and well fenced and is prettily decorated with plants and vines, and whether, if you have more ground, it is a poor, un attractive plot, or instead is a thing of beauty and a joy, not only to you but to all who see it How many men you run across who have been “awfully busy” but are going to “fix up” their places. They seldom get fixed. Before they get fixed up with the little things a home should have, they need fixing in earnest-they are old places. If as a people we could become ed ucated to the idea of greater perma nency in our modfe of living, of build ing and improving for our future years, or doing something with the idea in mind that we would not have to re-do it in' ten or fifteen years hence, the average Amterican home would have a far more substantial, comfortable and attractive appear ance. Balanced Rations for Man and Beast. Two Farmers’ Bulletins of the De partment of agriculture, widely dis similar in contents, yet treating of sub jects which have a closely-connected relationship are the Feeding of Farm Animals and the Principles of Bread Making, and both of them have proven so popular that their reprinting has been required several times. The feeding of the animals en the farm is a matter which every farmer is studying more or less closely, tue more successful ones the most closely, since it is a matter of constant experi ment and inquiry to determine just what is the best ration for work, meat and dairy animals. While each man’s experience must be to a great extent his guide, there are certain laws, the results of wide experiments, which af ford much aid to the intelligent feeder and these are summarized in the bulle tin mentioned—Farmers’ Bulletin 22. What is known as a balanced ration is always the thing to be attained. Food is divided into two general classes; fat and heat producing, I ONE OP THE DELIGHTS OP THE RURAL HOME. known as carbohydrates, and muscle and bone producing, known as nitro genous, and these two foods should be supplied the animal in the proper pro portion. If there is a preponderance of either, the ration is unbalanced. Both of these bulletins can be ob tained free through members of con gress or senators, or by writing to the Secretary of Agriculture at Wash ington. Corn, for instance, is a food'rich in carbohydrates and should be “bal anced” by a portion of some nitroge nous food such as barley, bran, cow peas-or others of the legumes. A pe rusal of this bulletin will give the reader a very clear understanding of the value of food for animals. Food Value of Bread. The second bulletin on Bread Mak ing, Farmer’s Bulletin 112, also goes into the question of what is a balanced ration, but for human food. As corn and corn fodder is a fat-producing food for animals, so corn bread is a one-sided diet for man and while it produces fat and energy or fuel for the body does not tend to give him the same capacity for endurance that “GOLLY, USE GLAD I DONE LOOKED IN DK WINDOW FUST." j . wheat or rye bread does. The wheat 1 berry la itself comes very near being I a balanced ration. If it is robbed of 1 its gluten, which lies next to the skin, it is .no longer a complete food. Pota toes are extremely one-sided and should be eaten in connection with some nitrogenous food, such as lean meat or beans, which, however, if eaten alone would afford the system too much nitrogen. This bulletin, which is written by a woman, also dis cusses the practical side-of bread mak ing and can probably be read with benefit by any housewife. Items of Interest. Oscar Hunt of the Carlisle football team is a millionaire Indian. Old, battered, second-hand silk hats are in good demand among comedians —also among the colored fraternity. A cubic foot of earth weighs on an PLANTS BELOW THE SILL, average five and a half times as much as a cubic foot of water. It costs as much to fire a 16-inch cannon as it does to pay a private soldier his wages for five years. The nlins of a prehistoric fortified British village have oeen unearthed near Carshalton, England. The fly is seven times stronger than a horse, weight for weight It can lift twenty times its own weight. The canning of blue berries is an important industry in Vermont. One factory last season canned 300,000. gallons of the berry. Though there are many women col onels the only woman admiral is the Queen of Greece. She is an honorary admiral in the Russian navy. A cubic mile of earth weighs 25, 649,300 tons and the volume of the earth is 259,880,000,000 cubic miles Question in mental arithmetic: How much does the earth weigh? Professor William T. Hornaday, the zoologist, is seeking to have the gen ~eral government establish a great buf falo park in the west that the animal may not becomje extinct There are only three million Cos sacks In Russia. The number of peasants is about one hundred million, there are 14,000,000 "lower city dwel lers” and 8,000,000 nomads and semi barbarians. | Dietary experts of the Department ) of Agriculture estimate that a man . _ _ , doing hard muscular work should have dally food with a fuel value of 4,350 calories while a man taking lit tle exercise needs only 2,450. Switzerland is the oldest as well as one of the smallest republics in the world. The cantons j»f Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden formed a defensive league in 1291, and this was the be ginning of the Swiss Confederacy. The American harvest of broom corn this year will furnish material for 42,000,000 brooms worth, appprox imately, $15,000,000. With 4,000 brooms to a car, 10,000 freight cars will be required to transport the broom output The star nearest to the earth is Al pha Oentaura, estimated to be 26,000, 000,000,000 miles away or 275,000 times farther distant from the earth than the sun. Needless to say these figures are in what are known as "round numbers.” What More Acceptable CHRISTMAS REMEMBRANCE Could you send to yonr friends? It Costs Ten Cents It is Worth Ten Dollars WHY? BECAUSE Every Woman’s Life is a Problem ofj HOW TO MAKE A LIVING or HOW TO MAKE A HOME and ONE HINT OR SUGGESTION from ONE WHO KNOWS is oftentimes OF VALUE INCALCULABLE 10 tno WORKER OR HOUSEWIFE How to Save Time How to Save Steps How to Make a Home What it ought to be IS TOLD BY ONE WHO KNOWS in MAXWELL’S Homemaker Magazine An Illustrated Monthly' Edited by flmy Clisbee (laxWell which will be sent to you ONE WHOLE YEAR FOR ONLY TEN CENTS Send a dime or five two-cent stamps to MAXWELL’S HOMEMAKER MAGAZINE 1405 Fisher Building CHICAGO, ILL. Sandwich SELF FEED FULL CIRCLE TWO HORSE HAY PRESS The Baler for speed. Bales 12 to 18 tons a day. Has 40 inch feed hole. Adapted to bank bam work. Stands up to its work—no digging holes for wheels. Self-feed Attachment increases cap acity, lessens labor, makes better bales and does not increase draft. Scad for Catalogue SANDWICH MFG. CO„ 124 Main Street, Sandwich, lU Well Drilling Machines Over 70 sizes and styles for drilling either deep or shallow wells in any kina of soil or rock. Mounted-on wheels or sills. With engines or horse powers. Strong, simple and durable. Any me chanic can operate them easily. SEND FOR CATALOGUE WILLIAM BROS., Ithaca, N. Y. Kirk’s AMERICAN CROWtt SOAP *s a green soap, consistency of paste, a perfect ’ cleanser for automobile machinery and all vehicles; will not injure the most highly polished surface. Made from pure vegetable oils. If your dealer does not carry America* Crown Soap in stock, send us his name and address and Vc will see that your wants an supplied. Put up in 12J4 25 and 50 lb pails. James S. Kirk & Company CHICAGOo ILL, EXCAVATION WORK. With Greatest. Economy use the Western Elevating Crader and Ditcher. ROAD CONSTRUCTION. Western Wheeled Scraper Ca AURORA, ILL Send for Catalog. Gleanings in Bee Culture | teaches you about bees, bow to handle them for . honey and profit Send for free copy. Read it . Then you ’ll want to subscribe. t month*. , trial 86c. Don’t delay but do it to-day. A. I. Root Co., Medina, Ohio. . - 1 w "' . . Internationa! Harvester Co. GASOLINE ENGINES When equipped with an I. H.C. gasoline engine, the farm, the dairy, the mill, the threshing machine, or the husker and shredder can be operated more economically than with any other power. Farmers who have water to pump, wood to saw, feed to grind or com.to.shell, can do this work at a minimum cost with I. H. C. engines.' I. H. C. HORIZONTAL ENGINE I. H. C. gasoline engines are made in the following sizes : t, 3 and 5 P., vertical type, stationary; 6, 8,10, 12 and 15 H. P., horizontal type, stat ionary; and 6, 8,10,12 and 15 H. P., horizontal type, portable. WRITE FOR GASOLINE ENGINE BOOKLET. International Harvester Co. of America - \ -v^' fllKWTWltfd) 7 Monroe Street Chicago, liUJJ. S. A.