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3 PAPERS FOR $2.25 PART THREE. MAGAZINE SECTION. TEH PAGES, The Right Kind of Candy —1 ■ ^ for Christmas is The Semi-Weekly Leader, K W J_ T J huylbr's Memphis News-Scimitar, w § ww£* I 43k St. #"fl The Home and Farm. JL ffV L4 VOCUCI • c- E- GRAFTON DRUG CO. ' _ _| ” ^ -^ “ • PHONE 31. VOLUME 24. BROOKHAVEN, MISSISSIPPI, DECEMBER 13, 1905. . . ~ NUMBER 70. AMERICAN GIRL IN LONDON. SINGER OF SOUTHERN PL ANT A ' TION MELODIES BECOMES FAMOUS IN ENGLAND. Is to Sing Old Negro Songs to King and Queen. Has Declined Stage Career, Preferring to Sing the Na tive Songs of the Southland. Another charming American girl has set the fashionable world of Lon don by the ears. She has sung her way into their hearts and taught them the beauty of old plantation melodies until the English capital is fairly ring ing with the sound of her praises. This fortunate young woman is Miss Clara Alexander of Memphis, Tenn., and as pretty and attractive a girl as ever crossed the water to Old England. She is just now anticipat ing lier appearance before the King and Queen of England, and when 7S V MISS CLARA ALEXANDER. this is accomplished, she will Indeed feel that her success is complete. A little more than a year ago some interested friend of Miss Alexander sent her on her journey to London, armed with letters to prominent mem bers of the social world there. One of these was to the famous Mrs. John Mackay, w^o became her social spon sor, and practically made the clever little girl from Tennessee the toast of London drawingrooms. Miss Alexander has never been on the stage, but from her old mammy in the south, and a score of servants who had once been in her family, she learned the real plantation melodies, learned to sing them as only a girl who spent her early life in the real south could sing them. She learned to imitate the old darky in all his quaint characteristics and her triumph was declared complete when she moved a fashionable audience to tears by her touching recital of a little negro poem. W. S. Gilbert, author of “Pinafore,” advised her strongly to go in for emotional acting, and Lady Bancroft, one of the shining lights of the Lon don social world, and herself a talent ed actress, offered to coach the young American girl In the role of Juliet If she would study for the stage. Lady Ludlow recently lent her splendid mansion in Portland Place for a recital by this talented American girl for- which the social world of London cheerfully paid $5 a ticket. Her services are constantly in demand and with Mrs. Mackay and other in fluential women to s.and sponsor for her, this little girl from Tennessee is adding fresh laurels to her crown. And now she is to appear before the King and Queen! The “command” which has been sent to Miss Alex ander is the same as that which goes to every artist whom King Edward and Queen Alexandra wish to hear. - It is in reality^ an invitation, but is called a “command” for the reason that an invitation from thie King or Queen brooks no declination and is therefore, in a sense, obligatory. Miss Alexander breathes the life of the south in all her work and no amount of persuasion will Induce her to give it up for a stage career. She is taking into London drawing rooms and even Into the presence of His Majesty, King Edward VII an atmos phere of love, freedom and the pretty Instincts which make of the southern girl another type of the American beautv which is ev*er a puzzle and yet a veritable joy to our English friends across the water. IT PA YS TO DRESS IN STYLE. Stirring Adventure of the Hon. Augus tus Browne, in Cleveland. Ohio. Things went very hard the other day With the Hon. Augustus Browne, of Cleveland, Cuio. As Mr. Browne stepped off a street car during the busiest hour of the day and at one of the most crowded localities in Cleve land, his well-made trousers caught on the lower step—it seems that some of the iron work was loose. Simul taneously, the conductor started the car, and the Hon. Augustus Browne at once sat down upon the Belgian blocks in a shocking manner. More over, the Hon. Augustus kept right along with the vehicle, towed by the left leg of his expensive trous ers, and presenting a .picture of unus ual distress and consternation. What made Jt worse was the fact that the spectators on the sidewalk were dis posed to be disrespectful. Mr. Browne expostulated against the treat ment he was receiving, though, of course, in a perfectly dignified way, ; but the conductor was inside collect i ing fares ,and did not hear him. At | last, Mr. Browne’s suspenders gave way with a mighty snap, and their | owner was left sitting in the street, with-the car vanishing into the dis tance, and the trousers flying wildly from the lower step. Naturally, the Hon. Augustus Browne couldn’t sit there in the mid dle of the street indefinitely. Already he had narrowly escaped a garbage cart and two short-haired ladies on bi cycles. So he arose and took a look around. Excepting the loss of a pair of beautifully-creased trousers and a large assortment of abrasions, which would perhaps cause him to take his meals at the mantelpiece for a week or so, Mr. Browne was in pretty fair shape. He wore a very shiny silk hat, a perfectly-cut frock coat, patent lea ther shoes, a boutonneire, the finest garters in the. market, and a suit of union underwear fit for the most limp id and illustrious legs in any land. It is undoubtedly a sad thing to be di vested of one’s trousers in broad day light, but it was ventured, by an eye witness. that there ought to be a whole lot in a silk hat. frock coat, boutonniere, patent leather shoes, and improved garters. The frock coat must have concealed any ravages caused by the gentleman’s rapid transit over the Belgian blocks in a sitting posture, and otherwise. On the whole it is a question in Cleveland whether Mr. Browne should attempt to collect excessive damages from Hon. Thomas Johnson, the inno cent owner of the car line. Japan’s Grand Old Man. MarquiB Ito, who was recently stoned by a Japanese mob, is of com paratively humble birth. His father,' Juzo Ito. was a rustic gardener. Mar quis Ito first went to Europe, stow ing himself away in a bale of silk on board a ship bound for Liverpool. He was concealed In this bale for 36 hours, until he was discovered by one of the ship’s officers. The reason for his leaving Japan was that he desired to escape the vengeance of the Con servative party of that country, which resented his more advanced views and attempts to adopt Western manners and customs in Japan. He is now said to be the most Western Japanese in the Occident, and spends probably five hours a day reading European newspapers and magazines. Yet, with all, he is said to be the poorest Prime Minister in this world’s goods, either actual or retired in the world. CHINA’S ARMY OF 40,000. FOREIGN ATTACHES WITNESSED RECENT FIELD MANOEUVERS AMAZED AT RESULTS. Japanese Training Apparent in Su bordination and Discipline.—Mauser Rifles Used, but Cavalry Service is Inferior. Evidence that China is shedding her skin of conservatism and is preparing to take her place with other Oriental nations, is evidenced by her first regu lar army manoeuvers, just ended at Shangtung. A number of diplomatic attaches, representing the military of the principal nations of the world, were present as guests of the viceroy, Yuan Shi Kai, by whom they, were lavishly entertained. To those who remember the condition of Chinese troops five years ago this feat of raising an army of forty thousand men to its present efficiency is mar velous. There were some unfavorable criticisms, to be sure; but all gave un stinted praise for the complete control of the troops and their steadiness of discipline, the latter bearing compari son with that of European veterans. Armed With Modern Equipment. The scheme of the manoeuvers was the assumed invasion of Chile! by a southern force from Shantung, whose advance was opposed by the northern army. The infantry were armed with Mauser magazine rifles, with short dagger bayonets. Officers carried sword, revolver and field glass. The private’s kit weighed fifty-four pounds, knapsacks being of Japanese pattern. The pioneers carried picks, shovels and saws. The cavalry were mounted on small, Mongolian horses, and carried Mauser carbines, sabres and revolvers. This is regarded by the military observers as being the weakest branch of the army. mere were no vom-toms, no sunk pots, fire works, gods on poles, or hid eous masks, in which the Chinese sol dier of the past placed his whole re liance. Hand of Japan Discovered. ^ This wonderful transformation In a few years, from an unorganized mob of fanatics to a well equipped, intel ligent army of defense, is said to be due largely to Japanese influences. One attache remarked that he had no ticed at least twenty Japanese officers among the troops. Many of the can non are of Japanese type, and the knapsacks are Japanese in design. The fine hand of Japan is Been at every turn. The artillery consisted of field guns of various types, $md Japanese moun tain guns carried on mule back. The guns were served excellently, and this branch of the army appeared to be efficient, though there was no signal ing apparatus, and no range - finders. Each regimental commissariat in cluded thirty-two wagons, German in pattern, but poorly constructed. The rations consisted of rice, 1 1-2 pounds; cabbage, 6 ounces; salted vegetables, 6 ounces, and meat 0 ounces, carried in Japanese haversacks. All things considered, the- progress of China in her military organization appears to be wonderful. With a few more years of effort, aided by Japa nese influence, with her inexhaustible natural resources and her multitude of men to draw upon for raw material, China will be a formidable enemy and a powerful ally in the development of the East. Texas Sulphur Deposits. Texas, a State which claimed the at tention of the whole country as a cat tle State, and as a petroleum State, will probably soon become remarkable as a sulphur State. In the trans-Pecos country In El Paso county, north of the Texas Pacific Railroad, geologists com pute that there are ten million tons of 40 per cent, native sulphur ore avail able and almost in sight. The sulphur area which has been explored and sur veyed covers about ten thousand acres and the deposit has an average thick ness of nine and one-half feet. It has been recently reported that this sul phur field has been bought by Illinois capitalists, who have associated with them in the enterprise a number of European capitalists. At present no railroad is near the deposits, the near est station being Toyah, twenty miles to the horthwest. The intervening country presents no obstacles in the way of railroad construction, the grades being low. It is calculated that the United States annually consumes 600,000 tons of sul phur. Much of the sulphur used In the United States is imported from Italy, the tonnage brought in from that country varying from 100,000 to 250,000 tons a year. The American State which leads in the production of sulphur is Louisiana, but a vast amount of sul phur Is obtained from the pyrites mines in Louisa county, Virginia. It is said that the visible supply of sul phur is sufficient for the requirements of trade for the next twenty years. The sulphur trade of the world Is prac tically monopolized by the Anglo-Sieil ian Sulphur Company, Limited, of Lon An Enfeebled Giant. It looks as if Europe had another “sick man” on its hands, the mighty Empire of Russia, although it may not be incurable as Is the case with Turkey, or chronic as is the case with Spain. Nations, like men, go down In the march of time. Russia is too young, perhaps, to go to pieces like Turkey, which in the days of the English Tudors was the first military power of earth, and too virile to go as Spain did, which at the* time of Charles V was the world’s foremost military power. - . A NEW EASTER LILT. Crossing the Bermuda Flower with a Philippine hpecies Is Successful. If the expectations of the Depart ment of Agriculture are realized with experiments now going on, the price of Easter Lilies will be much lower next year. This will enable persons who have been obliged to deny them selves the luxury of an Easter Lily, to purchase this beautiful flower with out laying themselves open to the ■charge lof being extravagant. Thie high price of this spring flower is caused through the long growing season of the bulb before it bursts in to bloom. From the time the bulb of the Bermuda lily is planted until it is in full bloom is a period of live to seven months. Florists usually plant the bulbs in September in order that they may be ready for the com ing Easter. They have always been studying the flower with a hope of shortening the time of growing, for, in greenhouses, time and space are at a premium, and any shortening there of represents a decided gain. The Bureau of Plant Industry of the Department of Agriculture early last year took up this problem and imported from the Philippines a lily resemblng thie common Easter lily In size and color, though it bears usually only one, but at times two flowers to the plant. Its chief virtue, however, lies in the fact that its growing sea son is but two to thrtee months. This lily the department has crossed with the common Easter lily, and the re sult has been a hybrid, bearing as many flowfers as the old Bermuda Illy, with no difference in appearance from this plant, except that the hybrid will develop in four or flve months, rep PUBLIC TIMBER GRABBING. PRESIDENT’S COMMISSION ANX IOUS THAT CONGRESS SAVE AMERICAN FORESTS. Second Instalment of Commissions Report—Protests Against 640 Acre Homestead Scheme—Repeal of Lieu Land Law. Two pieces of public land legisla tion which, engaged the attention, of Congress last winter were the 640 acre, or square-mile homestead bill, and the lieu land timber bill. The former was defeated the latter was passed, both properly. Under the 640-acre bill it was sought to in crease the 160-acre homestead entry, covering some twenty million or more acres of land in South Dakota and Colorado, to 640 acres, the claims be ing that the land was not sufficiently productive to support a family on 160 acres, and that 640 acres would be a proper unit. A similar bill was also introduced to include tlie lands of the entire state of Montana. These measures were vigorously opposed on the ground that 640 acres were either too much for a farm or else not large enough for stock graz ing exclusively, and also on the ground that the agricultural capabili ties of this, or in fact, any part of the west are not thoroughly under stood and that land which may to-day be# considered of little use for agricul ture, will, under improved methods of culture and the introduction ot drouth-resisting plants, be found to morrow to be entirely suitable for j farming purposes. As & matter of AS THE NEW QUICK FLOWERING HYBRID LILY APPEARS resenting a shortening in time of from one to three months. While the experiments of the Department are not yet completed, the results attain ed so far warrant the belief that the new hybrid Easter Lily can be pro duced vastly cheaper than, the old variety. Starting in Early. One year the gardener told me that the rose bugs threatened to work de struction among my choice roses. So I hit upon the idea of hiring my two youngsters to pick them off and de stroy them ten cents a hundred bugs. This worked beautifully for a short time, until suddenly there came a devastating horde of the pests. Dick grasped the situation at once and sal lying forth invited his friends to as sist, at five cents per hundred, sub contracting, as it were, while he did the bossing and pocketed the profits. fact the Department of Agriculture has within the past year, grown mac aroni wheat to the extreme western boundary tof South Dakota in crops ranging from fifteen to twenty bu shels per acre and Colorado’s semi desert lands have, under “dry-rarm ing” methods, yielded up undreamed of and highly profitable crops. The bills, In question, however, were re ported upon adversely by the Secre tary of the Interior and the Commis sioner of the General Land Office and also by ^the 'Public Lands Com mission, as is shown by the following printed report Timber Lieu Lands. One of the most detrimental ~of the land laws has been what was known as the lieu land selection law, which provided that where rorest reserves are created by the government set Deforested Land in Minnesota, » Timber Scene on Gove rnmen t Lands in Oregon . - That night I had a bill of $3 from poor tired Arthur, and nearly $14 from my enterprising and business like younger hopeful. So 1 reduced wages to ten cents per thousand, whereupon i.iey promptly struck. The next day I found them hard at work picking rosebugs for a confiding neighbor, at the original price, white my bushes were left to their fate. —.. ^ ^ » tiers or private, corporations owning lands within such boundaries might i select In lieu thereof any public land l not reserved, and this right was trans ferable. The result was that parties sold their lieu land rights and these were purchased by giant timber syn dicates and lumber corporations for speculative purposes. The title to ' hundreds of thousands of acres of land embraced within the forest re serves naturally almost bare of forest cover or which had been stripped of their timber and left worth perhaps a dollar an acre, were thus purchased by -corporations and exchanged on an even basis for the finest government timber lands' of the northwest. Sev eral bills were introduced to amend this law, but finally, after much con troversy, the entire act was repealed, greatly to the dismay of the timber grabbers, and this mode of robbing the government stopped. A bill was also introduced repealing the timber and stone act and provid ing for the disposal of timber in the manner recommended by the Public Lands Commission, but this bill slum bered and finally died in the Public Lands Committee of the House of GIFFORD PINCHOT U. S. Forester and Member of the Public Lands Commission. Representatives, the opinion of the majority of the members of that com mittee being, apparently, that the timber grabbing should be allowed to continue; The strictures of the Presi dent’s Public Lands Commission, quoted below, on the coils of the law are a sufficient condemnation of its maleficient provisions. The second instalment of the Com mission’s report follows; The agricultural possibilities of the re maining public lands are as yet almost un known. Lands which a generation or even a decade ago were supposed to be valueless are now producing large crops, either with or without irrigation. This has been brought about in part by the introduction of new grains and other plants and new methods of farming and in part by denser population and Unproved systems of trans portation. It is obvious that the first es sential for patting the remaining public lauds to their best use is to ascertain what that best use is by a preliminary study and classification of them, and to determine their probable future und development by agriculture. Until It can be definitely ascertained that any given area of tbe public lands is and in all probability forever will remain nn suited to agricultural development, tbe ti tle to that land should remain in the Gen eral Government In trust for the future * settler. For example; The passage of the recla mation act (June 17, 1902) made certain the disposition to actual settlers of large areas of land which up to that time had been considered as valueless. Other areas, which are too high and barren to have notable value eveu for grazing, are now known to have importance in the future development of the country through their capacity to produce forest growth. The making of wells will give an added value to vast tracts of range lands for which the water supply is now scanty. In short, because of possible development, through Irrigation, through the introduction- of new plants and new methods of farming, through forest preservation, and grazing control, the remaining public lands have an importance hitherto but dimly forseen. In view of these facts It Is of the first Importance to save the remaining public domain for actual home builders to tne ut most limit of future possibilities and not *. o mortgage the future by any disposition of the public lands under which home mak ing will not keep step with disposal. To that end your Commission recommends (see p. 12) a method of range control under which present resources may be used to the full without endangering future settle ment. After the agricultural possibilities of the public lands have been ascertained with reasonable certainty, provision should be made for dividing them Into areas suffi ciently large to support a family, and no larger, and to permit settlement on such areas. It Is obvious that any attempt to accomplish this end without a careful clas sification of the public lands must neces sarily fall. Attempts of this kind are be- - lng made from time to time, and legisla tion of this character Is now pending, modeled on the Nebraska 640-acre home stead law, which was passed as an experi ment to meet a certain restricted local con dition. This act (33 Stat., 647) permits the entry of 640-acre homesteads In the sand-hill region of that State. Whether in practice the operation of this law will re sult In putting any considerable number of settlers on the land is not yet determined. Your commission Is or opinion, after care ful consideration, that general provisions o fjhis kind should not be extended until after thorough study of the public lands (Continued on next page.) Do You Use Acetylene? if so, We Want to Send You _ A SAMPLE BURNER We believe we have Hie very best and the deepest line of Acetylene Binders. Our sample rill fit ow better than we can explain here why t would pay you to use our burners. Write us to-day, mention kind of Oene ator used, enclose 8 cents in stamps to cover KWtage, and we will send you A Sample Burner [ W. M. CRANE COMPANY 1131-33 BROADWAY toons 10 New York, N. Y.