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The Semi-weekly leader. (Brookhaven, Miss.) 1905-1941, December 13, 1905, PART THREE/MAGAZINE SECTION, Image 7

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Fireworks, Fruits, Nuts, Candy.J-j£ IKS*
3 PAPERS FOR $2.25 PART THREE. MAGAZINE SECTION. TEH PAGES, The Right Kind of Candy
—1 ■ ^ for Christmas is
The Semi-Weekly Leader, K W J_ T J huylbr's
Memphis News-Scimitar, w § ww£* I 43k St. #"fl
The Home and Farm. JL ffV L4 VOCUCI • c- E- GRAFTON DRUG CO.
' _ _| ” ^ -^ “ • PHONE 31.
VOLUME 24. BROOKHAVEN, MISSISSIPPI, DECEMBER 13, 1905. . . ~ NUMBER 70.
AMERICAN GIRL IN LONDON.
SINGER OF SOUTHERN PL ANT A
' TION MELODIES BECOMES
FAMOUS IN ENGLAND.
Is to Sing Old Negro Songs to King
and Queen. Has Declined Stage
Career, Preferring to Sing the Na
tive Songs of the Southland.
Another charming American girl
has set the fashionable world of Lon
don by the ears. She has sung her
way into their hearts and taught them
the beauty of old plantation melodies
until the English capital is fairly ring
ing with the sound of her praises.
This fortunate young woman is
Miss Clara Alexander of Memphis,
Tenn., and as pretty and attractive a
girl as ever crossed the water to Old
England. She is just now anticipat
ing lier appearance before the King
and Queen of England, and when
7S
V
MISS CLARA ALEXANDER.
this is accomplished, she will Indeed
feel that her success is complete.
A little more than a year ago some
interested friend of Miss Alexander
sent her on her journey to London,
armed with letters to prominent mem
bers of the social world there. One
of these was to the famous Mrs. John
Mackay, w^o became her social spon
sor, and practically made the clever
little girl from Tennessee the toast of
London drawingrooms.
Miss Alexander has never been on
the stage, but from her old mammy
in the south, and a score of servants
who had once been in her family, she
learned the real plantation melodies,
learned to sing them as only a girl
who spent her early life in the real
south could sing them. She learned to
imitate the old darky in all his quaint
characteristics and her triumph was
declared complete when she moved a
fashionable audience to tears by her
touching recital of a little negro poem.
W. S. Gilbert, author of “Pinafore,”
advised her strongly to go in for
emotional acting, and Lady Bancroft,
one of the shining lights of the Lon
don social world, and herself a talent
ed actress, offered to coach the young
American girl In the role of Juliet If
she would study for the stage.
Lady Ludlow recently lent her
splendid mansion in Portland Place
for a recital by this talented American
girl for- which the social world of
London cheerfully paid $5 a ticket.
Her services are constantly in demand
and with Mrs. Mackay and other in
fluential women to s.and sponsor for
her, this little girl from Tennessee is
adding fresh laurels to her crown.
And now she is to appear before the
King and Queen! The “command”
which has been sent to Miss Alex
ander is the same as that which goes
to every artist whom King Edward
and Queen Alexandra wish to hear.
- It is in reality^ an invitation, but is
called a “command” for the reason
that an invitation from thie King or
Queen brooks no declination and is
therefore, in a sense, obligatory.
Miss Alexander breathes the life of
the south in all her work and no
amount of persuasion will Induce her
to give it up for a stage career. She
is taking into London drawing rooms
and even Into the presence of His
Majesty, King Edward VII an atmos
phere of love, freedom and the pretty
Instincts which make of the southern
girl another type of the American
beautv which is ev*er a puzzle and yet
a veritable joy to our English friends
across the water.
IT PA YS TO DRESS IN STYLE.
Stirring Adventure of the Hon. Augus
tus Browne, in Cleveland. Ohio.
Things went very hard the other
day With the Hon. Augustus Browne,
of Cleveland, Cuio. As Mr. Browne
stepped off a street car during the
busiest hour of the day and at one of
the most crowded localities in Cleve
land, his well-made trousers caught
on the lower step—it seems that some
of the iron work was loose. Simul
taneously, the conductor started the
car, and the Hon. Augustus Browne
at once sat down upon the Belgian
blocks in a shocking manner. More
over, the Hon. Augustus kept
right along with the vehicle, towed
by the left leg of his expensive trous
ers, and presenting a .picture of unus
ual distress and consternation. What
made Jt worse was the fact that the
spectators on the sidewalk were dis
posed to be disrespectful. Mr.
Browne expostulated against the treat
ment he was receiving, though, of
course, in a perfectly dignified way,
; but the conductor was inside collect
i ing fares ,and did not hear him. At
| last, Mr. Browne’s suspenders gave
way with a mighty snap, and their
| owner was left sitting in the street,
with-the car vanishing into the dis
tance, and the trousers flying wildly
from the lower step.
Naturally, the Hon. Augustus
Browne couldn’t sit there in the mid
dle of the street indefinitely. Already
he had narrowly escaped a garbage
cart and two short-haired ladies on bi
cycles. So he arose and took a look
around. Excepting the loss of a pair
of beautifully-creased trousers and a
large assortment of abrasions, which
would perhaps cause him to take his
meals at the mantelpiece for a week
or so, Mr. Browne was in pretty fair
shape. He wore a very shiny silk hat,
a perfectly-cut frock coat, patent lea
ther shoes, a boutonneire, the finest
garters in the. market, and a suit of
union underwear fit for the most limp
id and illustrious legs in any land. It
is undoubtedly a sad thing to be di
vested of one’s trousers in broad day
light, but it was ventured, by an eye
witness. that there ought to be a
whole lot in a silk hat. frock coat,
boutonniere, patent leather shoes, and
improved garters. The frock coat must
have concealed any ravages caused by
the gentleman’s rapid transit over the
Belgian blocks in a sitting posture,
and otherwise.
On the whole it is a question in
Cleveland whether Mr. Browne should
attempt to collect excessive damages
from Hon. Thomas Johnson, the inno
cent owner of the car line.
Japan’s Grand Old Man.
MarquiB Ito, who was recently
stoned by a Japanese mob, is of com
paratively humble birth. His father,'
Juzo Ito. was a rustic gardener. Mar
quis Ito first went to Europe, stow
ing himself away in a bale of silk on
board a ship bound for Liverpool. He
was concealed In this bale for 36
hours, until he was discovered by one
of the ship’s officers. The reason for
his leaving Japan was that he desired
to escape the vengeance of the Con
servative party of that country, which
resented his more advanced views and
attempts to adopt Western manners
and customs in Japan. He is now
said to be the most Western Japanese
in the Occident, and spends probably
five hours a day reading European
newspapers and magazines. Yet, with
all, he is said to be the poorest Prime
Minister in this world’s goods, either
actual or retired in the world.
CHINA’S ARMY OF 40,000.
FOREIGN ATTACHES WITNESSED
RECENT FIELD MANOEUVERS
AMAZED AT RESULTS.
Japanese Training Apparent in Su
bordination and Discipline.—Mauser
Rifles Used, but Cavalry Service is
Inferior.
Evidence that China is shedding her
skin of conservatism and is preparing
to take her place with other Oriental
nations, is evidenced by her first regu
lar army manoeuvers, just ended at
Shangtung. A number of diplomatic
attaches, representing the military of
the principal nations of the world,
were present as guests of the viceroy,
Yuan Shi Kai, by whom they, were
lavishly entertained. To those who
remember the condition of Chinese
troops five years ago this feat of
raising an army of forty thousand
men to its present efficiency is mar
velous. There were some unfavorable
criticisms, to be sure; but all gave un
stinted praise for the complete control
of the troops and their steadiness of
discipline, the latter bearing compari
son with that of European veterans.
Armed With Modern Equipment.
The scheme of the manoeuvers was
the assumed invasion of Chile! by a
southern force from Shantung, whose
advance was opposed by the northern
army. The infantry were armed with
Mauser magazine rifles, with short
dagger bayonets. Officers carried
sword, revolver and field glass. The
private’s kit weighed fifty-four
pounds, knapsacks being of Japanese
pattern. The pioneers carried picks,
shovels and saws.
The cavalry were mounted on small,
Mongolian horses, and carried Mauser
carbines, sabres and revolvers. This
is regarded by the military observers
as being the weakest branch of the
army.
mere were no vom-toms, no sunk
pots, fire works, gods on poles, or hid
eous masks, in which the Chinese sol
dier of the past placed his whole re
liance.
Hand of Japan Discovered. ^
This wonderful transformation In a
few years, from an unorganized mob
of fanatics to a well equipped, intel
ligent army of defense, is said to be
due largely to Japanese influences.
One attache remarked that he had no
ticed at least twenty Japanese officers
among the troops. Many of the can
non are of Japanese type, and the
knapsacks are Japanese in design.
The fine hand of Japan is Been at
every turn.
The artillery consisted of field guns
of various types, $md Japanese moun
tain guns carried on mule back. The
guns were served excellently, and this
branch of the army appeared to be
efficient, though there was no signal
ing apparatus, and no range - finders.
Each regimental commissariat in
cluded thirty-two wagons, German in
pattern, but poorly constructed. The
rations consisted of rice, 1 1-2 pounds;
cabbage, 6 ounces; salted vegetables,
6 ounces, and meat 0 ounces, carried
in Japanese haversacks.
All things considered, the- progress
of China in her military organization
appears to be wonderful. With a few
more years of effort, aided by Japa
nese influence, with her inexhaustible
natural resources and her multitude of
men to draw upon for raw material,
China will be a formidable enemy and
a powerful ally in the development of
the East.
Texas Sulphur Deposits.
Texas, a State which claimed the at
tention of the whole country as a cat
tle State, and as a petroleum State,
will probably soon become remarkable
as a sulphur State. In the trans-Pecos
country In El Paso county, north of the
Texas Pacific Railroad, geologists com
pute that there are ten million tons of
40 per cent, native sulphur ore avail
able and almost in sight. The sulphur
area which has been explored and sur
veyed covers about ten thousand acres
and the deposit has an average thick
ness of nine and one-half feet. It has
been recently reported that this sul
phur field has been bought by Illinois
capitalists, who have associated with
them in the enterprise a number of
European capitalists. At present no
railroad is near the deposits, the near
est station being Toyah, twenty miles
to the horthwest. The intervening
country presents no obstacles in the
way of railroad construction, the
grades being low.
It is calculated that the United States
annually consumes 600,000 tons of sul
phur. Much of the sulphur used In
the United States is imported from
Italy, the tonnage brought in from that
country varying from 100,000 to 250,000
tons a year. The American State which
leads in the production of sulphur is
Louisiana, but a vast amount of sul
phur Is obtained from the pyrites
mines in Louisa county, Virginia. It
is said that the visible supply of sul
phur is sufficient for the requirements
of trade for the next twenty years.
The sulphur trade of the world Is prac
tically monopolized by the Anglo-Sieil
ian Sulphur Company, Limited, of Lon
An Enfeebled Giant.
It looks as if Europe had another
“sick man” on its hands, the mighty
Empire of Russia, although it may
not be incurable as Is the case with
Turkey, or chronic as is the case with
Spain. Nations, like men, go down In
the march of time. Russia is too
young, perhaps, to go to pieces like
Turkey, which in the days of the
English Tudors was the first military
power of earth, and too virile to go as
Spain did, which at the* time of
Charles V was the world’s foremost
military power. - .
A NEW EASTER LILT.
Crossing the Bermuda Flower with a
Philippine hpecies Is Successful.
If the expectations of the Depart
ment of Agriculture are realized with
experiments now going on, the price
of Easter Lilies will be much lower
next year. This will enable persons
who have been obliged to deny them
selves the luxury of an Easter Lily, to
purchase this beautiful flower with
out laying themselves open to the
■charge lof being extravagant. Thie
high price of this spring flower is
caused through the long growing
season of the bulb before it bursts in
to bloom. From the time the bulb
of the Bermuda lily is planted until
it is in full bloom is a period of live
to seven months. Florists usually
plant the bulbs in September in order
that they may be ready for the com
ing Easter. They have always been
studying the flower with a hope of
shortening the time of growing, for,
in greenhouses, time and space are at
a premium, and any shortening there
of represents a decided gain.
The Bureau of Plant Industry of
the Department of Agriculture early
last year took up this problem and
imported from the Philippines a lily
resemblng thie common Easter lily In
size and color, though it bears usually
only one, but at times two flowers to
the plant. Its chief virtue, however,
lies in the fact that its growing sea
son is but two to thrtee months. This
lily the department has crossed with
the common Easter lily, and the re
sult has been a hybrid, bearing as
many flowfers as the old Bermuda Illy,
with no difference in appearance from
this plant, except that the hybrid will
develop in four or flve months, rep
PUBLIC TIMBER GRABBING.
PRESIDENT’S COMMISSION ANX
IOUS THAT CONGRESS SAVE
AMERICAN FORESTS.
Second Instalment of Commissions
Report—Protests Against 640 Acre
Homestead Scheme—Repeal of Lieu
Land Law.
Two pieces of public land legisla
tion which, engaged the attention, of
Congress last winter were the 640
acre, or square-mile homestead bill,
and the lieu land timber bill.
The former was defeated the latter
was passed, both properly. Under
the 640-acre bill it was sought to in
crease the 160-acre homestead entry,
covering some twenty million or more
acres of land in South Dakota and
Colorado, to 640 acres, the claims be
ing that the land was not sufficiently
productive to support a family on 160
acres, and that 640 acres would be a
proper unit. A similar bill was also
introduced to include tlie lands of the
entire state of Montana.
These measures were vigorously
opposed on the ground that 640 acres
were either too much for a farm or
else not large enough for stock graz
ing exclusively, and also on the
ground that the agricultural capabili
ties of this, or in fact, any part of
the west are not thoroughly under
stood and that land which may to-day
be# considered of little use for agricul
ture, will, under improved methods of
culture and the introduction ot
drouth-resisting plants, be found to
morrow to be entirely suitable for
j farming purposes. As & matter of
AS THE NEW QUICK FLOWERING HYBRID LILY APPEARS
resenting a shortening in time of
from one to three months. While the
experiments of the Department are
not yet completed, the results attain
ed so far warrant the belief that the
new hybrid Easter Lily can be pro
duced vastly cheaper than, the old
variety.
Starting in Early.
One year the gardener told me that
the rose bugs threatened to work de
struction among my choice roses. So
I hit upon the idea of hiring my two
youngsters to pick them off and de
stroy them ten cents a hundred
bugs. This worked beautifully for a
short time, until suddenly there came
a devastating horde of the pests. Dick
grasped the situation at once and sal
lying forth invited his friends to as
sist, at five cents per hundred, sub
contracting, as it were, while he did
the bossing and pocketed the profits.
fact the Department of Agriculture
has within the past year, grown mac
aroni wheat to the extreme western
boundary tof South Dakota in crops
ranging from fifteen to twenty bu
shels per acre and Colorado’s semi
desert lands have, under “dry-rarm
ing” methods, yielded up undreamed
of and highly profitable crops. The
bills, In question, however, were re
ported upon adversely by the Secre
tary of the Interior and the Commis
sioner of the General Land Office
and also by ^the 'Public Lands Com
mission, as is shown by the following
printed report
Timber Lieu Lands.
One of the most detrimental ~of the
land laws has been what was known
as the lieu land selection law, which
provided that where rorest reserves
are created by the government set
Deforested Land
in Minnesota,
»
Timber Scene on
Gove rnmen t
Lands in Oregon
. -
That night I had a bill of $3 from
poor tired Arthur, and nearly $14
from my enterprising and business
like younger hopeful. So 1 reduced
wages to ten cents per thousand,
whereupon i.iey promptly struck. The
next day I found them hard at work
picking rosebugs for a confiding
neighbor, at the original price, white
my bushes were left to their fate.
—.. ^ ^ »
tiers or private, corporations owning
lands within such boundaries might i
select In lieu thereof any public land l
not reserved, and this right was trans
ferable. The result was that parties
sold their lieu land rights and these
were purchased by giant timber syn
dicates and lumber corporations for
speculative purposes. The title to '
hundreds of thousands of acres of
land embraced within the forest re
serves naturally almost bare of forest
cover or which had been stripped of
their timber and left worth perhaps
a dollar an acre, were thus purchased
by -corporations and exchanged on an
even basis for the finest government
timber lands' of the northwest. Sev
eral bills were introduced to amend
this law, but finally, after much con
troversy, the entire act was repealed,
greatly to the dismay of the timber
grabbers, and this mode of robbing
the government stopped.
A bill was also introduced repealing
the timber and stone act and provid
ing for the disposal of timber in the
manner recommended by the Public
Lands Commission, but this bill slum
bered and finally died in the Public
Lands Committee of the House of
GIFFORD PINCHOT
U. S. Forester and Member of the Public Lands
Commission.
Representatives, the opinion of the
majority of the members of that com
mittee being, apparently, that the
timber grabbing should be allowed to
continue; The strictures of the Presi
dent’s Public Lands Commission,
quoted below, on the coils of the law
are a sufficient condemnation of its
maleficient provisions.
The second instalment of the Com
mission’s report follows;
The agricultural possibilities of the re
maining public lands are as yet almost un
known. Lands which a generation or even
a decade ago were supposed to be valueless
are now producing large crops, either with
or without irrigation. This has been
brought about in part by the introduction
of new grains and other plants and new
methods of farming and in part by denser
population and Unproved systems of trans
portation. It is obvious that the first es
sential for patting the remaining public
lauds to their best use is to ascertain what
that best use is by a preliminary study and
classification of them, and to determine
their probable future und development by
agriculture.
Until It can be definitely ascertained that
any given area of tbe public lands is and
in all probability forever will remain nn
suited to agricultural development, tbe ti
tle to that land should remain in the Gen
eral Government In trust for the future *
settler.
For example; The passage of the recla
mation act (June 17, 1902) made certain
the disposition to actual settlers of large
areas of land which up to that time had
been considered as valueless. Other areas,
which are too high and barren to have
notable value eveu for grazing, are now
known to have importance in the future
development of the country through their
capacity to produce forest growth. The
making of wells will give an added value
to vast tracts of range lands for which
the water supply is now scanty. In short,
because of possible development, through
Irrigation, through the introduction- of new
plants and new methods of farming,
through forest preservation, and grazing
control, the remaining public lands have
an importance hitherto but dimly forseen.
In view of these facts It Is of the first
Importance to save the remaining public
domain for actual home builders to tne ut
most limit of future possibilities and not *.
o mortgage the future by any disposition
of the public lands under which home mak
ing will not keep step with disposal. To
that end your Commission recommends
(see p. 12) a method of range control under
which present resources may be used to the
full without endangering future settle
ment.
After the agricultural possibilities of the
public lands have been ascertained with
reasonable certainty, provision should be
made for dividing them Into areas suffi
ciently large to support a family, and no
larger, and to permit settlement on such
areas. It Is obvious that any attempt to
accomplish this end without a careful clas
sification of the public lands must neces
sarily fall. Attempts of this kind are be- -
lng made from time to time, and legisla
tion of this character Is now pending,
modeled on the Nebraska 640-acre home
stead law, which was passed as an experi
ment to meet a certain restricted local con
dition. This act (33 Stat., 647) permits
the entry of 640-acre homesteads In the
sand-hill region of that State. Whether in
practice the operation of this law will re
sult In putting any considerable number of
settlers on the land is not yet determined.
Your commission Is or opinion, after care
ful consideration, that general provisions
o fjhis kind should not be extended until
after thorough study of the public lands
(Continued on next page.)
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