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The Semi-weekly leader. (Brookhaven, Miss.) 1905-1941, January 06, 1906, Image 2

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THE LEADER
B. T. HOBBS, Editor.
HROOKHAVJCN : MISSISSIPPI
Miss Mary Tilllnghast, of New York,
la one of the most successful design
ers of stained glass windows in Amer.
tea.
Prison statistics show that in this
country 12 men to 1 woman are im
prisoned. In Franco It Is 5 men to 1
woman.
Murders and homicides decreased
more than 2,000 in the United States
In the last ten year3. Lynching^ de
creased one-half.
i' or shaving a customer with a rasor
that had not been disinfected, a barber
at Eisenach, Germany, has been sent
to prison for a month.
The sawmills of the McCloud River
Lumber Co., near Redding, Cal.,
closed for the winter recently, after
making a record season’s cut, 78,000,
000 feet.
ivlx)lit one hundred years more will
be required lo complete the work of
making a topographical map of the
country, which was begun by the
United States government in 1882.
When President Loubet presented a
handsome typewriting machine, fitted
with the Persian alsphabet, to the shah
of Persia, that auspicious monarch
feared It contained an evil spirit and
•ifed it thoroughly boiled. 1 j j.
Magnetic ore, or black oxide of iron,
is the richest of ores, containing only
oxygen and iron, and yielding 73 per
cent, of iron by weight. It is found
mainly in the older rocks, and in Eu
rope the best form of it is found in
Sweden. It exists also In Russia,
Canada and several of the American
states.
It is the opinion of Dr. Hunter Mc
Guire, of Virginia, that tuberculosis
will exterminate the Negro race in
this country. The death rate of the
Negro is already twice that of the
whites, as a whole, while in towns and
cities it is nearly three times as great,
and the proportion is constantly on the
increase.
One of the discoveries recently made
that is of the greatest value to the
commercial and industrial world is
the demonstration by the government
geological survey that a ton of bitumi
nous coal will produce two and a half
times as much power when put
through a gas producer as when
burned under a steam boiler.
The postmaster general is in favor
of the revocation of the franking priv
ilege. It is said to have cost the gov
ernment $19,822,000 last year. Had
«** wuimvu uccu paiu xui
at the regular postage rates, that much
more money would have come in.
But, of course, the free privilege was
the incentive to loading the mails.
Shipments of anthracite coal during
the month of September, which totaled
5,082,232 tons, showed an increase of
over a million tons if compared with
a similar movement in 1904. During
the first nine months of 1905 ship
ments of this commodity reached a
total of 45,387,810 tons, as compared
with 42,179,888 tons in 1904 and 47,
086,293 tons in 1903.
In 1876 the Universal Peace union
in Philadelphia celebrated the tenth
anniversary of its foundation, together
with the centenary of the independ
ence of the United States of America.
Some American officers then gave their
swords for transformation into a plow
as a symbol of peace. This plow is
exhibited in the hail in which the
court of arbitration on the Alabama
question sat.
With its annual average of about
8,000,000 bales, Texas raises between
a third and a fourth of the entire cot
ton crop of the United States, and
more than is raised in all the world
outside of tnis country. In its cotton
belt 12,000,000 or 15,000,000 bales could
bp raised annually if there were a
market for it, and before many more
years pass there will be a market.
Nearly everything grown in the tem
perate and torrid zones is grown, or
can be grown, in Texas. It has vast
tracts of good timber lands and inex
haustible deposits of coal, lead, zinc
and other minerals.
A Mexican fanner, Don Luis Ter
razas, has what might be called a tidy
little farm at Chihuahua—about 8,000,
000 acres. Takes the Mexican Cen
tral trains more than half a day to
cross it. Don Luis is thought to own
more than a million cattle, but a baga
telle of 100,000 or so more or less
UX5VC-* UV/tlH510 111 All. 1110 0U1U1C CUU*
6ists of some 100,000 horses; his sheep
fold of 700,000 sheep. From 200,000 to
300,000 calves are branded with his
brand every spring. More than 1,000
cowboys and so on keep his cattle on
a thousand hills.
For 40 minutes she had been pro
nounced dead by Dr. William S. Law
fence, of the city dispensary staff, St.
Louis, Rosie Fisher, 21 years old, who
took carbolic acid early in the morn
ing, continued to breathe spasmodical
ly as she lay on an operating table.
She was practically dead when she
reached the dispensary, Dr. Lawrence
said, and her heart and pulse beats
stopped a few minutes afterward.
Spinal reflex respiration, very rare, but
not unkonwn to medical science. Dr.
Lawrence said, was responsible for
the breathing after life was extinct.
Engraving on diamonds can be per
formed in a very effective manner. It
Is true a few not very artistically en
graved stones were found in India, and
a diamond on which the portrait of
the king of Holland was engraved was
shown at the Paris exposition of 1878.
But the work was imperfectly exe
cuted, and the stones looked as if they
had been deadened rather than pol
ishpil Recently, however, according
to the Edelmetall Industrie, the Paris
jeweler, Bordinot, has produced some
very beautiful specimens of engrav
ings on diamonds._
What a marvelous change has been
made in the world during the past
half century. Fifty years ago thera
•were no rotary presses, no typesetting
machines, no telephones, no trolley
lines, no automobiles, no electric
lights, no ocean cables, no rapid-fire
guns, no steel ships nor turbines, no
X-rays nor radium, no antiseptics, no
agricultural machinery, no great steel
bridges, fire-proof buildings nor stUr
pendous sky-scrapers. Japan had only
Just been opened to the outside world,
and China was having her doors
forced open in the same way.
GOV. VARDAMAN’S MESSAGE
Jackson, Miss., Jan. 3.—Following is a
synopsis of Gov. Vardanian's message,
which was read in both houses of the
Legislature today: ^
To the Senate and House of Represent
atives:
Profoundly grateful to the beneficent
Being whose sleepless eye and tireless
hand guides the bird in its pathless
course, makes plain the proper ways of
men, and shapes the destiny of nations,
for the unprecedented material pros
perity enjoyed by the people of Missis
sippi for the two years just passed, l
congratulate you, my countrymen—the
immediate representatives of the peo
ple—upon the favorable auspices un
der which you reassemble to perform
the functions of the important offices
which you hold. The people of Missis
sippi have not only enjoyed most mar
velous material prosperity, but in edu
cation und thought there has been
marked progress, and in matters politi
cal great ethical growth. This latter
I attribute largely to the transference
of political power and authority from
the boss-dominated convention to the
patriotic white suffragist who rules the
State with his ballot, deposited at the
primary election.
A great deal is expected of this Leg
islature. The character of the men
who compose it justifies that expec
tation, and the exigencies of the situa
tion demand that that expectation be
fulfilled; and also, that every hope en
tertained or prediction made of your
wise action during this session shall be
realized. The w<}rk to be done is both
remedial of existing conditions and an
ticipatory of future necessities. One is
just as important as the other. The
failure to provide foie'either would be
extremely unfortunate and mark a de
gree of recreancy, which a true Missis
sippian is Incapable of. The responsi
hi 1 i t iiOC flnvnli'lnn* unnn n ln/vin1.<tei< vir, !
far-reaching in their consequences ami
varied in their character, affecting vi
tally the weal or woe of the people
whose commission he holds.
Financial Condition.
The State Treasurer’s report discloses
an unsound condition in the State’s
finances and emphasises the necessity
for immediate remedial legislation. The
obligations of the State must be
promptly met and the public faith sa
credly preserved. Scientific? financier
ing and the broader statesmanship con
demn the policy of borrowing from the
fund collected to defray the expenses of
the State government for the year
1906, to pay the current expenses of the
government for the year 1905. That
policy has been in vogue for the past
three or four years. It was resorted
to for the purpose of overcoming a defi
cit in the treasury brought about by
the failure of the last administration
to issue bonds, authorized by an uct of
the Legislature, approved March 2,
1900, to "raise money for the purpose
of erecting a new State House.” That
act authorized the issuance of one mill
ion dollars of thirty-year 4 per cent,
bonds. Instead of issuing the million
dollars of bonds to pay for the new
State House, the cost of erecting the
building and furnishing it were paid
out of funds intended to be devoted to
the payment of the normal current ex
penses of the State government. The
delicit, therefore, which confronts us is
not altogether chargeable to the pres
ent administration, but it comes to us
as a legacy from our predecessor. To
supply in part that deficit the Legisla
ture. by an act entitled "an act to au
thorize the issuance of State bonds for
the purpose of defraying the expenses
of th.e State government, approved
March 18, 1 904,” authorized the Gov
ernor to issue five hundred thousand
dollars of bonds. In pursuance of said
act, in the manner and form prescribed
therein, I sold at par to N. W. Harris &
Co., of Chicago, 111., “five hundred thou
sand dollars of thirty-year bonds of the
State of Mississippi, payable in teji
years or any time thereafter at the op
tion of the State, bearing interest at
the rate of three and one-lialf per cent,
per annum, interest payable semi-an
nually.” The proceeds from this bond
sale were covered into the Trehsury, as
will be shown by the records of that
office. Fearing that that amount wrould
not meet the demands upon the Treas
ury for the year 1905, the Legislature,
by an act entitled “an act to raise
revenue to carry on the State govern
ment of Mississippi for the years 1904
05, approved March 22, 1904,” author
ized the Governor to “borrow when
ever necessary during the year 1905,
throe hundred thousand dollars at a
rate of interest not to exceed five per
cent, per year, payable on or before
January 15, 1906.” In pursuance of
that act, and by the authority thus con
ferred upon me, I borrowed three hun
dred thousand dollars from the Missis
sippi nan k and Trust Company, of
Jackson, Miss., for which amount I gave
eight notes for $25,000 each, and two
notes for $50,000 eaph, dated July i,
1905, payable January 15, 1900, and
bearing interest at the rate gif five per
cent, per annum. I trust that you may
provide for the payment of these notes
at maturity, and thereby avoid any
possible inconvenience to the bank
which handled the matter for me upon
exceedingly favorable terms to the
State. 1 might have been .able to have
borrowed this money at four and one
half per cent, interest, but in order to
have done so would have been forced to
have taken it for a longer time than
six months. Confronted, as we are,
with a deficit in the Treasury, let us
consider the remedies at hand. In my
Judgment there are but two ways out
of the trouble. Either issue bonds to
pay for building the Capitol and fur
nishing it. which cost in round num
bers $1,200,000, or increase the tax levy.
I think the former the wiser course to
pursue. There is no justice in making
the present generation pay with money
worth ten per cent, for building the
Capitol and furnishing it, when the
State can borrow the money at three
per cent., and thereby put a portion of
the burden upon the coming genera
tions who are to enjoy the use and ben
efits of the Capitol.
The condition of the State's finances
calls for prudence, wise economy, deep
concern for the honor of the State, ana
Invokes the higher order of statesman
ship to handle the situation properly.
Everything that savors of extravagance
or prodigality should be avoided, as we
should also avoid everything that
smacks of the niggardly and parsimoni
ous. Tile people of Mississippi are able
to bear any burden of taxation or do
anything that may be necessary for the
moral, educational and material pros
perity of the people of Mississippi. The
amount of money invested for the good
of the people is of no concern, if we an.
sure that the monev thus invested will
yield profitable returns and that the
people will be made better and richer
for the investment.
I submit the matter to your greater
wisdom, confident that you will do that
which Is best.
The Penitentiary.
In my inaugural address, delivered
before the joint session of the Legisla
ture of Mississippi, January 19, 1904,
discussing the penitentiary manage
ment, I recommended the “abolition oi
the Board of Control and substituting
therefore a department of the State
government to be under the direction
and control of one capable man, select
ed as the Legislature may provide,
whoes duty it shall be to direct and
supervise the working of the convicts
as the law may prescribe.” The rea
sons then urged for the proposed
change in the penitentiary management
are equally cogent now, and applica
ble to present conditions.
I said: "The disadvantages of the
present system are that the responsibil
ities are divided among five men, whose
other official duties, if properly per
formed, will consume all of their time.
It presents a case where no one man is
responsible for the acts of five.” An
other reason: "The duties of the office
of superintendent of the penitentiary
call for special qualifications and train
ing, which the Governor, Attorney Gen
eral and members of the Railroad Com
mission may not possess—in fact, they
do not possess. Where something is
to be done my observation is that boards
are awkward, slow, inefficient. One
responsible, capable head is worth
more than a dozen boards of-contro*.
After two years of earnest, sincere and
patriotic service to the State as a mem
ber of the Board of Control, I am thor
uugiuy cunvmueu uiiu tue ut
the public service demands a change in
the penitentiary management; and I am
also convinced that if .the recommenda
tions made by me two years ago had
been adopted it would have redounded
to the pecuniary interest of the State
and of the moral and physcial well-be
ing of the convicts. While the State
has realized a very considerable reve
nue from the work of the convicts, it
has also contributed a very large reve
nue—the products of the convicts’ ton
—to swell the fortunes of favored pri
vate individuals. It is an easy matter
to make money planting cotton in the
Yazoo-Mississippi delta, when you own
the labor, pay no taxes or interest, and
the products sell for a good price.
The business methods of the Board of
control are illustrated by one or two
acts, which I shall mention. In Sep
tember, 1903, the Board of Control had
under its management about 20,000
acres of land belonging to the State.
On the Parchman place, in Sunflower !
county, there were about 5,000 acres i
open or cleared, with 8,000 acres to be |
cleared. This cleared land originally, 1
like the uncleared land, was heavily
timbered with the finest oak, ash and 1
gum timber, the greater portion of
which was deadened and permit* d to
rot on the land. The timber alone was j
worth as much as the land originally !
cost the State, if it had been cut and j
marketed by the convicts, instead of ;
working them on the land of private In
dividuals. There were 1,200 acres of j
cleared land on the Belmont place; 600 I
Jr 800 acres cleared on the
Rankin farm, with 700 or 800 .cres
more of splendid land on that farm to 1
t>e cleared, and 1,500 acres of cleared
and on the Oakley place, the greater
portion of the latter being leased to .
the people around in the neighborhood
for one and two dollars per acre.
With all of this land cleared and to
be cleared, Improvements to be made,
ditches to be dug and houses to be
built, we find the Hoard of Control con
tracting with a State Senator to work
his delta plantation on shares. We find
the Board of Control contracting with
a member of the Legislature to work
his plantation on shares. We find the
Board of Control contracting with the
nephew of the then president of the
Board of Control for a plantation be
longing to this nephew, for which the
Board of Control paid $6 per acre,
twelve months In advance. We find
the Board of Control, at the same time,
contracting with two other distin
guished gentlemen, prominent in poli
tics, for their delta plantations to be
worked on shares. The Board of Con
trol made money after giving half of
the products of the convics’ toil to these
private individuals thus contracted
with, but it was money coined out of
the blood and tears of the unfortunate
convicts. It was money made in a way
which every sense of humanity revolts
at. It involved the violation of the
law and tlie betrayal of a sacreJ trust.
But, if money-making Were the sole
aim and end of the penitentiary, the
leasing of the lands of private Individ
uals was a mistake. If the State can
make money working a private indi
vidual’s lund and giving that private
individual half of the products o<. the
convicts' toil, I cannot understand why
it cannot make more money working
its own land and keeping the entire
products of the convicts’ toil. If all
the convicts had been concentrated and
worked upon the State’s land in 1903,
and a capable officer had been placed in
charge of the penitentiary, every acre
of the State’s land susceptible of culti
vation would now be cleared and capa
ble of yielding annually six or eight
thousand bales of cotton and ample
corn and food products to maintain the
convicts and live stock.
In December, 1904, tile present Board
of Control made some very commend
able reforms, as far as it went. All
plantations belonging to private per
sons were discarded save onlv the one
oeionging to state Senator H. J. Mc
Baurin, whose ' fertile land,” hypnotic
power, political pull and long enjoy
ment of a robust share of the revenues
arising from convict labor seems to
have clothed him with the modern
brand of divine right to the perpetua
tion of that special privilege. I ho_ped,
however, that that was the last effort
the Board of Control would make to
lease the land of private individuals, or
lease the convicts to private individ
uals, but in that I was disappointed.
At the December meeting, 1905, the
board undertook to enter into another
contract witii State Senator H. J. Mc
Baurin, which was so flagrantly a vio
lation of the law that I felt it to be my
duty to appeal to the courts to pre
vent the execution of the contract.
The Chancellor held the contract void
and the case was appealed to the Su
preme Court, where it is now pending.
In all essential respects, the prime
purpose of the penitentiary has been
overlooked by tlie Board of Control.
Instead of being conducted fbr the ben
efit of the criminals—a kind of moral
hospital, where the moral cripples could
be treated—the question of making
money for the State and favored few,
has been the end sought to be attained.
'I'he State of Mississippi cannot afford
to profit by crime. It is an unpr ditable
industry, it matters not how much
money the State may derive from it. ■
The penitentiary should be self-sus
taining. It is capable of being made a
source of great revenue—but humanity
demands that everything should be
done by the management of the peni
tentiary which tends to correct the
moral obloquy in the convict by im
proving his physical and mental condi
tion. There is no objection to making
money, unless it shall be done at the
sacrifice of the man. I am more inter
ested in the salvation of men than I
am in hording gold. If we could only
understand that it is more difficult for
some men to do right than for others
to do wrong—that our acts are often the
result of influences set in motion by I
the unconscious deeds of some forgot
ten ancestor, we would be more chari
table in our judgment and more hu
mane in our treatment of the poor fel
low who. burdened with the accumu
lated infirmities of others, falls by the
wayside of life.
If the convict be a low-bred, vulgar
creature, congenitally corrupt, inured
to physical and moral filth, brutal and
inhuman treatment, so much greater
the necessity that he should be given
kindly treatment, a decent bed to sleep
on, and sanitary surroundings in the
penitentiary. He is there to be im
proved and not degraded. Bet the light
within his benighted brain be bright
ened; let this piece of humanity, "plun
dered, profaned and disinherited,” be
friend and is willing' to correct, as far
as it can, the ‘'perfidious wrongs and
immedicable woes" which brought him
to the miserable thing he is. Man is
the creature of heredity and environ
ment, and the influence of the latter is
more potential in the formation of
character than the former. Therefore
the environment of the convict in the
penitentiary should be so ordered and
colored that the unfortunate individual
would be better for having suffered im
prisonment there. Punishment under
our system is not inflicted in the spirit
of revenge, but rather for correction—
in love rather than hate. I believe the
penitentiary management should be au
thorized and empowered by the'Legis
lature, with large discretion, to use a
portion of the products of the convicts’
toil over and above the cost of convic
tion, keeping and maintaining him, for
the use of his family, if they be needy
and deserving, or if he has no family,
or some one dependent upon him, let it
be reserved in the State Treasury to
be given to him when he shall have
served out his term of sentence. If
there is any doubt about the worthi
ness of the convict or his ability to
rightly appreciate this special favor, if
the management in its wisdom think
it wise to give it to him at all, let the
money be disbursed under the direction
of the Chancery Court of the county of
the convict’s residence.
No one knows, save those who have
experienced it, how hard it is for a poor
fellow, crushed and spiritless, to come
out of the penitentiary penniless,
friendless and almost hopeless, to get a
start in the world. The brand is upon
him, and the back of the world’s hand
is against him, even God’s Providence
seems estranged. But if the State
would only give this poor creature a
portion of the money which he by his
own labor has made during his term of
imprisonment, it might give him hope;
it might afford him aii opportunity and
stimulate him to go and try again to
retrieve that which he had lost by his
own indiscretion. It might be the
means of giving him a start upward
and of enabling him to become a useful
citizen. Whereas, if left unaided by
the State, the current of his own im
proper life might irresistibly carry him
back to the maelstrom of crime and
end his sad career in a felon’s grace.
I say jt with profound regret, but
without fear of successful contradic
tion, that for many years the peniten
tiary has been the one festering sore
upon the body politic—poisoned by the
virus of private personal cupidity—the
most corrupt and corrupting influence
in State politics. Votes were controlled
in conventions and nominations made
with the sole end in view of leasing
some political dictator’s delta planta
tion. If you question that statement,
read the history of the penitentiary of
Mississippi. I make no charge of per
sonal dishonesty. They may have been
the victim of a nefarious system or pol
icy of long standing.
The penitentiary property has greatly
enhanced in value. Including lands,
live stock, farming implements, etc., to
gether with the labor of the convicts, it
represents now a capital invested of
nearly two million dollars. To manage
an enterprisce of that magnitude and
at the same time to do justice to the
convicts calls for the highest order of
1IIIC IIILV*,! I CHIU UUOI IlCOO vt*
pacity. The penitentiary farms should
be the model farms of the State. They
should be used to demonstrate upon a
large scale the advantages to the farm
ers of experiments made at the Agricul
tural and Mechanical College on a small
scale. Scientific agriculture, tile drain
ing, fertilization of soil, growth of
plants should be the lessons taught
upon the State’s plantations. Intelli
gent direction, with the absolute con
trol of-the labor, would make that easy
of accomplishment, and at the same
time pecuniarily profitable to the State,
and also instructive to the convjct,
which lessons would be ofJase to hftn in
after life.
Public Education.
Public education is a matter of pro
found and abiding interest to' the peo
ple of Mississippi and the maintenance
of a system of free public schools, has
become a fundamental tenet in our po
litical creed. But people have fads
about education, as they do about
everything, and are liable to go to un
profitable extremes. The enthusiast
weaves a most alluring fabric of glit
tering theories; in his hands he holds
the panacea for all the social ills—and
to carry out his world-having plan he
would spend all the money in Christen
dom and mortgage the future. Where
the supply of money is limited it is
well for those charged with the dis
bursement of the State’s revenues to be
careful that the money appropriated
for school purposes shall be invested
so as to bring the largest educational
returns. I believe a dollar invested in
the development of the. mind of the
white child and the cultivation of the
mind of the white' man and woman is
the best investment the State ever
made. On the other hand, I believe
every dollar invested for negro educa
tion under our present free school ys
tem Is an indefensible and unwarrant
ed prodigality of cash. It Is a crime
against the white man who furnishes
the dollar and a disadvantage to the '
negro upon whom it is spent. Discuss
ing the question of education in my in
augural address, delivered to tb« Joint
session of the Senate and House of Rep
resentatives January 19, 1904, I said:
"One of the most rational and profit
able duties of a free government, it
seems to me,. Is to educate its children.
Education means only the development
of the good there is in man, the vitaliz
ing of those dormant forces which build
and complete that potential moral enti
ty called character. It Is a wise econ
omy in this, that if a man or a citizen
be made better by education the gov
ernment will share his improvement,
and the enlightened moral sentiment
will write the laws of the land. But
when I speak of the government edu
cating its children I wisli it under
stood that I do not mean it is the duty
or the hope of the State to give every
boy and girl a technical education or
a course at college. That is practical
ly Impossible. We have colleges and
universities which the State must main
tain, and maintain properly, but the
first, the paramount duty of the State,
is to provide means for giving instruc
tions, at least in the rudimentary
brandies, to those children whose pe
culiar environment and impecunious
condition render it impossible for them
to get it any other way. If the State
will place at the door of all of her chil
dren an opportunity to obtain even a
common school education, such as is
given in the best graded public schools,
she will have done well. I want to
impress this truth as I see it: That
it is of much more importance to start
the child on the road to an education—■
to lay the foundation in a well-directed
common school—than it is to finish it
in a government-supported university
or college. If the fo'..'dation be prop
erly laid, and there is a”v merit in the
child, it will complete lie superstruc
ture without gover’immtal aid. It
should be the policy of tho State to do
for the citizen only ‘hat which the
citizen cannot do for himself. The best
type of man is tilt, self-develoned man.
I am deeply Interested in the beginning.
Hike the acorn shaken from the twig
by the passing bree .e it tells into the
•lust below, and whlie it conWns with
in its little shell th ; germ of the great
oak, it remains an icorn still, until the
rain falls and moh tens the earth, the
life-giving rays of the sun pierce its
mold, and. bursting open the door of its
prison cell, the stimulating air fans its
folded leaves to life, it rears its infant
head to the light and sends forth its
ramifying roots to gather material with
which to build the giant of the forest.
A few years of cultivation and direction
and it will care foi itself. So it is
with the sturdy boys and girls of the
rural districts of Mississippi. They
need only the sunlight of an opportu
nity to awaken the sleeping genius,
one draught from the Pierian spring
will create a thirst for knowledge that
will remove mountains of obstacles to
gratify it. But withovt that oppor
tunity, without the whittled thirst for
knowledge, the glorious possibilities of
that mind would never be developed.
"How many a rustic M lton has passed
by.
Stifling the speechless longings of his
heart
In unremitting drudgery and care!
How many a vulgar Cato has compelled
His energies, no longer tameless then,
To mold a pin or fabricate a nail!
How many a Newton to whose passive
ken
Those mighty spheres that gem infinity
Were only specks of tinsel fixed in
heaven
To light the midnight of his native
town—"
all because of the want of opportunity
—the necessary climate to germinate
the seeds of genius which had fallen in
the sterile dust of adversity. Yes, my
fellow citizens, the first duty of the
State is to provide schools, improved
facilities for the instruction of the
masses in the rudiments of an educa
tion, especially those of her citizens
who live in the country districts. The
city schools are good enough. Until
that can be done, until the children liv
ing away from the towns and cities in
the backwoods are given the same op
portunity to acquire a common school
education that is enjoyed by the chil
dren resident in the city, let us not es
tablish any more institutions for high
er education than those we already
have. Thus far what I have said on
tile subject of education has been with
reference solely to the white children.
What shall we do with the negro? Cer
tainly the education suited to the white
child does not suit the negro. This has
been demonstrated by forty years of
experience, and the expenditure in the
Southern States of nearly three hundred
millions of dollars. It was natural and
quite reasonable, immediately after the
made but a superficial study of the ne
gro, to expect that freedom, equal edu
cational facilities and the example, and
precept of the white men, would have
the effect of improving his morals and
make a better man of hint generally.
But it has not, I am sorry to say. As
a race he is deteriorating morally every
day. Time has demonstrated that he is
more criminal as a free mam than a*
a slave, that he is increasing in crimi
nality with fearful rapidity, being one
third more criminal in 1890 than he
was in 1880. The startling facts re
vealed by the census show that those
who can read and write are more crimi
nal than the illiterate, which is true of
no other element of our population. I
am advised that the minimum of illite^.
racy among the negroes is found in
New England, where it is 21.7 per cent.:
the maximum is found in the black
belt—Louisiana, Mississippi and South
Carolina—there it is 65.7 per cent. And
yet the negro in New England is four
and one-half times more criminal, hun
dred for hundred, than he is in the 1
black belt- In the South, Mississippi
particularly, I know he is growing
worse every year. You can scarcely
pick up a newspaper whose pages are
not blackened with an account of an
unmentionable crime committed by a
negro brute, and this crime I want to
impress upon you, is but the manifesta
tion of the negro’s aspiration for social
equality, encouraged largely by the
character of free education in vogue,
which the State is levying tribute unon
the white people to maintain. The
better class of negroes are not respon
sible for this terrible condition, or for
the criminal tendency of their race.
Nor do I wish to be understood as cen
suring them for it. I am not censuring
anybody, nor am I inspired bv ill-will
for the negro, but I am simply calling
attention to a most unfortunate and
unendurable condition of affairs.”
Taxation.
There is no question in which the
people are so universally interested as
the question of taxation. It is the one
thing which affects every class of the
people. Placing the burdens of gov
ernment upon all men and forms of
property alike in the proportion that
they are able to bear it, it is the great
desideratum in government. Money,
notes and similar forms of property
should be taxed and made to bear its
part of the expense of maintaining the
government. Railroads, the great
manufacturing enterprises, telephone
and telegraph lines and similar forms
of property, should be taxed upon their
real values and worth in the market,
just as the farmer’s home is taxed.
I commend for your consideration the
enactment of laws bringing about that
result.
Public Health and Quarantine.
The invasion of the State by yellow
fever last summer and the probable re
currence of the disease next summer
renders it necessary for th protection
of the people from this dread malady
that the Legislature should make some
changes in existing laws and ample
provision for the possible emergency.
I submit for your consideration the fol
lowing sunggestions:
First—Invest the State Board of
Health, or some similar organization,
with plenary power to regulate and
control by rules promulgated, all in
fected localities.
Second—Empower the Governor, act
ing in conjunction with the health au
tnoriues, to use tae state mimia as
quarantine guards.
Third—Let the State bear all ex
penses of maintaining the quarantine.
Fourth—As it requires active oo-op
eration of all practicing physicians In
the infected localities to fight success
fully the yellow fever, the State Board
of Health should be vested with au
thority to revoke the license of any
practicing physician who refuses to
obey and carry out the rules promul
gated by the said Board of Health in
infected localities.
Fifth—There should be created an of
fice to be filled by an honest and cap
able man, learned in the science of
medicine, to be known as field officer
of the Board of Health, who should be
paid a salary sufficient to command the
services of a capable physician, and
whose duty It should be, under the di
rection of the State Board of Health, to
go to Infected localities to take charge
of and inaugurate a campaign for the
extermination of the disease. This of
ficer might be used during the yellow
fever season to watch all the southern
ports and look out for the appearance
of the fever in South and Central Amer
ica and Cuba, and sound the note or
warning at the approach of danger. I
think it would be "wise to have him
spend a good deal of his time between
April and October In the city of New
Orleans, La.; Mobile, Ala., and along
the coast of Mississippi. Our experi
ence with New Orleans last summer
renders It imprudent for us to depend
upon the health authorities there to
announce the appearance of fever. If
the State had had an offleer of this
character last summer I am confident
that the yellow fever would not have
gotten into the State at all. Leaving
out the question of health, the loss sus
tained by the State of Mississippi on
account of the epidemic, all due to our
failure to have some one announce the
appearance of yellow fever in New Or
leans, cost the people of Mississippi for !
maintaining quarantine guards and |
other expenses about $45,000. and de- ;
preciation of property several million '
dollars, t feel quite sure that if we i
had been advised of the existence of
fever in New Orlenns thirty days before 1
it was announced there, we would not
have had a single case in The State of .
Mississippi. Every necessary precau
tion was taken as soon as the tever
was discovered in New Orleans, to pro
tect the people of Mississippi; but to
our great disappointment we discov
ered that the enemy had appeared in
our midst before the health authorities
of New Orleans announced to the world
that that city was honeycombed with
the disease. The failure of the Legis
lature to make an appropriation to de
fray the expenses of maintaining the
quarantine made it necessary for the
Governor to borrow the necessary
money with which to pay the expenses.
Lunatic Asylum.
One of the beneficent results of civ
ilization is the care and attention given
by the government to the unfortunate
members of society. The weak and
afflicted of every race and condition
in life are a charge upon the more
fortunate members of society and have
a vested right in the products of every
man’s toil to the extent of maintaining
life and insuring humane treatment.
There is no class of the unfortunate
members of society that appeals to me
quite so much as the insane. The loss
of one’s reason is the closing of the
window of the soul, the shutting out of
all that is beautiful, good and true—
a calamity more to be dreaded than
death itself. Mississippi is not as gen
erous in her treatment of the insane or
mentally sick as she hould be.
I call your attention to the report of
the special commission appointed by
me to make an investigation of the in
sane hospitals of the State, and to re
port their findings “with such recom
mendations as their judgments might
dictate.” You will find in this report
strong food for profitable thought, and
I trust that after investigating the
matter thoroughly you may see fit to
vote the necessary money to make the
improvements so much needed in this
hospital.
State Judiciary.
Growth of population, material pros
perity and increase in business have so
multiplied the work of the courts that
the necessity for a number of new
circuit and chancery court districts is
apparent to every thoughtful and ob
servant person. I am advised that in
the counties of Harrison and Perry that
the business for the courts has in
creased to such an extent that at the
last term of court, held in these coun
ties, only felony cases were tried, on
account of the limited time. That con
dition, I am told, obtains in other coun
ties. The law’s delay is the cause of a
great deal of crime. Nor is it economy
to overwork and underpay a judge.
The State should be willing to pay for
the services of a faithful and efficient
officer what such services are worth.
When one considers the fact' that the
Chancery Clerk of a county gets a sal
ary of three or four thousand dollars a
year, while the Chancellor and the Cir
cuit Judges are paid only $2,750, the in
justice and absurd inadequacy of the
salary becomes apparent. After paying
his traveling expenses and other ex
penses necessary in the performance of
his duty, there is left scarcely enough
of the Judge’s salary to maintain the
most frugal family.
State Bank Inspector*.
There are no Institutions in this State
in which there is more confidence re
posed and greater interest intrusted to
than the “banks. They are often the
custodians of the net earnings of a life
time of toil and self-abnegation. It is
the duty of the State in all matters
within the province of the government
to give care and protection to the inter
ests of the citizens of the State. It is
also the duty of the State to protect the
legitimate business enterprises from
competition with unreliable and illegit
imate business enterprises. The banks
doing a safe and conservative business
will not object to the creation of this
office. It cannot possibly do them any
harm. The banks conducting an un
safe business need the watching which
this law will provide, and the patrons
of such banks are entitled to protection
against them. With that end in view,
1 reccgnmend the creation of the office
of State Bank Examiner, whose quali
fications, duties and term of service and
the general functions of the office to
be prescribed by the Legislature.
Pension of Confederate Soldiers.
I deem it a matter of supererogation
to call your attention to the obligation
of Mississippi to maintain a system of
liberal pensions to indigent and needy
ex-Confederate soldiers. The care and
jnaintenance of the remnant of that
gallant band who sacrificed so much
in defense of their country’s honor forty
years ago is an obligation resting upon
every Citizen of this State, and one
which he should thank God for the
privilege of absolving. I trsut that a
broad liberality, coupled with a deep
sense of personal obligation, guided
by a wise prudence, may characterize
your action upon tms master.
Soldiers’ Home.
The home for Indigent Confederate
soldiers, established two years ago by
the State at Beauvoir, the home of the
late President of the Confederacy, Jef
ferson Davis, will doubtless command
a continuation of your favorable con
sideration. It has in truth and in fact
proven an ineffable blessing to the
homeless and penniless ex-Confederate
soldiers of Missisippi who have taken
refuge in it. Under the term of the bill
making an appropriation by the last
session of the Legislature, the trustees
of the home were unable to use about
six thousand dollars of the amount ap
propriated. The capacity of the home
is limited and new cottages should be
built in order that all deserving and
needy applicants may be permitted to
share the benefits of this benefaction
which the State has vouchsafed to
them.
Child Labor.
“ ’Tis education forms the common
mind,
As the twig is bent, the tree is in
clined.”
The greatest product of any country
is men and women, strong of mind and
body and rugged virtues. We cannot
hope to have such, if the health of the
child is impaired, its growth stunted
by hard usage, and its mind starved
by unremitting drudgery dring the ten
der years of infancy. The age and
hours of child labor is an unquestioned
prerogative of the State government to
regulate, and it is also the duty of the
State government to do so.
Public Roads.
A good public road is one of the ad
vantages and conveniences concomitant
with the higher civilization in rural
communities. The improvements of
the public roads by taxation, or work
ing them with convict labor under the
direction of competent State and county
officers, is one of the pressing necessi
ties of this State. There is no matter
in which the people living in the rural
districts are more materially interesteu
than in the improvements of the public
highways. It is indispensable to their
welfare and to the development of the
material, mental and moral possibilities
of the State.
I submit this question for your con
sideration.
Oyster Commission.
I call your attention to the report of
the Oyster Commission and invoke your
immediate consideration of the question
of reimbursing the banks of Biloxi,
from whom we borrowed the necessary
funds to pay the expenses of the Oyster
Commission. The Legislature, under a
misapprehension\with reference to the
law, failed to make an appropriation
at the last session. And as there was
no money available it became neces
sary to borrow it from private institu
tions. The fees collected by the com
mission haver' been turned into the
treasury and the report shows that they
are largely in excess of the amount dis
bursed by the commission for the past
two years. I trust you will make the
necessary appropriation at once.
State Boundary Suit.
The Legislature, at its last session,
failed to make an appropriation to pay
the necessary cost incident to the prop
er management of the case now pend
mg in me supreme uouri oi me united
States to determine the boundary line
between the States of Louisiana ana
Mississippi, but with the use of the ex
ecutive contingent fund I managed to
keep the mill grinding. The question
involved in this controversy was of
such importance to the people of the
State that I could not permit the State’s
Interest to suffer on account of the
failure of the Legislature to provide for
the employment of attorneys to pre
sent the State's side of the contro
versy. I therefore employed the Hon.
Monroe McClurg, cx-Attorney General
of Mississippi, and the Hon. Hahnis
Taylor, of Washington, D. C.. to repre
sent the State of Mississippi, and
agreed with them that I would recom
mend the payment of a fee of $15,000,
which I think quite reasonable. The
case has been argued ,and submitted to
the Supreme Court of the United States
and a decision is expected very soon.
JAMES K. VARDAMAN-.
Buling by the Attorney-General.
Attorney-General Williams has made
a ruling in regard to the filing of char
ters for appoval in the future. The
chancery clerk of Harrison county re
fused to record a Gulfport charter for
the reason that the proof of the Publi
cation was accompanied by the printed
notice cut from the paper in which it
appeared, instead of by the original
document itself. As a great many ap
plications have been sent in with print
ed slip only, and as many with the
original document, the attorney-gen
eral has decided that hereafter, for the
sake of uniformity, all applications
must be accompanied by the original
draft, along with the proof of the publi
cation.
r—***■—■■ .
Fridge Want* More Funds.
Adjutant-General Fridge does not
see how he is to manage the affairs of
the national guard of the State on the
present appropriation of #7,500, with
#2,000 of that held out for emergency
purposes, and in his biennial report to
the legislature will state that #18,000 is
the smallest sum that can be gotten
along on. It is one of the conditions of
the Dick military bill under which the
national guards of the several states
are now operated, that the State en
campments must be held every sum
mer. • That was not done in this State
last year, for reasons that are well
known, though every preparation was
made to hold it near Gulfport. It is
possible Gen. Fridge will have some
trouble in getting his pro rata from the
United States government next year,
wua Lcaauu.
Boys Badly Burned.
The town of Carrollton bought several
cans of blasting powder to celebrate
Grover Cleveland’s last election to the
presidency in 1892. The cannon was
overloaded and burst, and one can of
the powder remained untouched and
was stored away in an old store. There
it remained until this summer, when
the old store was torn down and the can
of powder set over in the courthouse
yard, among same old rubbish. A
crowd of small boys were playing in the
court house yard and found the old can
of powder. Not realizing the danger,
they began to experiment with it and
the result was a terrible explosion.
John H. McBride, son of Dr. J. A.
McBride, was seriously burned about
the face and limbs, and Randolph Smith,
son of F. R. Smith, county treasurer,
had his face and hands badly burned.
The escape of the boys from instant
death is almost a miracle.
Thanks for Teddy.
Natchez Camp No. 20, United Con
federate Veterans held a special meet
ing to appoint a committee to draft
resolutions thanking President Roose
velt for his recommendation in favor of
the nation caring for the graves of Con
federate soldiers who died in Northern
prisons during the war between the
States, and fui’ther thanking him for
his recommendation of the name of
Wm. T. Martin, major-general of Con
fpHoppfp parolpv fr»r» thp nfttno nf nnef.
master of Natchez. The committee
will incorporate a paragraph thanking
the president for appointing Capt. John
Russell, a one-armed Confederate vet
eran, to the office of collector of the port
Capt. Hardy Hade Judge.
Gov. Vardaman appointed Capt. Wil
liam H. Hardy, of Hattiesburg, as judge
of the Second circuit court or seacoast
district, which became vacant on Janu
ary 1. Capt. Hardy is one of the best
known men in Mississippi as a lawyer,
legislator and developer of the resources,
having been a leading mover in the
building-of fhe New Orleans & North
eastern and the Gulf & Ship Island
railroads, which have been so largely
instrumental in developing Southern
Mississippi. He is also a member of
the code commission, but his appoint
ment will in no way conflict 'frith his
duties as a member of that body, whose
duties are practically concluded.
Suit Against Distilling Companies.
J. S. Sexton, the attorney for Copiah
county, and also the attorney for the
town of Hazlehurst, has brought about
a dozen suits against the Walker Dis
tilling Company of St. Louis, Mo., and
the Harvest King Distilling Company
of Kansas City for $500 in each case,
the penalty provided by section 1590 oi
the code of 1892, for selling liquors un
lawfully in the county and town.
These suits will doubtless be followed
by others. _
New Electric Railway.
Good progress is being made on the
proposed electric line from Jackson to
Clinton, and it is believed that it is go
ing to be successfully financed and
pushed to completion during the next
jew months. In the event the road is
built to Clinton* which is a great col
lege town, it will eventually be carried
on further west, to Vicksburg, and
probably to Ravmond and Cooper’s
Well. _
Dies from Injuries.
Dr. T. P. Coleman died at Oxford
last week as a result of the injuries sus
tained in the wreck of the Illinois Cen
tral passenger train recently. Dr. Cole
man was one of the leading physicians
of North Mississippi, known and loved
by a host of friends. He had practiced
medicine at Oxford for many years, and
was one of the oldest and most respect
ed citizens. _
For Protection of Same.
The Lauderdale county sportsmen
held a meeting to take action looking
to securing legislation for the protec
tion of game and fish, a matter that is
being earnestly considered by sports
men in many other sections of the
State. _
Lady Wants Light.
A lady correspondent of the railroad
commission, writing from Scranton
wants to know what right the railroad
has to issue and to sell tickets to New
Orleans at a rate that is two-thirds less
than the regular fare. She declares
that she was insulted by the conductor,
and jumped oil in the mud and water,
knee deep, just because she was travel
ing on one of those cheap tickets. At
the same time other passengers travel
ed on similar tickets. She is now suing
the company, and wants the commis
sion’s idea of the cheap ticket business.
Attempt to Wreck Train.
A dastardly attempt to wreck train
No. 132 about three miles south of
Batesville was made by some miscreants
putting three ties over'the track. The
engineer discovered the obstruction in
time to reverse his engine, and prevent
ing a disastrous wreck, as the obstruc
tion was placed on a decline with
ditches on either side.
/ Mrs. Birdsong Given Bail.
Mrs. James S. Birdsong, charged
with the murder of Dr. T. H. Butler in
Monticello, has been granted bail in the
sum of $1,000. _
Prominent Citizen Drowned.
The body of A. F. Cameron was dis
covered near Bay St. Louis in Jordan
river, only a short distance from where
it is thought he was accidentally drown
ed. Mr. Cameron was a prominent cit
izen of Bay St. Louis.
Poultry and Pet Stock Show.
The fifth annual meeting pf the Mis
sissippi Poultry and Pet Stock Associa
tion was held at Aberdeen last week,
where they had on exhibition over 1,000
birds. It was the largest and best lot of
birds ever exhibited in Mississippi.
QUARANTINE SILL
To Be Presented at a Caucus by John
8. Williams.
Chattanooga, Tenn., Jan. 2.—Col. N.
E. Thompson, editor of the Tradesman,
is in receipt of a letter from Hon. John
Sharp Williams, minority leader in
congress, in which he says that imme
diately upon the reassembling of con
gress this week he will call the South
ern'representatives and senators to
gether for the purpose of agreeing upon
a bill to regulate quarantine matters in
the South to be at once pressed for
passage, and which will conform to the
resolutions adopted by the Chattanooga
quarantine conference.
Mr. Williams was chairman of the"
quarantine committee at the conference
and it was through his efforts that
a unanimous report was obtained from
his committee, which passed the confer
ence with but one dissenting vote, being
by Senator Mallory of Florida.
It is believed that Senator Mallory
will not object to the bill when it comes
before the senate, while all Northern
representatives and senators are will
ing to pass any bill regulating quaran
tine that the Southern members will
agree upon. _
WORK AND STUDY.
Preacher Believes the Social Disorders
Arise from System of Education. *
Chicago, Jan. 2.—The present educa
tional systems were attacked by Rev.
E. A. Paddock, president of the Idaho
Iudustrial Institute in an address de
livered before the co-operative class at
the First Congregational Church of
Evanston yesterday. The speaker de
clared the average college graduate is
a complete failure when called op to
make his living by manual labor and
the whole educational system tends to
create a feeling of caste. He urged as
a remedy that students be required to
devote at least half of the day to learn
ing a trade.
“I believe the social disorders which
are prevalent in this country today
arise from the fact that our system of
education is all we can get,” he said.
“We are training one faculty only and
sacrificing the others. The remedy is
to be found in a half-time school where
the student will be kept half a day at
his books and taught some trade dur
ing the other half. The half-time
school system would arouse ' a whole
some feeling of respect for fellow work
ers and would tend to break down feel
ing of caste.”
EMANCIPATION PARADE.
Several Persons Beaten Up by Ne
groes in Savannah.
Savannah, Ga., Jan. 2.—Thousands
of negroes paraded here today in honor
fvt f Vio cii rrnlnre
proclamation. The parade was marked
by the greatest disorder. Capt. J. C.
McBride, a former officer in the United
States army, now in the newspaper
business in Georgia, attempted to cross
the line and was set upon and badly
beaten.
A street car conductor who endeavor
ed to run his car through the line,
which extended about two blocks, also
was painfully hurt and forced to leave
his car.
A photographer who attempted to
take a picture of the parade was run
from his post by the negroes, who ob
jected to the taking of the picture.
This was the first time in a quarter
of a century that negroes have paraded
in the day without military escort, the
negro companies having been disarmed
by an act of the last legislature.
BUSINESS WOMAN WEDS.
Mrs. Florence Davis Yields to the
Whisperings of Cupid.
Indianapolis, Ind., Jan. 1.—Mrs. Flora
Davis of Shelbyville, known among
traveling salesmen and wholesale deal
ers as the most successful business wo
man in the State, and estimated to be
worth $500,000, all of which she earned
herself, was married this evening to
Harry Carson, a broker and real estate
dealer.
Mrs. Davis was a poor girl at the age
of 12, with the assistance of a friend
opened a millinery store on a small
scale at Shelbyville. She attended the
public schools in the morning and at
tended to her store in the afternoon,
and later when she had accumulated a
small sum of money, she arranged to
recite at night to her teachers and de
vote the day to her business. When
she was 19 she was head of the largest
business house in Shelbyville.
Several years ago she purchased ono
of the largest business blocks in Shel
byville and entered into competition
with the older merchants, and since
♦ on Vwin ctnWA Vino Vutnn AV>1 n
eral times and she now employs the
largest number of clerks in the city.
It is understood that Mr. Carson will
become the active manager of her bus
iness after their return from their
bridal trip._
KILLED BT WOMAN.
Oklahoma Business Kan Shot While
Breaking Into Boom.
Oklahoma City, Okla., Jan. 2.—Miss
Barbara Toxer today shot and killed
F. C. Clayton, a business man of this
city. The woman asserts that Clayton
attempted to assault her and she shot
in self-defense. Clayton, the woman as
serts, forced his way into her room,
when she fired. The bullet entered
Clayton’s heart. Miss Toxer, who is
25 years of age, was placed under arrest
pending an investigation.
FOB OPPBESSED JEWS.
Texas Zionists Adopt Plan to Pre
pare Home for Their Race.
Houston, Texas, Jan. 2.—The Texas
Zionists today perfected an organiza
tion of independent State association.
Indorsement was given the territorial
movement, and espeeial study is to be
given this plan, which in effect is to at
once provide a home for oppressed Jews
without awaiting the consummation of
the Palestine colonization plan. There
was some advocacy of attempting set
tlement of European Jews in Texas.
Abbott Disappears.
Bessemer, Ala., Jan. 2.—This city is
greatly wrought up over the disappear
ance of J. E. Abbott, produce merchant.
A month ago he opened a house here.
He began to receive carload shipments
of eggs and poultry from North Ala
bama and Tennessee, which were sold
in this district. When creditors opened
the closed doors last night nothing of
value was found. Shipments of game
made to him will amount to hundreds
of dollars. Abbott is described as 38
years of age, handsome and distin
guished in appearance.
BECKHAM HAS THE CALL
Kay Be Kentucky’* Senator—Leader*
Opposed to Him.
Frankfort, Ky., Dec. 31.—With the
Democratic senate and house caucuses
only twenty-four hours away, Gov. J.
C. W. Beckham is being frequently
mentioned as the man whose'nomina
tion would settle what promises to be
one of the most memorable and stub
born senatorial deadlocks in the history
of Kentucky. During the past twenty
four hours the situation has changed
but little, there being no perceptible
variation in the strength of United
States Senator Blackburn and Judge
Thomas H. Paynter, the leaders, nor
of W. B. Haldeman, the man who, with
the smallest number of votes, appar
ently holds the key to the situation.
Haldemen men are apparently standing
firm. Both sides are still claiming suf
ficient strength to nominate the speaker
of the house, but as the Blackburn and
Haldeman forces have apparently com
bined to organize the house, the poll of
their announced supporters seem nu
merically the stronger. However, the
speakership race is complicated by the
fact that some of the legislators are nob
following the lines of division which
prevail in the senatorial fight.
Lieut.-Gov. Thorne has announced
that in case Gov. Beckham should be
put forward as a candidate, he will re
sign, thus allowing the president of the
senate pro tem. to become governor.
“COAL OIL JOHNNIE7, DYING
In Poverty—Squandered Three Mil
lion in Seven Months.
Franklin, Pa., Jan. 1.—In a little
house on the MofFatt farm, a few miles
out of Franklin, John Steele, known
throughout the petroleum world as
“Coal Oil Johnnie,” is dying tonight of
pneumonia. The one-time multi-mil
lionaire is dying practically in provertv.
“Coal Oil Johnnie” it was who, in the
early sixties, made a record for spend
ing money which has never been
equalled. From a penniless, ignorant
lad of the Pennsylvania oli country, he
was dumped into a world of money
something like $3,000,000—and he made
a new world’s record for spending. In
side of seven months he had not one
cent left. He had made no bie oil in
vestments, in which fortunes were then
made and lost in a day, but he had
simply spent the money in lumps of
extravagance.
Steele was 21 years of age at the time
he had this money left him, and he pro
ceeded to buy not only everything he
liked the looks of, but everything his
friends liked, be that an opera troupe,
a railroad, a city block, a needle or an
anchor. He made one trip to New
York, and walking into a hotel, demand
ed of the proprietor what he wanted
for the place entire. A price was
named and paid on the spot. Steele
then bought all the cabs in sight and
presented the outfits to the drivers.
One of the favorite tricks of “Coal
Oil Johnnie” was lighting his cigars
with $100 bills. It did not take him long at
this rate to run through a big fortune,
and soon Steele was back to making oil
barrels at $1.25.
MRS. STANFORD S DEATH
Was Due to Strychnine Poison, Say
Honolulu Officials.
Honolulu, Jan. 1.—Local officials and
physicians who were concerned in the
investigation into the death of Mrs.
Jane Lathrop Stanford in this city, ex
pressed indignation over a cabled report
to the effect that President Davis Starr
Jordan of the Leland Stanford Uni
versity, has made a statement in Den
ver, Col., alleging that the claim that
she died from poison has been made
the basis of a plot by the Honolulu offi
cials to extort largp fees. Dr. Hum
phreys declared today that the report
was a vicious falsehood.
In reference to the alleged statement
by Dr. Jordan that all the facts in the
case would soon be made public, it is
said this would be answered by a scien
tific statement signed by the attending
physician and all the autopsy physi
cians, backed by the chemists’ post mor
tem reports, all the doctors agreeing
that death was caused by strychnine
poisoning.
GOLD AUTOGRAPH ALBUM
Containing Names of Cubans to Be
Presented to Miss Roosevelt.
Philadelphi, Pa., Jan. 1.—An auto
graph album wrough in gold and hand
painted and containing the signatures
of hundreds of prominent citizens of
Havana who have sent it as a wedding
gift to Miss Alice Roosevelt, has been
brought to Philadelphia by Dr. G. P.
Mascaro, who is studying at the Uni
versity of Pennsylvania.
After it has been on exhibition for
some time in the Cuban consulate in
this city, prominent natives of Havana
residing here will be invited to inscribe
their names therein and the album will
be taken by Dr. Mascaro to Washing
ton and turned over to the Cuban min
ister, who will make the presentation.
DEFALCATION GROWS LARGER
Daugherty May Have Made Way
With a Million.
Peoria, 111., Jan. 1.—The defalcation
of N. C. Daugherty, chairman of the
school board, is growing larger daily.
A month ago it was estimated that $60,
000 would cover the shortage. It is
now learned from the authorities that
$300,000 has been stolen in the last three
years and that the total for seven years
is $600,000, with a strong possibility
that the total for the 18 years of his
incumbency will go over $1,000,000.
KNIGHTS OF ZION
Holding Their Annual Convention
in St. Louis.
St. Louis, Jan. 1.—The eighth annual
convention of the Order of Knights of
Zion, which is the Western branch of
the Federation of American Zionists,
opened today with over 250 delegates
from all over the country, including
hi any distinguished Jews throughout
the West. The object of the conven
tion is to further the Movement for tha
re-possession of Palestine for the Jews.
Andrews Decline-.
Cleveland, O., Jan. 1.—-Horace E.
Andrews, president of the Cleveland
Electric Railway, today announced that
he had declined the recent offer to him
to become president of the London Un
derground Railway System.
Hew Insurance Company.
Atlanta, Jan. 1.—The Atlanta-Bir
mingham Life Insurance Company, re
cently organiz ed, has asked for a chat
ter. The capital stock will be $1,000.
000 and the incorporators are prominent
Atlanta and Birmingham capitalists.

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