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,.,riED EVEftY. TH.tJRSlU BT
A P JII' " ' -r""v"f Offic. 08 the South tide of the Square., Aline end of the year, 5J ArtheWM interM t One D.lhr , q V. . i; r...fia first IllSMUiltl. iHV - a. -i. pniieiit iiiri-rtiiiii . . iifhf WSIHflurwi" ;--r-., Advertisement, not iii;.rkl ; theiinoih. Anf Iheretioirmitdf iA nhvertiwrmi, jfer the fit insertion, ilU.bjeof .tile .in Lxtfucbarg. ,:i . ?: itv.'.-fii liNnHBixir .liMsrtntiniied until i.rrear & Hre nwd-elcVjiyat the oi,ti.i....f JIm lublishef. ". ' ' ,. , i , &J0B WORK-Kxcr.ir,. itl .tieutni $5 despatch, on lu-rilewte' trims pivl e Jlieiithe worn nenvem ExTltAOT PROM THE SPKECH OF la. Cumms, 'o'fn. cox thij ter IitoriaIi question. If gentlemen Smn that the Union, upon the princi- fei of the Constitution is desirable, , I lill mt controvert that opinion.; ;Uul fe Union never cou'd have been form without the written Constitution.- i, it yon now, by your action, practi- y U-stroy trie (jonstmition, tnosp nrerl. if bl to resist, wi't noM bmit 'h.t instrnment wn ordained, in its 'wn language, to "establish justice, m m rfnms-itic tr nnm nv. iina sccur? ,e Ossing of liberty" to all parties- it namely, of the freemen of the ni"n. it, .inereiore, tuinur us in t 'oss injustice is none, insn rri-cti'':?- cjted,nnth. citizens of part of tin- t . 1 1 i , i .i .1.! fstp pif.Hcaiiy pnsiaveu, men ,uw uinn iiuirhi not to.sf.tnu, as an Itistril- iRiit of it; .uid oppression. , , 'iiiure ,iv i i r.Highnul, t-ie South a i-"Hr t.i. :uu .iit t the union of 1 1st - 'iit s ' l his sentiment rests not so I'ldi upon aiiv calculations of inter ;! aioti limtori.: associations fc trie rmllectinns f ci union ancestral ke a pride itl the name of the U. S s, id in bing members of a great re- ftiblic that furnishes a cheering exam ple to the friends of liberty through btthe world. But the events of, the pt few yers are rapidly weakening fits feehng. Seeing that there ap- nrpd to be a settled purpose in the Worth to put thorn to the wall,' many f mir peopleregnrding a dissoKition If the Union as the result of this jierp'ixion, have looked ftrw rd to jlie consequences of such a state of things. I I submit it, then, Mr. -Chairman.. ad vance that for their parts they intend 10 suumil to whatever Hie mnjoniy may do, ore taking the best course to aid our assailants, aud need not wonder if the country regards them as enemies of the South.. , ' , If northern gentlemen wiH do ns justice op this great question, we may consent to submit to lesser evils. , VVe may acquiesce in a most oppressive re venue system.; We may tolerate a most unequal. :disitrib,ut)on of the pubtic fex penditures. We may bear the loss of our fugitive s aves. incurred, because the Legislatures of the 'northern States have nullified ah essentral provision of the Constitution; without which the Union could iiot riave been formed, hecatise mere pecunary Considerations are not controling with us. : Ve may allow that the northern States shall keep up and foster in 4heir bosoms, abolition societies, whose main, purpose is to scatter firebrands thquhont the South, to incite: servile insurrections, and stimulate, by licentious, pictures our negroes, to invade the persons of our white women. Put it, in addition to all these wrongs and insults, ycu in tend to degrade, and utterly ruin the South, then we don't go it. ' We do not. love you, people of the North, well enough to beeonie your tlaves. -.God has given us the. power jand tha. will to resist. .,; Our fathers, acquired our lib env bv the sword, aiid with it. at eve iV hiizaid. we will 'maintaiti it. ' IJnt before resort imjf to that iiHtrumetif, "i'it'1 th xl aM ,cna.4ituw(niat njeaii should be e'xh rusted.-It U, sir, a wvv provision -ol Providence that kss force' is required ti resist nri attack than to make'it. The- Constitution oj the U. States lias beerf - ell framed on thuse principles. While, therefore, a major ri v is necessary to pass a measure, one tilth of the members may demand the vpus and .nays.,, In spite, therefore, of any 'change?! rule which the majori our people to unjust submission. In tlie mean tune the southern States could in convention, taktj.such steps as might be necessary to assert their right to a share in the public territory If this interregnum were to continue long,, it might drive both sections to make provisional govern irients, to become permanent plies' in the end;"; ! But it is ad vised, in certain portions of tbe northern press, that the ' members trortl that section oueht to expel ' such as intemtpt -1procmlingr1--Let 4hi try the experiment; .1 tell gentlemen that this is our slavehblding territory. We do not intend to leave it. , Jf they think they can remove us it is a proper case for trial. ;In the present .temper of the. public mind, H is probable thut a collision of the kind here might elec trify the country, as did (he little skir mish at Lexington, the colonies in their then excited state. ( Such a struggle, whoever might prove the victors in if, would not leave here a quorum to do business. Gentlemen may. call this treason-high tredson--the highest treason that the world ever saw. But their words are idle. - We shall defeat their movement against us. But even ill thought otherwise I would rather seethe South, like Poland, under the iron heel of the conqueror. I would rather that she should find the fate of 'Hnugary.- ;. -, ,; , i: .., - It was but the other day, and.nrjder .durown eyes, that the gallant Hungarians-., ussciied their, independence. Thougli in ihtf ajidtof, and struggling agaiust ihQse, two immense empires timtcomu tiring more man a minion ot armed men into the field, they were successful at' fust in beating down the powerof Austria.' It was not untill some of her sous became traitors that Hun gary was finally joverpowered, bbrrie down, and pressed to death by the long columns and gigantic strength of Russia If necessary, let such be our fate. - . f . tional provision stands, a minority of one-ruth or more, if nrm, anu sustained bv fhe people at home, can stop the wheels of the Governnitut. If, it is ascerftined that no proper settlement can be gotten of the Ter'ritortal ques tion, it would be in the power of the smithern members to defeat all the appropriation bills, and bring the Gov ernment Id n dead halt. Perhaps it might be ell to give such a cup to northern gejitlemeif; for I well remem- ber,.that when the civil and diplomat ic annronriation bill was under - I l i con iimU ..t - .u., siripratioii. with the nmenafnent irom jhey had better make up their minds j the Seilate khown'as Walkers, which In rive 9 m nnrp fnir cottlompiu- would have settled the question-ol int cheat ns bv nmre en.niv form.i slavery in the Territc-ries, a number Jvit'ioni reality, but give something nhsiantinl foe the South VVe might ac quiesce in the Missouri rompromtseline i . .. fsrifiuidiriuiviaiially prefer, nnder all. herircnmsiances, giving up the wbole f California, provided we "could h.ive Jill on this side of it, up to about the par allel of 40, not fr from the, northern fine of the State of Missouri' , rather ihan its southern 36 30. We would lni8 by getting the whole ol New Mex ico, and having (he mountain chain ma desert on the west, obtain a prop er frontier. We might then acquire, fit some future day, whether unite4 or aiviued, possession of the, country a Jong the Oulfot Mexico, well suited to be occupied by onr slave population. ionirmVJTvTOniDCtio.p; "hi . P ".''y tongess on this tern- i "n . nat af,er 11 nns tew left open f ""ciasse-tor a proper penrtd,' the r-j..iymayinen, when they make consututmn, determine tm f .emselves whether they will permit lVervornnt TK . ,, "o 'uvij, win fliiw-sre ,n my reaRonahe sei(emHn(i I lint- whe WP nsk for justice, and t- r'Kl "'one, we are nn't hv tho 4 r8 '"'uitaiie cry of "Union, Union!'' f, I am disgusted with it. When, ii ?""u o! robbers had surrounded i fe'ng, and when, the inmates at mpted to ' resfst, the assailant shoul. 9 th shout of "Peace-unionhar-3" If they will do ns justice do. .not need their lectures. A fg as they refuse if, their declaration.- miserable, hypocritical cai nen i these things come, trom'sonthe. 8". I have everi less resrect for thm -ven theniost cbwardlv men. whp jreatened with persona! injury,;do not , -j aunounce m advance that they ujn t0 s"b'nit to all the chastisemen '"ir !n 8ll,r6rsary may choose to hu 'cl And those narsnna nrhv AAin, - ie tegressive attitude . of the North; earn m r of northern gentlemen resolved to de feat that bill and all other business by constantly cnllhig for yeas and nays it they drd not succeed in striking out lliiit .meiidment. 1 recollect perfectly that while 1 was pressing a ' ennsylva nia member to vote against striking out that amendment, which was tbe pen ding motion, a member of high stand itig'frorn Massachusetts said tp me, "You need not give yourself any trou ble about this maiter; if we do not. suc ceed in changing it, we shall prevent its adoption by having fhe -yeas and nays on motions to adjourn, and Calls of the House: till the end oftne ses sion." From similar ? declarations made to me bv a number of .northern gentlemen, I went through fhe House, I ii. tu iki uuuin tnn cmi, liij Bint, enough had agreed to have enabled them to effecf theif purpbse, if the mo tion to change the amendment . had failed. It is not long since, top, that another citizen of Massachusetts (Mr, Jpn,N DAVis)defeated the two million bill then, pending in the Senate, by spealving till the end of the session As northern gentlemen have therefore been accustomed to this mode of resis tance to such measures as they do not ike, I take it that they would hardly complain of this kind of retaliation. Itell gentlemen-: that if we cannot in advance get a fair settlement of this question, I should be pleased to see the civil and diplomatic bill, the army and navy bill and all other appropriations. fail. , We should thereby make every irhcer and every expectant or public rodney directly interested tn having justice none to tne soutn. ' H iWonia be far better .to , have this temporary inconvenience or a; year pr two,,than hat we should see a bloody nvoiution .r something worse.' I hold lTtb -be the duty of every sontherrrj Tepresen iativeto stay here and prevent, till the wpetterTwr Where the extingit&hcd Spartans still are free, In their proud charnelof Thermo pylae -,;:.- i ' RiitKer let the future traveller, as he passes over a blackened and desert waste, at least exclaim, "Here lived and died as noble a race as the sun ever shone UDon." If we were to wait until. your measures were cou sumated, and your coil, like that ot a greats. rpent, was. completely arouna us, then we might be crushed, oeeing the danger, we have the wisdom and the con rage to meet the attack now, while we have the power to resist. Wemnst prove victors in, this strug gle.1 If we repel the wave of aggres sion hoW we shall have peace. ' The Abolitionists, deleated before the coun try on the main issue, will not have power to molest us. 1 ' I have thus, sir, frankly spoken my opinions on this great question, tyitli no purpose to menace, but only to warn Gentlemen of the North ought them selves to see that while submissiorj to what they propose would be ruinous to us, it would not in the end be ben eficial to their section.' Seeing then, the issue in all its bearings, it is. for them to decide. . They hold in their hands the destiny, of the.existing gov ernment,. Should circumstances a l viae us. I wish that vou may prosper. From all mv knowledge of the elements' of vimr 8iocir, 1 huv doubts. That we shall, tinder 'the favor" 'of Provi ; Below we publish somo noticesof a' remarkable typo, the hero ot one of the stories in Professo Nott's' .'"Novelettes of a Traveller." ! When a boy we fe meratjtr to have been mnch interested in his adventures and recollect now to have - been engaged in 'aiirveytng (whilst a student) that identical field of swamp ground near Columia S; C; in which boor Tom was snake-bitten. We arC pleased to 4iear thatSThomas Singleterry alias Tom Singularity is still m the land ofthe jiving arid should this meet his eye and he' i out of era". loyment, we will cheerfully give him a berth. in our office, for the sake of associations connected with our earlier davs.-wED. MiiDisoMAir.1 'i .'' f We .recognifce, ' in the ners'on des cnbad in the following article, an old acquaintance,, who has worked oc casionally in our ofnse, but never more than 9 few weeks at a time. His name is written on our book Stephen fT. and not Thomas , From the des cnption however, the' Singleterry of the American Sentinel, must be the same old Typo who "came 'tramping along,'! for the first time, in our little town the JSth of February, "1835. r He continued with us then just one month -"-quite a long time for him to stay in anyone place-and left lor parts tin- Known, traveling, as we believe he al ways does, on foot. . We never expect- ed t see him again- Bat about eight years .afterwards- sometime, in .43, we think-the old gentleman made his appearance, again. . He dropped snd denly into our office, travel worn in ap- pearance, ana wun xpapsacK in nana. We recognized his, countenance and voice at once, but conldnot remember his singular name. - Taking usfamili ary by the hand, "don t you know me?" said he, my name's Singleterry- woped lor yoq in laid been trayel ihg e ver since want to work with yon now a short time; can't stay long- soon gei urea 01 a place must be go ing as usual." We engaged him handed him copy and he set to work immediately. He continued at his "case" very diljgently for about a week, when he became nervous and fidgety. He must leave, he said coudn't stay any longtr. So he quit, merely bid ding us a kind farewell without telling us the cause of sis apparent hurry, or the place to which he was next bound. He came along this way a. third time last fall worked wiih us a week or two, and then left in the same sudden and unaccountable manner. He is a strange roan, that Singleterry. Dnt as the Sentinel justly remarks, . "be is a clever fellow and is respected much by the craft generally." Ha may be 60 years, old more or less; but ha scarcely, appeared a day older .when we last saw him, than he did fifteen years before when he first visited our town. May the honest, efratic old Tygojive a thpusanavear.yaud may nis suadow never grow less, , '-. . ' Ed. Dem, his fihal exit from sarthbut toour sur-, prise he made his appearance in our office on nionday, hokingas joviul and laminar at ever. We believe he is a native pf S. CH and , is 110 w, about 60 years old, yet he Still treads (or t ramps) ins wanaermg way. tie is a clever fellow, and is respected much bv the craft generally, any of whom take plea sure in 'assisting him bn his "winding way,- wnen-necessary. He Sett here on Monday evening fof Athen.iTe,ft- nessee vw liome Uattopt &c", i Hoi. John Cr Fremont. The history ot this jroung man is b ihfyTn t ttes ti 0 5 A few years ago he wnsa liaul-enanl'la the ' army, and an atfaehe 10 the corps pC Top. graphical Engineers. His business called him much 10. Washington where he became acqnaintfdwiih the stcpnd'daughter 'ct. Hoiu. Thomas HBt-nfon,' Young, iva." cious and arabiiious, (his stiiplinjj in epau- letts 'had the temerity id ask the young', li ar's hand in marriage, notwithstanding,!) i knew ih6se much higher ib '"ulhority had sol'ched tht aine in Vaio Miss 1 Beatotl NO CAUSE FOR DISUNION. :' There is bo caust for serious dirisjoo in. the South. We take it fo; granted that all agree: that tTi aggressions ot the North must be stopped that ; the Constititiou must be preserved in its purity, as it 'came from the bands of its revered framers that I thi rightt af lht Southern State) mutt be maintained. It must lie expected that them will be mmbr differences as 10 the ex tent of these rights, and the mode of de feuding them j but the entire question, em bracing the Wilmot Proviso in its old form, the admission of California, the abolition of slavery and the slave trade in tbe District of Columbia, the delivery of fugitive slaves &c, doc, will be submitted to the consider stfon of the Southern' Convention which will be composed of our wisest, purest and most patriotic men, and their decision.will be final. Resolutions in favor of holding the Convention passed out Legislature ooanimouslfi and its 'deliberation will be entitled to our warmesi approval, a Tha Convention will erect an altar upon, which personal and party considerations., should be sacrificed. Around this the South wil gather. "Here whigs and democrats; native Americans, and foreign born, will meet as a band of brothers and resist the hateful op pressions which a tjrranical majority are preparing them. Let each resolve J ' (" . "Come one call ll, this rock shall fly From its firm base as soon as I." - " , " Yatot Democrat dence, in all events, take care of oil selves, I have no fears. In conclusion, Ihaveto say, Do ns justice; and- Ve continue to stand with you, attempt to trample on us, and we : part compa- The close of our rofUcial term, the passage atimsrical power, declare in 1 of any measure that might tend toorce TENNESSEE RESOLUTIONS. It , will be . recollected that the South ron published what it called the Reso- utioiis adopted by both Houses of the Ttnnessee Legislature on the Southern question. An important part of these resolutions was omitted by the South, rbn, and nearly every other whig paper which has come to hand. Hereit 13. ' , ' '-i "if ,:j -,:u-. ; - ' "And that the only , manner by which the Union can be preserved in its original purity, 'so as to secure to the several States their constitutional rights, is by resisting at all. hazards ana to the last extremity, any and all attempts to violate the spirit ana in tent j the provisions of thi conslitu Th "1 s, of cou rse, puts a very d ifTereri t face upon ' the reaolutions.ujij- .THOMAS SlNGLKTRRRY. We well remember, when we were apprentice in a printing ofSce, poring over a romance by the ate professor Nott 6f Columbia, S.C, entitled "TJ10 mas Singularity br the Adventures of a Journeyman Printer. - It detailed the' wanderings in. manydands of an erratic typo, who moved in almost every grade of society, and whose vain and susceptible hrart was continual ly getting him into trouble. ,' Not many years afterwards it was during the Harrison Presidential cam. paign we edited and printed a paper in the up-country of Georgia, and had such a run ot job-work, that at times we could not execute it with the force of the offlce. One d.ty a dried up "jour" tame tramping along and we engaged him nt once, but alter worn- ing some teu days, he declared he had been: in the town, long enough,, and must leave. Nothing .would tempt him to remain, but we had no idea lhat'he was the herd 6f Professor Nott'a romance, until he signed the teceipt for his wages Thomas Singleterry' " Taking up the Cassvuie Standard, which fcame bv the last .mailt we find fhat "Singularity", still contiirues his peregrinations, having 'no aoiaing place or continuiugcUy. ,- 'After men tioning having seen hirrt in' Athens a boutriine years since Mr. Burke says that "from that time we; had heard, of him but once, f he was then in the State of lndiana,J and supposed ji'e had mad ' THE PEOPLE . OP TENNESSEE. That tbe legislature of Tennessee mis represented the feelings and views, of the people of that State, was clearly evident to as from the fact that tbe Southern ques tion waa the great question discussed du ring the Gubernatorial canvass in Tennes see, and Qov. Trousdale was admitted on. all bauds to have been elected on the ground ot being the soundest Southern man. His opponent,Neill S, Brown, had tbe advan tage of a large whig majority in tbe State and of superior abilities on the stump to call it out. His views, ho ever, bn th Southern question were too strongly taint ed with tubmision to northern agressions to secure him the confidence of the people As we have predicted the people of Ten nessee are moving. A large meeting has been held at Columbia, where resolutions in furor of the Southern Convention -Were adopted. A similar .meeting has been held at Memphis, where the use of the public buildings of that city wis tendered 10 the Convention.' We learn of Urge meetings In several other parts of Tennessee. - We predict that the whole Sta:e will beconvul sed by an expression of public indignation against the men In the Senate," who were instrumental In defeating the House resolu tions. That body passed a series of reso lution's making provision for the .Nashville Convention, and they were defeated by a small whig vote in the Senate. , At a time like this when so much may be lost to the South by apparent defection in our tanks, We do not kbow what punish raent can be' too severe for these puil anlraous advocates of submission. Tbe abolition papers of the North are gloating over the work of the Tennessee Legists. ture,as beings good sign that we can be forced to their terms. We advise our sis tef Slate to go on in the cause of Southern rights, and never to lei ft br known to tbe Union, the action o their legislature in turning its back upon the Southern Stales, found a moment's response jo the bosoms of the people. .We admire the Course now beine pursued. Each district will see that it is represented in the Southern Conveo-Qn.-Mlttiitippian. -j ' . 4 t ' Madison. . County ' ARTfisiAM Sprinos. Our friend, Geri McMakin, of the Prentiss House, nassed' through our city oh yesterday on his way from the Madison tJonnty Artesian. Springs which are to be, opened .nnder nis pro prietorship, during the ensufng Season. The water is unsurpassed iu mineral Dualities bv ativ water in thi South. and the location a most del ightfnl one. He will be prepared to faccommtdate 600 persons itl his best style. WAij ' ftssipputii . "ir- ; T most readily consented, so far as she was1 conceVneai'but'intlruated that'sht had i a-' ther who had manifested some degree of interest in her welfare, and might want ii he consulied in the mattei. ' She laid the proposal" before the old eeaileman. Hi objected 10 the proposition fit' lotd. ! iH4 daughter educated for a" Prince, Was cot going -tb marry a Corporal." Fremont wasrlorbidden to enter his domiciland Miss Benton was put under guard. -"Old, Tom" had overacted the -matter, ; He did ; not then know the young lieutenant. His daugh ter, too, toot that occasion to show Let Benton, sod as "Old Tom", bad stuck to the Expunging Resolutions'; she was bound W stick to her young lover against tbe world.. The next the anxious, father jknew of his onet.devoed daughter, she, had escsped ber kcepeis,nd in a private parlor at Gadsbj's Hotel, was interchanging vows before a magistrate with the banished lieutenant. At fiisMhe old man raged, but soon was made acquainted with the metal of his new son-in-law, a reconciliation look place, and Id Old Tom, Fremont hss not only had a friend, bat an admirer eVet since. ;. - His travels, researches, scientific explo rations and feats' of valor and suffering In the Fsr West, , art ivents known to the world, and we may say without a parallel Mr. Fremont is hardly of medium size, spate and light, with dark bair and eyes His temperament is nervous, his counte nance highly intellectual and pleasant, and bis manners agreeable.: He wil be the youogest member f the Senate, his age being less than forty. Wi n the eicrption of Sam Houston, no Senator in that body can boast so eventful a life. ' ' ' ' 7 ' An eccentric lover down east thus appeals to his tender-hearted dulcinea for a parting smack : Terribly tragi- rinl itnri snKlimolv mtrihuliva will ha fhe course persned by me if yon do not instantaneously place thine alabas ter lips to mine, and enrapture my im mortal soul by imprinting angelic sen sations ofdivmebliss upon those indis pensible members of the human phy siognomy, and then kindly conde scend to allow me to take my depar ture from the everlasting, sublimity of thy thrice glorious presence!, Miss Nancy fainted, . , AfttEstAN Sprinss. Our neigh bor, Gen. McMakin, has - made ar rangements, to keep the Artesian Springs, a healthy and delightful sum mer resort in Madison county. We copy from the Madison papers soma well deserved and felicitous compli ments to the old General, "whom to know is to love." V. SentinaL , ' MODlFrCAtlOX OP THE ! L'stJRT LAW8.--The New York Assembly's committee have reported a bill provi ding for the repeal , of all the existing' penalties and forfeitures for taking in terest for the loan of money in excess of the legal rate. ' 1 ; , , Mr. Calhobn's Speecii- . Mr '.Calhoun's great speech on the slavery question'was delivered in the Senate on the 4th irist. He had writ ten it out. snd as he was unable from debility to deliver it himself ' he got Mr. Mason of Va. to read It. Mr. Cal houn, though - Very feeble, was pres ent on the occasion, and made a few preparatory remarks- The Senate chamber is said to have been crowded with the beauty and fashion of Wash ington, and many persons were pres. ent from distant cities, all anxous to hear what the great Carolinian had to say op the exciting subject ot the dy. The. speecnis one pt-Mr. Calhoun's best efforts and is, beyond all compar ison, the ablest fhat has been deliver ed in the Senate (or many years. 'We design publishing it entire in our ipext, and sfyaU therefore for the present ab stain from making aiiy ."foaifnent on it ' m urilY ' rvJi a ! e n crr it m thonghs there are some pofntl on which we diitef "with Mrj 'Calhoun, . yet we agree with him In the main. andso we doubt not, will a vim major ity of the pcopte of ho Cjv . .; ! Columuu JJtiHoaat. . e . . .w 1." ., . . ' : .