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CHARACTER OF WASHINGTON.
BY LOIia BROUGHAM. ifov grateful 'the relief which the friend of mankind, the lover of virtue, experiences . w hen, turning from the contemplation of such a character, that of Napoleon, his eye rests upon the greatest "man of our own or any age; the only one upon Whom an epithet so thought lessly lavished by men, to foster the crimes of their worst enemies, may be innocently nn'd inxtlv bestowed! In Washington we tru ly behold' a marvellous contrast to almost cye- ry one of the endowments and the vices which we Have been contemplating; and , which are so well .fitted to excite n minded admiration, and 'sorrow, and abhorrence, With not that brilliant genius which dazzels ordinary minds; with not even any remarkable quickness ot apprehension, with knowledge less than al most all persons in the middle ranks, : and . many well educated , of the i humbler classes, this eminent person is presented to-our ob servation clothed in attributes as modest, as unpretending, as little calculated to strike or astonish, as if he had passed unknown through some secluded region of private life.. But he had a judgment sure and; sound; a steadiness of mind which never, suftered any passion, or even any feeling torufile i s calm; a strength of understanding which worked rather than forced its way through all obstacles remov ing or avoiding rather than overleaping them. If profound sagacity, unshaken steadiness ot niirnnsp. tho f-n1irt snhuiration Ot all tne pas- sions which carry havoc through ordinary 1 1 . r. . . " . 1 r., : minus, anu onenumes lay wusiu mc uncai prospects of greatness nav, the discipline of inose leenngs wmcn are worn iu juii ui iu se duce genius, and to mar, and to cloud over the aspect of virtue herself joirfed with, or rath er leading to the most absolute self denial, the most habitual and exclusive devotion to prin ciple if these things can constitute a great character, without either quickness of appre hension, resources of information; or inven tive powers, or any brilliant quality that dazzle the vulgar then surely Washington was the greatest man that ever lived in - this world uninspired by Divine wisdom, and un sustained by supernatural virtue. Nor could the human fancy create a com bination of qualities, even to the very wants and defects of the subject more perfectly fit ted for the senses in which it was his lot to bear. the chief part, whether we regard the Avar he conducted, the political constitution over which he afterwards presided, or the tempestuous' time through which he had fi nally to guide the bark himself had launched. . In truth, his devotion to liberty, and his intimate persuasion that it can only be enjoy ed under the republican scheme, constantly gained strength to the end of his truly glori ous life; and his steady resolution to hold the balance even between contending : extremes at home, as. well as to repel any advance from anroad incompatible with perfect indepen found conviction that a Common wealth is most effectually served by the commanding prudence which checks all success," and gua- mntpPS it rwrnmjf tlm nnril tint nhtaflxr Uac-o.io 'popular government?. - ; His courage whether in battle or in council, was as perfect as might be expected from his pure and steady temper of soul. A perfect just man with a thoroughly firm resolution never to be misled by other?, any more than to be by others overawed, never to be sedu ced or betrayed, or hurried away by his owri Weakness or self delusions; any more than by other men's arts; nor never to be dishearten ed by the most' complicated difficulties, any more than to-be spoilt on the giddy heights of fortune such rtfas this great man great, preeminently great, whether we regard him .sustaining alone the whole weight ol the cam paigns all, but desperate, or gloriously ter minating just warfare bv his resources and -1 ' 1 tuuiuge presiumg over me jarring ele ments ot his political council, alike deal to the storms ot alt extremes or directing the iorma . tion of a new government for a great people, ine nrsi time mat so vast an experiment had ever been tried by man or finally retiring from the supreme power to which his virtue had raised him over the nation he had created. and whose destinies. he had guided as long as hU aid was requirrcd returning with the ven eration of all parties, of all nations, of all man kind, in order that the rights of men might be consarved, and that his example never might be appealed to by vulgar tyrants. This is the uusuuiiiiu g'o'y 01 vasningion; a irumpaani warrior where the meat sanguine had a right to despair; a successful ruler in all the difficul- ' tifta nf .1 nntirto trlmM whose sword. only left its sheath .when the first law of our nature commanded . it to be "drawn; and a ruler who, having tasted of su preme powers, gently and unostentatiously de sired that the cup might pass from him, nor r - would suffer more to wet , his . lips than . the. . most snlphin "nrA .' 1tir f ' and his God required! ; : .1 -., Ju' latest breath did this great patriot r&rntain the noble character, of a captain I ' the patron of Dcace.and .ist.im of justice. Dying, ho bequeathed to his heirs i the sword which he had worn in the war of ; liberty, and charged them "never to take it j from the scabbard but in self-defence, or in de j fence of their country and; her freedom; and commanding them that when it should ' thus j bo drawn, they should never sheath it nor I ever give it up, but prefer falling with it in their hands to the. relinquishment thereof" - I words, the majesty and simple eloquence of j which are not surpassed in the oratory of Ath i ens and Home.' ;:; 1 The Senate of Georgia ha rejected a reso lution recommending an amendment to the institution to limit the term of service -of th e President.'. Thatis ri.jht. Touch iutour sa Tvl pinner. ' . dence, wasnot more dictated by the natural justice of his disposition, and thcJmhjUiaLin "DTic'tvd.'iis views. thn-;i -sprang from a pro THE DEATH BED. . "The tongues of dying men Enforce attention Jike- deep harmony." " v' ';-'Vr Shakspeare. ' It is a sad but instructive duty to linger round the couches of the dying and the dead. There we watch a pang of that sorrow which all are doomed to feel: and there remember that all, th6 hopes and fears of life, must at last be crowded into one short hour! y. Must this eye glance feebly, and be veiled in death's noiseless slumbers; must this warm blood seek the heart for the last time, and must this elo quent glow on my cheek fade away in the dim ness of the tomb? And what shall I receive as a recompense -for deathZ Are there no pleasant landscapes or green islands upon which to recline the spirit fainting on Jordan's dark billows? Oh! shall the wormthe death sheet and the senseless earth alone meet me in the life to come? The tomb' may not. Six thousand years have borne witness to its si lence. .Cut list, oh! man "to that divinity which stirs within thee!" Does it tell thee nothing of joys to come? Does it reveal no gleamiogs of a river of life no echo of an gelic song -no harpings of. redeemed spirits in untroubled realms? - Or rather does it not tell thee of golden landscapes elevated and expansive; of lovely temples and burning spir its of unfading diamonds, ancient as eterni tyand of a pleasant realm, and where no sorrows may come, over us like ihe coldness of Alpine streams? If it-does not, tremble for more terrible than the cold pulseless va- (pors of tne tomb be thy destiny. FEMALE PIETY. The gem of all others which enriches the coronet of a lady's character is unaffected pie ty. Nature may lavish much on her person; the enchantment of her countenance the grace of her mein, or the strength of her in tellect, yet her loveliness is uncrowned, till piety throws around the whole the sweetness arid power of her charms. She then becomes unearthly in desires and associations. The spell which bound her affections to the things below is broken, and she mounts on the silent wings of her fancy and hope to the habitation of God, where it is her delight to hold com munion with the spirits that have been ran somed from the thraldom of earth and wreath ed with a garland of glory. ' Her beauty may throw a magical charrn over many princes, and conquerors may bow with admirationat the shrine of her love the sons of science ,may, embalm her memory in the pages of history yet her piety must be her ornament, her pearl. Her name must be written in the "Book of Life," that when the mountains fade away, and every memento of earthly greatness is lost in the general wreck of nature, it may remain and swell the list of that mighty throng, which have been clothed with the mantle of righteousness, and their voice attuned to the melody of Heaven. With such a treasure every , loftv gratifica tion on earth mav.be rvirrh jvrfdship win BeT doubly sweet, pain and sorrow shall lose the sting, and the character will possess a price far "above riches," life will be but a pleasant visit to earth, and death the entrance upon a joyful and perpetual home. And when the notes of the last trump shall be heard, and sleeping millions awake to judgment, its pos sessor shall be presented "taultless before the throne of God,- with exceeding joy, and a crown of glory thatshall never wear away." Such is piety, . Like a tender flower, plan ted in the fertile soil of woman's heart, it grvt s expanding its foliage and imparting its fra grance to all around, till it is set to bloom in perpetual vigor and unfading beauty in the paradise of God. x - Follow this star, it will light you through every labyrinth of life gild the gloom that will gather around you in a dying hour, and I bring you safely over the tempestuous Jordan of death into the haven of promised and set tled Test. ' FROM THE SOUTHROX. - REDUCTION OF SALARIES. ; We present below, (to the exclusion of some of our lucubrations) the repoi t of Mr, Dob yns, upon the subject of the reduction of the salaries of . public officers. Short and unpre tending as this report is, there perhaps, never was one which so plainly exhibited the true difference between the democracy of the Whigs and ; the pretended democracy of the locofocos. For years and years the dema gogues of the latter have gone through the country preaching up a reduction of salaries of officers, both State and Federal, and teach ing the people to. believe that those who ad vocate the payment of high salaries, are aris tocrats, desiring to batten on the substance of the people, and tint they "the friends of the poor man," as they are wont fecetiously to style themselves, were the men who, if in power, would deliver the land from this, curse sought to be imposed on them by evil and de signing men. It needs but a brief glance at the able and luminous views presented by Mr. Dobyns, to satisfy any one. that the consequen ces of the prone ulgation of the doctrines ad vanced by the demagogues, must be : to ex clude every poor man from office, and to fill them exclusively with the rich, whom these pretended patriots affected to consider as the natural enemy of all upon whom the blessings of fortune have been less lavishly showered than upon themselves. ; rv'; :: : ::. v i. -- , h a measure which is to be atterded with such results a branch of the true democratic creed, which teaches that all men are equal, not only in rights, but in privileges, and that the humblest member of the community may aspire to the highest office of the len t, no mat ter how poor his condition, provided only, that he is possessed of the honesty and capacity, which are more precious . than all gold? Is there a poor man in this country, who would wish to deprive .himself- or his son of the pnv- Metre of holding office as effectuallv as if thev were precluded' bv a constitutional provision? j th?re any n v: tint wishes to revive- t!:at nr ti-democratic - provision of the constitution which prescribes a property qualification' for office, and renders, it necessary for every one to own a certain number of acres of land, be fore he can hold office? If there are such, let them support the doctrine of reducing the salaries of officers to the standard advocated by the demagogues and they will effectually do so, for the result of their pretended democ racy can be nothing less. "The Committee to whom was referred so much of the Governor's Message as relates to the reduction of the salaries of the public of ficers, beg leave to submit the following REPORT. Upon a careful examination of the amount of salary paid the different "officers of this State, your Committee have come to the con clusion that it is unwise and inexpedient to reduce indiscriminately, the salaries of all the officers of this State. That there are some, which without detriment to the' public inter est might be reduced, and others, in the good administration of which the public are too deeply interested to commit them to the hands of such as might be employed under a dimin ished salary. There is" no one subject in which the people are so deeply interested as that of having all the various offices of "government filled by re sponsible and efficient men. Men of charac ter and competency to discharge the duties of their offices, can only be employed when tne emoluments are sufficient to pay their ordina ry expenses. 1 A free people can never be prosperous and happy under a weak and imbecile administra tion of their Government. The efficiency and stability of all governments is more or less dependent on the able and energetic man ner in which all the various officers discharge their several duties. , Men who are poor, however competent, can never accept office when their emoluments are insufficient to pay the ordinary expenses at tending the same; and, to reduce indiscrimin ately, all the salaries of the various officers of this State, would be equivalent to saying that none should accept office but those who are able to support themselves without compensa tion. In a republican government like ours, it is absolutely necessary for the purpose of carry ing out the great republican principles upon which our institutions are based, that offices and emoluments be so regulated as to be equal ly attainable by the poor as well as the rich. To effect which it is necessary that such emol uments be attached to each office as to pay at least the ordinary expenses of him who holds it. Your Committee are of opinion the sala ry of Governor, Chancellor, and of the Judg es of the High Court of Errors and Appeals should not be reduced, but have instructed me to leport the following bill regulating and re ducing the salaries of other officers of this State." -rjnieredjitions. contrptwL.tuyHiiwlIiilr are but few. TJie principal is that of redu cing the salaries of Circuit Judges to $2,000. TUB PZOXTEER. CARROLLTON, JANUARY. 26, 1841 THE GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. We present to our readers this week a doc ument purporting to emanate from the "chosen Executive of the State," as his annual Mes sage to the two Houses of the State Legisla ture and for the credit of the State and the honor of that high functionary, we would fain hope that it is a counterfeit. We profess to have seen many Gubernatorial Messages and" other State papers, some of which may have excited some surprise but of all the docu ments that were ever cast forth to do their of fice, and sink .into oblivion, this is the most strange, repulsive and ridiculous. One of its most prominent features is an egotism so pal pable and exacting as to, claim your attention in almost eery paragraph an anxious desire is manifested throughout, to impress you with a proper sense of the importance of Alexan der G. McNutt. It is truly as extraordinary production from an unnaturally great man.- At the very commencement he says, "you have assembled in pursuance of your own adjournment, ccc." that is without having call ed in my assistance or consulted my pleasure. Again he says, -'they clothed the Executive with the power of convening the Legislature in cases of emergency," therefore my discre tion is the sole standard and I am the sole Judge of the propriety of adjourning sessions. It is myjiigh prerogative to beggar and dis grace the State, and as it is likely to be a prof itable business I "tt;o?iY' passively tolerate any interference with my rights. . Again "the four extra sessions have cost the State about two hundred thousand dollars, and have bank rupted the State Treasury. A careful exam ination of all the acts of the special sessions, will demonstrate that they have been produc tive of little good and much evil." 'Tis pass ing strange he did not find it out before. In January 1S39, the Legislature held an ; adjourned session, and Governor McNutt sent in to them a Message "of 27 pr:c., in winch he makes no mention of adjourned sessions not he. The session of 1 839 was composed of members' of the same political school with himself his political friends and therefore it was rightand proper that there should be ad journed sessions no w, however the tables arei turned there is a majority'against him and it is wrong it is very wrong for the whigs to meet at an adjonrned session. Thu in his morbid anxiety to forestall public opinion and fix unmerited odium in advance, upon a Vhig Legislature, he gives his loco foco friends a hard rap over the knuckles, by thus abrubtly refering to their adjourned sessions, and asser ting that an examination will show that spe cial sessions have been "productive of little good and much mischief;" yet he seems will ing to sacrifice his quondam friends, so he can but include the Whigs with them. Again he says, "since your adjournment one fifth of the Senators and one third of the Representatives have vacated their scats" -"under such cir cumstances improvident legislation may well be apprehended." How unfortunate! Really, 'tis too bad and all of this is to happen because "them Whigs" presumed to fill the vacant places in the council of the Sachems. The Chief of the magi does not seem to brook this unseason able interruption to his darling measures. We can readily fancy we see him standing on the head of a barrel, inspired by the "rosy God" with a quart bottle for his wand, exclaim ing to the intrusive Whigs in the language of the weird Pythoness of old, but with far more solemnity and earnestness, uProcul ! O, pro cul este profani!" But enough of this for the present. We have not room to continue our review of this dignified State paper this week. In our next we will take up and con sider that portion of this Message, that alludes to the Union Bank and the State Bonds. We commend to the perusal of our readers, the subjoined remarks of the Editors of the N. O. Bulletin. It is true that the document bear ing the signature of A. G. McNutt, as his an nual Message to the Legislature, is emphatic ally demoralizing and infamous. With the recklessness of a political partizan, and the morbid bitterness of a disappointed arpirant, he has, in this same Message stabbed at the reputation of the State over which he has the honor to preside, and appealed to the worst principles of our nature for the purpose of ele vating himself and his peculiar party, upo i thuniv, , hirntrvV credit andpublJ faith. With Shakspeare we" say, "Let no such man be trusted. "SALE OF THE MISS. STATE BONDS." "The most thorough Loco-foco document which we have seen for some. time, is the last message of the Governor of Mississippi. Under the pretext of curtailing State expen ses, the independence of the judiciary is assail ed, by recommending the reduction of the sal aries of the judges to a mere pittance not com petent to their maintenance. Under the same disguise an attack is made on the credit and public faith of the State. The Governor en ters into a long argument to show that the sale of five million of Mississippi State Bonds, in 183S, was illegal, and that the State ought not to pay them. It is alleged that the actual purchasers of the bonds was the Bank of the: United States, and that this institution is pro- j hibitedfrom dealing in Slate stocks. The fol lowing grounds are assigned as reasons why the sale should have no obligatory force upon the State: 1st. The bank is prohibited by its charter from purchasing such stocks, either directly or indirectly. 2d. It was fraudulent on the part of that Bank, inasmuch as the contract was made in the name of an individ ual, when in fact it was for the benefit of the Bank, and payment was made with its funds. 3rd. The sale was illegal, inasmuch as the bonds were. sold on a credit." 4th, Interest to the amount of about one hundred and seventy thousand dollars having accrued on those bonds before the purchase money was stipulated to be all paid, the bonds were in fact sold at less than their par value, in direct violation of the charter of the Bank. For these reasons it is strongly urged upon the Legislature to repu diate the sale of the bonds as an unconstitu tional pledge of the faith of the State. Long before-this, the bonds are passed probably in to the hands of third parties, against whom the State of Mississippi would hardly find the picas ttvanaoie w men tne Governor sets forth even 11 mey nad any existence, which is very much to be doubted. The hardship of the State being compelled to pay the debt thus contracted, is depicted in a pathetic manner in the message, and the people are stirred up to opposition by. all the excitement and flourish of eloquent appeals to the passions. The mem ory of former days is appealed to. Our an cestors, (says the Governor,) after a struggle of eigiu years continuance, conquered their in dependence of Great Britain; the freemen of iu.siabippi are not so degenerate as to submit ' to heavy taxation to pay a claim not contrac ted in accordance with their supreme law." sIt is to be hoped, however, that such' counsels will not prevail in the Legislature of our neigh, bor. The public sentiment of the State is not fairly expressed by the message of the Govern or, who was elected some time previous to the great change which recently occurred in the politics of Mississippi. The ultra Loco-foco doctrines promulgated in that document will find no favor among the mass of the people and it is only to be regretted that they may make an impression abroad derogatory to the character of the State." lOTION. D. O. SHATTUCK.,0 It is with much pleasure we present to our readers the annexed extra from the Whig Re publican; published at Lexington, containing the letter of Judge Shattuck. It is frank and manly, just as we expected and all that his friends could desire. There was a rumor. at Jackson and elsewhere that the Judge hadpos-. itively and preremptorily. declined a nomina tion by the Convention. His friends feeling much anxiety on the subject, wrote to him to know if he had authorized such an intimation, and we here have his answer. If we are not greatly mistaken in the manifestations of pub lic opinion throughout North Mississippi, Da vid O. Shattuck will be the next Governor of Mississippi. For ourselves we should hail such an event as auspicious of better times, and as the harbinger of anew era in the history of our State. ; We do not wish to forestall public opinion, or anticipate the result of the deliberations of the Convention, but wc must and will say, that" we are satisfied in our own mind, that the nomination of Judge Shattuck by said Con vention would be the most acceptable to the great body of the Whig party that could be made, and that as he is less obnoxious, so he would be a more available candidate before the PEOPLE, than any we have heard spoken of. We are not pressing our merely individ ual preference. Wc wrote advisedly when we penned the above. From the Whig Lcpullican Extra. JjrThe following letter is from the Hon. D. O. Siiattuok; to our fellow-townsman Dr. I. S. Mitchell. We hasten to lay it before the public as it will fully satisfy the friends of T 1 Ol ' . ,. 1 Ml- I 1 candidate for the office of Governor: Carkolltox, Jan.21, 1841. Dr. I. S. Mitchell Dear Sin Your favor of the 20th instant, is before me, and I cannot say that I feel indifferent to a communication of so flattering a character. In answer thereto, I have to say, that I have never desired an office of so high a char acter as that of Govenor, and would much prefer remaining as I am, but if my fellow citizens believe my services would be more important in another sphere my ideas of a public servant forbid me saying nay. I therefore say to you, as I have repeatedly said to others, that I am in the hands of my friends, to use my name as thev mnv ,Wm j j most conducive to the public good. If they nominate me lor mat nign Utiice, I will use my best exertions to succeed in the election, and if elected, to perform the duties connected therewith. If another should be preferred by the Convention, my friends may be assured I shall take as much pleasure in sustaining the nomination, as though my own name was flying at the mast head of the Whig journals.. t 1111 jseuuiueius 01 sincere regara, J remain very respectfully, ,. . : Your obedient servant, D. O. SHATTUCK. . The trial of Mrs. Kinney at Boston is at length over, the verdict of the jury being not guilty. Several of the medical faculty testi fied that arsenic is to be found in many of the quack and patent , medicines of the day. On hearing the verdict, the immense crowd cheer ed enthusiastically. . , Bui wer's new piay "Money," has just been published in the New World. It is making some noise send it on brother Editors let's see it?,. '; ; ' " ; ' Member of Coxgress from Georgia. On the 4th inst., the election of a Member of Congress from Georgia took place. Majr. H. Holt, Jr., was the Whig candidate. The vote stood: for Holt 633, Watson 302. Illinois. Samuel McRoberts, a Loco foco W.TC! nn tUa ..1 ' . L Tli;nn! Legislature, a member of the U. States Senate for six years, from the 4th of March next. The vote was, for McRobertJ 77 and for Cy rus Edwards (Whig) 50. MAnvum The Hon. John Leeds Kerr, whig has been elected a member of thcU. States iSenate from Maryland, in the pbee of Dr. Spencs, deceased. ' ' , -:, yiRcixiA. Francis Mallory has been elec ted Member of Congress from Virginia, in ! Place of Hon. Joel Holleman, V. B.j rcsi-ucd.