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AND. CARROM CHOCTAW AND TAJLIiAHATCHIE COUNTIES ADVERTISER.
By C. W. n. BttOV. For publishing in tht ' town of '.Cttrrollton, Car , roll county, M ss., a weekly jper to be. enti tled the Southern M'ioneer, (BY O. W. H. BBOWN. ) TTTNDER the above title of the HI jfgFB, wo propose iu-ju Hfnn. a new Weekly Paper x.,h state and National, Agriculture imi of the dav. and the advancement of the great cause oi jaucanon. im paper w i w ucw;u ivi.i.jwi uU- ui r-i ircem u.ue ami irom what its coiductor believes to be the best interests of, its tone, the President expects the British Gov tbe State and county. It will 1 advocate the great Whig ernmenl will answer your application in the cause which you have recently seen so signally tnuni- . . f f . PP in? Dhant. Believinsr, tnat tne principle put lorui oy me rreat Whiff party as the tenets of its political creed, are the only true ones on which this Government was originally founded, and on which it should be admin istered, this paper will lend to those principles, when ever and wherever espoused, its rumble but cordial support. No man or set of men, will be by us unscrupulously sustained at the expense of principle, 'Pkinciples jfOT men," is our motto by this rule shall we be gov erned, and in subjecting all to this test, we shall as we rind them, judge with impartiality, admonish with candor, and reprehend with justice. As humble Pio neers in the great cause of political truth, we shall ever point to the cardinal virtues of a representative Government. But, the interests of our State, and more particularly of our county, shall receive at our hands a constant and an earnest advocacy. While our sister counties have been the object of Legislative action, and Executive patronage, the county of Carroll has ren.ained comparatively unknown and unappre ciated. It shall therefore be our pride, as well as our duty, to develope its vast resources and point out its numerous advantages. The cause of education, the cause of enlightened and progressive civ ilization, the only true bulwark of a nation's freedom, shall receive that attention its importance demands. In line, as humble Pioneers in the great crusade against igno rance and error, we shall shoulder our mattock and shovel, and taking our place in the great march of modern improvement, our course shall ever be as Mar mionsaid to Stanly, Onward." TERMS. The "Pioneer" will be published every Saturday morning at five Dollaks in advance, or six dollars at the expiration of six months, or six dollars nr tv at the end of the year. - ADVERTISEMENTS inserted at the rate of One .Doll ax. per square (eight lines) for the first, and Fifty Cents for each subsequent insertion. The number of insertions must be marked upon the ms. or it will be published until ordered out, and charged accordingly. Articles of a personal nature, whenever admitted will bo charged at double the above rates. Politic il circulars or public addresses, for the benefi of indi vidual or companies, charged as advertisements. Announcing candidates for office 10 each. Yearly Advertising.- -For forty lines, or less, renewable at pleasure, each week, 65. QBiU Cor advertising are due when the.work is done, and MUST be paid whenever called for. J v B i'.U .ll.i. 0rln connection with the Pioneer Office, -is a large assortment of new and fashionable Fancy Tvpe, which enables us to execute all orders for Job Print ing in fine style. We solicit patronage in this line, at prices the same as other well regulated ofhYes in Mississippi. Orders from Attorneys, Clerks, bhritis, Sic.f promptly attended to. ALL JOB WORK CASH. . Tpttora or Communip.ations to the nublisher must ! m - . r be post-paid, or they will not be taken out. CANADIAN AFFAIKS , , The following is the correspondence aiiudea; to a short time since by the Correspondent of m ft f I the "Sentinel & Chronicle" published at Au gusta, (Ga.) To the House of Representatives of the United States: I herewith transmit to the House of Repie sentatives a report from the Secretary of State, with accompanying papers, in answei to their resolution of the 21st inst. M. VAN BUREN. Washington, Dec. 2S, 1840. Department op State, Washington, Dec. 23, 1 840. Sir: The Secretary of State, to whom has been referred the resolution of the House of Representatives, dated the 21st instant reques ting the President "to communicate to that House, if not in his opinion incompatible with the public interest, all the correspondence be tween this Government and that of Great Britain, or the officers or agents of either, or the officers and agent of this Government with the President or any of its departments, which has not heretofore been communicated to that House, on the subject of the outrage of burning the Caroline on the Niagara trbn- tier; and whether there is any prospect of compensation being made to the owner of said boat for the loss thereof; and, also whether any communications have been made to this Government in regard to the arrest and im prisonment of McLeod, by the author ities of the State ol New York, for being con cerned in said outrage; and, il so, that he com municate a copy thereol to that House," has the honor to report to the President, in answer to that reolution, the accompanying papers. Respectfully submitted. ' JOHN FORSYTH. President of the United States of Amer ica. Stevenson, to Mr. Forsyth Extract .Legation or the United otates, London, July 2,1839. I . I regret to say that no answer has yet been pven to my note in the case ol the "Caroline." "ive not deemed it proper under, the cir stances to press the subiect without fur wier instructions from vour Department. If j wwh of the Government that 1 should prf ; pra' to be informed of it, and the de fine oi urgency that 1 am to adopt. - Mr. F ursyth, to Mr. Stevenson Extract, Department of State, Washington, 11th Sept.-1839. . .. " ' ' With reference lo the "dosing paragraph of your communication to the Department, dated the 2nd ol July last, (No. 74.) it U proper to conventions with Mr Fox in regard to tins con vei at , ......... v. Mr. Fox to Mr. Forsyth. Washington, Dec 13, 1S40. Sir: lam informed by his Excellency the Lieutenant Governor of the Province of Up per Canada, that Mr. Alexander McLeod, a British subject, a late deputy sheriff of the Ni agara district in Upper Canada, wa arrested at Lewiston in the State of New York, on the 12th of last month, on a pretended charge of murder and arson, as having been engaged in the capture and destruction of the piratic al steamboat " aroline" In the month ol December, 1837. After a tedious and - vexa tious examination, Mr. McLeod was commit ted for trial, and is now imprisoned in Lock port jail. I feel it my duty to call upon " the Govern ment of the United States to take prompt and etlectual steps tor the liberation of Mr. McLe od It is well known that the destruction ol "oouihekjn .xiu- iniorm von that no instructions are at present . tie rurrent ,,uu 1111 woiine. i nave naa trcuuent iha ,inmi . .,p ii. . fUi uiu'e American the steamboat 'Caroline" was a public act of i A & , . . , I . nr . , . the time, the onend perons in her Majesty's service, obeying the t, , ' . order of their .uJrio? authorities. WttlS5SS. therelorr, according to the usages o! nations I can only be the subject of discussion between ! the two National Governments. It cannnt j justly be made the ground of legal p oceed ings in the United States against the individ uals concerned, who were bound to obey the authorities appointed by their own Govern ment. I may add tkat I believe it is quite notorious that Mr. McLeod was not one of the party engaged in the destruction of the steamboat ( aroline;" and that the pretended charge up on which he was imprisoned rests only upon the perjured testimony of certain Canadian outlaws and their abettors, who, unfortunately or the peace ol that neighborhood, are per- York to iufesuhc Oanainn frontier. - i i nA ?UJ - Q-.w.i ,m,iinn f th f!n mllnp i Ivrl th nnr . pose of the present communication. That act was the public act ot persons obeying thecon- stuuted authorities of her Ma estv's Province. ' f TT . i . c . n . .l r. v-t; ot rn,r Ar ,'i10 tt .otQi0f tnP Union to that of Great Britain, tor the Ihe national Uov rnment ot the U. otatesl , c . . . e . .... i I , . redress ot an authorized outrage of the peace. thought themselves called upon to remon- ... 1 . . .. .. :. 1 ..-.-.,-,... jSlliiie iullii,ii 11, auu a iniiiiipiiauw v 1111,11 the President did accordingly address to her Majesty's Government, is still, I believe a pen- dins subiect ot diplomatic discussion between h Majesty's Government and the United State Legation in London. I feel therefore, justified in expecting that the President's Gov ernment will seethe justice and the necessity -wf ninsinr, tlio nroon ?mmrl!ritf rplea nf Mr. McLeod, as well as of taking such s teps as mav be requisite lor ine preventing outers of her Majesty's subjects from being persecu m. J 1 ITimIa1 n ( a. - eaormouin. uCu .. lar manner for the future. It appears that McLeod was arrested on the ; ' ::; In v 1 , h eo ri I on rnun,ca,ed to tne V United One of the greatest literary curiosities of EH&h States by a person authorized to make the ad-! the day " is the much abusedBook of Mor the 18th, and placed in continement in tne m:Sil(in. nn,i : w;ii hp fnr iIip pimn lh h.! " ti -kr u;a u.a u jail of Lockport, awamng the hich w.ll be held there m hruary ex. ,no frontier, I earnestly hope t lat it may be in your power to give me an earl and satisfac- tory answer to the present repre;entat.on 1 avail myseii oi inu "" von the assurance ot mv distmguiMied con- sideration. . , . U.S. FOX. Hon. John Forsyth, &c. 6lc. Mr. Forsyth to Mr. Fox. Department op State, Washington, December 26, 1840. Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge, and have laid before the President your letter of the 13th instant, touching the arrest and im prisonment of Alexander McLeod, a British subject, and late Deputy Sheriff of the Niag ara District in Upper Canada, on a charge of murder and arson, as having been engaged tn the capture and destruction of the steamboat "Caroline," mthe month of December lb in respect to which you state that you feel your duty to call upon the Government of the United States to take prompt and effectual steps for the liberation of Mr. McLeod, and to prevent others of the subjects of her Ma jesty, the Queen of Great Britain from being persecuted or molested in a similar manner, for the future. v . The demand, with the grounds upon which it is made, has been duly considered by the President, with a sincere desire to give to it such a reulv as will not only manifest a prop er regard tor the character and rights of the United Slates, but, at the same time tend to preserve the amicable relations which, so ad vantageously for both, subsist between this .,t nH Knaland. Ui the reality oi ms disposition; and of the uniformity with which it has been eviuced in the many delicate and CARROLLTON, MISSISSIPPI, SATURDAY JANUARY 30, 1841. difficult questions which have arisen between the two countries in the last few years, no one can be more convinced than yourself." It is then with unfeigned regret that the Presi dent finds himself unable to recognise the va lidity of a demand, a compliance with which you deem so material to the preservation of the good understanding which has been hith erto manifested bet ween she countries. The jurisdiction of the several States which constitute the Union is within its appropria ted sphere, perfectly independent of the Fed eral Government. The offence with which Mr. McLeod H-charged was committed with in the territory, and against the laws and cit izens of the State of New York, and is one that comes clearly within the competency of her tribunals. It does not, therefore, present an occasion where, under the Constitution and laws of the Union, the interposition called for would be proper, for which a warrant can be found in the powers with which the Federal Executive is invested. Nor would the cir cumstances to. which you have referred, or the reasons you have urged, justify the exertion of such a power, if it existed. The transaction out of which the question arises, presents the case of a most un justifiable invasion, in time of peace, of a portion ef the territory of the Unite 1 States, by a band of armed men from the adiacent territory of Canada, the forcible capture by them within our own waters, and the subsequent destruc tion of a steamboat, the property of a citizen Uof the United Stttes, andlthe murder of one or more American citizens. If arrested at ers minht unquestionably to ju tice by the judicial ."7 1- w.unn wuo.e acKnow - ' "wse mes wer" committed; 'Jheir subsequent voluntary entrance with- ui mm in morv, piaces mem in me same sit uation. The President is not aware of any principle of international law, or indeed of reason or justice, which entitles such offen ders to impunity before the legal tribunals, when coming voluntarily within their inde pendent and undoubted jurisdiction, because, they acted in obedience to their superior au thorities, or because their acts have become the subject of diplomatic discussion between the two Governments. These methods of re dress, the legal prosecution of the offenders, and the application of their Government for satisfaction, are independent of each other, ana maX,De separately ana simultaneously pur-i ,i autru. i iif avuwai or juiuu'.aiion oi xtie oui- j '.rage by the British authorities might be a ground of complaint with the Government of the United States, distinct from the violation of the territory and laws of the State of New dignity, and rights of the United States, can not deprive the State of New York of her undoubted right of vindicating, through the exercie a', her judicial power, the property and lives of her citizens. Ynn Hnve nronprlv regarded the alledfed a! senceof Mr. McL..-od from the scene of the I r - - j o r offence at the time when it was committed, as not material to the decision of the present i , evidence. and the sincere desire of t.,e !T.,. . . .:,r.-:i Prniirtont i ihnt it mav hft snlisfnetorilv ?s- u:.i, Tf li octf.,.tlrn f K ParoimA a public act of persons in her Majesty's service, obeying the order of their superior ; aulhori. fhis-fact has not en before com- ... f h off i( .. . M M -s ch to decide i(s n, i i nr i ivsinriii ucctin mis iu it-a pi occasion to remind the Government of her Bri- , attention of her Majesty's principal Secretary of State r Jfr ...v. .u- i.- I IUI I'UiCluil auaiia, mi", up reign anairs, who, up to this uay, nas not communicaiea its decision tnereupon. it' is hoped that the Government of her Majesty ii . I ! . t t will perceive tne importance oi no longer ieu ving the Government of the United States un . . 1 f . 1 . ! . - informed of its views and intentions upon a subject which has naturally produced much exasperation, and which has led to such grave consequences. I avail myself of this occasion to renew to vou the assurance of my distinguished consid - eration. JUHi ruttanti. fi. S. Fox, Esq., &c. &c. &c. THE FATE OF GENIUS. " that, oftentimes, exalted genius genius which Lies c and presset, with an icy hand, like the nihgt - Lk.uichtv Too little do the mass of the reading public ! know at what cost their mental gratification is: often provided at what a sacrifice their intel- j ler-tnat banauet is snread . While the v are perhaps almost convulsed withlaughter at the bright sallies and flashes of witwhile they Having just been reviewing the lives ofsev- for ages. 1 he think that in the presentgen- - . .i t tr . t. c mitnaorl tho .final rrnthprinrr 7; erai eminent scnoiars, says tne new-1 orn oun, : ciaiiwu m w ...iww. ...-....0 : , hvD Hppii torcihlv imnm with 1hP lar.t i loireiner 01 an uie uue luuunciavj vyin.ov could commaud the repect and admiration ot that me :uiiienmum BiiMi.wuiugwiucure a world, has been intimately allied to distress- . near approach of the Millennium and the Book ing poverty poverty that crippled its ener-ol Mormon, they resemble in faith ani disci- . ti ? r . ... f I I : iI i K. .rl io tc anil iliaip moo IIKTJ firP tni en its iprveniastiiraiions alter lame, t nunc mc iutm..u.,uu.,ii J.0? - .i . ii .i . l.Ac.Jc!ip'. hv Ilivmp Insniration. founii. in 1 U, a nnmiro tiik ihiiu'c 11 l .iiiii iinriif ri nisi ;it .ijiciioj r i;.im,h;t ,o r-u ;mn tpnrs nvpr -hP thrillinir pathos which hes up f.om the deep and full fountains of a sensitive soul, they little think that their favorite author, who has so delighted them, is, perhaps, at the very moment in which they are praising his produc tion, the inmate of some miserable garret, pale with intense study, shivering over a few smo king brands without the comforts and necessa ries and conveniences of life, and piningaway in wretched indigence. Little do they think that while they perhaps, were reposing sweet ly upon a bed of down and locked in gentle and dreaming slumber, he, by the feeble glim mering of a farthing rushlight, which he had expended his last penny to purchase, penned for their perusal and delight the "thoughts that breathe and words that burn" with pathetic fer vor. - Not, however, unfortunate is always the fate of genius. Sometimes its "bark happens to be launched upon a flood tide wave, and by it is borne onward and upward, to a glorious destiny. Would that such a happy contin gency could be the lot ol all the deserving. Would that those whose eloquent and fervid thoughts the public admire, could reap but a lithe of he pecuniary advantage which is of ten derived from "their pro luctions. But this is seldom the case. The booksellor, or some one else, who never wasted his health and en ergies over the midnight lamp, makes a for tune from some splendid effort of genius, while the fated author is either doomed to chilling poverty, or is moulding in the common re ceptacle of morality, unconscious of the raptu rous applause which is bestowed upon his tal ents. Mr. Dow, Jr., on Waltzing.- When I see a, chap hugged up to a girl, perfoiming constant revolutions.at the rate of 10 to a min ute, I can't help suspecting that he is trying to get round her in a very nonsensical way. O, this waltzing is a silly piece of business. A puppy whirling round after his tail, makes a more respectable appearance than a coir le of our Heavenly Father's images in the ludicrous position of waltzing. If dancing must bedne at all, I say let it be done decently and in or der., ; - - 1 DISCOVERY OF AMERICA. . At a recent meeting of the Royal Society of Copenhagen, some further evidence was pre sented of a character tending to show that the continent of America was discovered by the Scandinavians, long anterior to the time of Columbus. Dr. Lund, an eminent Danish Ge- ungiM, uuuuuuwu ui.i iu au excuvuuou ne Brazil, he found the fragment of a flat stone. covered with ruined characters, deeply engrav ed, but much damaged. Having succeeded after long research in deciphei ing some words, whcih he discovered,, to belong to the. Island language;. he caused the excavation to be ex tended in all directions; and he soon discover ed the foundation of a - house, in cut stone, which from the architectural affinity strongly resembled the ruins which exist in "the North of Norway, in the island, and upon the wes tern coast of Greenland. He caused a con tinuation of the excavation for several succes- i. .. r- ,ve oays.ana musnea oy nnning tne statue oi he &od Thor (Go of Thunder, of the ancient Scandinavians,) witnau nisattriDutesjtne mm- mer, me gauuueis, ana me magic giraie. i ne Society ordered a full report of these iscov- ' enes enes to be published under the direction of . rrotessor Kato. Sat. Chron. FROM THE NEW YORKER. THE BOOK OF MORMON. .., anfl u. , lllRS,llinvf e usans, nere auu in xurope, unu umi n si.uuiu agitate a whole State to such a degree that mfcn war of extermination on the new sect. j seems scarcely credible in the nineteenth cen i .. .i-. m 1 r ....... ;urv and under this liberal (joverument; yet such is the tact. The believers in the book of Mormon now number well nigh 50,000 souls in America, to ivay nothing ot numerous congregations in ; Great Britain. They style themselves Latter Day Saints, as it is a prominent point in their faith that the world is soon to experience a great and final change. They believe, and in- slsl upon believing, literally, the Old and New j Testament; but they also hold that there are various other inspired writings; which, in due seasons, will be brought to light. Some of these ( the Book of Moi mon for example) are eveu now appearing, after having been lost one fold of peace and purity in other words, j marked by tterizesthat the fervid simplicity that charac body of Christains. It is in be- lieving the Book -of Mormon inspired that the chief difference consists; but it must be admit, ted thai this is an important distinction, This is their own declaration of faith in that point: A young man named Joseph Smith, in tne , western pan of New York, guided, as he i ut - - - i . . kind of stone chest or vault containing a num be r of thin plates of held together by a ring, Ton which lhey,4were all strung, ana-en I graved with unknown characters, flw char ""u in r jjy.rTis , i - uafua,gvnxiemwtor inn cnji wnoDi cuupD iTas iin VOL I NO. 9. acters the Mormons believe to be the ancient Egyptian, and that Smith was enabled bv in spiration to translate them in part only, how ever, for the plates are not entirely given ir .cjiigiis:j inis iransiation isine Uook ot Mor mon, and so far it is a faint and distant paral lel of the Koran. In much the same way Ma- luitiv , pjujtuivu M tuue oi religion to nis followers, and on that authority the sceptrc sword of Islamism now sways the richest and widest realms that ever bowed to one faith. But the Mormons have a very different career before them: their faith is opposed to all vio lence, and, from the nature of their peculiar doctrines, they must soon die of themselvo if they are wrong. If ihe appointed signs that are to announce the approach of the Millen ium do not take place immediately, the Latter Day Saints must, by their own showing, be mistaken, and their faith falls quietly to the ground. So, to persecute them merely for opinion's sake is as useless as it would be un just and impolitic. The Book of Mormon purports to be a his tory of a portion of the Children of Israel, who found their way to this Continent after the first destruction" Jerusalem. It is con tinued from generations by a succession of prophets, and gives in different books ss a2 count of the wars and alliances amon" the various branches of the Lost Nation. The Golden Book is ah abridgement by Mormon the last of the prophets, of all the works of his. predecessors. : . . The style is a close imitation of the serin- tural, and is remarkably free from any allu sions that might betray a knowledge of the present political or social state of the world. The writer lives in the whole strength of his imagination in the age he portrays. It is dif ficult to imagine a more dfficult literary task than to write what may be termed a continu ation of the Scriptures, that should not onlv avoid " all collision with the authentic and sa cred word, but even fill up many chasms that now seems to exist, and thus receive and lend confirmation in almost every book. . - To establish a plausibly-sustained theory that the aborigines of our Continent are de scendants of Israel without committing himself by any assertion or description that could be contradicted, shows a degree of talent and re search that in an uneducated youth of twenty is almost a miracle in itself. A copy of the characters on some of the .goiaen leaves, was transmitted to a learned able to decypher them, but thought they bore a resemblance to the ancient Egyptian char acter. If on comparison it appears that these char acters are similar to those recently discovered on those ruins in Central America which have attracted so much attention lately and which are decidedly of Egyptian architecture, it will make a strong point for Smith. It will tend to prove that the plates are genuine, even if it does not establish the truth of his inspiration, or the fidelity of his translation. . In any case our Constitution throws its pro- If the Mormons have violated the law, let tho law deal with the criminals; but let not a mere opinion, however absurd and delusive it may be, call forth a spirit of persecution. Perse cution harsh daughter of Cruelty and Ignor ance, can never find a home in a heart truly, republican. Opinion is a house hold god, and in this land her shrine is inviolate. . Josephine. A man swearing the peace against three of his sons, thus concluded the affidavit: "And this deponent farther saith, that the only ono ol his children, who showed him any real affec .. i . - lion, was bis youngest son Larry, tor ne never struck him when he was down," Tall Lodgings. The highest inhabited pla ces in the .known world are in Peru. Tho cottages at the source of the Ancormorca are 15,720 feet above the level of the sea. The village of Tacora is 14,275 feet high. Potosi, once containing a population of 150,000, is 14, 000 feet above the level of the sea. Rich relations are generally distant ac quaintances; like the great bear.in the museum, to be looked at and admired, but not approach ed. The Legislature of Kentucky have passed several Resolutions in relation to a National Bank, recommending the chartering of such an institution. There was but a slight oppositon manifested against their passage. MT.rfilriMiTr." DpiMi .Tho TVJpw Cir m- Crescent City has tho following, which wc, sider to be one of the happiest hits at the pres ent taste for theatrical amusements, that we have ever read: - "Preparations are being made to bring out with all despatch, at one of our theatres, a new piece, entitled 'Sanco Panza and his Ass' A beautiful jackass, which may be seen in our enclosure, on St. Charles street, is in training the scene on the stage where ho kicks up in the face of the heroine, is said to be ex quisite. The first act concludes with the des c nt, tail foremost, of tho jackass, from the ex treme height of the theatre. Int, the last act the animal will bray Yankee Doodle with va riations. The recent great success of horso pieces, has induced a literary gentleman to prepare this splendid, play." -Sa. Chron. Alexander Barrow has been tlccted United Otates Senator from Louifiana. i i 1