- , . ....... ' ' ' V
I LJ VJ7:LJ
TALLAHATGHIE COUNTIES ADVERTISER.
VI?; L-l LWt'1i It' '-Mr' '-'It i';n
' " ... - . ' ' '" ' ' ' ' '
VESfESvm M tol, on Oth DecomlK.
was purtuaov- - . Printer lee iiu
tfghteenhundred and 'Jectionl
. W, the east half south cast qua rw
. ty-eight. tov
purchased by . g"four.. Pr fce eight dolls,
eighteen hundred and tL.r J auarter,nd east
If SuXwe quarter section twenty-eight, town
t u 'it nnlnPr
24. range two east, containing aU u.v.
acre' tvas purchased by A. S. Campbell $ C Dart,
on Dec 20, 1884. Pr. fee ten dollars. "
Also; the north half and west half south east qr.
section 32, township twenty-four, range two east,
containing 477 and 30 hundredths acres: was purcha
sed by Wm M. Beal on Gth Dec 183 1. Pr fee l5d
Also; Lot No. 16, section 0, township twenty-four,
rane one east, containing 82 and 35 hundredths acres
waspurchased by Wm H. Whitaker on Dec 4 1834.
Printer fee eight dols
Also; Lots No. 3 and 16, section eight, township
24, range one east, containing 96 and 64 hundredths
acres, was purchased by Wm. H. Whitaker, on 4th
TWmnhpr 1834. Printer fee eisrht dollars.
Also: Lots No. 4 and 5, section ei ht, township 24
ranee one east, containing 76 aud 50 hundredths acres
was purchased by Wm II. Whitaker on 4th Decem
ber 1834. Printer fee eiiht dollars.
Also; Lots eleven, twelve and thir ee i, section 8,
township twennty-four, range one east, containing
117 and 98 hundredths acres; was purchased by Wm.
II. Whitaker on 4th Dec 1834. Printer lee lUd
Levied on the above described lands to sat
isfy the State and County Tax due thereon,
as above mentioned. This 16th day of June,
JT.VO. . HO.VTGOJ?IERY,
Assessor & Collector
Of Tallahatchie County.
In the presence of
A. B. BETTS, &
E. E. ARMSTRONG.
Charleston, Miss. June 16th, 1841. 3m.
For publishing in the town of Carrollton, Car
roll county, Miss., a weekly paper to be enti
Southern Pioneer ,
( BY G. W. H. BROWN. )
TTNDER the above title of the "Soutiiebn Pio-
J neeb," we propose to publish in the town of
wrollton, a new Weekly Paper, devoted to romics.
both State and National, Agriculture, the current
news of the day, and the advancement of the great
cause of Education. This paper will be devoted to
what its conductor believes to be the best interests of
the State and county. It will advocate the great Whig
cause which you have recently seen so signally trium
phant. Believing, that the principles put forth by the
great Wing party as the tenets of its political creed,
are the only true ones ou which this Government was
originally founded, and on which it should be admin
istered, this paper will lend to those principles, when
ever and wherever espoused, its rumble but cordial
Nn man or set of men. will be bv us unscrupulously !
sustained at the expense of principle, "Principles j
not men," is our motto by this rule shall we be gov-1
ever point to the cardinal virtues of a representative j
Government. But, the interests ot our VZ, "aim
more particularly of our county, shall receive at our
hands a constant and an earnest advocacy. While
ur sister counties have been the object of Legislative
action, and Executive patronage, the county of Carroll
has remained comparatively unknown and unappre
iated. It shall therefore be our pride, as well as our
4uty, to develope its vast resources and point out its
numerous advantages. The cause of education, the
cause of enlightened and progressive civilization, the
only true bulwark of a nation's freedom, shall receive
that attention its importance demands. In fine, as
humble Pioneers in the great crusade against igno
rance and error, we shall shoulder our mattock and
shovel, and taking our place in the great march of
modern improvement, our course shall ever be as JMar
oaionsaidlo Stanly, Onward."
TERMS. The "Pioneer" will be published every
Saturday morning at five dollars in advance, or
IX dollars at the expiration of six months, or six
dollars fifty at the end of the year.
03-NO PAPER WILL BE DISCONTINUED
- UNTIL ALL ARREARAGES ARE PAID.
ADVERTISEMENTS inserted at the rate of One
Dcllal and Fifty Cents per square (- ) for
the first, and One Dollar for each subsequent in
sertion. The number of insertions must be marked
npon the ms. or it will be published until ordered
out, and charged accordingly.
0-From one to ten lines constitute a square
Articles of a personal nature, whenever admitted
will be charged at double the above rates. Political
circulars or public addresses, for the benefi of indi
vidual or companies, charged as advertisements
Announcing candidates for office $10 each.
Yearly Advertising. For forty lines, or less,
renewable at pleasure, each week, &05.
0i7"Bills fr advertising are due when the work is
done, and JY1U5T be paid whenever called tor.
0rln connection with the Pioneer Office, is a large
Assortment of new and fashionable Fancy Type,
which enables us to execute all orders for Job Print-
tntr in fine stvle. We solicit patronage in this line
at prices the same as other well regulated offices iD
Mississippi. Orders from Attorneys, Clerks, Sheriffs,
tic, promptly attended to.
ALL JOB WORK CASH. .
Letters or Communications to the publisher must
bt post-paid, or they will not be taken out.
Watches and Clocks
rjfrK EPA IRED.TI
THE subscriber has settled himself permanently
in Middleton, Carroll county, Mississippi, where
ho is prepared to execute all work entrusted to his
care, with neatness and despatch.
Middleton, April 17, 1841. 18-t6. 3
T. S. & jTrTAYItES,
Attorneys at La w-Carroll ton, Miss. ,
lETTheir Office is the same formerly occupi
ed by Marsh J Ayres,
January. 1, 1841 4tf.
sfucu.auu iujuuju.uu .v...... .v.., . -jon tne lst January 100, was reguiariv puu- it
find tliem. iudrre with impartiality, admonish -with ! ,. . . , , 'iLor
candor, and repTeherul with justice: As humble Pio-' u oeioie ine ovemuer po, tll
npers in the trreat cause ot political t ruin, wesnaui'iuu unuir ujiir, -;tci iiiiuiun u us iu i r...nri
DAVID O. SI1ATTUCK,. of Carroll.
ADAM L. BINGAMAN, of Adams,
WILLI AM R. HARLEY, of Marshall.
For Secretary of State.
LEWIS G. GALLOWAY, of Holmes.
For Auditor of Public Accounts,
JAMES J. ALLEN, of Hinds,
For State Treasurer,
WILLIAM G. CRAWLEY, of Perry.
For Attorney General,
ROBERT HUGHES, of Hinds.
FROM THE TRUE ISSUE.
THE STATE BONDS, No. 2.
Until some one of the mad men who are
striving to make the people ot Mississippi
r n r
more ridiculous than Governor McNutt has
made himself, shall attempt something like a
reason why the Bonds created and sold tor the
use and benefit of the Planters Bank shall
not be paid we will pass it by, with the belief
that even madness itselt will not be so much
without method, as to urge any legal or moral
objection to the payment of-those Bonds, un
less the people are willing to join agrarian
Tucker in the notion "that we are unable to
bear a tax, and therefore raise the hue and
cry against our legal and moral obligation to
pay them." This is beautiful doctrine indeed!
Deny the existence of the obligation upon the
plea of incapacity to discharge it! What is
it that runs men into such absurdity? Is it
weakness or wickedness?
But to the Union Bank. We admit on the
score of policy and proper State economy
such an institution as the Mississippi Union
Bank ought never to have been chartered, and
the making and selling of the Bonds and pledg
ing of the faith of the State ought never to
have taken place. But these things have been
done, but not in derogation (as the agrarians
contend) of the forms or requirements of the
Constitution ot this State. In our 1st JNo. we
set out the section of the constitution preten-
ded to have been violated by the new political
faction aud that the charter passed by the
Legislature and approved bv Governor Lynch,
the nature, exteut an.
the charter, than ever they were upon any
ormer sumect; a new Legislature was elected
with an eye more exclusively to the U. Bank
han anv other subject, vea, than to all the
other subjects together. The Legislature met
and the charter as it had passed the last Legis-
atureand been published to, and received by
the public, was again re-passed by the Legis (
aiure anu approved rv governor ividuu, ;
Mibruary 5th, 1838, without the smallest al-
eration; and that this was an act ol the Le -
gislature of Mississippi in strict pursuance oi
the forms of the constitution, and therefore j
he law of the land. We will notice the Sup- ,
plemental Bill in its proper place.
Let us look in the first place to the powers ;
and authority conferred, and the liabilities ere-j
ated by the c! arter of the Union Bank oi Mis-;
sissippi as passed by two Legislatures and ap
proved by two Governors.
Ti:e 1st section establishes the institution
by the title of "the Mississippi Union Bank,"
"with a capital of fifteen million five hundred
thousand dollars, which said capital shall be
raised by means of a loan to be obtairfed by
the directors of the institution."
The 2d section of the charter divides the
capital of 15,500,008 into shares of $100 each,
and points out the mode of publication and
subscriptions for stock, tc.
The 3d section provides for the opening the
books of subscription, and appoints the com
missioners for each county of the State and
directs their duties, &c
The 4th section provides that citizen own
ers of real estate situated in Mississippi, shall
be the only persons entitled to subscribe for
stock in said bank.
The 5th section of tho charter is the princi
pal one under which the difficulty has occur
red. It is in these words " 7
"Be it further enacted, That in order to fa
cilitate the said Union Bank for the ; loan of
fifteen million five hundred thousand dollars,
the faith of this State be and is hereby pledg
ed, both for the security of the capital and in
terest, and that seven thousand five hundred
bonds of two thousand dollars each, to-wit:
eighteen hundred'and seventy-five, payable
in twelve years; eighteen hundred and seventy-five,
payable in fifteen years; eighteen hun
dred and seventy-five, in eighteen years; and
eighteen hundred and seventy-five, in twenty
years, and bearing interest at the rate of; five
per cent per annum, shall be signediy the
Governor of the State to the order of the Mis
sissippi Union Bank, countersigned by the
State Treasurer and under the seal of the Slate:
Said Bonds to be in the following words, viz:
ARROLLTON, MISSISSIPPI, SATURDAY
men bv thest;
Mate of Mississippi' acknowledges to be in
debted to the Mi-sissippi Union Bank in the
sum ol two thousand dollars, which sum the
said State of Mississippi promises to pay in
current money of the United States to the or
der of the President, Directors and Companv
ui uie year, wan interest at the rate ot
five per centum, payable half yearly at the
place namedin the endorsement hereto, viz:
on the-;- of every year until the payment
of the said principal sum; in testimony where
of, the Governor of the State of Mississippi
nas signed, and the l reasurer ot the State has
countersigned these presents, and caused the
seal of the State to be affixed thereto at Jack
son, this in the vear of our Lord."
"Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That the
said Bonds mav be transferable bv the en
dorsement of the President 'and of the Cash
ier of said Bank to the order of any person
whatsoever, or to the bearer; and the said en
dorsement shall fix the place the said princi
pal and interest shall be paid and all expen
ses incurred thereon shall be defrayed from the
tunds ot the isank."
When the Bonds were made or any portion
ot them, and sold, and endorsed, and deliver
ed to the endorser as provided for in these sec
tions, the liability of the State was fixed as
security lor the payment of them upon .the
tailure ot the Hank to do so and so every
sound lawyer and enlightened judicial tnbu
nal in the Union will declare when the matter
is presented to them for the act was done in
strict pursuance of the requirements of a con
stitutional law. But sav the Agrarian's Con
stitutionul Law! that is what we deny. Upon
what ground do you deny its constitutionality?
Answer 1st, say they, "the 47th section of the
original act only required that the 5th section
thereof should be published instead of the
whole act. But we have already declared in
No. 1, that the whole act was published "in
all the papers of any note or circulation in
the State" the requisite length of time; but
every lawyer ot common sense will tell you
that it is not a fact enquirableintoat this day.
It was a thing directed to be done by some of
the executive officers of the State, and there
fore a proper subject for the inquiry of the
Legislature of 1838; and we are now bound to
presume that the fact of the publication ot the
act as requiied by the 9th section of the 9th
article ot the constitution was made most ful
ly to appear to the Legislature of 1833, or
they certainly would not have passed the act
again on the 23rd day of January, 183S, in the
House of representatives, by a vote of 53 to
J-5 (see llouso journal, page 157,) and by
the Senate by a vote of 17 to 12, on the 29th
day of January, 1S38. See Senate journal
would be a harsh Construction and such
one as no court 01 justice in the Union
be induced to cive that the action ot
the Legislature will be presumed to be done
without authority unless every thing is shown
to have been regular.. This would be turning
the fixed rules of the law heels uppermost.
The bill under discussion did pass a second
time asiust shown, and we are bound to pre-
SUme that the whole bill was published (if a
publication of all of it was necessary,) exact-
y as required. No tribunal of justice will
presume a Lems aturfl to act unconstitution-
ally, but will presume all to be done which
0udit to have been done, especially when the
act is that of a third person, and the duty is
directory and not a substantive fact upon
which the whole fabric depended. You know
Agrarians, that it is not good nonsense to be
talking of abstractions which are incapable ot
proof, and when the legal presumption is
against you, how are you to prove the lact
you assert, "that the original bill had not ueen
published to the people as required by the con
stitution?" Can you prove a negative with
the presumption of law against vou? Will
i you attempt it by bringing up Gov. McNutt
land some of the printers and publishers of
newspapers in this State, and get the Gover
nor to say he did not order the publication of
tie bill, and the printers to say they did not
publish it; all this w ill prove nothing. The
validity of the acts does not' depend upon
the order of the Legislature or the Governor,
nnr imon the publication of the bill in cer
tain designated papers or periodical journals,
but upon the tact that the out naa oeen puu
lieripri' for three months or more before the
election next succeeding the passage of the
hill in three or more newspapers published in
this State. The fact to be enquired into by
the Legislature of 1838, was the public i Hon
of the bill in the requisite number of papers
for the proper length of time, and not oy
whose authority and direction the publication
was made surely. To inform the people " of
thp. nature and characterof the pledge ot tneir
faith is the thing intended by tne constitution
and to attain that end the constitution requires
the publication of so much of the bill at least,
as will show the general nature and character
of the pledge. It is therefore the publication
and not the order of any particular, person to
publish the bill or any part of it, or that the
same has been made in any particular papers
or oeriodcals that gives validity to it. If then
you were to bring up your negative witnes
ses (a host of them if you please,) and we
should produce consecutive numbers for more
than three months before the election in No
vember, 1837, of three or more newspapers
published in Mississippi, setting out said bill
accurately, do you not suppose youi negatives
JUNE 2G, 1841.
ue neia lor nothing; 13ut we would
ta nornotnitarl? T . V. : J l' I i
events, the Governor and his selected printers
would most likely die before the final winding
up of the concerns of the said Bankand all
uc iiics uuu uumoers oi ine newspapers ot
nr.oM.ni wi,.. -u. . ....
t wv. wot U1 utjuuycu uy uuie auu
tiiie of the oroof cf the nuWiwition nf
..uv ..i. II llltll VI III UC IUUUU H V K!S !.
original bill 25 years hence, except in the legal ls
been done which the constitution required
should be done before the bill should be passed
presumpuon arising irom ine passage ot the win not be long belore he retires in disgust
said bill a second time by the new Legislature -it is an up-hill business, and he can't stand
of 1838, and the approval of that act by the inn n ,4 . 4, . T ,
fvomnr Atti pAL i qq ..LJuIa ll louS' 1 the speeches. Judge Shat-
mio a law pieogmg tne iaun oi me estate: aim wun such terrible eliect. He commen
Wemust presume the Legislature and the ced, and in ten minutes there was but little of
Governor acted constitutionally. T.,t,..ir. ie .
We believe we have now ' shown that the
original charter and all the steps taken from
its first introduction into the Legislature, to
its final approval by Gov. McNutt, the 5th
Febrnarv. 183$. are in accordance with the
j r 1
We will dismiss this number with a request
of the Agrarians to point out even a plausible
teature ot unconstitutionality in the charter
from its commencement up to its consumma-
uon.and to bring torth the proot to support
their alligation. .
VVe are aware that the greatest stress ot L -n 1 7 ,,uuu ttS
the Agrarians is predicated upon the "act sup- 8ure yu he Wl11 make an awful inroad upon
plemental to an act to incorporate the sub- the democratic strength.
sci ibers to the Mississippi Union Bank " and to -A poet in a great quandary,
the consideration of that act, we will devote Trt V
at least our next number. rhyme for peiy.-
Just so the Locofocos of this county are
Was drowned from on board the steamboat puzzled to find candidates to run as Anti-Bond-New
Orleans, on Sunday morning last a short men for the Legislature and no wonder, for
distance above Holena, Mr. James Bell, for- :t j0 . c t t.
merlya Merchant of Nashville, Tenn., and !t ls.dar'nSdeed, for aman who has any pre
brother of the present Secretary of War. tension-to honesty or talents, to say in the
His remains were brought to this city by Maj. face of the world, "I for one am not- willing
Baker of Louisiana, and committed to the forustopay our just debts." We know we
friends of the family of the deceased, by whom chartered the Union Bank we know that un
they were deposi ed in the grave with the usu- ... . ... 1 , ,
1 !. e l 1. der tna charter the bonds were sold we
al rites of christian sepulture. . . . , , s IU "c
Memphis Enquirer. know that we received the money we know
rv n r no. f the mnt lhal we Prom'Ised .to pay it back we know
The Britisu Corn LAWs.-One of the most the pu?xhasers of lhe d h
mportant, and certainly the most mteres- , r . uuu; tAPeiea mem
. ' , 4 , 4. n , , . to be redeemed but we do not Jcnow that
b the prospect ofaspeedy modificatioi. if not
r. r . r
enure prostration oi ine oniisn voru
Laws. The New Orleans Bee has an inter
esting article on the subject, from which we
clip the closing paragraphs. Vicks. "Whtg.
It is, however, enough for us that the Corn
Laws are to be touched that these hoary
monuments of despotism are at length to
crumble under the assults of an enlightened
public opinion. We rejoice at it, as we glad
den at the extension of liberty and the destruc
tion of tyranny at a blow wielded by an
arm of power against the giant Privilege at
the amputation of a moiety of that vast ba
ton of wealth and influence wielded by the
landed aristocracy of Great Britain. We re
joice at it because it will open to honest in
dustry the benefit of wholesome emulation,
because it will remove from the humbler
classes one barrier to their progress, while it
will tend to diminish the exactions and the
supremacy of those exalted by rank and opu
Not inconsiderable in a merely selfiish point
of view, will be the operation of a reform in
the Corn Laws on this country. By a decrease
in the restrictive duties on foreign corn, the
vast granaries of our western country will, in
a measure, supply with bread stuffs the fam-
shing population of Great Britain. Though
labor is higher in America the exhaustless
fertility of the soil provides returns so bounti
ful for the husbandman's toil, that he will be
enabled to export his superfluity and vend it
in Europe, at a price that may successfully
compete with that of the agricultural products
of the continent. The advantages gained by
the proximity of those parts of Europe which
cultivate bread stuffs, can be compensated by
the activity, energy and industry of our Amer
ican farmers. We therefore consider the pro
nnsed modification of the corn laws as a wide
field opened to American industry and enter
prise, one which our countrymen with char
acteristic promptitude will take care quickly
and thoroughly to cultivate.
The following correspondence is taken from
the Vicksburg Whig of the 15th inst. Tru
ly does the correspondent speak, when he
says Tucker will leave the field in disgust. A
rumor has reached this place of his flight to
parts unknown determined to meet the ap
pointments of himself and opponent no longer.
iJudge Gholson gave the use of the court
house from 12 to 3 o'clock , on Monday and
Tuesday, in order to give Messrs. Shattuck
and Tucker, the opposing candidates for Gov
ernor, an opportunity of expressing their opin
ions and principles as well on the bond ques
tion as on all - others' of interest to the state.
. Judge Shattuck led off the ball, and I assure
VOL. I, NO. 23.
vou it vn n nln,t,i cr n r
; " ,ul
A.a ? a sPeech 01 two hours and 40
""ulC3 " woujo nave done you good to
have seen old Tighlman flounding and pitch-
ing about irom one position to another, but
ot trr iaii L!, ir .
w; ,uc muugiujg imiiii in an inex-
lncabIe maze r confusion. Poor fellow, he
to e pitied! and if I am not much mistakem
luck had minutes to reply to him in, and
never was tijne used before to such advantage,
M"c ,7? 10 mmuies he co 7 be
!JfnTm iy he was m the perspective, and in
u minutes ne was no where, there was not
even, to use a vulgar saying, a "grease spot
rpUr . . .
, A"c ""u . w" cro vaed' and amng
ine crowa were a ,arge number of democrats,
w"n many 01 whom l conversed, and I shall
not be astonished to find Tucker off the track
in three weeks. Judge Shattuck has produced
the finest imnrPlnn in thic mnn.,, j t
ana whilst m their private caDac tv thev nm
private capacity they are
willing for others to say they should not be
paid. But for them publicly to come out and
declare in the face of the world as high-minded
honorable members of the State Legisla
ture of Mississippi, that they will not pay
back, or sanction any law which would cause
to be paid back, money which was honesly
and fairly sold to them, is rather more than
they are yet willing to do. What citizen in
this State who has pretentions to common
honesty, could take an oath of this kind",'
ot the county of ,do solemnly
and sincerely swear, in the presence of Al
mighty God, that I do not believe that the
bonds of the Mississippi Union Bank should be
paid." None, absolutely not one honest man
in the State, would be willing to take any
such oath. No wonder, then, that the loco's
of this county cannot get men to suit their
purposes. The Mississippian says "There is
mour opinion, a majority of Anti-Bond payers
in Hinds county, and a full Democratic Anti.
Bond ticket can be elected." Come Colonel,
you know better than that, or you know at
least, that a very great majority of the citi
zens of Hinds are not willing openly to avow
so great and palpable dishonesty. True Issue
The Memphis Enquirer says: "Hon D. O'.
Siiatttjck, the Whig candidate for Governor
of Mississippi, spent a few days in our city in
the early part of the week. The Judge made
a highly favorable impression upon those who
made his acquaintance. We are glad to learn
from him that it is his design to enter with
vigor into the canvass. By agreement, he
and his competitor will visit every county in
the State together.
Singular. It is stated in the Baltimore A
merican, as a singular fact, that one of the
workmen attached to the Baltimore shot tow
er, while passing through Howard's Park, at
an early hour in the morning, Jieard a flock of'
wild geese passing over him, and looking up
saw something white descending towards the
ground. He took off his hat containing his
handkerchief, and was thus enabled to catch,
unbroken, a large goose egg, which had been 7
sent down by one of the aerial voyagers. , ,
The few members of Gen. Harrison's fami '
ly that were remaining in Washington, de-
parted from that place on the 19th ult. The 7 1
sympathies of a nation will follow them, and !
soon as that nation can express its disposition ,
through the constitutional channels, we trust s ,
the family of Gen. Harrison will receive a tes-. ; ,
timony more substantial than wards. I .
. 1 1 ii 1 1 .. V .
At the present extra session, Congress will'
certainly charter a United States Bank, '
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