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Highest of all in Leavening Powcr.-Latest U. S. Gov't Report.
A ..OMLY PURE
ORIGIN OF YACHTING.
COANGE- IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF
VESSELS IN 300 YEAR&
w.vlases a thme .epaiuity e the spes-.
The irss tatreatltasel aes. Was D.
Sw... Kaglish sad Duteh Vesels.
Charles I Ameng the Earles Patrlees.
The term "yacht" is derived from the
Danish word "jaght," meaning a chase;
bene. yachting is the chasing of one ve
el after another, and accordingly yacht
ing and yacht racing are synonymous
A yacht is and always has been eisen
tially a pleasure craft, but in the early
days no yacht of any site existed. Thus
we ind a writer in 1700 referring to a
yacht as "a small shipbuilt for swiftness
and pleasure rather than for merchan
dise or warlike service." History does
not tell us where, when or under what
circumstances yachts were first built,
but it is certain they are of ancient ori
gin and were only owned by royal per
sons and great nobles. The latter fact
receives corroboration from an ancient
but carefully compiled dictionary of sin
gular words, where a yacht is described
as "a pleasure craft of not more than
100 tons for the king's nse."
The earliest mention of a yacht in this
country was as far ba,.k as the Anglo
Saxon period, when King Athelstan re
ceived from the king >f Norway a prese
ent of a magnificent state barge, rigged
with pur le sails r.n.d decorated with
wrought old. Ql+en Elizabeth, we
know, frequently rsed a state barge,
and so have suncce"-ive sovereigns to this
day. It is curious to relate, and goes
far to show the primitive nature of our
early resources, that while foreigners
were able to build yachts their example
was not followed in this country till
1588, when the first English yacht was
constructed at Cowes and launched
from that port.
But while 1358 may be fixed as the
commencement of yacht building in
England, it cannot be said that during
the next half century much progress was
made with the newly acquired industry.
Indeed, had it not been for Charles 1I,
it is probable that the trade would not
have been established for some tim. to
come. King Charles, however, was very
fond of sailing, and the Dutch East India
company, with the view of gaining royal
favor, presented him with a small sloop
rigged vessel. The advent of the foreign
built vessel evidently stimulated native i
talent, as we find Evelyn, in his diary of
Oct. 1. 1661, writing. "I sailed this morn
ing with his majesty in one of his yachts or
pleasure boats. vessels not known among
us till the Dutch East India company
presented thatcurious piece to the king."
But the king was not only a yachtsman;
he was also a designer, and drew the
lines of the Jamie, a 2, tonner, built at
Lambeth, and rastul her against the lBe
man, a small Dutch built vessel belonir
nug to the Duke of York.
The course was from Greenwich to
Gravesendl and back and the prize £100,
which was won by the Bezan. As the
ships were designed and constructed in
different countries the race may fairly
claim to have possessed an international
character, while from the fact that the
royal owners steered their own boats it
was clearly an amateur match. Unfor
tunately with the death of Charles iI
came another lull in the history of yacht
ing. and it was not till early in the eight
eenth century that any real revival took
place. During this long interval, how
ever. yachting had gradually become a
more democratic amusement, and the
sport of kings had descended to the level
of commoners. Cork harbor became a
favorite yachting ground and during
the summer months was crowded with
diminutive pleasure vessels. Indeed. so
popular did the sport become that in 1720
the Cork Harbor WateE Flub was formed
to encourage yacht racing. The club ul
timately developed into what is now the
Royal Cork Yacht club. Here, then, we
have the first authentic attempt at organ
ization in the yachting world.
A fet years later the sport came into
favor in the south of England, and Mait
Sland, in his "History of London" (1789),
refers to sailing as one of the amuse
mants to be met with on the river
T~ws s, while later still (1801) Stratt,
Ss well known work on "Sports and
Pastimes," mentions the existence of a
society consisting of certain gentlemen
who gave a silver cup to be sailed for
manually in the vicinity of London. To
ward the close of the eighteenth century
Cowes became the favorite resort of
yacht racing, but still the contending
verssls were of small size, none being
-oar 35 tons. It was not until the foun
datio of the yacht club, afterward the
Royal Yacht club and now the world re
nowned Royal Yacht squadron, that
yaddag in this country may fairly be
a-id to have estabished itself as a na
Usal sport, and even then il512) the
-asi.srof yachts afloat only reached 50,
aItol. But from this ttme the popo
-i.- of yachting ralpidly grew, and club
ater clrb followed in quick succession.
May A. quire Ti m ..
Brilliant and Impulsive lnpple." dc
slars a lecturer on phy? siug.ny. ".have
b -ack eyes, or if they don't have them
thayre apt to get them if they're too un
THERE W\AS GOOD FISHINQ.
Likewlse Good Luck ,on a PhenesamleMly
The scene of the following incident
was about 40 miles from Gloversville,
N. Y., on a beautiful little lake just
L across the tableland at Pl.eco lake, in
m. Hamilton county. The day was all that
. a fisherman could desire, and every con
dition was right for good fishing. A
party of three were in the boat-namely,
L. 3. Everest. his friend, Profesor
'pencer from Brooklyn, and the writer.
SThey had taken nearly 50 pickerel in
! less than half a day, and the sime was
Soo weighing from St to 6 pounds.
e last turn around the "lucky point"
was being made before we started for
Y home. Everest. who was trolling one of
a the line, said: "I've got another. He's
a a big one from the way he polls." Ever
eat let him play at one timenearly $00
f- feet of line before the fish could be
turned. When he had been brought
t into sight, he was not so large as some
we had already in the boat, but there
was an unusual motion all about him.
Soon the line was drawn so tightly it
was necessary to let him play again.
When brought back, it was discovered
that a large pickerel had attempted to
swallow the one on the hook, which was
D now quite exhausted.
The big fellow still followed, shark
s like, for the dead body of his victim,
which, however, we were not disposed
to give up. Just as Everest was about
to swing the fish on his hook into the
I boat the professor took up his oar, hop
ing to strike and thus capture the large
one. The movement of the oar attract.
ed the attention of the fish, and in a
twinkle he made a pass at it. Theblade
was about 7 inches wide, but his jaws I
grated across the upper and lower edges,
sawing a groove on either side with his
sharp teeth. The professor, by carrying
I his oar forward with the movement of
the fish, at the same time raising it from
the water, landed the huge fellow into
He weighed 13½ pounds. The fish on
the hook only weighed three pounds, but
showed signs of battle, being bitten in
several places. Upon opening him we
found, as is often the case, a fish of
smaller size in his stomach. This one
showed signs of life and was opened.
We then discovered a pretty little gold
chatelaine watch and were surprised
that the time 'greed with our watches
and that it was running.
i ore than pleased with our fishing ex
pedition, we returned to the Adirondack
hotel and informed Landlord George A.
McCoy of our good luck, at the same
time showing the watch. In less than
two minutes all the guests about the
house were in the office, and among the
number was a pretty young lady from
Albany, who said that the watch was a
token of friendship which she had prized
very highly. When on the lake in the
early part of the day, it had fallen into
the water, and, she supposed, was lost.
It is needless to say she was overjoyed at
its recovery.-Albany Journal.
F IOU WANT INFORMATN AIOU
dress lettadr ordital tan t to
WNN MoXte LAe A mor Cnaars IPAr.
.Is oe, owdN td, Me ann AsTied
u.oLzat. hOl S Weatt ItoD. WoR
- , dYour oles nd'arlrs. dia-b'd in the il.na
el-tbe a w Arre. .a om . oror l vIutbo
w-ton of thr I ann vrn of lai. to 1o lmyrN
ae mwidows, n ntenittled. Oldoad renetedeChatb
0.iplty. T rhrOn t.tleird to lrhnr-, U.
Udforiewows. No Clret for adt sdveaOi
l Me WEae ines BU Mi
ren from Wsasbrgton.
. d ox deal. or photo.. wil ds D.C.
tiol. We oselar, if tenotbie a ombet. freeo
theblge. ut fd n lu tutielntm patpont re .
el of ew ,m f the pu.pa. e f presgeeut
and ta n d eear I
0.,. PelTu Omct. Wae1etcae.. 0. 0.
hga d ain Pest buioem steerse ors
P.O. Box U0. W.&a issTops. DC.
lThksCompany is nses by a omb·o.&t.on o
the lto g"t sod u.ost fiA.lUoot~al a L* Isp i". tae
Ut.lod birato. fr,- to. exyrt e rs5 pa e of ee
sod is s.sietsst Ysrent Mgroto. ad e.rh al-aw
Irti.tougthilus.toenteel' sfruu+ rCto r ptoei
NMi aQ .ts d:jej~d 1'reat,'::.oicofi ptty
A Proilae apes.
Orator-Where else will you ind in
one spot such products as marble, iron.
clay, chalk, copper, lead, slate, glucose.
fruits of all kinds, hemp. fax and all
manner of grains?
Man In the Audience-In my boy's
1lirt Glass Windows.
The first glass window in England was
sue put in the Teltrom abbey in the year
0o A. D. Glass windows did not come
into general use for many hundredyears
after that date. As late as 1577 the glass
casemets of Ainsworth castle were regn
larly taken down and packed away
r whwe ti owner and his family
,wast h Yv, -Sr t. Louis Republ
The La P Fat is qIn Qmir
J SiMar Platte.ýý
D am iut r 9 dw6e "
CipooT$,=('large qPaer. hent sar h eedes at t
to ms we oere. r .v Named i a gIee tfor
them below the regular wholeesl ti amd
we opose to use these prices to or
H to t us new subscrlbe.
es olar Dseusr or ?a.s ,
aor ot, the Tray to htold the eal being 14
hoes wide ad very handsomely hand en.o
grarved s are all the pi ces.
The tnoet. eompr iat a Te Wet ags
wi. Crea Pitcher. spo oneHol sad
WILL mE CIVEN IFREE
Is nay one endlrng us 40 new poeid-up . y
helcrzptlons, or for 1 nw idepar
. ess ua sd. bi eah; o it wil he seei
. .r s eh4 mae. s akes a rely
ouart ,~r m mm t mmm mm m
~LrrshL br S
e The Duluth. South Shore and Atlantic
will soon begin building a roundhouse at
TheJacksonville, Tampaand Key West
company has completed a steel truss
bridge 230 feet long over the St. John's
river at Lake Monroe.
A new building will soon be erected at
Erie, Pa., by the Pennsylvania company
ort use of the division superintendent
and his oMee employees.
I it took 6,000 tons of iron to erect the
r new South Brooklyn extension of the
D Brooklyn Elevated road. The length of
I the structure is 1t miles.
The Erie and Wyoming Valley road
has given the Gold Car Heating company
an order to equip all the passenger cars
with the Gold storage sjeem of ear beat
Newesgs assetevery M rat hauey ewes
M wats to ow a Rides eatlng is always
paplar san satte aeesait. We have tbere.
ess decided to add a Rifle and a Bhot O· to
our numerem premium ofrs. We
want to later everybody and every
elam in ouar pubtlation.
As in ether premiums, we have
eaught out the best artLeles to offer In
this column. ad have made very
favorable arrangements with the sel.
ing agents of the Marlin Arms Co.,
which will enable as to offer the seels
toorr readers as a premium at whole.
sale prices This Rlle has many ad.
vantage ever other repeating rifles.
"The point In which this arm
diffle ast from the old style of e.
psating ri is that the
top of the receiver is en.
tirely uid. the empty
shells being ejected
through an opening in
the right hand side di-*
rectly ove the loading
ble In this system of
side ejecting the empty
shells are never thrown
late the face, never cross
the line of sight or in
any other way Interfere
in taking aim for the
meet sho" -".e always ejected to the right
sad away me the shooter. Another great
advantage is lnat the doing away with the
opening on the top and the closing of the side
slot by the bolt makes it impossible for any
miw, mew. falling leave or dirt to get into
- In case d a defeotte cartridge giving out
around the head, as often happens from re.
eading or from poor metal, no powder will
be blown into the face or eyes, as the solid top
forms a perfect shield.
The Marlin Repeating Ridl is made in sev
e.al callbres, and any make of cartridges of
the same marked calibre of the rifle can be
used for It.
This Rifle is made in the followlng szet iU.
and U calibre.
The Rifle we offer as shown n this drawing
is the standard elas with pistol grip stock and
a inch half octagon barrl. weight 7% pounds,
adm hold. eartridges.
We will give this Rifle FREE
to any one seeding us 40 new paid-Up yearly
shabelptison, or ore 8 new paid-up yearly
sbuhripates and PiO tn cask added: or we
witl emas tatoe at to a aem e.ataer for
SMoo t e**e. empress charges to be paid
br the remolver. Rete l it pelee of this Ries
We oelk - Importd "DOule
asnedled SiOt fg, by a C k
bratad Maker. FRBB to
ON THE FOLLOWING TErMS. a
Thi Doubl" Um mid aus hm all O Iatn I
topeo'rneata. Poltbindt algo 6say.l . ourn
at, rwbsaailu " ..s sn Iariso d =amt.
Ir, ta il cbol -d -b - nM plmem,.
3M tm-.in dad rubbwr bid ruroi 4bl
is Wr 0 ore
We wll at. towle wuasa Ga. r a s
is " a. - miadlbsg r ne paM-ops mar*
mhmmiphpa.. or for r gow paid-up yearly
sarnutpioa. and 1Ant ais add"; or we
twil asoit toa . subscrer t w sy am. lin
a~a. .Bat. .santy Moodn by .aprm..,
aw ...sp. by rar a lw , w kwM b rm inra m i
or~mm 0crI eW t y
as a how ism fgtgOe
·I- '-- a
A e4 Messee.
Featherstone-Won't you play some.
t thing? Mr. Tatter says you play beanti
st Miss Pinkerly-It be likes to hear me
s play so much, why doesn't he call of
Featherstone--e says you always in
at ist upon talking.-Detroit Free Pre.
fever Ore Like It.
"Blinks has written a most remark
"You'd hardly expect it."
"No. you wouldn't. But the scene is
laid on a steamer, and he doesn't even
hint that 'the engines pulsated like the
throb of a mighty heart.' "-Puck.
•b M'21" NA Wto thou o.
a.ina F t ra of tteryn
toe a le to
It u ks a rndall
are tos qy on wo wtt kn r ew
S t in cs red itsd
* 1 t* casteol r
and aaa ticptareren n Elgin owartch
oe ." wi b lanc
e h for inbody steml
Ss swt h.h and setting
Y In the spF parlats.
7-C w, .T .ll |
o wll this wates, delivered chagses
U prepaid, to any one who will send us 40 new
ra y subscrpoutrigtn t to a subscriber for
is emly 61 in scash. delivered prepaid in all eases.
rt.. s! e Ins cave or
ta watch. which), with
is either hunt- accurate, I
:: NO. f..
Seto sod Sliver.
weled smlednioovem nlc sten, wildil and set.
aing and all ImUprovemsents. Ti watch Is
g enough for anybody sad is satisfaction
f. Manythousnds in use.
Wwi rth watch, charges preaid,
yearly subscrlptions, or for 1l5`id-u p yearly
sabscriptions and $0J41 cash additionas: or w i
"ied hy a stiff
twoatept of a
ro 1ýý. 6.
- 1 -.
3I" SLEEPING CARS
TAm DINING CARS
hrls.u SLEEPING CARS
No. 1, Pacl Ma.il.................... 6: p.m.
No. L. Atlantle BUpress ............... 12 m.
No. 4, Atlantic Mail ..................
For Rates, Map. Time Tables or Spieela
formation, apply to Agent Northern Paeifi a.
. at Miles City or.
CHAS. I. PZR
(Ge I Pass. sad Ti ke.gem
st. Pal. Mas
Lumio csol o
Its TAMER M U1LT
Wtfl core~ t"adrln . aLl U'estw rmplOgný fr(ý.
Oveaatio ao bore ne a !rees for . urorttD·
elin ..a nsrvon debIlhty. aeie drte.sn laleguor.
vaaam. kdus, Liver and f ddrgM eamPainle
lsrse W1.mItSgo. selatlro. allfeaeripat.
1 1 r aith. r. t hi r71r4rle Sb . b alah
wilta shiot the ale; . vdleta"s or e a
oads, res been eared b. tmI me aawlei~ eei
.Ier redle, tale. and we cty J W bIitese
our Asa #d t er tsd M Et'elC . GST.d,
g5t bos evere tiered weak men. PUSS utlban
Mneallb aw Ylres a Teseab l~ l er a 5 ta h .
55d5% Send for Weatd Pamplt. .sailed.s.,aied temr
%d Aw..M i 3dSt. $41$ lA"IL hl. TMENr.
TALNEO FROM ts
REAR SV ALL .MEN ANDO WOMEN.
.DELIATE, DAINTY. WITTY.
3s my LmgpIub mewl mia bask Goal ME
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