OCR Interpretation

The roundup record. [volume] (Roundup, Mont.) 1908-1929, June 12, 1908, Image 1

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86075094/1908-06-12/ed-1/seq-1/

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Y OU don't need a mi
croscope to see Round
up grow.
The Roundup Record.
B OOST for Roundup
and Roundup will
boost you.
$2.00 Per Year in Advance.
o 8 s e
; !
9 9 0 9
Furnishings I
\ _ *
# *
I We have a com- \
I plete line of I
.1 (
; Loiigley '
>Lanpher \
[email protected]*s©n
G^tziasi &
Foot SciiMlze
We also handle
SUMMIT Shirts,
Slickers & Slicker
Suits. Let us take
your mearure for
a Suit of Kutfuru
We keep nothing but
tSie best.
No trouble to show
g ©ods.
; Brown-OsborneCo. j
' 6
Roundup, Montana. {

♦ Repairing a Specialty. ♦
5 . - ......-. <►
• ♦
$ Roundup, Montana. 2
o ♦
❖ 0999099 « 99999999<>99999999
Frank Stevens
I laircutting
V. H. Mumbrue. Prop.
Telepîionc Connection.
ItiiKsdup. Montane.
« U. S. Commissioner
• Land Filings
\ Yearly & Final Proofs
Ji , Contests
I Tel. 4 short are l 1 long ring.
Roundup, 9 iontana.
A Virgin Coni Field oi 1!W Square
Miles in (lallMjs.»{iav('rH<
meut Millies Ana y oils.
A practically virgin coal Held, coni-1
prising an area of alunit Tôt) square
miles, lies on the divide between
Musselshell and Yellowstone rivers,
northeast from Billings, Mont., ac
cording to L. II. Woolsey, one of
the geologists of United States geo
logical survey, whose work last sum
mer carried him into the Hull Mts.
field. Except the old tunnels from
which coal was extracted by the
Northern Pacifie railroad men tô
or 20 years ago. there is scarcely a
prospect or country coal hank in
the Held, although the partial in
vestigation made by the government
geologists has discovered at least 14
separate bed of coal that exceed two
feet in thickness. It is probable
that total thickness of all the coal
hods in the portion of the area stud
ied will exceed 40 feet. One bed,
locally known as the "Mammoth
seam," is 15 feet thick in many
Roughly speaking, the field is
I bounded on the south by the south*
i era edge of T 5 N, on the west by
I Razor and llalfbreod creeks, and
I on the north by Musselshell river,
j The eastern portion of the field has
I not yet been studied, and its east
ern limit is not even tentatively fix
ed. The Bull mountains, raising
500 or 000 feet above the surround
ing country. lies in the southwest
ern part of the field.
Analyses of the coals from the
Bull mountain field, made in the
fuel-testing laboratory of the United
States geological survey, place them
among the high-grade subhitiunin
ous(black lignite)eoals of the coun
try. Thus the analysis, of an air
dried sample of Mammoth coal col
lected in Section 00, T 6 X, R 27 E,
gave, the following results:
Air-drying loss, 0.00 per cent;
moisture. 14.00 per cent; volatile
matter, 02.12 percent; fixed carbon.
40.44 per cent; ash. 0.54 per cent;
sulphur, 0.51 per cent, hydrogen,
5.28 per cent, carbon 00.82 per cent;
nitrogen, 0.90 per cent; oxygen.
25.90 per cent; calories, 5,797;
British thermal units, 10,404.
A similar analysis of a sample from
the mine at Roundup shows these
proportions of the-constituents:
Air-drying loss 2.70 per cent;
moisture, 10.27 per cent; volatile
matter, 29.51 per cent; fixed carbon
52.01 per cent; ash, 7. 91 per cent;
sulphur, 0.5(5 per cent; hydrogen.
5.29 per cent; carbon, 66.04 pci
cent; nitrogen, 0.90 per cent; oxygen.
19.00 per cent; calorics, 6,000; Brit
ish thermal units, 11,040.
The sample from Roundup was
much fresher than the sample of
thcMammothcoal.and this is shown
by the analysis. It is believed that
J an analysis of a fresh sample of the
! Mammoth would compare much
! more favorable with the analysis
j of the Roundup coal.
When these analyses are com
; pared with those of the coals from
j Great Falls, Miles City, Red Lodge.
Bear Creek and the Big Horn basin
j it is found that the Bull mountain
i coals rank high. Few of these other
I coals have a greater, and many have
a somewhat less fuel value. The
j coal from all the beds are very sim
! ilar in character and appearance,
j They are black, soft and lustrous.
! give blackish-brown streak, and
! slack readily on exposure,
j The opening of this field is a pres
j ent day question. Recently, as a
result of the coast extension of the
Chicago, Milwaukee St.Raul rail
road along the Musselshell river, a
shaft has been opened on one of
the lower veins located at
Roundup. The mine is now in op
eration and coal is being removed
for use on the new railroad and for
local consumption. The full thick
ness of the bed at this point is
he about six feet. The railroad
extends along the northern border
of the field and will not onlv make
increasingly great demands for fuel
for its own use, hut will afford an
outlet for shipping the coal to dis
tant points: and to meet these de
mauds and those arising from the
growth of the towns in the vicinity
« >f the railroads an extensive develop
ment of the Bull mountain coals is
Field work in the Bull mountain
region is now being carried on by
Mcsfcers. R. \\ . Richards and M. A.
! Pialiel of the United States .geolog
ical survey. A brief report on the
area already* *. covered will be
t'riif.i'.H.Liutirlil of itozemur
périment Station Writes of ltry
Fannin-; Method:.,
Montana is a big state and we
have always largely looked to irriga
tion as the only means of extend
ing and developing our agriculture,
hut there is neither water cyough
nor land available to this water to 1
put more than a small fraction of
the state under irrigation ditch,
probably not more than one-fifteenth
of the area of the state. This, while j
large in amount, is yet a small pro
portion of the whole. However,
if we can attain success in dry tann
ing, then the agricultural lands
the state are very largely inereasi
as I believe there are from 20 to 25
million acres susceptible of culture
under the plow will make'Montana
one of the great agricultural states
of the northwest.
We have a great many inquiries its
to the suitability of soils for certain
crops. Undoubtedly under dry
farm conditions a loam soil, which
is easily worked, with a deep reten
tons subsoil, is the most desirable
soil for dry farm cropping; a loose
sandy or gravelly is not the for any
kind of farming, nor yet is the heavy
clay soil as it is hard to work and
must be handled with great care.
As regards the richness of these
soils in plant food, I do not believe
there is anv cause to worry, us
believe all are amply provided in
this direction.
With the light rainfall of the west,
our soils have never been leached
and so die weathering influences of
ages past iias been preparing and
dissolving the soii, making avail
able plant fond. In a few localities
this action has been carried to ex
cess and have the alkali soil. The
principal point 1 wish to maiL,
however, it that our bench soils as
a rule are quite rich in plant food
tints other necessary conditions be
ing provided a good crop can he
counted on.
It is worthy of note too that the
summer temperature conditions are
favorable to a great variety of crops,
and the e is an abundance of sun
shine the summer days being long.
Tue only deficiency for which speci
al provision has to he made and of
which special care has to lie taken,
is moisture,—the water supply.
Now water is a very important
essential to plant life and plant
growth. Its largest use is as a car
rier of plant food from the soil to
the various parts of the plant.
The soil food for the plant is taken
up by the roots as a very dilute
watery solution and carriei
. ^
y ,l N
water to all parts ot the plant w.n-re
needed, and the surplus water,
alter having served the plant, is ex
haled through the leaves.
Water also serves as a solvant
for the use of the plant food of the
soil, thus preparing it for use of tin
use of the plant. Water in the soil
also makes favorable conditions
for those biological and chemical
activities which are necessary to
the preparation of soil ingredients
for the plant. Finally water com
bined chemically with elements
from the soil and air and enters in
to the composition of the plant it
Experments conducted in various
parts of the country show that large
amounts of water are used by tin
plant. The results indicate that
front 590 to 750 tons of water an
used for every ton of dry substance
produced by the plant. This means
that without a proper supply ol
water plant growth cannot tak<
place so no crop can lie produced.
In a dry count y, therefore, the first
thought of tli" farmer must he dir
eeted to save his water supply.
Whence comes the wate',?
In all our farm operations, wr
must depend for the water supply
for crop on the rain and snow -that
falls upon the earth. Undo
irrigation, we collect the precipita
tion of a large area and spread
it over a small area, thus reinforce
ing the natural rainfall. Unde,
dry farm methods we are restricted
to til
ins average ram ami snow
that falls upon the farm. It i:
interesting fact and a valuable
1 ii
tor that the rainfall in this western
country is not distributed c-venl\
published by the survey during this
summer as a part of Bulletin .341.
an d a detailed report on the wholi
region will be issued as soon as. flu
survey is finished.
G e il e r a I M e rc ha tul i so
If you need some
flour try a sack of our
White Lily Flour
It is made from Choice
No. 1 Hard North Dak
ota Wheat and has no
equal, your money back
if not satisfactory.
orner Main St. and 1st
over the season but comes largely
during the growing season. The
weather records show that half the
average rainfall in ?>!ontana east of
till- Rocky Mountain divide comes
in the months of April. .May, June
and July, and one third of the rain
fall of the veer comes in May and
June. Oar agricultural practice on
tlie (!■■■.■ farm must he such as to
take advantage <4 this fuel. As the
water is so valttahl", we must plan,
to prevent all of it if possible hum
getting away from uA, either by the
runoff or by evaporation.
('an this water he stored ai
for t he crop?
This brings ns to our sueee:
have been able to store and
about t wo-thinb of the rai
one season for the next se
crop. To illustrate: in April,
we plowed up a trad of land on the
bench near Forsyth, Mantana; part
of this, land was cropped that season
and part was cultivated during the
seas in. In April 1907, this soii
was sampled for moisture and also 1
,-oine of the prairies soil'insine and
outside the fence of the adjoin
ing pasture.
On ! 1
d h
s. We
it »().;.
^ The results were as follows
the close cropped, open range, tin
,. (! j| ())) \p r jj ],.( W;1S down but
one foot. On liie fenced range or
inclosed pa stun*, where the grass
^ |j
was not cropped close, the moisture
bad penetrated two feet, or, in other
words, the fenced pasture bad twice
as much moisture at this time. On
the land cropped the year before
die moisture was down two feet.
But on the land cultivated during j
the previous summer, the ground i
was wet down live feet, and the fifth
was wet enough to make a mud ball.
\Ye had stored here seven to eight
inches of rainfall as compared to
the open range.
Similar tests were carried on the
past season and this spring the sum
mer tilled land is wet down nearly
seven feet and at least nine inches
of the rainfall of tin- past season is
in the ground. Similar soil plowed
in th" spring, hut not summer tilled,
•ontamed no more moisture than
he land cropped the year before.
Cultivation properly done will
-tore and bold the rainfall for the
How was this done?
First, w • have to see that we
have a place to store moisture.
This calls for a deep retentive soil.
lit sandy nr gravelly soil or a
shallow soil part with its moisture
too readily and olTords no storage j
mom for water. A still day soii is
rathe r impervious to water and rath- :
er too retentiveof it if once wet. to j
give the best result«. A sandy loam !
to a day loam soil that ranges from
ive to fifteen feet deep affords tliei^
best conditions for water storage.!
With these favorable conditions,
while we do not claim that our plan
is the only one or yet the best to
-tore soil moisture, yet it has given
very good results as has been shown.
Our new land was plowed in the
spring while moist,and the disc har
row, slightly turned, followed the
plow closely. The land was plowed
l Continued on lust page.)
j v
: X
j 4
! ^
Dry Goods
Gent's Furnishings
Harness & Saddles
Wag ons & Buggies
Farm Implements
And Everything
Contractors & Builders.
Roundup, Montana. * j

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