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\ WAT KlIPJÖ Oimnmmi ÄTRTCA - ' u < ! Invitation to the President from the Methodist Mis sionary Society Brings Forth a Surprising Expo sition of Missionary Conditions in Africa Which May Ee Improved Greatly Through the Coming of the Great White Chief u Pesheya.** '4h \ © A-isT*» W r ASHINGTON. — The heroes of the dark continent are not all mighty hunters and ex plorers. The hardest fight that Is waged for the opening of the continent is not a fight in the open with wild beasts or howling savages while the world looks on and applauds. Rather it is a grap pling in the dark with shadows, the shadows of spiritual gloom that loom so black and yet are so elusive to the grasp. It is a fight for the spread of light in dark places waged by men and women unused to physical hardships and with a breeding that renders them peculiarly sensitive to the spiritual wear and tear of their work. It is a fight without fanfare, without an audi ence, and too often without immediate results. If President Roosevelt accepts the invitation of the Methodist Missionary society to take part In missionary work while traveling through Africa he will have thrown the weight of his influ ence in the scales for a cause particu larly in need of such help. In the same way as the president's declamations against race suicide unquestionably have helped domestic life, bo perhaps he can throw some light on a phase of civilizing work peculiarly misunder stood by the majority of white people at home and abroad. It requires no great stretch of the imagination to get a vision of the president preaching a common-sense religion to a black au dience, just as he hits preached do mesticity, fearlessness, strenuousness and a great many kindred virtues to the people in America. Rut it requires an intimate knowledge of the African character, its keen sense of authority and position, its veneration for "big chiefs" of whatever country, to gauge the tremendous influence his words would carry. Great Aid to Missionaries. Even if the president should not take an active part in the work, lie un doubtedly will visit the mission sta tions, and the mere fact that a chief of such bigness that the full scope of the African imagination hardly can take in his orbit visits familiarly with the missionaries will give a very help ful prestige to them in the eyes of the natives. Respect for his own chief is the bone and sinew of the African's code of morals and is, in fact, one with his religion. Combined with this is a surprising penetration into the "who's who" of other nations. It takes an African native something loss than live minutes to know who is the "real thing" and who merely masquerades in the borrowed feathers of authority. The hostile attitude toward missions sometimes taken by individual white magistrates often has done incalcul able harm to the work of the mission ary. because these magistrates in the native eye are invested with dignity as the representatives of the great while chiefs pesheya" ton the other side- meaning of the ocean). The coming in person of one of the great est of the e chief to the house of their own "iim-r'i Msi" (teacher) will neu tralize lie. ;n!Tkindliness of any res: dent maud-!rale. On the « her hand. Pr- ■ idem Ihr . velt in his writings certainly wilt tomb on ile practical side of a work of stteh .-i- .idcance as that of the Chris, mn missions. The qm Ron ot the < a; amity of R.e African it.rive for civilisai i m must be answe red at the mission stations if it is answered at all Missionaries have opened the coun try to white men. and the chief high ways p. netrating the African conti nent still are called "mis.donary roads." When Livingstone's itouse was sacked, his books torn and scat tered to the winds and his medicine bottles broken in revenge for his championship of the natives against the aggressions of the border ruffians, this disaster was the impetus that drove him 10 his real work as an ex plorer. No one ever lias accomplished more with fewer resources. To the last 1 remained always the mission ary, traveling among tlie natives as one ho sought only their good and had nothing to fear from them. All the art m ows how Livingstone's ' became the inspiration of Stan ; o, and rt suited ultimately in .be, ; - : g of tin dark continent. .:•> ! r toneh. tin e ins It — ' - . • with his wife and babies through South Africa when no one else dared venture outside of the white settle ments, and no one thought of molest ing him. He was the only man who had any influence over Moselikatse, tlie most bloodthirsty chief in South Africa. The great Norwegian missionary, Rishop Sehreuder, held a similar posi tion in »lie regard of the fierce Zulu chief Cetewayo, and it was Sehreuder's presence in the English camp that gave the natives courage to surrender themselves to the British when they had been vanquished in the last Zulu war in 1870. His house was the only white man's dwelling that was left standing in Zululand. The savage army, drunk with temporary victory, split in two, one tfivision passed over the hills to the north of Schreuder's station, the other over the hills on the south, for the chiefs knew that in the frenzy of battle their braves could not be restrained from destroying what ever came in their way. Missionary work In most parts of Africa has lost much of its spectacular features. It now is mostly a matter of hard, grinding, monotonous work. The popular conception of missionaries includes two figures. One is that of a spiritual fanatic bent mainly on teach ing the savages to sing hymns instead of howling war songs, the dupe usual ly of wily savages who feign "conver sion" while laughing in their new mis sionary gingham sleeves. The other is that of a clever self-seeker exploit ing the childish native to his own ad vantage. The True Missionary. There is a third figure, very different from either. Kipling has written with sympathetic insight the story of the obscure official or non-commissioned officer in his struggle to heat civiliza tion into the savage "half devil and half child." The "Sergeant What's-'Is Name" of the mission field has yet to find his interpreter—or her interpreter, for the sergeant is just as often a woman. Life at an African mission station is very much the same throughout the continent. The day begins usually with the call of 'he bell at sunrise in the summer and an hour or two before that time in the winter, for in the mat ter of early rising it is the white man who must adapt himself to the native habit. After a brief sunrise prayer the bays and girls of the school are mus tered in the courtyard; they shoulder their hoes, and it is away to the corn ••."ld or the sweet potato patch. Stand ing in a row at tlie bottom of the field, they lift their heavy hoes far above j their heads and bring them down with a force that sends the non blade far into the ground, lift them again and let iliein fall with rhythmic regularity. As they do so they chant in e. slow, heavy monotone, which is their near est approach to singing, any incidents in their life that may be uppermost in their minds—the ripening of the iorn, the marriage of the chiefs •laughter or any of the happenings et' .he day. Sometimes the work lags and .i. i.is the constant impatient "Sk ■ h: isi" (hurry,) of the white teacher. The Vriean holds a theory quite Um . - si.e of Darwin's; he believes that t; onkeys were evolved from a race of la.;-.y ) rople that loafed leaning on the handles of their hoes, until the useful implements grew into tails, to the < v. llasting shame of the loafers. I ee.kfast consists of one of the three sta.pl« s. sweet potatoes, squash or corn, cither as mush or on the cob. It is «••ten from platters at a bare table with a quick lunch effect, rather a test el discipline, for the native loves to squat on a straw mat and take his time about chewing. No greater dis courtesy can he offered a native than to interrupt his meal. But the school bell is inexorable. Eible images Familiar. Classes and recitations and more particularly lessons to be prepared öf ter more violence to the native preju dices. Ho likes to hear the Bible stories or stories of other countries and to read thorn for himself when he has mastered the combination of letters in to familiar sounds. The oriental inta .res of the Rib!«,, are perfe; :ty familiar to him. The idea of the patriarchs of the Old T< tat « - liv ins It : nt s as cat lc .... being illy kings, wh b .? *. a h a to « y fcreJ wlii - children, Is no puzzle at all to them. It was thus their own kings lived when they were in their glory. In the same way the agricultural figures of speech in the parables of Christ fit right into their own speech. Their favorite bool;:, in the Bible are those that abound i a picturesque imagery such as tl: Apocalypse, the Rook of Job and— liest of all—The Song of Solomon. It is a very different thing when : comes to learning a foreign language and mastering the intricacies of gran: mar, arithmetic and geography. Gram mar might as well be relegated to th outer darkness at once. When you have taught an African native the dif ference between a verb and a noun you have taught him about as much as his mind can grasp. On the other hand, the children learn easily foreign words and expressions in a parrot-like way. A young native who has worked for a white man for a month or two has no difficulty in calling liis breth ren "black devil" and "damn nigger." Harsh Language an Obstacle. As for arithmetic, it is not easy to learn the multiplication table, when to say "nine times eight" you have to let out the following mouthful of sound: "Tata isishlyangalolonye pinda nge sishangalombili." Rut the natives have an adjunct to difficult enuncia tion, a sort of first aid, in the language of '.he fingers. Beginning from right to left the little finger means one, the loft thumb means six, the left forefin ger seven, and so on. If time or ertfrgy fail you, you simply wag a finger, or if the number goes into the tens, you wag two fingers, and the deed is done. Your breath is saved. The white woman teacher in a school of eighty or a hundred natives is likely to find, even if she has one or two native assistants, that her position as the motor nerve of this too, too si lid mass of African flesh is wearing, to say tile least. The industrial part of the work is not so difficult as the purely intellectual. It is not so hope less a task to make the African native fashion something with his hands as to make him grasp anything with his brain. The women have learned in their native handicrafts such as straw plaiting a deftness of touch that make them fairly apt in the acquisition of the domestic arts of sewing, cooking, baking, washing, ironing and cleaning. Missionary's Garden Necessary. Meantime the boys are engaged ir. tlie work of the farm or in building or carpentry. The pastor o' the station is fortunate if lie has a white man to assist him in superintending these branches of the work. More likely he, j in addition to his cares as pastor, is physician and magistrate, his own I farmer, gardener, builder, architect. ! and furniture maker. The farm must provide food for the beys at. 1 girls of tlie school. The garden must supply fruit and vegetables for the mission ary's table, for lie soon h-ar-.'.-s that It-, cannot keep his str<ngth !•>: •: if ho at tempts to live as a nativ: He must i have a variety of food and, incident; 1 ! ly, t.ihleclo: 1 :i and nat '• i, . A not ! ; African traveler has said that white men die in the impies not for want of flic necessities i f life but for want , of the luxuries. R -dies, his ' : ! garden must be an object 1« :. I civilized living quite as Inigo- ,t S his preaching. Must Build His Own House, j Shelter must bo prow led for teach ! ers and pupils, and also for horses, calves, pigs and chickens. Brick is a favorite material, for the African woods usually are too hard to be worked easily. The minister fresh from a theological seminary may find that building a brick kiln with noth ing lint African labor is quite as diffi eult as to construct Greek sentences. And that is the beginning, lie'prefers not to think of the masonry, the put ting in of doors and windows and the thatching of the roof. At L ast lie does not lived 'to worry about the floors. The native girls take that part of the building into their own hands. They simply till it up with an even layer of red soil taken from an ant heap. They rub it and pound it and sprinkle it. and rub it again till it shines like black polished marble, and there is the floor. Healthy? \Y< 11, no; but it is A ; ; . When liigl:; • "... the aa- ' i s v..titer around th-- tire in the ki'ek« u or R*- 1 schm«! bons • to slr.y. They pick up tunes with surprising readiness, and repeating them with trills and "variations" is an amuse ment that never palls on them. It gives the missionary respite for his letters home or to fall asleep over a hook or to go out and look at the stars and wonder how it would seem to talk to a man of his own kind or to hear good music or merely to see elec tric lights, to feel hard pavements un der his feet and hear the clanging of street cars. Or he may wonder how in all the petty worries that sap his strength he is to keep the freshness of mind that will enable him to present spiritual ideals in the guise to appeal to a savage people. Rut in this re spect ho often feels that he is past praying for. HOW TO DESTROY EXPLOSIVES. Precautions to Be Taken with Gun powder and Nitroglycerine. The best way to destroy ordinary black gunpowder is to throw It into a stream under conditions that prevent any harm coming to human beings or animals through the dissolving of the saltpeter. If no suitable stream Is available the gunpowder may be stirred with water in tubs, or the dry gunpowder may be poured out on the ground in a long thin line and ignited with a fuse at one end. To destroy dynamite cartridges the paper wrappings should be carefully removed, the bare cartridges laid in a row with their ends in contact and the first cartridge ignited with a fuse without a cap. Even with these pre cautions a simultaneous explosion of the entire mass may occur, so that it is wise to retire to a safe distance. The row of cartridges should be laid parallel with the wind and ignited at the leeward end so that the flame will be driven away from the mass. Frozen dynamite should be handled with special care, as its combustion is peculiarly liable to assume an explo sive character. A small quantity of dynamite may be destroyed by throw ing it in very small bits into an open fire, or the cartridges may be ex ploded one by one in the open air with fuses and caps. Dynamite should never be thrown into water, as the nitroglycerine which it contains remains undissolved and capable of doing mischief. Other explosives which contain nitroglycer ine should he treated in the same way as dynamite. Ammonium nitrate explosives may be thrown in small fragments into an open fire, or it they do not contain nitroglycerine may be destroyed by means of water. Explosive caps should be exploded singly with pieces of fuse.—Scientific American. DUST EXPERT IN A WAY. Cne Man Who Is Constantly Conscious of the Presence of Dust in the Air. "No matter where you live and how ever high in the air you always find dust, settling on everything every where, but," said tire near-sighted man. "if you want to realize this fact • : you never did before you want to spectacles and work at some yment that requires constant bending over. "Fourteen times a day, or as much oftener as you look, you will find your glasses covered with line par tides of dust. Maybe you don't look, and then maybe some bigger particle, some speck that is by comparison a veritable bowlder of dust, settles there square in your line of vision, where it may not obstruct your sight but where it cannot fail to arrest your attention. Then when you take them off to remove that bowlder you find your glasses covered with dust in finer particles, as you would find them, indeed, however often you might look. "Over such an area as that of New York, for iustance, there are tons of dust floating in the air, as though, perhaps without ' figuring out its weight, many people, such as house wives and storekeepers, are aware; but perhaps nobody is reminded of this so constantly as the man who wears spectacles and who bends over at his work, and on whose glasses, : where it is ever before him. dust is ; constantly set;':*i;r." J.W .ÔP.L.Ne wton Whol esal e and Retail MEATS Milk and Vegetables, Oysters, Fish and Game in Season. ICE RETAILERS ROUNDUP, MONTANA. FOR MEALS LIKE MOTHER USED TO MAKE -—GO TO The St. Paul Pining Room Mrs. Theo. Schmitz, Prop. Meal Tickets 21 Meals for $6.00 OPPOSITE C. M. & St. P. DEPOT, ROUNDUP, MONT The European Hotel Under New Management Entirely Re-Furnished Up-to-Date in Every Respect POOL TABLES In Connection Soft Drinks,Tobacco & Cigars. A. H. DAVIES, Prop. . . One Door North of Postotfice . . Our Stock is New and Complete We Solicit Your Business «f f I Bruckerts' Livery I I Feed & Sale Stable 1 B ---------------------- ----------------------- ------------------------------------- a ---------------- -------------------------------- i I First Class Rigs & Careful Drivers K I Good Saddle Horses ! DRAY LINE IN CONNECTION HAY & GRAIN FOR SALE I B. F. BRUCKERT, Proprietor g GRANT & HARDEN Contractors 4L* Builders. Itoimdti]), Monlaiifi. BAND BOY'S PA 1 N 6 E Saturday Nihgt, April 3rd "YOU KNOW"