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The Roundup Record.
VOLUME II.--NO. 39 ROUNDUP, MONTANA, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1909 $2.00 Per Year in Advance Tilt (Oil IMS or I0UID1P Now the Various Beds of Coal are Clas sified—New City on the Mussel shell is Thriving. The Mining World of Chicago, publishes an extended article, pro fusely illustrated, on the Roundup coal mine, the author Prof. J. P. Rowe, of the University of Mon tana. The introduction t o the technical description of t h e pro perties is as follows: "Some time ago the U. S. geologi cal survey investigated and classified the lands of the Bull Mountain coal field of Montana, At the time very little development work was in progress or had been done in the field. Practically no commercial coal was being mined, and all of the coal lands, except that owned by the Northern Pacific Railroad Co., were open for location. How ever, since that time considerable development work has been going on, especially in the northern edge of the field, and the mines at Roundup give promise of being among the largest producers in the state. The field lies south of the Mussel shell river, which is roughiy its northern boundary, and extends southward, including the Bull mountains. The length from north to south is nearly 25 miles, and from east to west about 40, having an area of about 750 square miles. It is between the Northern Pacific railroad on the south, and the Chi cago, Milwaukee & Puget Sound railroad on the north, in \ellow stone and Fergus countie's. The coal in this field is sub-bit uminous, and in the central port ion, south and eas» of Roundup, several beds are found. It has been estimate that the average thickness of all the beds would pro bably total 35 ft. Thev thin out to the west, and near Roundup where the bed is 6 ft. thick, the western part is divided into two small seams, each being between 2 and 3 feet thick, and herefore not suffic ent. thickness to be workable. The Coal Beds. The several beds in the field are of J. named as the lowest: follows, begining with Name Feet Quality Glendive.. ...3 to 6. Wildhorse. ...3 to 6. Buckey... Dorrity.... ..3 Pompev... ...2 Mammoth. .. 15 .... Very good Rheder. .. ...2 Rock Mesa ...2 1-2 ......Fair Matt...... ... 2 1-2 ......Good Bull Mountain. 3 1-2 ......Good Wescott.. ....2 ' Strait..... ....31-2 ......Poor Red Butte. ... .2 Fattig.... ....21-2 Summit.. ....2 The only bed that is being worked at present is the* Wild Horse. It outcrops north of the Musselshell river, at and near Roundup, and three large mines are in operation. The contour of the country at Roundup is rather rolling, with many small streams and dry gulch es leading into the Musselshell val ley. The rocks above the coal bed, for there is but one bed in Round up, are sandstones, and their dip is a few degrees to the south. North of the river the dip is greater than it is south. Roundup camp is in Fergus county, while two of the mines, located south of the river are in Yellowstone county. The coal bed here, as well as all the beds found in the Bull Moun tain field, occurs in the Fort Union. Many leaves and plant remains of the Fort Uuion flora were found by the writer i.i i - sandstone above TWO KILLED ST EMI Engineer and Brakeman Killed and Fireman Injured in Engine Explosion Near Forsyth. Forsyth, Dec. 16.—As the result of the explosion of a boiler on west bound Milwaukee freight engine No. 476, 18 miles west of Forsyth, two men are dead and one is seriously injured. The dead are Engineer James Marker and Head Brakeman J. E. Bowman. The seriously injured is Fireman Frank Walters. The freight left Forsyth at 11:45 this morning and at 12:20 p. m. the accident happened. The train of 18 cars was traveling at the rate of 18 miles an hour and was one mile east of Van Anda, a siding, when Conductor Kelley, who was sitting in the caboose, felt a sudden jar, and, looking toward, noticed escap ing steam and surmised what had happened. Kelly hurried to the head of the train and found the engineer in the ditch on the right side of the track and the fireman and breakman lying in the ditch on the left side of the track. All were unconscious. He went on to Van Anda and wired to Forsyth and an engine with two doctors was sent to the scene of the accident and brought the dead and injured to Forsyth. Acting Coroner Adams called a jury and went to the wreck this evening. The boiler was found about 100 yards ahead lying in the ditch and turned around. The cab is lying about 50 feet to the left of the engine trucks, which is still at tached to the train. The dead and injured are still at Forsyth, but will be taken to Miles City. The jury returned to Forsyth tonight and will complete the in quest tomorrow. The dead and in jured were residents of Miles City. the coal in all three of the mines in this locality. The Roundup coal mines are three in number, known as No. 1, 2, and 3. Nos. 1 and 2 are owned and operated by the Republic Coal Co., a subsidiary of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railway Co. No. 3 is owned and operated by the Roundup Coal Company. Roundup City. The new town of Roundup started in March, 1908, takes its name from the old postoffice, Roundup, about 2 or 3 miles up the river, apd on the opposite side. The old Round up used to be a favorit place for the cowboys to roundup and brand their cattle ttvice a year. It has been known for many years in Mon tana, and after the railroad built up the Musselshell, their nearest station was called after the old locality. The town of Roundup is a very thriving place with about 1,200 people, several hotels, two banks, many stores, churches and other business houses. The sidewalks on the business streets for the most part are cement. Property is quite high, but the city is growing rapid ly. It is in most points a good mining town. Mr. and Mr. Jos. Asbridge are the proud parents of a baby girl, born Wednesday December 8th. We have received just a $1000 shipmentjof W. & S. paints,* var nishes and stains. Twenty-eight shades of house paints. Line com plete. Rounduo Hardware Co. (Copyright. IMS.) A Game Haa Bean Invented Whereby Each Person May Work Out for Him aelf the Question as to Who Really Discovered the Pols' Off TO RET Popular Young Business Man of Roundup, Sneaks Away to Get "Spliced." A special to The Record from the editor, enroute to Minneapolis dat ed Sunday, states that E. F. Parrot, of the Roundup Hardware Co., was a passenger on the train as far as For a yth at which point h e boarded the N. P. for Billings. Mr. Parrot evidently grew confidential with the editor and disclosed his mission t" him, which, in plain American language was matrimony. The editor thinking that news was going to be scarce at home during his absence, and not being able to keep such an important secret from an anxious public anyhow wired the whole story from Miles City. Mr. Parrot's modus operando was as follows, to wit: He left here Saturday evening with avowed in tention of going to Melstone to figure on a job of plumbing for the Y. M. C. A. building there. Ilis journey, however, was to be a long er one, and the object of a great deal more serious nature than of fitting pipes. He continued on to Forsyth, there changed cars and proceeded to Billings, where, in his opinion, lives the daintiest dove of a damsel that ever wore a Merry Widow hat. Together with her he went to Mount Pleasant, Iowa, the girl's home, where they will be married next Thursday, December 30th. The couple will arrive in Roundup in a week or so to make their home here. When ordering coal 'phone 45 Keen Coal Co. office Grand Hotel. I0VN NAMED LEIER RANCH Marks Change of Cattte Range to That o f Farming Community. Within the course of a week the official plat of the new town of Seventy-nine will be submitted to the county clerk for filing, says the Billings Gazette. To the man un acquainted with the former great ness of the Musselshell valley as one of the finest cattle ranges of the west, this statement will perhaps appeal only in the fight of another indication that the country is grow ing, that new settlers are demand ing a trading center where formerly there was none, and some far-sighted business man has recognized this demand and is prepared to place on the market a town which will serve as the gathering place for the dry farmers of a newly cultivated dis trict. But to the pioneers of the country, to the men who were before dry farming was thought have seen the slopes of, and who of the north I nom Mm mots iun Alleged by Those On Inside That Milwaukee Will Soon An nounce Their Plans. Lewistown Democrat: From sources more or less authentic, the Democrat learns that the Chicago, Milwaukee &. St. Paul Railroad company will make publie an an nouncement within the next fort night of their new fine of railroad which will pass through this city. According to this statement, the new road wifi leave the main fine between Melstone and Musselshell crossing, come up through the Flat willow country close to Grass Range, cross the McDonald creek divide, tap the coal mines in that section of the county, and then strike Lewis town by the easiest grade obtain able. From this city, the fine wifi proceed nortwest to Great Falls and thence on out through the Cadotte pass and main range of the Rockies. As evidence of this intention on the part of the railroad company, it is stated that men interested in the real estate end of the company have been securing options on large tracts of land in the Flatwillow and Musselshell countries. This road wculd develop an immense territory of line land in the southern part of the county which is now far away from a railroad. Between the Musselshell and Flatwillow creek are tens of thousauds of acres of level land which will become im mediately valuable for agrieulture purposes as quickly as a railroad is put through. There are also coal mines on the McDonald creek divide which could then be developed with profit to the owners. to of to as on as dotted with thousands of cattle, the filing of the plat bears a far differ ent message. It tells of the final surrender of the grazing lands to the agriculturist, it speaks of the in vasion of the plow boy into the former realms of the cowboy, it heraeds the passing of the old to the new order of things. For Seventy nine is no longer the ranehhouse of one of the greatest cattle barons of the west; it lias passed into the hands of the farmer and will soon be a commercial center of many well tilled farms, the gathering point of the newer generations of pioneers. Seventy-nine, situated on Big Coulee creek, in the northwest part of Yellowstone county, has for nearly thirty years been the ranch home of John T. Murphy, one of the weakliest and best-known cattle men oC the state. Mr. Murphy has not, during the past few years, livqd on his ranch, for the finacial success with which he has met since going into the cattle business in this state has warranted a summer home in the state capital and winters in Florida and on the I Pacific coast. (Continued on page 8.) EXHIBIT CAR CREATES IDTEIEST Many People Visiting Milwaukee Ex hibit Car in the East—Will Mean Large Immigration. EMS TO Lit CENSUS MR Important Letter Issued by State's Publicity Commission. Commissioner J. II. Hall, the state publicity bureau, has issued a circular calling attention to the ne cessity of the farmers of the state preparing accurate data for the forthcoming census, and urges upon the newspapers of the state the im portance of giving the widest pub licity to the subject. The commis sioner believes that the agricultural reports, if properly complied, will stand at the head of the column for every inch of agricultural land in the state, and the fact that the cen sus figures will stand as authority for a decade will give Montana standing which is bound to prove invaluable to her advancement. In the circular, Commissioner Hall says: "I received a circular from Di rector Durand of the United States census bureau, in which he maxes an appeal to all farmers, farmers' organizations, commissioners o f agricultur, etc., to take a personal interest in the forthcoming census to the end that th« results will re flect an accurate, practical condition of farm wealth rather than imper fect, misleading statement which is sure to result, excepting more than ordinary care is taken by all con cerned, and particularly by the far mers themselves in their reports to the census taker who will be along in the spring. "The director wants the farmers to keep books this year so that guess-work and defective memories will he eliminated so far as possible, and in order to get the information that is wanted before the farmers in advance, in the hope of inspiring their conscientious co-operation, am requetted to help in such ways as may lie in my power as com missioner of the state bereau of agriculture, to give all possible pub licity to the intentions of Director Durand. "In order that the farmers may begin at once, Director Durand in dicates as follows, what operations are to he recorded, although the schedule is still in incomplete shape: "Each person in charge of a farm will be asked to state the acreage and value of his farm; that is the acreage and value of the land kept and cultivated by him; also the area of land in his farm covered with wondland, and finally, that which is utilized for specified farm purposes. "Each farmer will he asked to give the acreage, quantity produced an value of each crop, including grain, hay, vegetables, fruits, cot ton, tobaco, etc., raised on the farm in the season of 1909. "Each farmer will be asked to report the number and value of all domestic animals, poultry a n d swarms of bees on the farm April 15, 1910; also the number and value of young animals, such as calves, colts, lambs, pigs; and of young fowls, such as chickens, turkeys, ducks, etc., raised on the farm in 1909. He will be further asked to state the number and kind of ani mals sold during 1909 and the re ceipts from such sales, the number purchased and the amount paid therefore; and also the number slaughtered for food and the value of such animals. "The law requires a report of the number of cows kept f v pur d to The Milwaukee exhibit car of Montana, which is now making a tour of Iowa, is creating a great deal of interest, and hundreds of people are visiting it wherever it slops. The exhibit car feature oc cupies a prominent place in the Milwaukee's publicity campaign, and it is doing more, perhaps, than any other one thing in giving the people of the East a true idea of Montana. The car will undoubted ly be the cause of an immigration next year of considerable magnitude. The Musselshell vailed having a very creditable display will no doubt receive its full quota of im migrants. O. D. Tibbetts, well known in Roundup, who had charge of the car last year, is again in charge this year. The exhibit car was per pared at the Milwaukee shops in Milwaukee, Wis., last September, and opened its doors to the public at Milwaukee September, 13th dur ing the Wisconsin state fair. After that the car was at Sioux City, Iowa, the week of September 20th during the Inter State fair, and at Mitchel, S. D., week of September 27th at the Corn Palace*. Since leaving Mitchcil it has been in the soutnem part of South Dakota, southern Minnesota and in Iowa. Route of Car. 1 he following is the itinerary for the car during the month of Janu ary: Jan. 3............Dedham, Iowa 4..............Coon Rapids ,r> ...................Bayard '.................Jefferson 10 .................Lohrville 11 ............Rockwell City 12 ....................Fonda 1'1 ...............Albert City 14.................Marathon " l r > ....................Yale 1 "...................Panora 1 ^...................Linden 10 ..................Redfield ' 20.....................Adell 21 ..................Waukee 22 ...................Grimes ' 24...................Madrid 2 ; >................Woodward ' 26.....................Perry 27 ................. Jamaca 28 ....................Slater 29 ...................Huxley 30 ................Cambridge poses in 1909, and the total estimat ed amount of milk produced on the farm; also the amount of butter and cheese sold and the amount received from such sale. In addition to the inquiry re garding animals, etc., on the farm April 15, 1910, as explained previ ously, the census will seek to as certain the quantity and value of all eggs, honey, and wax produced on the farm In 1909. "Of the expenditures of the farm, the census schedule will call for a statement of the amount paid farm labor; the amount paid for feed for five stock; and the amount expend ed for fertilizers in 1910. "If the farm changes owners or tenants between the crop year, 1909 and the date of enumeration, April 15, 1910, it is requested that the occupant of the farm in 1910 shall secure the above information relat ing to the farm for the preceding year, 1909. The owner or tenant this year should leave his book re cord with his successor. "The census act provides that the information shall be used only for the statistical purposes for which it is supplied and that the information reported on the agri cultural schedule will not be used as a basis of taxation or communi cated to any assessors."