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PIONEERING IN MONTANA
Rev. W. W. Von Orsdel The writer soon after his conver sion, which took place near Gettys burg, Pa., before he was twelve years of age, had a longing desire to go into the far West, to the frontier, far from cities and railroads. His parents had been called to their re ward when he w as a boy. He was the youngest of seven children, and it appeared best that he should not indulge his longing to cut loose and go west for a time; but the time came later on when, with a clear conscience and the hearty sanction of his sisters and brothers, he could turn his face toward the great North west. A ticket to Illinois was pur chased, but only so much of it used as would take him from his home in the eastern part of Pennsylvania to the oil regions in the western part of the state. Here Providence seemed to direct that he cast his lot for a time in this busy commun ity where the opening of the oil fields had made business in all lines boom. Employment was easily obtained as an engineer. Having been engaged, with his elder broth er, Fletcher, in the conduct of evangelistic work, going from town to town holding meetings in school houses, and having seen as the re sult of their labors many people happily converted, the missionary spirit again came upon him as the profligacy and sinfulness always present in communities suddenly springing into wealth, and he de cided for a time to abandon secular work and devote his time to lead ing his fellow laborers into a better life. So he thrust the sickle into the ripening grain. During the winter of 1881-2 he engaged in evangelistic work, and was rewarded by seeing many people in those oil regions converted and brought into the church. However, the old am bition of his boyhood still prevailed and the vision of the work in the far off West grew brighter and stronger. In June 1872 he found himself aboard the Missouri river steamboat "Far West," bound from Sioux City, Iowa for Fort Benton, Montana Territory, the head of navigation. A trip up the Missouri in that early day was anything but a dull, monotonous affair. Each day. as the boat worked its way farther and farther into the new West, interesting and often exciting events occurred. To the eastern boy whose knowledge of the West was limited to what he read and heard the journey was a had never ending series of surprises. The year of restraint in the oil re gions when the young missionary would fain have been in the west, the land of his dreams and ambi tions, however, was a year of growth and profit for him, and better fitted him to take bis place in the then wild west. On the third day out two warring tribes of Indians met in deadly con flict in the hills skirting the river, and much of their movements was witnessed from the boat. At Bis marck civilization seemed to have been left behind. There appeared to be no families, but a lot of men, to the pilgrim appearing to be very tough and uncouth, everyone with a big revolver strapped on him. Asking why this was, and suggest ing that it would be safer to have a bible than the formidable weapons, that the sword of the Spirit would be safer than the carnal weapon, the Pilgrim was told that that might be all right back in the states, but here in Rome it was better to do as they did. On account of the known hostili ty of the Indians in portions of the country passed through, and the fact that some of the wood choppers had been killed, there was consider able difficulty in obtaining enough fuel for. the boat's boilers, and the officers of the boat scanned all land ing places closely, and were con stantly on the guard against sur prises. On one occasion, the boat pulled up to shore in a little grove of ly of of cottonwoods where plenty of dry wood was in sight, and no Indians, but no sooner had the boat touched shore and the gang plank been lowered, than two Indians, brilliant ly togged in paint and feathers, step ped into sight. These proved to be chieftans, and they were accom panied by a number of warriors. One chief, with a nnmber of war riors immediately boarded the boat. While this was not to the liking of the boatmen, it was not deemed alarming. But immediately after wards hundreds of warriors were seen to be coming from a nearby thicket and approaching the boat. The Captain realizing the danger, quickly stepped to the chief and told him to get off. Not seeming willing to go, he was sized by the arm and firmly walked off, the roustabouts and officers in their guns in readiness for use. The ropes were cast off, a full head of steam was turned on and the boat was soon in midstream and safe. The Captain had been running on the river for many years, but he said afterwards that that was the narrowest escape he had had, as he believed these Indians were bent on mischief, and they were prepared to carry out their designs. Another landing was made a few miles fur ther on, where a few families of friendly Indians were found, and with them William Cody, Buffalo Bill, since of world-wide repu tation. Cody confirmed the sur mises of the Captain as to the In dians we had just encountered. He said the chiefs were Sitting Bull and Rain-in-the-Face, two Indians of whom much was heard m later years. The Missionary was the only pas senger on the "Far West" on this trip, so he had plenty of time to get acquainted with the officers, the cooks and roustabouts. One of his special friends was the cabin boy, Jack. They had many talks about the old homes of each, and the im portance of living right. These talks were frequently mingled with song and prayer, and it is a source of much satisfaction and joy to know that the good seed sown that cabin boy is now a Methodist preacher. In addition to other novel inci dents of the trip, the "Far West" was racing with a rival boat, the "Nellie Peck," to see which should arrive at Fort Benton first, and Captain Coulson of the "Far West" was the proud winner of the race by an hour, and claimed to have maJe the record run on the Mis souri. The time was 18 days and 20 hours. Captain Grant Marsh was charge of the "Nellie Peck," and his boat had left Sioux City two days ahead of the "Far West." At last the visions of the Pennsyl vania boy evangelist vas in a fair way to be realized. The "Far West" landed him on the soil of Montana Territory, July 3rd, 1872, in as wild and typical a frontier as his wildest dreams could have pictured. A few mud covered houses, some stores of immense stock, some trappers and hunters and teamsters in west ern dress of furs and skins, some white men who had been in the west so long they looked wild, a very few men who had brought their families from the east, some soldiers made up Fort Benton in that early day. Several steamboats tied up to the river bank, receiving and die charging cargoes, were the only links that bound them to the east. It was Sunday, so no time need be lost and the Missionary could get to work at once, if he could find a place in which to hold services. The Court House was offered. This was built of adobe and had a dirt roof. The rôof leaked. It was raining, and muddy water came trickling through the roof. Father Van Gorp, a Catholic Priest, had transformed an empty saloon into a church, and he kindly ofiered the use of the building at any time. own were and of gave C. W. to was and well far ling the and now was the ard. reserving the morning hour for his own services. Methodist services were held afternoon and evening and three nights during the week, which were well attended by men of the place, and one women, Mrs George Baker. Among those who gave a cordial greeting to the new preacher were the Bakers, W. G. and C. E. Conrad, the Powers and John W. Tattan, now Judge of the Twelfth Judicial District, and still a resident of Fort Benton. Cutting loose from the river, his connection with the east, the erst while pilgrim, now feeling himself to be a full-ffedged Montanian, struck out to spy the land, horse back, by stage coach and afoot. Sun River crossing, some fifty miles on, was the first stop, where Mr. Bull kindly opened his home for services. Services were held there Sunday morning, and at Fort Shaw, four miles further on, in the afternoon and evening. These services were well attended, settlers coming from far and near. Among those early settlers who extended a hearty wel come were Robert Vaughn, the Largents, the Fords, the Strongs, William Burcher. On Monday foi ling there was a chance to go to the Blackfoot Indian agency, near where the town of Choteau now stands, where services were held, attended by Government employees and Indians. By the next Sabbath, Helena, now the capital of the state, was reached. Bishop Marvin of the Methodist Episcopal church south was in Helena at that time, and the new comer was privileged to hear him preach. Get your Saturday Roundup Record from ard. Blade and Lulu How of the of He of the the ern a as all the Its a of a by Mrs. Russell is very ill at this writing. She has been ill for some time. Buy your Minneapolis Tribune and Grit from our news hustler, Arthur Howard. We have a buss line now run ning from Klein to No. 1 every Tuesday and Friday. William Sutherland and his bride-elect have left for Utah to be married at the home of the former's aunt. Turner Ray and family are leav ing for Scotland Friday. Mr. Ray has been employed at the mine here for some time. A large crowd gathered here on the diamond to watch the ball game. A close game was played, but our boys won as usnal. Earl Fletcher and Emma How ard, and Mabel and Ray Newton were seen on their way to Roundup last Sunday on a pleasure drive. Another dance will be given by the Scotch laddies here Saturday evening, Aug. 20th. Always good thne reported at these gather ings. Come. The basket social given by the Four Leaf Clover Club was a great success. We were all pleased to see the No. 1 boys turn out and help us. Come again. is "GET THERE" QUALITIES (Continued from Page One) publican and Democrat sides, op posed the amendment. But that never phased the member from Montana. He made a vigorous speech and passed his measure. These two incidents served to con venes the "powers that be" that when Pray is in the arena he is pretty apt to get what he is after, and that to stand in the way is at the risk of getting hurt. Repre sentative Pray was formerly a pro secuting attorney for a number of years in Montana, and during his administration chased the cattle thieves out of his country—all ex cept those he sent to jail. Now may be Congressman Pray i s mild-man nered of Congressman .thought so early in the session, but these same gentlemen might dispute such a statement at this time. Montana has four great trunk lines running through it, and the development of its agricultural in terests is marvelous. Of the thirty great government irrigation projects four are located in Montana, and 500,000 acres of land are being re claimed in the state. Mr. Pray made a speech upon the bill, and took a strong part in securing the appropriation for twenty millions of dollars that will go into these de velopments. He helped work out the bill for the Public Lands Com mittee called the "Surface Title Bill," and as a result of this of this measure 63.000,000 acres of land throughout the country will be subject to settlement, the govern ment reserving the mineral rights. He addressed the house in support of the Postal Savings Bank Bill and the Crow Reservation Bill, passed the House, establishing the Glacier National Park, got another land office for Montana, and secured an appropriation of $100,000 for the survey of public lands in the east ern part of his state. He also made a speach on the tariff, and passed as many bills as any member of the House. The member from Montana has all the "get there" qualities for which Montana is famous. He be lieves Montana is the greatest of all the Western states in natural wealth. Its wonderful growth and develop ment have produced a demand for a great legislation, and the people of the state have in turn produced a Representative who can get for them the things they must have.— From "Flashlights o f Public Men" by J. E. Jones, in National Maga zine for September. M. M. Johnson deputy sheriff of Harlowton was torn from his horse Sunday, July 31, by wire strung between trees. The fall was so se vere that he lost consciousness. After regaining his senses he re turned home and was confined to his bed until Tuesday but is now able to attend to his duties. He is a brother of Landlord Johnson of this place. to Resolutions. At a meeting of Local No. 494 of the H. and R. E. I. A. and I. L. of B. I. L. of A., the following resolu tions were unanimously adopted: Whereas, it has pleased the Al mighty Ruler to take from our midst our late brother, M. Cunning ham and whereas, it is but just and befitting recognition of his many virtues should be had, therefore be it resolved, by local No. 494 that while we bow in humble submission to the will of our Maker we do not the less mourn for our brother who has been taken from us. Resolved, that in the death of SAMUEL i. ELDER. Senior Counsel America at The From Hague. is at We have just Received a shipment of the Celebrated White Spray Flour This flour is made of the finest quality of hard wheat that is grown. Try it and be con vinced. PRICE, $4.25 for 100 Pounds $2.15 for 50 Pounds Gash Grocery GRANT & HARDEN Contractors & Builders. Roundup, Montana M. Cunningham this Local laments the loss of a brother who was at all times willing to aid his fellow man and proffer the voice of sympathy to the needy, an active worker and a friend to all he came in con tact with. Resolved, that a copy of these resouluions be spread upon the minutes of our Local and a copy published in a local paper. Committee on Resolutions— L. T. Trent Emil Peterson. CONFERENCE (Continued from Page One) 1er, Judith Gap; O. A. White, Kal ispell; A. D. Welch, Libby; J. A. Hill, Chinook: G. E. Hutt, Valier; C. E. Smith, Whitefish; O. F. Krei ger, Moore; E. L. White, Poison; C. E. Haynes, Roundup; G. H. Huzer, Choteau; P. R. McMahan, Harlowton; J. A. Armstrong, Buf falo. NEW MEMBERS INTRODUCED. E. L. Baldwin, Sun River; W. D. Price, Redstone; T. A. Ginn. E. Williamson, C. S. Davis, Havre; I. P. Kelley, Columbia Falls; J. C. Walker, Glasgow; J. H. Durand, Great Falls; C. N. Donaldson, Bar ton; R. T. Cookingham, Culbert son; Carl F. Johnson, Chester; C. W. Cartwright, Lavina; Lars An derson, Lewistown. DEACONESES. Jessie M. Bassett, Ina J. Harsfal, Nellie R. Rouse, of Great Falls. VISITING CLERGYMEN. Dr. Robert Forbes, correspond secretary Board of Home Missions and ^Church Extension, Philadel phia. Dr. David G. Downey, secretary Board of Sunday Schools, New York. Otho Wise, of the Montana Con ference. Charles D. Crouch, Supt. Yellow stone District, Montana Conference. Edward Laird Mills, Supt. Butte District, Montana Conference. Dr. Thomas Nichelson, secretary Board of Education, New York. J. A. Barnes, Supt. Montana Children's Home Finding Society, Helena. Edward Smith, Montana Confer ence. Dr. I. F. Headland, Board of Foreign Missions, New York. G. D. Burton, Illinois Conference. J. A. Alford, secretary Montana State Sunday School Association. LAY MEMBERS. Mesdames Martin, Kreiger, Haynes, pastors wives; Dr. H. J. Belton, Garneill; Mrs. R. L. Hamil ton, pastor at Musselshell; Mrs. R. Good, Harlowton; Miss Carrie Barge, secretary Woman's Home Missionary Society, Tacoma; E. W. and C. A. Dinkard, H. A. Davee, all of Lewistown; J. A. Dougherty, of Helena, and C. F. Crawford, ofij the Methodist Book Concern, Cin-| cinnati. KLEIN WINS (Continued from Page One) the only ones they got. Klein add ed another in the ninth. Up to| the seventh inning it was almost errorless game, and some cleveij playing was displayed by botl sides. Both of these teams have one game to their credit now, and ac-l cording to present plans the "rub-J ber" will be played at Lavina at] some time in the near future. Dick McHale, of this place, uml pired the game, and his decision^ were universally satisfactory. Ill fact one fair one made the remarlj that Dick was the best umpire the whole world, and no joli] either. The line-up: Klein Hedge Jas. Kibble 3b Farri Earl Fletcher, 6S Wilde Joe Cherry, If D. Sumpkin H. Fletcher, lb Blesse R. Sparling, c Marcyi Thomas, cf Lon Wm. Kibble, 2b G. Sumpkin Beringer, rf WebbJ H. Sparling, P StewaJ The score by innings: Klein......0 0000030 1 Hedges.....0 0000003 Secure your Hail insurance Grain Field Policies from J. Rose.