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The Roundup Record
A. W. EISELEIN. Editor and Pt jlisher w '- A / A S3 °CIA> Published every Friday at Kounoup. Montana. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. >8.00 per year strictly In advance: >2.50 if not to paid. Entered as second-class matter June 6 1*08 at the post office at Koundup, Mon tana. under the Act o( March ». 187». FRIDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1911 THE RECORD'S NEW IMPROVE MENT Installed and running in The Rec ord office now is one of the most complicated and at the same time most perfect pieces of machinery made by human hands. This is he Mergenthaler Linotype which does away with tne old fashioned typeset ting by hand, doing this work at about five times the speed possible by hand composition, and in a more sat isfactory manner. The machine in operation in The Record office is known as the "Quick Change" Model 5 Linotype and is one of the latest and best machines manufactured by the Mergenthaler company of Brook lyn, New York. Contrary to the be lief held by many people, the Linotype does not set type but makes type, casting each line by itself from mat rices which are contained in a maga zine and brought into use by touch ing a key the same as on an ordinary typewriter. After the paper is printed the metal is melted up and used again, this operation being re peated until the metal becomes spongy. On account of the rapidly growing business of The Record it has been found necessary to add this new im provement although the cost repre sents about one-half of the investment in the plant. The Record plant is now one of the most up to date and com plete in the state. Realizing that there are many of The Record's readers who might be interested in this wonderful machine that has revolutionized the printing business, and the man who first con ceived the idea, we give below a short sketch of Ottmar Mergenhaler, the inventor, and an account of the de velopment of the Linotype. A BRIEF SKETCH OF OTTMAR MERGENTHALER Ottmar Mergunthaler, inventor of the Linotype, was born in Württem berg, Germany, May 10, 1854, and died October 28, 1899. He learned the trade of watch and clock making, emigrating toAmerica in 1872, se curing employment in the electrical instrument works of a relative in Washington, D. C., later moving to Baltimore, Alaryland, when the shop was removed to the latter place. It was while developing a process of typewriting to do away with type setting and perfecting a machine for this purpose for a customer, that Air. Mergenthaler's inventive facul ties were first directed to the end he afterward achieved with such distinc tion. The first scheme attempted was tj produce by typewriting a print just like that produced from printer's type, and to multiply the work so made by lithography. The system failed. The process was then chang ed and a machine constructed which impressed characters into papier mache, and lines of type were cast by the sterotype process from the matrix so made. This proving im practicable, the attempt was aban doned in 1879. In 1883 Mr. Mergenthaler conceived the idea of assembling metalic female matrices and casting molten metal in to them to form a type line in the same machine. An experimental ma chine proved the idea feasible. In this machine the matrix letters were stamped into upright bands, each carrying a full alphabet, figures, points, etc., and the line was com posed by allowing the bands to de scend until they were caught at the proper elevation by stops previously set up by operating the keyboard. The line was justified by he operator striking the space key until a pointer indicated that the line was filled com pletely; the fine was then cast. A new company was formed in which Mr. Mergenthaler secured an in terest, and new life w'as injected into the enterprise. In 1885 a syndicate of newspaper men, composed of \Vhitelaw Reid, of theNew fork Tribune; \V. N. Haldeman, of the Louisville Courier Journal; Victor Lawson and M, E. Stone, of the Chicago News; Henry Smith, of the Chicago Inter-Ocean; W. H. Rand, of Rand, McNally & Co., Chicago, and Stilson Hutchins, of the Washigton Post, bought a con trolling interest in the company, paying therefor the sum of $300,000. The shortcomings of the band-mat rix machine were in a great measure overcome when, in 1885, Mr. Mergen thaler developed the independent matrix machine, in w'hich corrections could be made as the matrices were assembled, the line being automati cally juBUned by the wedge space. The first machine used commercial ly was in the office of the New York Trioune .where it was used on the dauy paper and also on a large book, "The Tribune Book of Open-Air Sports," which was the first book composed by the new method of set ting type. Machines of this pattern were subsequently installed in the offices of the Chicago News Louis Post and Providence Journal, all non union offices. The company's factory was re moved to Brooklyn in 1888, Mr. Mer genthaler starting an independent factory of his own in Baltimore. In 1890 he brought out a new style of Linolype, which was a vast improve ment over the machines then in use. Its Appearance was also entirely changed. The perpendicular, separ ate channels containing the matrices were displaced by an inclined maga zine in one piece, the air-blast elimi nated, new locking-up and casting mechanism introduced—the entire machine substantially resembling the Linotype of the present day, with the exception of the base, which was a niassive square affair. The Brooklyn Standard-Union received the first machines of this pattern and was the first office to employ mem bers of the typographical union to operate them. The New Orleans Times-Democrat and a number of oth er Southern and eastern papers now installed machines, and the success of the Linotype was assured. Improvements were being con tinually made, the symmetrical col umn base, the light-acting keyboard, spring justification and noiseless c.utcli being the most important. The two-letter matrix and universal mold are later improvements, permitting italic,i small caps and black letter run ning in the text to be produced with out any change of matrices or loss of time, And changes of length and thick ness of slug to be accomplished with one mold. Many of these later im provements are the work of other inventors, though to Mr. Mergenthaler belongs the honor of producing the machine itself. In 1894, in order to avoid litigation over the wedge spaceband, Mr. .er genthaler devised the "step-justifi cationr'machine, of which pattern 225 machines were built, but after the purchase of the patent covering the double-wedge space by the Linotype Company for the sum of $416,000, the manufacture of the this pattern of ma chine was discontinued. Broken in health, Mr. Mergenthaler shortly after retired from active par ticipation in the wora of perfecting me Linotype, his death occurring in 1899. Aboüt fourteen thousand machines are now in use in the United States. Besides the factory in Brooklyn, New York, factories in Toronto, Canada; Manchester, England and Berlin, Germany, are engaged in he manu facturé of Linotypes, which are in use in almost every civilized country. Afer groping in the dark for about Bix months Melstone finally appears win another newspaper u»e Melstone Graphic, which came to our desk this week. The editor of the new journal istic venture is Robert A. Lockridge, formerly of the Harlowton NewB, and the Graphic is a credit to him. Mel stone is probably the only town in the county that has never properly sup ported a newspaper as the numerous attempts by different persons to keep afloat the defunct Mirror would indi cate. During the time that Melstone was without a newspaper very few people knew that there was such a town oh the map, as the only way the outside world learns of the progress of a plhce is through its newspapers. If the business men of the east end town tvill give the newspaper suffi cient encouragement and patronage to make it an object for the publisher stick to his work, they wifi soon learn that they are making a good invest ment. Ira Cole, familiarly known among the newspaper fraternity as "Uncle Ira", hus disposed of his interest in the Forsyth Times-Joumal after hav ing guided the destinies of that pub lication for a decade, and has taken an editorial position on the Red Lodge Picket. There os probably no other dountry newspaper man in the state that has achieved the success and fartie that "Uncle Ira" has. Jacob A. Werner, a well known newspaper man of Helena, is the new editor of the Times-.Iournal. The dity council should have gone a step further when it passed an or diuance prohibiting supports for overhead street signs and provided also for the removal of certain clas ses of signs altogether. Nine out of every ten signs extending over the sidewalks are eyesores and only tend to detract from the appearance of the city. i_vryhing is pAice and harmony in the court house family once again, so it is said, and taxpayers need not be afraid to go up and apply for their tax receipts. AFFAIRS AT WASHINGTON Events of Political and Public Intrest as Seen From the Washington View Point Massachusetts republicans have a notion that they are about "it", as they aré holding one of the few "off year elections" and the following from their platform indicates how they expect the result in the old "cod fish state" will settle matters. The platform says: With a single excep tion, Massachusetts is the only state in which election of all state officers takes plhce this year, and its verdict will be read by the entire country as first [judgment upon Mu doings of a democratic and insurgent congress and upon the wisdom of the execut ive checks placed upon it. That verdict Wifi vitally effect the ac o:i of congress dunng thj coming ses sion and influence me still more vital presidential election of the coming year. After about iV'o thousand post of fices throughout tne country had been designated is postal savings bal ks, the Washiag'oi office was "also" made a depository, and on 'he first day it did »•bJiiop.s one hundred and eighteen depositors loll tneir coin in Mr. Hitcncoe.cs strong be.:;. Practically all seco id class presiden tial offices throng iout the country are now postal ravines bank3, and the system is rapide being extended to include first and third class presi dential offices. I he widow o' Senator Carter of Montan:., artl the fa'.her of th- postal savings bank Idea in the United States, receive 1 cer'ificate number one from the Washington of fice. News of the cordial r.jcept«one ten tiered President Taft eviiy-whox along the route of nis »ravels, is most pleasing to his official family in Washington. Particularly in 1 «a was Mr. Taft mwt Kindly icccivtd, and three was ii* ie evidence of tne reported opposition tj hi n there—or in Kansas, and tliosj hero close.?: to the administrai ri do .dure that .Mr. Taft will carry n v vv state west of the Mississippi—notwithstanding the fact that a few senators ere trying to shape things otherv, iso. The feature of Governor Harmon, of Ohio, as "unsafe", by the chuiriuan of the democratic central committee of Idaho, has been seized upon as an item of "news" of wonderful import ance by the boomers of several dem ocratic candidates for the presidency, it is recalled here that the "Peerless One" from Nebraska, lias long con ended that Mr. Harmon lias been too friendly to the "interests" to be con sidered seriously as a possiblity. Once more Senator Penrose, the stalwart old war horse of Pennsyl vania, has routed his enemies, and after one of the hardest fights he has ever been called on to lead, he has succeeded in nominating his candi date for mayor, George H. Earle, in Philadelphia. The senator's victory was so overwhelming and decisive as to leave no question as to the su premacy of the Penrose element in the Quaker Coy. That "dollar diplomacy" has found its full vindication in the wonderful expansion of American foreign trade during the last fiscal year, is the opinion of the state department, as embodied in a statement prepared by the bureau of trade relations. How well the American public engaged in manufacturing and in producing com modities marketed abroad has re sponded to the increased facilities and opportunities recently developed by the state department, in co-ordina tion with governmental agencies, is declared to be demonstrated by a comparative statement of our foreign commerce. This discloses the fact that tbe exports of domestic merchan dise for the last fiscal year amounted to $2,049,320,199, exceeding the pre vious year's showing by $304,335,479. They even surpassed by $195,602,166 the record for 1907, which was a ban ner year for American exports. A gratifying fact was that instead of being principally composed of raw materials, as was formerly the case, the exports were composed of manu factured goods to the extent of 39 per cent, valued at $1,191,253,802. The result was a balance of trade in Uncle Sam's favor of $522,094,094. Secretary Wilson is prepared to suggest to President Taft and to con gress that the enforcement of a label law is not really any part of the prop er work of the head of a department created for the promotion of agricult ure. He has no pride of opinion a sto the quality of his enforcement of the so-called pure food law, and is neith er a food specialist nor a lawyer. It is his view that 90 per cent of the questions to be settled are legal ques tions, and that the other ten per cent are of mixed law and chemistry. Not one per cent pertain to health. He is willing to have Dr. Wiley plac ed in sole charge of the work. A number of buffalo overcoats, which have been in the quartermas ter's storehouse at Omaha, Nebraska, since 1901, wifi soon be offered for sale by he quartermaster's depart ment of the army. The coats were purchased in 1876, and were last used in the Wounded Knee campaign in 1891. They are in excellent condition and in all respects as good as when bought. It is impossible now to ob tain such coats, and there is consid erable difference of opinion in the army as to the advisibility of their sale. The accession of Obediah Gardner, of Maine, as a democratic appointee from a state for many years a strong hold of the republican party wifi have a material effect on the voting strength on important questions in the senate. When he takes the oath of office the democrats in that body, of the upper branch of congress than lacking but five votes of a majority on any matter, will be nearer to control at any time for a decade past. The délimitions of the president that he would fight any attempt to repeal the Sherman anti trust law has emphasized the position of the admin istration republians upon this meas ure, and given the trusts to under stand that their demands that this measure be modified or removed from the statutes, can be accomplished only by over-riding the opposition session of congress. Mrs. La Follette, wife of the senator from Wisconsin, writes entertainingly under the heading "'i hought for To day" for one of Washington's leading newspapers. The little "Thoughts" not only show the ability of this ad mirable woman as a writer, but also her sweetness and wholesomeness, and her keenness In depiciting the hu man side of fellowman. The "Thoughts" are read each day with interest by the peop.e ot the Capitol City, ** ** » « » * * * ** * * * OCTOBER THIRTEEN IN HIS * * * * TORY * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 1269—The bones of Edward the Confessor shrined in gold. 1754—Jacob Powell died at istebb ing, England. He weighed 560 pounds his bodv was 15 feet in circumference his limbs in proportion and sixteen men acted as pallbearers at his fun eral. . 1776—Congress laid the foundation of the American navy by appointing a committee to build 13 frigates. A 777—Esopus, on the Hudson, burned by the British under General Vaughn, not a building escaped. 1815—Napoleon Bonaparte land.s l at St. Helena, a perpetual exile. 1 _ <j—Appearance of the first daily newspaper in he State of Maine. 1*45—The people of Texas ratified the constitution. 1847—A body of 200 German Catholics met at the Tabernacle in New York and made a public and formal seces sion from the Romanish church. 1857—Great commercial panic in New York. 1897—Railroad traffic almost suspend ed in Texas on account of yellow fever. 1905—Death of Sir Henry Irvii u : mm heart disease one hour after leaving the theatre. 1909— Prof. Francisco Ferrer, accused of revolutionary activity, was execut ed at Barcelona, Spain, causing great excitement among the Socialists throughout Europe. 1910— Leaders of the railroad strike in France arrested. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * TODAY'S BIRTHDAY SKETCH * * * ♦ * * * * * ** ** Ht * Gov. Lee Cruce of Oklahoma is forty seven. He is one of the pioneers of the Indian territory, took a leading part in the Statehood movement and was chairman of the committee which went to Washington to urge upon President Roosevelt the advisability of granting statehood to Oklahoma. Before becoming Governor he was a banker at Ardmore, Okla. He Is tall and slim, a typical easterner and makes a chum of his daughter, a splendid looking girl of sixteen, with the strains of Indian blood playing about her features. Gov. Cruce is a Kentuckian by birth and a graduate of Vanderbuilt University. He mar ried an Indian girl of the Chickesaw and Chocktaw tribes, who was a mem ber of the famous Lefelore family. He is in favor of the bank guarantee law, but his hobby is "educational re form." DELPHIA NEWS Two New School Districts to be Cre ated Out of Old Fattig Creek Dis trict Which is Too Large (Special Correspondence) Carl Jungstrom and Frank Wilson of Roundup, were Uelphia visitors Sunday. Mr, Waterson has rented the old Krueger ranch for the coming season. Wm, LaClair, the expert wolfer, caught six large grey wolves last month. He is contemplating moving his camp near PompeyB Pillar where the wolves are numerous, the stock men having offered him a special bounty for each wolf killed in that locality. Chas. P. Tillman took a sample of winter wheat that was grown on his homestead to the state fair. L. T. Hopper, the potato king, was a Roundup business visitor last week. Mr. Flinn and family visited their daughter at her homestead north of Delphia Sunday. Rex Spendiff was at the county seat Thursday on business. VV. F. Strait has returned from Koundup after visiting several days— who? Wallace Strait has returned from Roundup where he went Monday. Rex Spendiff and Fred Smith left Sunday night for Kansas City. The Krueger & Tulgestke machine passed through Delphia on its way to the Jacob's ranch. Dame rumor is circulating a re port that there will be a wedding in this vicinity in the near future. Norvel Archer was a Roundup bus iness visitor Sunday. Steve MacKall while in Roudup last week made application for his first citizenship papers and took out a hunting license, he being a native of Bulgaria. m Your Selection OF THE RIGHT STORE To do your trading is important and a matter that should not be passed over ltghtly. It means much to you-first, a sav ing of money; second, full value for your money; and third, the satisfaction that comes with the knowledge that you have been treated fair and square. l!neof t . e General Merchandise Groceries, Dry Goods, Clothing Gents' Furnishings, Shoes, Hats Crockery and Hardware THE STORE YOU SHOULD SELECT AUGUST SGHRUMP Roundup's Pioneer Merchant mam street Cranberries Pumpkin Pie Apple Sauce O ANY OF THESE APPEAL TO YOUR PALATE? If they do, let us help you to them. We have the good things to eat and if you like to eat good victuals we can supply you. Our line is complete in both staple and fancy goods. Our :: :: :: "University" Goods Are Uneqnaled in Quality for the Price ANYWHERE. Every article bearing our "University" label carries with it our full guarantee. YOUR NEIGHBOR USES WHY DONT YOU? It's a home product and is as good as can bemiUed. Hendrix Mercantile Co. TWO BLOCKS EAST OF THE STAR THEATRE Joe LeClair has accepted the posi tion of "Broncho Buster" for John Chandler, and will ride the bad ones on the beef roundup. The Atkinson threshing machine is shut down for repairs owing to a pitchfork going through the separator Joe Ross and E. E. Snelling shipped several head of horses to the Miles City sale. Fred Smith and Rex Spendiff con template making a visit to their old home near Kansas City, and will spend the winter there returning in the spring. Chas. L. Smith is doing some good work on the country road where it has been almost impassible in w r et weather. Clyde Struthers made a visit to the county seat Sunday. Wm. Grant from down the river took supper at the Spendiff ranch Sunday. The young people in the neighbor hood are planning on a merry time at the Fattig Creek school house Hal lowe'en. Mr. and Mrs. Bachman and little daughter, Agnes, accompanied by their aunt, Mrs. Sophia Bethke, of Dundee, 111.,who has been their guest, left Monday night for Rancher, Mont., lo visit relatives. There will be a school meeting at the Fattig Creek school house Satur day, Oct. 14, for the purpose of cre ating a new school district. Our dis trict as it is now is the largest in the county. The division of the district is suggested by County Superintend ent Maud Griffin. ThiB will enable us to have a school at Delphia and one up the creek. With this nice weather the tie haulers are kept very busy loading out mining props. NO REASON FOR DOUBT A Statement of Facte Backed by a Strong Guarantee We guarantee complete relief to all sufferers from constipation, or, in every case where we fail, we will sup ply the medicine free. Rexall Orderlies are a gentle, ef fective, dependable, and safe bowel regulator, strengthener, and tonic. They aim to reestablish nature's func tions in a quiet, easy way. They do not cause inconvenience, griping, or nausea. They are so pleasant to take and work so easily that they may be taken by any one at any time. They thoroughly tone up the whole system to healthy activity. Rexall Orderlies are unsurpassable and ideal for the use of children, old folks, and delicate persons. We can not too highly recommend them to all sufferers from any form of constipa tion and its attendant evils. Three sizes, 10c., 25c., and 50c. Remember you can obtain Rexall Remidies in this community only at our store— The Rexall Store. ROUNDUP DRUG CO.