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The Roundup Record
A. W. EISELEIN, Editor and Pub. Published every Friday at Roundup, Montana. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. Per year, $2.00, strictly in advance; $2.50 if not so paid. Entered as second class matter June 5, 1908, at the post office at Roundup, Montana, under the Act. of March 3, 1879. FRIDAY, JANUARY 5, 1912 W. W. TAYLOR. The death of W. W. Taylor, which occurred here last Friday, a week ago today, has caused profound sorrow amoung men of every walk of life who were acquainted with. His death is not only a loss to the immediate mem bers of his family, but is an irrepara ble loss to Roundup for whose inter est and advancement he bas at all times labored. Mr. Taylor has been called the "Father of Roundup'' and Justly so, for were it not for him the City of Roundup might not be on the map today as prominently as it is. When Roundup in its infancy was struggling for recognition among the cities of the state, Mr. Taylor was wont to refer to the thriving town as "his baby," taking a great deal of par donable pride in its progress from nothing to the city it now is. He took an active part in the work of the building up of the city, and many of the improvements which we now enjoy can be traced to his efforts. Mr. Taj lor was essentially a lead er of men, and to this quality he owed his station in life. Indefatigable in bis labors, he presevered in his un dertakings until they were accom plished or proven futile. This spirit possessed by him is amplified by the masterful manner in which he, as general superintendant of the coal mines for the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railway, planned and oper ated the mines located at this place. Roundup looked to Mr. Taylor in the hour of need, and he always re- sponed cheerfully with whatever as- sistance he could render. His mem- ory will forever be fondly charished by the people of Roundup. ----o--^ The fact that the United States last year imported from Scotland 15,000 bushels of potatoes, and a lot more from other countries should make the farmer sit up and take notice. There is no satisfactory explanation for this state of affairs unless it is that tiie farmers of this country are simply adverse to having anything to do with the growing f the humble potatoe. Montana is peculiarly adapted to the raising of potatoes, and it is hoped that the dryiander, whose influence is already being felt in the development of the nation's resources, will next year come to the rescue with a bump er crop of spuds. It is said that Secretary of Agri culture \. .son used some hard lang uage when snown the official figures. He says: "I can not for the life of me see, why there is not more of the mater ial people have to eat. ra.sed n >ar the centers of population that consume it. Ta..e land around .xew Yora. It is close to one of me bigges markets In the world and there is no reason the people hould not raise all the potatoes mey want instead of import ing them. "There is no reason to import food that can be raised at home, but 1 sup- pose it is like the searcn for the Holy Grail—there ,s a natural inclination of humanity to look all over the world for something thaï really is waiting for them next to their own door." -o-- It is estimated that upwards of $500 has been collected by the Musselshell County Abstract Company in fees for furnishing abstracts of title which ac- cording to the law rightfully belongs to the county. It will be up to the board of county commissioners to see that this money is turned into the county treasury. Some official ac- tion should be taken with respect to an examination of the affairs and workings of the abstracting business carried on in the office of the clerk and recorder. -o——-— MAKE A LIVING ON FORTY ACRES Sugar Beet Growing on Irrigated Land a Successful Industry. Billings Jan. 1.—At the request of Mr. F. H. Newell, cheif of the United States reclamation service data has been secured by the Chamber of Com merce of Biilings as to the success of the settlers on the Huntly Irrigation project, in the cultivation of the 40 acre tract, with the result that the 40-acre unit has been unanimously en dorsed by that body for all irrigated land in the sugar beet district. The investigation showed that the farm ers cultivated on the average about 15 acres the first year, 20 acres the second, and 10 acres additional in each of the following two years, in addition to making a good living from the start, the sugar beet growers have obtained a net income of $800 to $2, 000 for the season's work, when the entire 40-acre unit was cropped. The 40-acre unit was also recommended because of the scarcity of labor which prevails here during the growing and harvest season. ONE ON THE POLICEMAN. Excessive Zeal Led Him to Think Ex amining Magistrate Was Murderer. Paris, Dec. 27.—The police of Paris are laughing over the case of a pro vince police officer whose excessive zeal led him to the conclusion that an examining magistrate himself had caused the murder which he was in vestigating. The incident is connect ed with the famous crime of Igorney, in which the pariBh'priest is acused of having murdered his sacristian. On the evening of the discovery of the crime, when the police and magistrate were at the church, a policeman notic ed the footprints of a dog around the church and in the bloodstains. It was asumed that the owner of the dog pro bably was the murderer. The police man set resolutely to work and caught al the dogs in the neighborhood to measure their paws. After three weeks he returned to Autun to give an amount to the magistrate of the failure of his mission. He had not been able to find the dog. Before being receiv ed by the magistrate he had to wait in in the ante chamber,. A dog came in, and out of the habit he measured the dog's paws. To his delight, he found that the paws exactly corresponded to the ones he was looking for. He rush ed into the magistrate's room, holding the dog and announced with delight he had just discovered the right ani mnl after three weeks Bearch. It was a question merely to discover the ani mal's owner, but the magistrate was now the surprised party. It was his own dog. He immediately solved the question, however. "Why," he said to the policeman, "My dog was with me the night of the crime and that ex plains his footprints." +**++****+*+++*** ♦ 4* + . RAILROAD NOTES 4* 4* 4 ♦ + ♦♦♦♦♦♦ 4*.4* 4> 4" 4 1 4* 4* 4* 4* The St. Paul will start the new year by beginning the construction of 500 automobile cars. —o— Beginning next Tuesday the Erie will put on a 24-hour train from New York to Chicago. —o— TheOmaha has announced the instal lation of 19 1-2 milling in transit rate per lOOlbs.on wheat from Kansas City to Chicago, via Minneapolis. —o— The Canadian Pacific has distribu ted cash prizes aggregating 1.500 to people along the line of road that, have maintained the finest flower gar dens. —o— The last rail has been laid on the Laramie Hahn'-Peak & Pacific main line from its connection with the Un ion Pacific at Laramie, Wyo„ to the coal fields of northern Colorado. The road has been under construction 12 years through the backbone of the Rockies, and cost $4,500,00. —o— The election of men prominently collected with the Baltimore & Ohio and the Cinncinnati. Hamilton & Day ton to the Queen & Crescent is said to be due to the last named road having been given an oplon to buy the Cin cinnatti, Hamilton & Dayton in six years. —o— Seattle, Jan. 2.—With every mer- cantile establishment in the downtown district flaunting the Potlatch Bug in red, yellow and green and with 400 of Seattle's leading business men in bulging in a bughouse session at a luncheon at the Rathskeller, the Seat tie Ad Club at noon today opened the local campaign for the Potlatch of 1912. --O— An order was issued by the inter state commerce commission, effective next Sunday, denies all applications for releif from long and short haul clause which allege as the sole ground for continuing commodity rates be tween certain points without making such commodity rates applicable from or to points of intermediate points are not producing or consuming points. —o— On the second Monday in this month the elevated lines of Ne\v York carried 1,019,1 tit! passengers and oper ated a car mileage in excess of 194.000 car miles. On the same day the subway linos of the metropolis car ried 1,090,3S2 passengers and oper ated a car mileage in excess of 189,000 car miles. This is an immense in crease over last year's figure and it marked the beginning of the Christ mas shopping in Gotham, according to the belcif of the officials of the el •vated and subway lines. ; j I : LAND DECISIONS Homesteads. While absence from the land on ac count of sickness will, under sortie cir cumstances, be held excusable by the Department, if it is accompanied by only Bhort residenc, meager im provements and cultivation of the entry, the final proof will be rejected. Entries made prior to the act of Aug. 20, 1890 (26 Stat. 391), or set tlements made prior thereto and sub sequently carried to entry should not be considered in determining the quantity of and an entryman or set tler may acquire under the limitation of said act. Where one claims the right of entry based upon settlement or residence, that residence should be continued until the entry has been allowed. Where a soldier's widow makes entry in her own personal right, she cannot claim that the period of mili tary service of the husband should be deducted from the five-year period of residence required upon a home stead entry. Section 2307, Revised Statutes, applies only to the land en tered by the deceased soldier. The act of June 28, 1910, provides merely for a leave of absence for three months, and will not cure a de fault exsisting prior to the date of the act. A withdrawal of public lands for forestry purposes creates an adverse claim, which defeats the right of any mere subsequent settler. Temporary absences on the part of the entryman on account of climatic conditions have been excused by the Department only where the circum stances surrounding the entry clearly indicate t bona fide intention to main tain a home upon the entry. An original entry of lands under the enlarged homestead act of Feb ruary 19, 1909, must be contiguous to the original entry. Ast of June 8, 1880, making pro visions for settlers on public lands, who thereafter become insane, is to be construed as an act only for the releif of persons who become insane during the time of their "residence." A settler is one who attaches himself to a piece of public land by such un equivocal act as show's his intent to make his home there and to acquire title under the settlement laws. A resident is one who in compliance with the settlement laws is residing upon public land. Until such acts have been preformed as shows une quivocably that an entryman »tends to make his home upon the land, he is neither a settler nor a resident. Cit ing case of Welsh vs. Hacket t, 38 L. D., 515. Desert Lands. Under Department order ot April 22, 1911 (40 L. D. 51), water right charges become due on December 1, following. In passing the original Desert Land Act, it was the manifest purpose of Congress to hold out to the citizens of he United States an inducement to reclaim the waste and desert lands of the public domain, and thus render them subservient to the uses of hus bandry by process of irrigation. This was to be accomplished by such a system of ditches as would carry to the subdivisions of the land, capable of being reaceh by the surface flow, a supply of water such as, when let out of the ditches by draw gates or smaller ditches, might spread over the accessible parts, and stimulate vege table life. If the main ditches were thus constructed, with the acquired adepuate supply of water to irrigate the lands for the purpose of cultiva tion in the ordinary method of carry ing it out over (lie surface of the ground, we think the reclamation con templated by the statute was accom plished, without showing that this ap porpriation was followed by actual use and cultivation. The amendatory act of March 3, 1891, does not require any different character of reclamation, but simply provides that an expenditure of three dollars per acre must be shown, and one-eight of the land embraced in the entry must be cultivated and so shown in final proof. Final Proof. The provisions of Section 7 of the act of March 3, 1891, have no refer ence to proceedings by the United States, or its officers or agents, in re po t to entries therein specified, and •j . re e-e do not affect the conduct er action of the Land Department in I Watch tor the Date! The Fad Shoe & Clothing Co/s Big Pre-Inventory Clearance Säle --The Sale With a Reputation taking up and disposing of final proof of entryman after the lapse of two years mentioned in the act. A report of a special agent of the General Land Office cannot be consid ered as evidenc in a contested case if it is entirely ex parte, without any opportunity for cross- examination. Practice. According to (lie provisions of rules (it* and 80 of the rules of practice, the grounds of appeal must be clearly stated in conci.-e language. General grounds of appeal without specifica tion are insufi nient. Where a claimant believes that an affidavit of contest does not state a good cause of action, objection there to should be made at the hearing, oth erwise it must be consdered as hav ing been W'aived. Citing Paxton vs. Owen (18 L. D. 540-. A strict construction of Section 2372 of the Revised Statutes as amended by act of Feb. 24, 1909, provides for amendment of entries only in cases where there has been a mistake in th description of the land originally intended to bo entered. In certain cases the Department al lows amendments of entries made un der laws requiring settlement, cultiva tion and improvements on the land entered, where through no fault of the entryman the land is found to be so unsuitable for the purpose for which it was entered as to make the com pletion of the entry imi ractieable or impossible. Unless contest is initiated within two years of the issuance of final re eipt, it will be dismissed, although patent may have not yet been issued. Construing Section 7 of the act of March 3, 1891. The granting of a continuance is in the discretion of the local officers and unless it is apparent that such discre tion has been abused, the same will not be disturbed on appeal. The Department wilt not attempt to j relieve litigants of all errors that may ! be alleged their attorneys and agents ; are guilty of. The Department will j only take cognizance of fraud against ! such attorneys and agents. Our druggist is registered, bring us- ; your prescriptions. Cornor Drug More. ! The Grand Cafe Has Reopened BEST OF MEALS Excellent Service J. H. WOODLEY, Proprietor NEW YORK STOCK MARKET (inioads paoaeH) New York, N. Y. Jan. 4.—Bullish manipulations of a number of stocks gave the market an appearance of underlaying strength through the morning but there was no general movement of significance. Pressure against Union Pacific continued with no authoritltave of the heaviness of tliis leader during the recent weeks. Various specialties became promin ent in the trading, especially consol idated gas, which was benefited by re ports of large earnings. L. V. touches 183 7-8 and a gain of o point was esta blished In Reading, U. S. Steel and American Smelting, Consolidated Gas gained 2 1-2. Third Avenue and Man hattan, 2, D. & R. G. prefered, Pac. Telephone and American prefered 1 at 1 1-4. NaBh Chatta and St. L. sold at 169 compared with 143 1-4, previous sale in September last. No. Pac. lost 1 at noon and the active list was yeild ing sharply. I Waslnn ton Dec.29. —Alaska mining conditions during the year 1911 gen erally were favorable according to the annual report of Alfred Brooks, of the U. S. Geological Survey now in course of preparation. The produc tion of metal increased substantially. I The total value in 1911 is estimated i at $20,370,000. In 1910, it was $16,88-! 3,t!7S. It is a remarkable fact that the i gold production alone exceeded the ! total mineral value of 191., the esti-j mate for 1911 being 17,150,000. ♦ ♦ ♦ SHORT JABS AT SPORTS ♦ * ♦ * 4 > 4 > 4 > 4 > 4 > 4 > 4 > 4 > 4 > 4 > 4 > 4 > 4 > 4 > 4 > + W. E. D. Stokes, the New York mil lionaire who is the owner of the famous Wilkes breeding farm at Lex ington, Ky., has announced that all but three of the yearlings on his farm will be sold at auction in New York n February. —o—■ At Saranac, N. Y., yesterday Ed I mund Lamy, former amateur skating champion covered 100 yards on the lake in nine seconds from a standing start in an exhibition trial. The pre vious record was 9 3-5 seconds held by Morris Wood, an amatuer. i Barney Riley, former Irish amateur champion, broke the record for the tournament at Milwaukee, making a 137-foot jump against the old record of 135. This was the first competition as a professional. Ever notice how easy it is for a man to get married who isn't able to sup port a wife. ■—o— The self-made man is never finish ed until some woman gets busy and polishes off the rough edges. The genius is a man who thinks of something that immediately sets all other men to wondering why they hadn't thought of it themselves.