Newspaper Page Text
The Roundup Record
A. W. EISELEIN, Editor and Pub. Catered as secoad class matter June 6, 1908, at the post office at Roundup, Montana, under the Act. of March 8, 1179. Published every Friday at Koundup, Montana. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. Per year, $2.00, strictly in advance; 92.60 if not so paid. FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1912. It is not with regret that we see the passing of the booze campaign in this state during election years. The cor- rupt practice initiative measure which carried at the recent election, will, if it proves effective, and there is at this time no aparent reason why it should not, elevate elections after this year placing thfem on a higher plane, and as a result good men who have hereto- fore been adverse to getting into the political game for the reason that it necessitated the following of the boose route, can now run for office even if their capacity is not equal to that of some other aspirant for the same posi- tion. Altogether too much boose was distributed in Musselshell county in the recent election for the free assimi- lation of voters, who in nine cases out of ten voted according to their own sweet will anyway. Many gallons of the stuff was sent to outlying precincts on election day and reports are to the effect that at some places disgraceful scenes were enacted as a result of its demoralizing effect. The squandering of money over the bar in saloons by candidates with the idea that they are making an impression on the voters who may be hanging around for just such an occasion is a relic of barbar- ism. About the only impression the candidate makes in such instance is on his pocket book. As secretary of the Republican County Central Com- mittee, the writer of this can truthful- ly say that that body did not expend ■ " cent for booze directly or indirect ly in the recent campaign. -o The resignation of Lee McClung, the United States treasurer with a "Chink" name, brings out some inconsistencies. When McClung went into office he gave his receipt to his predecessor for fl.260,134,946.948 2-3 the largest tran- saction on record. His successor will receive this amount with a few added millions. The new treasurer will be bonded for but $150,000, less than many city or county treasurers, and begin- ning at once it will take until March to count the bales of wealth that passes to the new treasurer. Then in March the Democrats will likely claim the of- fice, and the counting will have to be done all over. The treasurer receives $8 ,000 a year. -o William Jennings Bryan, whose ex- act status in the new order of nation- al politics, has not been exactly deter- mined, but who nevertheless is acknow- ledged to be a big part of the "status," has been spending a good deal of time in the national capital, and he has dis- cussed mostly everything. He sug- gests a plan to admit former Vice Presidents and former Speakers of the House of Representatives to the floor of the two Houses, with the privilege to speak upon any question. Why not admit near presidents? -o The Billings Gazette says that what they need more than anything else over there is closer railroad connec tions with the Musselshell valley. Can't very get along without us. The "ring" is trying to stave off the inevitable. Its passing away come* mighty hard to some of the interested ones. ANNOUNCE VISIT OF STORK. PORTLAND, ORE., Nov. 28—An nouncement of the visit of the stork to the home of councilman Wilhelm was officially made at the meeting of the city council under the heading "general improvements." COAL STATISTICS OF MUSSELSHELL COUNTY Production of coal in Musselshell county, 1911 period, 643,648 tons; there were employed in and about the mines 822 men. In 1912 period, year ending October 31 production—933,486 tons; there were employed in and around the mines, for 200 days, 862 men. 7.6 percent of output was undercut with electric mining machines, in 1911; and 21.6 percent in 1912. Accidents. In 1911 period there were three kill ed and thirteen seriously injured. There was 3.6 percent per thousand employed, killed. In 1912 period there were three kill ed and nine Injured. There were 3.39 percent per thousand employed, killed. Musselshell county is third largest producing county in Montana and run ning neck and neck for second place. Estimated value of product in 1912 was $1,680,273.00. RedtwctfuUy, J. B. MCDERMOTT. j EUROPEAN WAR j VIRTUALLY ENDED GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS CON CEDE DANGER OF GENERAL EUROPEAN WAR ENDED. LONDON, Nov. 28.—Government officials and diplomats here today con sider the danger of a general Europ ean war virtually ended. Both Bel grade and Vienna show a quieter tone and some adjustment of the difficulty is expected by which Servia will get a commercial outlet to the Adriatic sea without encroachment on Austria's po litical claims. No details have been received here of the great Adrianople lire, which bas been reported from various sources. The story that Pyroxylin bombB, drop ped by aviators caused the conflagra tion is nôt credited hare. It is generally admitted that the oung Turks are responsible for wreck ing the Turkish army organisation and that any change from their rule would be beneficial. The Sultan will not be dethroned and it is regarded as improbable that Abdul Hamid will be restored, as he is opposed by the most important men of the new regime. According to reports from the Bal kan capitals, the rulers of Bulgaria, Servia and Montenegro are going to promte and rechristen themselves as soon as the war is over. King Peter aims at being "Czar of all the Serbs" in imitation of his friend, Nicholas of Russia and King Ferdinand, failing the title of Emperor of the Balkans, intends becoming emperor of Bulgaria King Nicholas likes "King of Monte negro and Albania." Nothing is said about the Greek monarch, but doubt less he will transform himself into Emperor instead of the Hellenes. RITCHE WINS ON FOUL IN SIXTEENTH SAN FRANCISCO SCENE OF BAT TLE FOR LIGHTWEIGHT CHAM PIONSHIP. ****************** •> FLASH. <9 <9 Ritchie wins in the 16th <9 4* round on a foul. ♦ ♦++♦+++++♦+++♦+++♦ SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 28.—Before the battle—"I will knock out Ritchie. It may take 12 rounds or longer but he won't last the entire distance. Ritchie is fast and clever but thats all" said Ad Wolgast. "Wolgast is due for the surprise of his life. I will be ligiitweight cham pion of the world before night. Wol gast is a rugged fellow but 1 can hit hard enough to stop him. My condi tion is perfect."—Willie Ritchie. These were the statements this morning from Ad Wolgast, lightweight champion and Willie Ritchie, chal lenger who met at Daly City this after noon in a 20 round battle. A flood of Ritchie money today caused a slight change in the odds, Wolgast now being a 10 to 5% favorite. With ideal weather, a record crowd was predicted when referee Jim Grif fin sends the two fighters on their way. The main event was scheduled to start promptly at 2:00 o'clock, pre ceded by a four round contest be tween Joe Lanun and Willie Hassen and a six round bout between Ray Campbell and Louis Rees. After a hearty breakfast, Ritchie came to San Francisco from his training camp at San Rafeal. He was smiling and con fident and if he felt any nervousness he did not show it. Experts here said the San Francisco boy was in perfect condition. DISTRICT COURT PROCEEDINGS The following are civil cases that were tried in district court this week and their disposition: Geo. Bachman vs. C. M. & P. S. Ry., and W. B. Cooley vs. C. M. & P. S. Ry., cases continued for term. J. H. Danils vs. Albert Schroeder, case continued for term, the judge being disqualified. John H. Danils vs. Ethel Danils, plaintiff awarded absolute divorce and decree signed and filed. Ed. Panich vs. Phillip Drazich, judg ment of $75 for plaintiff. J. W. Draper vs. J. H. Woodley, ver dict for plaintiff in the sum of $100. WAR CORRESPONDENT UNDER ARREST SOFIA, Nov. 28.—Five English and French war correspondents under ar rest have been brought here from Jamboli, Bulgaria where they are ac cused of bribing sentries to get in formation of military movements. DUMPS $4500 HOODOO AUTO. OAKLAND. CALIF., Nov. 28.—Be cause H. H. Harts $4500 auto was balky he dumped It into the bay, but Capt. T. P. Whltelaw, a wrecker, iB going to raise It. He says no car can hoodoo him. I HOLDEN LEAVES IOWA COLLEGE The "Com H!an" Joins I H C Servies Bureau. TO HELP PUSH V.'GF.K FORWARD Co-Operation Movement for Larger Crops, Better Roads, More Pro» perois People and a Better Nation. This marks the beginning of m new and greater business service. H la a co-operative movement for larger crops, better roads, happier homes, more prosperous people, and n richer and better nation. That la to aay, the I H C Service Bureau proposes to help do for all the states and for Can ada what Holden has done tor Iowa. After considering many offers, and after an investigation of the company and Its works. Professor Perry G. Holden has entered the service of the I H C Service Bureau at Chicago. Professor Holden is known wher ever real agriculture is known. His whole life ic one of service. He orig inated the idea of carrying informa tion direct to farmers. He is the fa ther of the demonstration train, short school courses, the corn show, county PROF. PERRY G. HOLDEN. demonstration farms, and the National Com Exposition. As head of the ex tension department of Iowa State Col lege of Agriculture he did a work which. Senator Cummins Bays, up to the present time has increased thp wealth of Iowa $30,000.000. The object of the I H C Service Bu reau is the promotion of agricultural education, and a co-operation which will tend to raise the whole tone of commercial, Industrial and farm life. Since agriculture is the basis of pros perity and progress, naturally farm problems claim first attention. The aim Is higher efficiency, both on and off the farm. To do a big work a big organization Is necessary. Not only the bigness, but the perfection of the International organization as well appealed to Pro feasor Holden. The big general agen cies, scattered all over the United States and Canada; the salesmen, travelers and expert machine men: the 46,600 dealers—every one. so far as possible. Is to be made an apostle of better farming. For years the International Har vester Company has realized the Im portance of service. It has spent mil lions of dollars In the perfection of la bor-saving machines, and now the company Is going In for direct service —direct to the farmers, and direct to the farmers' children, that the men, and women of tomorrow may be more capable and so more prosperous than the men and women of today. It is no longer a theory that If we are to get the most out of life we must raise more per acre. "Inten sive farming" ia In the air. It is the battle cry of peace and plenty. But raising more is the result of mind, not muscle. We must know. And not only that, we must Know we know, and know why we know. We must know good seed from bad, right cultivation from wrong, and the why* and wherefors of climates, soils fruits, cattle, horses, poultry, and sc forth. For these things the bureau was established. But the bureau and Professor Holden see more than an average increase of a few bushels. They see a time coming when farmers will raise twice as many bushels of corn, wheat and oats to the acre, and like yields of all other kinds o* farm products. They see a time when farmers and farmers' wives and their children will think more and work less. Every bushel raised means just that much profit, and the rrof.ts of the farm promote commerce and In dustry. After a period of g"od work in Mich igan agricult oral college, better work St Illinois, f.t »1 a great werk at Iowa. Professor I'.-.h'en now enters upon s world s work. V '-He in future Pro fesser i'oVen w ,- i designate Chirac* as home h s ' 3 ' <• is • ot caving l ut —he is mer. ) nrr.. ing Iowa to th rest of the V.0.1L J MODIFIES H0ME8TEAD LAW Land Department Allows Homestead ers Filing Prior to June 6, More Freedom. Homesteaders who made their entry prior to June 6, 1912, are no longer required to cultivate s 0 much of their entry each year but will be allowed to make final proof on showing that the total cultivation makes the requir ed average for each year, according to a circular received at the Missoula land office which modifies the home stead law. The circular reads as fol lows: "Your attention is called to the fol lowing provision in the act approved Aug. 24, 1912, making appropriation for sundry civil expenses of the gov rnment for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1911. "That the failure of a homestead entryman to give notice of election of making hiB proof as required by the act of June 2, 1912, being an act of amend sections 2291 and 2297 of the revised statutes of the United States relating to homesteads, shall not in anywise prejudice his rights to proceed In accordance with the law under which such entry ia made. "In view of the foregoing paragraph 22, circular No. 142, of July 15, 1912, is no longer in force. "In connection you will observe the following provision of paragraphs 18 and IA of said circular. "By this section 1 am authorized, under rules and regulations to be pre scribed by me, to reduce the required area of cultivation. Acting thereunder area of cultivation. Acting thereun der, I have prescribed the following rule to govern action on proof where the homestead entry was made prior to June 6, 1912, but tl.ru failure of election must be adjudicate under the new law. "Respecting cultivation necessary to be shown upon such entry in all cases 1 where, upon considering the whole ree j ord, the good faith of the entryman ! appears, the p>-oof will be acceptable [ if it shows cultivation of at least one sixteenth for oiip year and of at least one-eighth for the next year and eacl succeeding year until final proof, witli out regards to the particular year of ; the homestead period in which the cul tivation of the one-sixteenth was per formed. "A new law also requires that th proof shall be made, within five years from the date of entry and in the j entry is to be administered under that j law the department is not authorized to extend the period in which proof may be made, but when submitted after that time, in the absence of ad verse claims, the entry may be sub-; mitted after that time in the absence of adverse claims, the entry maybe submitted to the board of equitable adjudication for confirmation" MAJORITY FOR CRUM SMALL BUT DECISIVE _ I One Hundred and Thirty-Eight Over Sidell with Twice That Over Judge 1 James R. Goss. Judge Charles L. Crum has received ! the official returns from the four coun- ' ties in the Thirteenth Judicial district and his majority over .William T. Sid ell of Billings is 138 and over James R. Goss of Billings, 371. Judge George W. Pierson was high man with a ma jority vote of 1.114 over Judge Crum. The vote was as follows: Crum, Rose bud, 500; Musselshell, 553; Carbon. 732; Yellowstone, 966; total, 2,763. Pierson, Yellowstone, 1,660; Carbon, 1,372; Rosebud, 341; Musselshell, 594; total, 3,867. Goss, Yellowstone, 1,396; Carbon, 386; Rosebud, 333; Mussel shell, 267; total. 2,382. Sidell, Yellow stone, 1,083; Carbon, 783; Rosebud, 229; Musselshell, 520; totals 2,616. Sidell carried Yellowstone and Carbon counties while Crum carried Rosebud and Musselshell counties. TAFT WANTS MORE WARSHIPS WASHINGTON, Nov 29— It is stat ed upon the best authority that one of the features of the President's mes sage, which has received its finishing touches will be the emphasis laid upon an enlarged navy for Uncle Sam. The President favors at least three new great battleships, and his request will be based upon a report prepared by Secretary of the Navy Meyer and As sistant Secretary Winthrop and vari ous chiefs of the navy department. Recommendations for the number of cruisers and other vessels will be in accord with the battleship policy, an increased number being asked for to ! offset the reduction made last year in the naval appropriation bill» LANDLORD MAKES TENNANTS HAPPY BELLINGHAM. Nov. 28—A land lord has at last found a way of keeping his tenants happy and contented. C. I. Roth, owner of the Roth apartment house hns presented each of his fami lies with a Thanksgiving turkey. Most of our so-called good intentions are base imitations. of in 18 of to 1 BETTER ILOWIKC VALUABLE INFORMATION BY DR. W. E. TAYLOR, SOIL CULTURE EXPERT, ON HOW TO IN CREASE CROPS. The maintenance and improvement of soil texture depends more upon plowing than upon any other tillage operation. Plowing adds neither hu mus or plant food, but if done right will keep the soil in good tilth and make plant food available. The time to plow depends upon both the season and condition of the soil. The farmer should exercise bis best judgment, always keeping in mind the necessity of having his seed bed in good physical condition. There are good many advantages to be gained by plowing in the fall. If heavy clay Boils are lap plowed be fore winter, the soil is exposed to the action of the air and freezing which renders it mellow and friable or puts it in condition to be made so in the spring by the disc and harrow. If clay soils are plowed in the spring when the ground is wet, puddling will result and the seed bed will be full of lumps that cannot be pulverized. Sod should be plowed early in the fall; first, to destroy by freezing any cut worms and insects that may be brought near the surface; second, to give the sod more time to rot. Ground with a cover crop of any kind should be plowed in the fall to insure rotting of the mass turned un der. Again, if the ground is plowed during the fall and left rough, it ab sorbs rains and snows. In semi regions, however, surface cultivation after plowing is necessary to prevent the escape of stored water. It Is advantageous to plow light soils In the spring. Such soils are easily THE EVER RE OV5 s i fl * T\ WARN DE [ready for the unexpected guests who may "pop in" most any time. Have your pantry well supplied with canned goods and staple groceries that will permit the preparation of a splendid meal on short notice. WE HAVE EVERYTHING IN THIS LINE THAT YOU HAY REQUIRE, AND CAN OFFER MANY SUGGESTIONS, WHICH WILL NO DOUBT ASSIST YOU IN HARING YOUR SELECTION. :%%%%%%%%: AUG. SCHRUMP ANDERSON & BERVEN Flour, Feed, Seeds, Hay and Grain 9 » 5 » tolDHcOALFLOU* Why No! N< Distributing Agents of WASHBURN -CROSBY CO.'S GOLD MEDAL FLOUR Roundup, Mont. brought to good.tilth by the disc or harrow and made compact by the sub surface packer or roller. We advocate deep plowing, but the operation of deepening the seed bed should be gradual. Plants require humus. Soil bacteria, the laboratory workers that change unavailable into available food, do not exist where it is absent. Virgin soil, which is rich in humus only to the depth of three to four inches, should be plowed no deeper but each succeeding year the depth should be increased a little un til eight or nine inches is reached, provided that each year organic mat ter is added in the form of manure or vegetation in sufficient quantities to insure an abundance of that which is finally converted into humus. Some farmers have been known to abruptly double the depth of the seed bed and lose a crop for one or more years, because they neglected to sup ply organic materials. Deep plowing is not advisable whèn the subsoil is sand or gravel and ia very near the surface unless the physi cal condition of the soil has been improved by the addition of quantities of manure. Discing before plowing is advised. The disc not only pulverizes the earth, thereby forming a compact contact be tween the furrow slice and the bottom of the furrow, but ail vegetation, man ure and trash that may be on ihe sur face is cut up and worked into the seed bed. SLAMMED CAT IN HIS FACE. SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 28—"I slammed him in the face with his cat, judge, because the cat stole our New Year's dinner," confessed Mrs. Mary Becker who seeks divorce. "And then he treated a woman to beer and a phonograph concert while I was in the hospital."