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+ KLEIN NEWS ♦ ♦ By Special Correspondent. ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*♦*♦+♦♦♦♦♦♦ Dr . w .* F. *«*««•* camp Saturday looking after a few county cases. I Born to Mr. and Mrs. Joe Roumania a girl on Monday, Feb. 10 . , , , .... , Andrew and Vincent Martin left for Miles City last Saturday to bring their brother George home. The latter has been in the hospital there for the past ! . „t* . ... loir Thov 1 few months with a broken leg. Tney returned Sunday, Mr. Martin being j greatly improved. ; Mr. and Mrs. Dr. Lackner of Round up were visitors at the Baird home Sunday. ! Little Lowie of Gibbtown had his face badly burned last Thursday night ! by opening a can of carbide and hold- j ing a light too close to it. The car -1 r" aed b " rn, " g tl " Wm.Analow, who lud hi, loot muh- j •d at the mine last week, was operated upon Thursday losing one of hiB toes. ; H&rry Hawkins, ensign of the Sal-» ' *nr that 1 vation army was soliciting for that Institution here Tuesday. ; a SupL James Needham was a bust- ' ness visitor at the mine Thursday. j Andrew Pecherich was generally bruised and hurt last Sunday while work In the mine. i* The little son of Mr. and Mrs. Sam McKey had his eye badly cut whllel ooaaUng With some other children ! last Sunday. j Mrs. Henry Ferris of Roundup was a visitor at the Collin's home Wednesday ' 0 Mr. Wm. Reece has been suffering ! c with an ulcer on his eye the past week but has again resumed his duties at j the mine. ! The "Bobble Burns' Club'' will give a dance at the Dreamland Saturday and all are cordially invited. j John Pollock, a driver ln the mine I was seriously hurt Wednesday night 1 T The mule he w»s. driving became un controllable throwing Mr. Pollock un- 1 der a car and breaking several ribs. I Mrs. M. H. Fletcher and little grand* ( son Earl Kibble are visiting at tho Smith home in Gibbtown. Wm. Ü. Taylor of Roundup made a ♦♦♦•fr************** ♦ - GAGE HAPPENINGS * ♦*♦++♦♦**♦+++++*+♦ Marion Adams spent Saturday in Roundup. Sadie Batschelet was a Gage nsitcf Motiday. business trip to Gage Wednesday, Alex Thompson was attending to ousiness affairs ln the county seat Saturday. Mrs. W. A. Lackey and daughter lday Elsie were visitors here the first of the week. ! Miss Louisa Quinn was a Gage call er the fore part of the week. 1 in Jack Gowans passed thru here Mon day with a wagon load of gent's fur nishingS which he will try to dis pose of in the lower Musselshell. be Chas. Bates was in Gage the first of the week loading up with lumber and supplies for his farm. i Dallas Kinder and Harry Brown j week Vi8lt0rB in Gag * Sunday of thlB I in Mr. Page of the Crescent Manufact uring Co., of Seattle, was here Wed nesday ip the interests of hiB firm. William Bethke and children of Del phia were callers in Gage Sunday. William Staley and family spent Wednesday in Roundup attending to business affaire. Mrs. Carl Crothers and children were visitors in Gage the fore part of this week. Mr. Williams a government stock * _____ ____ inspector has been"inspecting cattle ln this vicinity the paBt few days. I The Cactus Dodgers and their hus bands are invited to meet at Spring Brook Ranch, the home of Mr. and in Mrs. G. H. Fawcett, Feb. GOVERNOR WILSON TO RESIGN MARCH 1. TRENTON, N. J., Feb. 13—Pres ldent-elect Wilson will resign as gov ernor of New Jersey March 1. He will be succeeded by Jas. Fielder. * Mom "BUTC H" —at— The New City Meat MARKET Or téléphona your orders and de livery will be made promptly. Phono No. St. Chas. C. Hopkins Blackburn Building. ♦ •>♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ * DELPHIA NEWS ♦ * ; * v * * * *2* + + + „ . „ _ _ . , mf Fattie QÜ I."Äy ; on the flyer from a vislt ln Minn esota. ,\. Matteson was a passenger for Roundup Saturday morning returning Sunday afternoon. Mrs. E. B. Wilson went np to jj oun( j U p Sunday night returning home Tuesday afternoon on the local freight, Mrs. Woods and daughter, who have been visiting the Beilis family return ed to their home in Livingston, Tues day Grandma Beilis left Thursday morn ing for Roundup to visit with Mrs. C. J. Manuel, |eft the fourth for Avery, Ida., to visit Mr. Flynn and Mr. and Mrs. Steve ' j, Ladaue. ^ . I »XuVup^Lsly j Mrs p L Brown j e ft last week for Musselshell. I ""äs i; n, Ä% a »m" "'X 0| F „ t | s , pent Sunday at the Spendiff ranch, Mr. G. Tupper left Wednesday morn ing for Billings. Mrs. Frank Wilson came down from lRou Tuesd aftern oon spending a few hours with Miss Bee and Mary Flynn returning home at midnight, Geo. Spendiff went up to Roundup Friday * _ + + + + + + + + + + + + + i* ROUNDUP LABOR NOTE8 ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ work is still a bit scarce among the laborers, but it is expected to open up soon. The new constitution and by-laws 0 f the central Trades and Labor Coun c n have been approved by the Montana Federation of Labor and will go into effect as soon as the locals have ac copted it. a rumor was circulated last week that the Davis coal mine had been de Glared unfair, and Mr. Davis suffered gome Inconvenience on account of it. T he facts are that a complaint was .submitted to the Federal Labor Union that Mr. Davis was employing non union teamsters. Mr. Davis explained the case satisfactorily and no action was taken by the union. He is .now employing only strictly union men. The Masons, Bricklayers and Plas terers attempted to organize their lo cal Thursday night, but failed. We have not yet learned the cause of their nan-success. Tlie Cooks and Waiters are again attempting to reconstruct their local. The success of the Bartenders has encouraged them somewhat. They i __ __ m m Union Half next Thürs lday evening at 8:00 P- m * to take the necessary steps towards organization, The Central Body meets every Fri day n igy,t now, as has been announced in these columns some dozen times before. The Union Label League will soon be an actuality in Roundup. The mer . . „ . , . . chants are Preparing their stock or der accordingly. Most laboring men are interested in the incipient co-operative assocla tion. The application for a license has been mailed, with accompanying fee, and stock certificates have been ordered from the printers. The signs all point to a bona fide proposition. * BIG WALL ITEMS. + Peter Peterson was in Roundup on business the beginning of the week, Mrs. Dietz made a two day trip to Roundup and returned with Miss Ada and Mi88 Bessie who have been spend in s some time in that city Mr. and Mrs. Henry C. Brown have opened a lunch room in the Orpheum theatre building. They extend an in vitation to their neighbors to call when they are in the county seat. ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ SCHOOL NOTES ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦+ Mrs. Stanton and Mrs. Wall visited ! in the primary grade the first of the week. The attendance in the second grade has been much better than it was last week. In the arithmetic contest in Miss Ferguson's room this week the cham pions were, 4A—Thamas Sterner, 5B —Theodore Dozois, Dorothy Chrysler. The perfect spellers for the past week in the third B class are: Edith Overend, Roy Boucher, Elisabeth Wier, Jackie Stefanie, Wallace Powers Dorothy Knapp was the champion in writing tablets in 3rd grade this week. Perfect spellers for the week ln the | 6th grade: Della Webb, Carolyn Lap ener, Leslie Hagerman, Ethel Carpen ter. In the fifth grade: Doris Bogue, William Ferris, Custer Park, Dee Steen, Mary Zupan, Ernest McVay, August Kasum, Lee Longer. The sixth grade spelled the fifth grade down last Friday. Thomas Mathews has been out on account of sickness. Carl Pyles le absent because of the serions illness of hto brother Alvin. In obeervsnee of Lincoln's birthday the school was closed on Wednesday. In order to secure greater comfort tor the pupils who come In from the mines, the school board has provided lour fioohwarmers for each of the wagons. *-w ---- ------- — I (uel tor them 016 driTer * wlU 86e that they are heated, every morning and evening, and ao arrange that all ; »»F »•"»; »"«" <• up the dally attendance especially in ju lower grades, lor regardless of the cold weather, parents can teei sure that their children will get to and from school without suffering from 'he cold. The teachers and pupils of me school feel a keen sorrow over Die death of Alvin Pyles, a pupil cf the seventh grade, and extend then* sym pathy to his parents and brother. Al vin v as a bright boy and a favorite witu li >3 companions by vhom be will ' j, 0 nrUied greatly. He was always I rea dy to do his put alone aU llnaa j °f school work and entered heartily into the recent school play. We deep I iy regret the passing of a life that — „,u«orp ro m.». ♦♦•*++*++❖*+♦*+**+ + THOMPSON'S PLAT ♦ *+***#♦♦♦♦#♦♦#♦♦♦♦ Vem Asbridge who is attending col lege at Billings came home last week to spend a few days at the ranch. Robert Taylor called .at the Hunt homestead one day last week. The new post office of Buel that has been established at the Smirl ranch will be in operation the 1st of March. The mail will have to be carried for the first three months free. If the office pays for the first three months the government will let a contract for carrying the mail, but in case the office does not pay it will be discontin ued. Everybody should take an in terest in the new post office and mail all of their mail at the Buel postoffice. Arthur Smirl has been appointed post master. R. B. Thompson has sold a number of steers and hogs to one of the i Roundup butchers, George Jones took dinner with Mr. and Mrs. E. L. Nichols last Friday. The masquerade at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Olson Saturday night was a grand success. There were about forty-five present and altho they were handicapped in getting masquer ade suits, being so far from town they did fine in togging up to disguise themselves. A fine lunch was served at 12 o'clock. Arthur Smirl has taken a contract of getting out logs for the Johnston's saw mill up Ln the Snowies. TREATY WITH FRANCE EXTENDED FIVE YEARS WASHINGTON, D. C., Feb. 13. Secretary Knox and Ambassador Jus serand signed a contract today to ex tend for another period of five years the treaty between the United States and France which will expire March 12. This is similar to the British contract. N a CHARLESTON, S. C., Feb. 7—By animous vote today the senate adopt ed the house resolution memorial urg ed congress to pass the "Shepard" bill prohibiting the shipping of intoxi cating liquors into dry territory and askng senators and congressmen to vote for the bill. The manufacture and sale of Intoxicating liquors is pro hibited in West Virginia after July 1, 1914. WASHINGTON, D. C., Feb. 7.— The clash between commissioner Oli ver and U. S. attorney at El Paso over the service of writs of arrest on En rique C. Lorrento, Mexican counsel at El Paso, who in the meantime has fled to Jaurez, Mexico, was reported today to attorney general Wlckereham. The federal attorney instructed the Mar shal to hold up the warrants until he had investigated the charges against the counsul of violating neutrality by a conspiracy to ship arms to Mexico. ! Th ® commissioner thereupon lfted the | cse from the control of the attorney by appointing R. E. Bryant, a special oicer to make the arrest. DETROIT, Feb. 7.—The "Boot and Shoe last, trust" fixing It is alleged, the price of every last sold in the United States was dissolved by the government in quick time. Immediate ly following the filing of a civil anti trust suit against the Krenler-Arnold Co. the makers of whom 1 twas allied by agreements, United States district judge Arthur T. Cuttle entered an agreed decree terminating agreements as they fixed the price of unpatented lasts, and dissolving a club thru which the alleged violation of the Sherman law was accomplished. examination of scarcely 12 minutes : by Sam Untermeyer, counsel for the ■ Pujo committee, Wm. Rockefeller, the j aged Standard Oil magnate, this after- j noon showed' signs of a laryngeal ! spasm and in dictations of an ap- - preaching nervous collapse. At the Instance of h<s rhysician the ' examination wa-> 'if sed. ' CHICAGO, Jan. 13—Fire of myster ous origin caused a loss of $200, 000 to day. Among the firms afected were the Brunswick Balke Calender Com pany, Chickering Brothers and several smaller concerns. JEKYL ISLAND, Feb. 7.—After an I THE STMiOWB OF THE CONTEST ANTS S* a J* dln 8 o* the Contestants in the Fe°b 12Ï913 0,Ite8t f ° r 018 Week ending S* 1 ........................3,006,245 N°- "........................3,458,625 J........................3.276,930 2°* .......................1,105,420 S°' 1........................6,915,350 5°* i* .......................2,481,360 N°- .......................2.617.680 S°' }1 .......................8,264,755 N °. 18.......................2,586,395 No. 19.......................3:732,070 No. 20.......................2,526,760 No- 21 .......................1,904,216 No. 22 .......................2,717,075 No. 23.......................2,805,070 No. 24.......................2,435,035 No. 26.......................3,997,645 No. 29.......................1.914,585 No. 32.......................6,924,675 No- 34.......................1,942,135 No. 35.......................2,311,136 No. 36.......................2,013,815 No. 38.......................2,990,260 No. 39.....................s. 1,666,600 No. 41.......................1,604,075 No. 43.......................6,713,725 No. 45......................1,411,370 No. 48.......................1,833,140 No. 49.......................3,717,985 No. 50.......................6,712,500 No. 51.......................2,015,675 No. 52.......................2,998,230 No. 53.......................2,513,510 No. 55.......................2,860,000 No. 56.......................2,634,726 No. 57.......................5,262,785 No. 60.......................2,912,440 No. 69.......................2.518,270 ATTACK ON SCUTARI PODRiGZ, MONTENEGRO, Feb. 8. —A general attack by the combined Montenegrin armies was opened on •he Turkish fortress of Scutari at 1:00 <-loi k this morning. The allies' ar tillery did effective wofk, silencing a Turkish battleship on Muselim. The infantry followed up the bombardment ! by storming the hill at the poiut of the! bayonet driving the Turks out of their I works and capturing the position. AI sortie was attempted by the Turkish j troops to the south of Scutari but i was ineffective. Two Ottoman shipB were sunk on Lake Scutari. MYSTERIOUS DISAPPEARANCES Men Carying Large 8ums of Money Drop out of Sight. LOS ANGELES, Feb. 10.—Four men, each carrying a considerable sum of money, have dropped out of sight within the past month, and the author ities expressed the belief today that they were victims of an organized gang o fbandits. The first to disappear was Herbert Dexter of Tacoma who wrote his wife in Tacoma he was going to Coalinga to buy a restaurant. He never arrived at Coalinga. He had 81,000 on his person. James A. Monroe, a retired farmer started for Pomona with $10,000 to buy fruit orchard. He was not heard from again. Eric Lundell disappeared after dis posing of real estate for several thou sand dollars which he had with him and his disappearance was followed last week by that of W. F. Shcolle who started for the postoffice with $500 but never arrived there. WHAT 18 COAL LAND? United States Geological Survey Out lines Manner in Which Coal Depoii Its Occur and Shows Why Land May Be Classified as H Coal Land" When no Coal Is to be 8een for Many Miles. It is often the unpleasant duty of the United StateB Geological Survey to re to reclassify as noncoal land areas that have been classified as coal land, be cause the evidence and affidavits sub mitted for reclassification are inade quate, that a word of explanation on what is considered "adequate" may make clearer the position of the Sur vey in the matter. It is a widespread popular Impres sion that if coal Is found outcropping on a tract, the land is coal land, and that if no coal is to be found outcrop ping the land is non-coal. If thia were true probably more than one-half of the coal produced in the country (in Borne States more than 95 per cent) would be coming from mines not on coal land. As an illustration, 196 mines In In diana in 1908 produced 11,997.304 tons of coal. Of these 196 mines, 15 were working the coal from the outcrop and produced 400,733 tons, or a little over 3 per cent of the total. The rest was mined from land, the surface of which showed no coal. In Illinois the per centage is still less, and in both States the average production of the mines working on the outcrop is small, com pared with the average of all the : mines. The percentage of coal work ■ ed from the outcrop is greater ln Penn. j sylvanla. West Vlriglnla, and the j southern Appalachiau States than In ! the two Just cited, but not much if any - greater in the Michigan field, the west lern interior field, or some others of ' the large fields of the country. It to ' true that ln many of the fields when 1 ' ! j , ; 1 I ! ! I j i EMERSON PLOWS Best by test for Mussel shell County soils. We have mouldboard, rod breaker and disc plows. The prices are no higher than are ask ed for inferior makes. Osborne Bumper Disc and Drag Harrows always do satisfactory work, and are unexcelled for durability and easy operation. We handle all the imple ments needed for your farm. We ship entirely in carload lots direct from factories, and are prepared to name lowest prices. Agents for Weber and Steel King Wagons. . Give Us a Call Marshall's Busy Corner 111 1 For Good Lumber and Building Material THE NEWTON LUMBER COMPANY CAN'T BE BEAT. Our Yellow Pine Panel Doors are beauties, none better, and the other kinds of lumber are just as fine TRY US NEWTON LUMBER CO. ! Leading Lumber Merchants of Roundup 1 WE SELL "American Lady" and "AmericanGentleman" SHOES 8EE OUR AO ON BACK PAGE OF THE 8ATURDAY EVENING POST THIS WEEK. HENDRIX MERCANTILE CO. 3 In of to first exploited mines were mostly driv en in on the outcrop, but for two ne Bons that condition has greatly changed. First, the coal close to the outcrop has been mined out; and sec ond, after a time it has been found to be cheaper to mine the coal from shafts sunk to the bed from a point some distance back from the outcrop than to haul the coal, water, and waste up the slope of the bed as it pitches into the ground. If, therefore, any producing coal field is examined there will usually be found a belt of outcrop In which the 1 coal-bearing rocks rise to the surface of the ground, and outside of that belt an area which may amount to thou sands of square miles where the coals are all below the surface and the snr ' face roc&s may even be of entirely ! different age and perhaps not coal j bearing at all. ln Indiana shafts have , been sunk to coal beds at a depth of 250 feet without any preliminary dril ling where the coal bed did not out ; crop nearer than 15 miles and many 1 of the mines of Illinois are 25 to 50 miles from the nearest outcrop of the coal they are working. I In classifying land as to its coal character a few general principles are involved: ! 1. If the land is known to be under lain only by groups of rocks known nowhere to contain coal the land to assumed not to be underlain by coal and to be noncoal land. 2. If land is known to be underlain by one or more groups of rocks known to contain workable beda of coal and a study of the dips shows that three groups are not too deep for the coals they contain to be worked the toad may be presumed to be coal land. In nearly all cases where public lands have been withdrawn pending examination and classification it to known or believed that the land to underlain by groups of rooks known elsewhere to contain workable beds of coal. In probably a majority of cases It is also known or later examination demonstrtatea that coal does not out crop on most of the land withdrawn but underlies it, perhaps at a consid erable depth. The evidence obtained by the Sur vey consista of observed outcrops and measured sections, properly located and described on the spot, and snayto es made in the Government labora tories from coal samples collected in a defin'te prescribed way, supplemented when necessary by such second-hand data as appear to be accurate and reliable and to be in accord with the personal observations of the field men.