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Take time to
save time ♦ v Have you ever mapped—with pins and thread, with pencil on paper—the daily "chore route" of your farm or ranch? Have you figured how much back-tracking you do, how many unnecessary extra steps you walk in a day? Have you taken time to save time, and steps, and labor? A number of agricultural colleges and experiment stations have made practical work studies on farms and ranches, with some astounding results. For example, one dairy farmer (who thought himself pretty efficient) adopted improved machine milk ing techniques, rearranged his bam to save steps and time in feeding and watering. He saved him self two miles of walking per day, cut his daily chore time by two hours and five minutes. That's 730 miles of walking and 760 hours of work in a year. In making the changes, he spent less than $50. Indiana tells of farmers who, by planning their work, are raising hogs with one quarter their for mer hours of labor . . . There's a report of men making hay in 90 man-minutes per ton; while others using similar equipment—but older, harder ways of working—spend twice that time .. . There are scores of other examples. Perhaps you cannot make such great savings in your operations. Maybe you can m -.ke more. It's certainly worth looking into, for even little savings are important. Five steps saved a day makes a mile in a year. Five minutes a day gives you three extra days a year. There's no master plan to fit every farm and ranch, because no two are exactly the same. You have to work out your own plan of improvement. But the time it takes may well be the most profit able time you've ever spent. A four-step scheme is suggested. First, consider each job or chore separately. Break it down into its parts. Check each part with a watch or tape measure and see if steps or time can be saved. Second, compare your work methods with those of your neighbors. Third, examine and check the de tails of your work methods. Fourth, develop and apply the new method. In a nutshell, "Plan your work and work your plan." Time studies and job analysis have helped Swift & Company increase efficiency and make impor or savings. why we so confidently suggest similar studies in your operations. One excellent bulletin on the subject is N umber 307, published by Purdue University, Lafayette, Indiana. It's inter esting reading and well worth writing for. Your county agent, or state agricultural college can tell of other bulletins on the same subject. I The American Way I j In the livestock-meat indus I I try, as in all American busi f j ness, profit provides the basic IjOb incentive for work, enterprise bIÆ and action. Profit makes the mare go for livestock produc ers, meat packers and retailers. Too little profit by one section creates an unbalance in the industry. If one part of the livestock and meat industry suffers continued loss, all of us are hurt in the long run. However, a margin of profit fair to one section of the livestock-meat industry might be quite unfair to another. For instance, we Swift & Company know perfectly well that both livestock producers and retailers require a higher margin of profit, because of their relatively small volume. On the other hand, nationwide meat packers must build up a tremendous volume of sales to make up for a very small margin of profit per unit—a margin that has been consistently lower than that earned by any other manufacturing in dustry in America. Over a period of years, Swift & Company has earned, on the average, less than two cents on each dollar of sales (a fraction of a cent per pound of product handled). Over the same period, the average amount re turned to producers for agricultural raw ma terials, including livestock, wool and hides, has been 75 cents out of each dollar we re ceived. This is not a profit. ( cents producers must pay the cost of pro duction. Whether livestock prices are high or low or whether meat is high-priced or inexpensive— Swift & Company can earn a reasonable profit only by adding together many tiny savings on a large volume of business. : & . at of this 75 Vice-President, Swift & Company /a ■ i J i I \ <i ■% TI m / % m a J I Controlling Roundworm in Sheep by Walter Armer (ùit/Au 9Poÿ€t*t'b IRecefie i HAM LOAF (Yield: One 8V4 X 414 x 2% inch loof) * 14 teaspoon pepper 1 cup milk 14 cup brown sugar 1 tablespoon dry mustard 2 tablespoons vinegar Beat eggs. Combine meats, eggs, crumbs, salt, pepper, and milk. Mix thoroughly. Form into loaf in 814 x 414 x 2% inch loaf pan. Combine sugar, mustard, and vinegar. Spread over meat. Bake in a moderate oven (350° F.) 1 hour, or until meat has reached an internal temperature of 185° F. Vi pound ground ham 1 Vi pound ground fresh pork 2 eggs 1 cup dry bread crumbs 1 teaspoon salt I Track Down the Facts A great family Fiber Zibethicus, better known to American farmers as the muskrat. He raises his many offspring in marshes, and about streams, lakes and ponds. Muskrat tracks are easily recognized by the drag of his knifelike tail, wjiich shows up well in soft mud. The muskrat-trapper works hard to make a liv ing out of muskrat skins, and generally his efforts are rewarded. But there is one fact about his busi ness that he tracked down long ago. He knows the price he can get for muskrat skins depends on the popular demand for finished pelts. In the business of processing livestock into meat for people's use, we at Swift & Company have to keep track of the demand for meat everywhere in the nation. We must know, too, the weights and grades of cuts preferred by housewives. Experience has taught us that the price the producers receive for their livestock is governed by what the meat packer can get for the meat and by-products. is \ J man v SWIFT & COMPANY NUTRITION IS OUR BUSINESS—AND YOURS UNION STOCK YARDS CHICAGO 9, ILLINOIS Right eating adds life to your years—and years to your life University £ The control of roundworm on sheep ranches has been successfully tested by Dr. W. J. Pistor, University of Arizona Animal Pathologist. It con sists of feeding a mixture of 1 part phenothiazine with 9 parts of ordi nary granular salt. Roundworm, a serious plague, es azed on irrigated pastures, can be checked by phenothiazine and salt. Of course, it is not a cure-all. Badly infected sheep may still have to be drenched. But feeding the mixture throughout the pasture period will prevent the worm population from reaching the dangerous level in the majority of cases. Phenothiazine, alone, is but one of a number of drugs known to aid in controlling roundworm in live stock. But during World War II, animal husbandmen discovered its effectiveness was greatly heightened when used with salt and fed throughout the pasture season. Experiments begun in 1943 with sheep grazing on irrigated pastures in Arizona proved the remarkable value of the new mixture. It resulted in cutting down loss of sheep and in marketing lambs in better con dition. Today a high percentage of sheep on Arizona farm lands receive the 1-9 phenothiazine and salt mixture. This new treatment is economical as well as effec tive. It practically eliminates the necessity of drench ing each animal individually to control roundworms —a costly and possibly dangerous practice. i Walter Armer pecially to sheep OUR CITY COUSIN ■A J y + 2.7 IT 1 City Cousin cannot see J Why "you" is spelled E-W-E... Neither con we! C Soda Bill Sez: . .. the man with a dull hoe is wasting nobody's time but his own.