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L eoq iTAWi 1949 Same H NA if . a r ■ I I v > , ' & 0% v "T ' ' « -> Si 4 ÿ ( : K., I m skf .ill . w%; ■ 11 \ : I ssii —Montana Extension Service Photos ABOVE; This display of Montana approved va rieties of cereal grains was prepared for the U. S. department of agriculture in Washington, D. C., by Ralph Williams, superintendent of the Central Montana experiment station at Moccasin, LEFT: A field of foundation seed increase at the station at Moccasin. RIGHT: Head row plantings at the Moc casin station. Seed is taken from such plantings for the production of foundation seed. , - . " Know What You Sow' By RALPH MERCER, Extension Agronomist and Secretary, Montana Seed Growers Assn. KNOW WHAT YOU SOW' has been the U slogan of the Montana Seed Growers Assn, for the past quarter of a century. It has stood for the best varieties as well as a product of high purity and known germina tion. The Montana Seed Growers Assn, came into being in 1921 when a small group of growers decided to band together to protect the quality of the seed they were producing. From this humble beginning this association of seed producers has continued to grow year by year and exert an ever present in fluence in maintaining quality in cereal, legume and grass seed produced in Montana. Demand Exceeds Production During these years the demand for Mon tana seed has continued to be in excess of the annual production. While the cereal grain certification program is designed primarily to take care of the needs within the state, there are many tons of seed shipped to neighboring states each year, Mark Haley, grower, Rosebud county, standing in bis field of foundation Ranger alfalfa seed. Thin stands, clean cultivation and supplementary mois ture take some of the hazards out of alfalfa seed production. AND NORTHERN WYOMING S Mm ■■ with an occasional lot of several thousand pounds going to foreign countries. About 90 percent of the legumes and grass seed production goes to consuming areas where this type of seed is not readily pro duced. The alfalfa seed program is for the most part rather tightly bound with the livestock industry. Each supplements the other and tends to make for a better bal anced agriculture. Research, Extension Co-operation From the very beginning the Montana Seed Growers Assn., which is the certifying agency for small seeds and cereals in Mon tana, has been very closely correlated with the research program of Montana State col lege and with the Montana extension serv ice. The agronomist of the agronomy depart ment of the Montana agricultural experi ment station has always been an ex-officio member of the board of directors and the extension agronomist has always served as X 1 % m : n V m ' : W'. • - An aerial view of the Central Montana branch ex periment station at Moccasin, showing the build ings, shelterbelt and seed and test plots for crops adapted to the area. the secretary-treasurer of the association. In addition the county extension agent in each county in the state having an extension service represents the association in the county. In this way the crop standardization program in the state is correlated from the research findings of the Montana Agricul tural experiment station to the production of commercial grain by all growers in the state. Grain, Grass Seed The certification program in Montana, which embraces the production of founda tion registered and certified seed, consists of two types of production: (1) The produc tion of cereal grains, flax, corn and beans and (2) the production of legume and grass seed. As the system used in each is some what different, they must be treated sep arately. The Montana Seed Growers Assn, places a variety on the standard list for certifica tion when it (please turn to page 6) H. S. Parker, Flathead county (left), and A. A. Johnson. extension agronomist. New York stale, ex amine a planting of breeders seed of Kenland clover on the Parker farm. Planting supervised by West ern Montana branch experiment station.