OCR Interpretation

Montana farmer-stockman. [volume] (Great Falls, Mont.) 1947-1993, June 01, 1951, Image 16

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86075096/1951-06-01/ed-1/seq-16/

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Now you will find a brand new label
on the Great Falls Select beer bottle; but |
remember—the beer in the bottle is the same
fine beer you've always enjoyed. Look
for this new label at your favorite dealer's.

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When Wriling to Advertisers, say
I Saw It in
Montana Farmer-Stockman
Which Haying Method
Is Cheapest, Fastest?
Average Average Average Average
Investment Tons Per Man-Hours Cost
in Equipment Crew Hour Per Ton Per Ton
Load, unload by hand
Buckrake, stacker
$ 158
. 538
power combination
Automatic-tie pickup baler . . 2,253
These comparative figures on five common methods of putting up
hay were compiled by the bureau of agricultural economics. All cost
estimates include the cost of cutting and raking. Man-hours for baling
include hauling and stacking. Among other things they show pretty
conclusively that in terms of cost per ton the pitchfork is the most
expensive of all haying tools.
Pickup «hopper
How Much Is in a Stack
Of Chopped Dry Hay?
HERE IS A formula wqrked out
by the Colorado A & M college for
measuring the number of tons in a
stack of chopped dry alfalfa hay.
Tonnage equals width X length X
overthrow X percentage factor di
vided by 270 (cubic feet per ton).
Here's the method used to arrive at
the formula:
A 22-acre field of alfalfa was cut
and single windrowed. When cured
it was stacked, with two outfits
working simultaneously. Every other
windrbw was gathered as long hay
and taken to the stacker with a
power sweep rake and each alternate
row was chopped and hauled to the
stacker in a truck. One stack of each
type of hay was made. The stacks
were measured for estimates of
weight and then hauled to scales
and checked.
The field chopped hay was found
to have a density of 270 cubic feet
per ton, but it was found that errors
in calculation resulted from differ
ences of width. It was necessary to
work out percentage factors to vary
the overthrow's with the widths.
Here are the factors for various
13 feet
14 feet
15 feet
Factor Width
0.25 17 feet
.23 18 feet
• .21 19 feet
F actor
16 feet
.20 20 and up
As a/i example the tonnage of a
stack 17 feet wide, 40 feet long and
IF YOU DON'T have a silo of any
kind just pile your grass silage on
Making Silage
Without Silos
the ground. .
That's what farmers in Iowa farm
ers are reported to be doing and
several seasons of experience have
proved the procedure to be success
ful there.- .
First they level off an area of
ground, leaving it slightly high in
the center for good drainage. Then
they pile the silage on this area
making a rick of any length or width
they want and about 12 feet high.
The important thing, they .say, is to
pack the silage well by running
it with at frequent intervals with
tractor or truck.
When the pile is completed they
cover it over with a couple of inches
of dirt—heat from silage keeps dirt
from freezing even at '20 below—
and that's that.
The above-ground piles keep well
and are easy to feed from, the farm
ers x-eport.
with a 24-foot overthrow the calcula
tion would be like this: 17x40x24x.l9
divided by 270 equals 11.48 tons.
Buckrake Wastes Hay
A surprising révélation as to the
Wastefulness of handling alfalfa hay
with a sweeprake came to light as a
result of the tests to establish meth
ods of measuring stacks of chopped
hay to determine tonnage.
weighed nearly 2 tons less than the
chopped hay stack. A careful check
showed th- moisture content of the
When the stacks were weighed it
was found that the long hay stack
shattering as the hay was hauled to
the stack by the rake,
hay in the two stacks to be the same,
so the only conclusion possible was
that the difference was due to extra
At o20 a ton this loss would
amount to $40' for half the field or
$80 if the entire field had been
gathered by buckrake. Since most of
the loss was of leaves, the feed loss
would be more serious than the mere
tonnage would indicate,
Study Montana
Farm Methods
SEVEN YOUNG farmers, five
from Denmark, one from New Zea
land and one from Norway, are
working on Montana farms and
ranches this summer for training in
agricultural methods.
Each trainee has, been assigned to
a farm family that is engaged in the
type of farming or livestock produc
tion in which he is interested. He
will also be introduced tô' the activi
ties of the community so that he may
get a true picture of rural life in
this country. The program is spon
sored by the Economic Co-operation
administration with co-pperation of
' the. extension service and the U. S.
department of agriculture.
The trainees from Denmark and
the families they are living with
while in the state are H. H. Knud
sen on the Esger Mikkelsen farm at
Lewistown, Knud Jensen with the
Don Tavenner family at Deer Lodge,
Carl Lund with the Einer Olson
family at Stanford, Erik Johansen
with the Arthur Hansen family at .
Sidney and Ove Staun with the L. .
H. Andersons at Conrad.
Maurice Moffat, an international
farm youth exchange delegate from
New Zealand, is living and working
with the W. W. Carr family near
Creston. Knùt Frogner, a trainee
from New way, is on the Kenneth
Rolie farm near Billings.

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