Search America's historic newspaper pages from 1770-1963 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the
National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress. external link Learn more
Image provided by: Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT
Newspaper Page Text
5 Ways to Avoid
Loss From Bloat By J. O. TRETSVEN Extension Dairy Specialist WE ARE AGAIN approaching the seasqn when bloat in cattle becomes prevalent. Unfortunately, there is no reliable way of preventing bloat when cattle are feeding on succulent pasture. While bloat is more common in some seasons than in others there are times and conditions when it is more likely to occur. These may be listed as follows: 1. When cattle are first turned on to succulent pasture. 2. When pastures contain a high percentage of clover or alfalfa. 3. During periods favoring very rapid growth. 4. When the grass is wet. Following are listed some of the means recommended to avoid losses. 1. Give the cows a good fill of hay before turning them out 2. Do not turn cattle on to wet grass for the first time. 3. Get the cattle accustomed to the grass by turning them on for short intervals at first. 4. Watch cattle closely at first and during periods of greatest . growth. 5. Provide yourself with a trocar for tapping bad cases and coal oil" (kerosene) and a drenching bottle for treating the milder cases. A dose for a mature cow is 1 small tea cup ©f coal oil mixed with 1 pint of whole milk or raw linseed oil. Hughes Heads Targhee Group CURTIS HUGHES of Stanford was elected chairman of a committee to organize à national Targhee sheep registry association. The election was held at a meeting of Targhee breed ers held at the United States sheep experiment station at Dubois, Ida., where the breed was developed. Also on the committee are three ether Montana breeders: Henry Hibbard, Helena; Henry Yoppe, Liv ingston, and Dr. H. C. Gardiner, Anaconda. Other members are Steve Thompson, Heppner, Ore.; Leo Pfis ter, Node, Wyo. Targhees are polled, open faced •nd carry a thick covering of natur al fleshing. They have been selected Sot a practical range sheep and ewes •f the breed have shown exception iv'-v : m. - . T' ? V; 4- > - " , '1* ■ä s :V : : ■ - ■ ■ Ä ; : S' I : f ) i A roto beater chewing up sagebrush on Clarence Hagen's ranch, Ravalli county. The operation of this machine was demonstrated during the field trip foe mem bers of the American Society of Range Management. (Branson photos) Livestock Sales Dates STEVENSVILLE: Porch's Three-Mile Hereford dispersion, Sept. 22. • GREAT FALLS: North Montana Hereford association annual fall sale Oct. If. GRASS RANGE; N Bar ranch annual com mercial and, purebred Angus sale, at the ranch. Oct. 13. MALTA; North Eastern Montana annual fall Hereford sale. Oct 15. LEWISTOWN: Montana Aberdeen-Angus association annual feeder calf sale. Oct. 15. LEWISTOWN: North Rocky Mountain Aber deen-Angus association annual fall regis tered Angus sale. Oct. 16. TWIN BRIDGES: A. C. Bayers annual Here ford sale. Oct. 22 HAVRE: Bear Paw Hereford Assn sale. Oct. 24. PULLMAN. WASH.: Unsey Staley annual Hereford sale. Oct 26. ENNIS: Jumping Horse Stock ranch-Orr Herefords combination production Hereford sale, at Tumping Horse ranch. Oct. 27. KALISPELL: Northwestern Montana annual Hereford sale. Oct. 27. MILES CITY; Tri-State Hereford Futurity. Nov, 5. BUTTE: Western Montana Hereford associa tion annual fall sale. Nov. 9. LEWISTOWN; Central Montana Hereford association annual fall sale. Nov. 10 CASPER. WTO.: Wyoming Hereford associa tion annual sale- Nov. 19. MISSOULA: ' "Top Cut" Hereford annual con signment sale. Feb. 4, 1952. al mothering ability and high lamb production. They produce a high yield of half-blood wool that has a versatile market demand. The breed has been under devel opment since 1926 and individual breeders have been getting sheep from the U. S. station since 1935. There are now 24 breeders in Mon tana, Wyoming, Idaho, Utah, Colo rado, Oregon, California and Penn sylvania. Steers Contracted At 35 Cents PRICES RANGING from 32 cents for heifers to 35 cents for steers are reported by the First National bank in contracts made since the an nouncement of the "rollback" cattle prices. Contracts include: Two Dot area, 300 yearling steers at 32 cents, 160 Hereford yearling steers at 32 cents, 35 Hereford short 2-year-old steers at 32 cents, 40 Here ford yearling heifers at 30 cents, 50 mixed Hereford calves at 33 cents for heifers and 35 cents for steers; Roy area, 125 mixed Hereford calves at 33 cents for heifers and 35 cents for steers; Ärmels area, 300 mixed Here ford calves at 33 cents for heifers on and 35 cents for steers; Lewistown area, 200 mixed Hereford calves at 33 cents for heifers and 35 cents for steers. All contracts call for fall delivery and weights at from 2 to 4 percent shrink. Noxious Plant Eradication Discussed at Range Meet By F. A. BRANSON Animal Industry and Range Management Department, Montana State College THE ERADICATION or control of poisonous and other noxious range plants was a major topic discussed at the spring meeting of the Ameri can Society of Range. Management, Northern International Mountain section at Missoulà. In addition to noxious plant control, there were discussions of big game management and a field trip to view sagebrush eradication and grass reseeding. Following the business meeting, conducted by Tom Lommasson, pa pers on noxious weed control were presented. O. J. Murray, rancher of Thompson Falls, discussed the in troduction of beetles to control goat weed (also called St. Johnswort and Klamath weed) in northwestern Montana. The beetles, brought by air from California, graze and destroy on ly the goatweed. Alex Johnson of Lethbridge, Can ada, presented the general weed con trol picture for southeastern Alberta and southwestern Saskatchewan. He suggested that one of the most prac tical control measures is conservative stocking to prevent introduction or increase of noxious weeds. Larkspur, Halogeton E. E. Redman, supervisor of the Beaverhead National forest, pre sented information on management to prevent cattle losses on areas in fested with tall larkspur. In areas grazed after the larkspur has reached a certain stage of maturity there are few or no- losses of cattle. Ray G. Johnson, Montana exten sion range specialist, presented ma terial on the distribution, ecology and control of Halogeton. At pres ent this poisonous plant in Montana is limited to an area in southeastern Carbon county. Johnson pointed out that measures are now in effect to prevent the spread of Halogeton in our state. Larry O. Osbumson, soil conservation service, was chairman of this panel and C. R. Hunt, Mon tana department of entomology, moderator. The afternoon panel, under the chairmanship of W. R. Hanson of Alberta, Canada, discussed material ■■ : ■ : :: ■ » > . ■'î W t'. :> mm . . 'mm .. •> * WM. K ■ 4 ■ - f'i ' mi -A Destruction of sagebrush is the first step in preparing the land for reseeding of grasses. The tractor and heavy duty one-way plow shown above were used by Ed O'Hare. Ravalli county, in obtaining excellent grass stands. on livestock management and graz ing habits of antelope and deer. ough, told of his buying, fattening and selling operation. He disagrees with range'managers who propose that salt be placed at points on thè range away from water to obtain better distribution of livestock. He presented evidence indicating that Don Hunter, rancher from Green cattle receiving an abundant supply of salt would store sufficient water to Adams of Missoula outlined results allow them to travel greater dis tances from water to obtain forage. John Swartz of Moiese, presented a paper on management and grazing habits of pronghorn antelope. Lowell of research on the whitetail deer range in Lincoln county. Results of the research showed that the large deer herd of this range destroys seed lings of the valuable western yellow pine. Lowell was also toastmaster at the banquet at which H. J. Har grave of the agricultural experiment station, Lethbridge, Canada, spoke on "Range Resources of the Far North and -the Reindeer Herd at Aklavik. Field Trip First stop on a field trip was at the U. S. Forest Experimént station grass nursery on Stanley Antrim's ranch near Florence. The per formance of the many grasses was explained by Rould Peter son. At the Ed O'Hare ranch the group looked at the excellent stands of beardless wheatgrass, big bluegrass, and rough fescue with some alfalfa; other portions of O'Hare's range were seeded to intermediate wheatgrass and to crested wheatgrass. Two fac tors that contributed to the good seeding results were thorough prep aration of the seedbed and the use of fertilizer to give the 1 seedlings a boost. An added attraction on the O'Hare ranch was a demonstration of sage brush removal by the use of a heavy duty one-way plow. Another method was demonstrated on Clarence Hagen's ranch. Here the roto beater did quite a clean looking job of chewing up sagebrush.