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Vj I GREAT 1 I FALLS I I SELECT I i 0 m gP • • • Beer fj mm ife am' \r m ; 3 m à ß. \s Ü ■c: It 1. Compare its distinctive flavor with other fine beers \ 1 m \ |- Taste the mellowness that mokes it I superior. See the sparkle that makes it -4 light. Enjoy the . aromatic "bouquet" in every glass. To be such good beer, you know it is brewed right. And being such good beer, it pleases you soundly. I * 1 wS \ F* m \ It's fine beer sold by leading dealers on tap, in bottles and in cans throughout Montana and Idaho Great Falls Breweries, Inc. Great Falls, Montano Advertisements in MONTANA FARMER-STOCKMAN are the show win dows through which reliable advertisers tell you about their newest products. bS! c ü y* o' UIQ ■a c o.2 o CÛ *ul - o : oiE ïï_5,«»S NN _l.J oSj -- o Hlil^dïoS £ û • < r- è 04 r 4 * s w c (U 3 -S'gclll O Û _ w V V a. Oui^ r => .-"5 370 w |E|S§iS /N ^ ^ LU ^ m-CCTOi 2<2 oqsÿ.r r jLm <—I Q -p 3 > S ^ I u. u « > ■o ■O _ w p o "<»33.8 5 r _ W <jHûï»>5Îf SfJ UJ Ui c O SO o z ^oi O C Ü v - Ä7 O Ol QJ o|'oJS z '* = ira: E £ o « Jh.t 2- jc o2 Urn O UZ-* CQ— w z wbS 2 U s =3 o £2* O! !f] a z 11 ß ac 3 I s t ■ U 1 < > z> 2 f-5 < 2 2*J2 JQ ÎII £ Border Dikes End 21-Year Battle of the Ditches By JERRY LESTER FIVE STACKS of good alfalfa hay instead of two small ones—that's the story of increased production cm a 23-acre field recently leveled and border diked at the Alois Schai dairy farm, Madison county. And another 19 wagon loads of hay were put in the dairy barn from this first year's seeding of alfalfa. But this real increase in produc- tion was not what Schai was most excited about. For 21 years he had fought the battle of the ditches. Con stant maintenance was necessary for the field laterals and use of equip ment had to be patterned around the ditches. Now he has found the answer to his problems and there is no holding down his enthusiasm for his new border-diked field. With the land leveled, there are no low spots to hold too much water or high ones to give a dry spot. And the border dikes do a perfect job of - I i" i 1 J ■ïx-v - ; rj m V. Alois Schai. Madison county dairy farmer, was once a Swiss cheesemaker and followed his trade for a few years after coming to America. Then he de cided to try his hand at farming and has had a dairy herd ever since. But his first love is still good cheese and big moment is one of these periodic visits from a fellow Swiss cheesemaker working now at a Salmon. Idaho, fac tory. He brought Schai the 150-pound Swiss cheese seen in photo. This cheese had been aged for about 5 months and lasted perfect to this reporter out Schai will continue aging it in his 32-degree milk cooler room, using wine in th* process. ♦ : : 3 :v: vH H'l . $ ■ &■ ' y , Hi i: ' ■ j M -■» -xC ■ , * ", - - ■ ■ : m y ■: ■ ■ m * '• : .'1: ' ' * Her* is a part of the 23-acre newly leveled and border diked alfalfa field at the Alois Schai fatm, Madison county. Some of the 5 large stacks of hay obtained in two cuttings on this first year stand of alfalfa are seen in the background. Besides the stacks. Schai put 19 wagon loads of hay in the barn loft. Production was more than doubled because he ordinarily would have a hard time getting even two small stacks from this field. distributing th* water in M to 40 foot section* down the field. They are at the same time hardly high enough to notice and don't bother the use of machinery in any way. Buck rakes, mowers, drills and any type of machinery needed can be operated easily over the low dikes, The Jefferson valley soil conserva tion district helped Schai through engineering assistance in surveying the leveling job as well as staking out the border dikes. The leveling was done by a contractor and cost $640, which Schai considered not at all expensive for a job that would solve his irrigating problems for good. He put in his own borders using a homemade "V" type drag with open end the width of the dike. This job just took him 2% hours which is a real contrast to the days spent on keeping up the old field laterals. The alfalfa is for a herd of about 50 Holstein dairy cows. Schai sells whole milk to Butte dairies. He has also had as many as 70 head of Duroc hogs on the place and still keeps a few. Farm land includes 150 acres of which about 100 is good irrigable cropland. Another 80 acres of sub irrigated pasture is also available. Schai's next project is to level and border dike a 40-acre irrigated pas ture that has been a constant source of trouble. Every time cows are turned into the pasture the ditches are crossed and banks torn down de spite electric fences and every other means he could think of. He is sure that this field of Huntley mixture pasture will grow much more forage when leveled and border diked than under the present unsatisfactory field lateral system. His advice to farmers planning to level and border dike their fields is to grow a grain crop on the newly leveled land the first year. This will allow the fills to settle. Then if the field is plowed up and an ordinary leveler used, it should be in good condition. Subsequent plowing should be with a two-way plow and done so that the soil will fall back in the same place. New dikes must be built each year but this is just a mat ter of a few hours work.