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* * mu K v A ;\\\ i M ' .. ; Gefemeat/u with dieldrin The best, easiest, low-cost way to control alfalfa weevil is to kill it in the adult stage in the spring .,. before it lays its eggs. It is from the eggs that the destructive larvae come. A small amount of dieldrin does the job. Just 4 ozs. of dieldrin mixed with sufficient water to cover an acre, is all you need. And dieldrin's long residual action protects new growth alfalfa against larval damage. Dieldrin can be applied two ways. For ground applications, use 4 ozs. of dieldrin in 8 gallons of water, and for airplane applica tion, use same amount of dieldrin in 2 gallons of diesel oil per acre. Dieldrin can be obtained from your in secticide dealer, together with application directions. I \\ \ 111/J mu SHELL CHEMICAL CORPORATION AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS DIVISION P.O. Box 1617, Denver I, Col. Terminal Sales Bldg., 1220 S.W. Morrison St., Portland 5, Oregon New York • San Francisco • Los Angeles _ 1 S B) 7A -a L While the odds still favor continu ition of 90 per cent of parity sup ports on wheat and other basic crops for at least a year or two beyond 1954, Secretary of Agriculture Ben son is going all-out in his campaign against rigid, high-level supports. President Eisenhower is strongly backing Benson's position. If the President should veto a bill extend ing rigid supports, it is by no means certain that its supporters could muster the two-thirds vote required to override a veto. If Congress sus tained a veto and no other new legis lation were enacted by Jan. 1, 1955, the 1949 act providing for flexible supports would become effective. Hearings on the farm legislation will probably begin about March 1 and continue for. at least two months. Although majority opinion in Congress is opposed to flexible price supports on basic crops, the plan is to be tried out on soybeans and perhaps dairy products. The experiment will be watched very closely by supporters, as well as opponents, of flexible supports. The results of such a test might have a considerable influence on future policy with respect to other commodities. The test with soy beans, however, is likely to be in conclusive because even with low er supports Cornbelt and southern farmers may plant soybeans on many of their diverted acres. • • • It is up to Secretary Benson to de cide on support levels for butter and other dairy products by April 1. His recent statements indicate that he plans to reduce supports on these products. Surplus supplies have been building up steadily. While the law authorizes the Secretary to re duce supports on dairy products to 75 per cent of parity, it is not an ticipated that he will make as sharp a reduction as that. Some Washing ton observers are guessing that the support level will be set at about 85 per cent. Those who believe farm surplus problems will be largely a thing of the past within ten or fifteen years because of the increasing population may be a little too op timistic. Population passed the 160,000,000 mark last September. The Census Bureau forecasts a total of 175.000,000 by 1960 and other authorities predict that the 200. 000,000 mark will be reached short ly after 1375. developments in farm technology are increasing acre yields steadily, and if this progress continues at anything like the pace of the last decade, surpluses may be with us for a while longer. * * • Nevertheless, new While Congress is focusing its at tention on surplus disposal plans, don't expect too much too soon. There are many obstacles in the way. The principal programs being considered are; (1) expansion of regular export markets, (2) use of surplus stocks for defense and other foreign aid projects, (3). domestic relief channels and (4) stockpiling for national emergency reserves. The — Montana Farmer-Stockman Feb. 15. Vol. 41, No. 12 Published twice a month on the 1st and 15th by The Montana Farmer, Inc., Great Falls, Mont. Subscription price is $3 for five years, $2 for three years, $1 for one year; Canadian, one year, $2. Entered as second class matter at the Postoffice at Great Falls, Mont, under act of March 3, oÉgüfe» 1879. latter cannot be classed strictly as a disposal move, because the supplies would still be here and it would be difficult, if not impossible, to com pletely insulate them from domestic markets. It will take greater than normal precipitation in the Cornbelt and other major producing areas to produce normal yields this season. Many important agricultural states have two-year rainfall deficiencies ranging from one-tenth to more than one-half a normal year's pre cipitation. Missouri and Kansas have been the hardest hit, but a number of others are low on sub soil moisture. Judging from re ports from most of the states east of the Rockies, most of Montana is in a comparatively favorable po sition on moisture reserves. Snow supplies in most of our mountain areas also point toward adequate irrigation water. * * • Sugarbeet producers will do well to seed a maximum acrage this year. Average beet production in recent years will be the base if acreage re strictions are applied in 1955 as now appears likely. » • • Congress will give wool produc ers the administration's direct pay ment, wool-price support plan if they want it. With little hope of a tariff increase growers are less opposed to the payment plan than in the past. FHA Aids 2,950 Farm Families FARMERS HOME Administration aided about 2,950 Montana farm families with credit or technical as sistance for better farming in the fis cal year 195?, James A. Keane an nounced in the agency's annual re port. Assistance was given only to farmers whose needs could not be met by local banks or other credit sources in their communities. Loan assistance was made avail able to 939 farmers who had not borrowed from the agency pre viously, and to 1,008 who had re ceived loans in the past and needed further assistance to complete ad justments and improvements in their work. A total of $4,208,136 was ad vanced for all types of loans. A total of 1,267 families paid their loans in full during the year from income. Another 72 paid up their ac counts by refinancing the balances with banks and other local lenders. The total amount repaid on loans during the year was $3,433,821.66, including interest. Farmers used the loans to adjust and improve their livestock and crop program and earn better incomes; to develop their land; to buy or enlarge farms; to build or repair houses and farm buildings; and to develop water supplies. In counties where agricultural pro duction was curtailed by drought, flood, or-other natural disaster, emer gency loans also were made to tide farmers over the months when their incomes were reduced, to enable them to keep land in production, served are war veterans, and other young farmers who need credit and advisory assistance to become sound ly established. Veterans continued Over 50 per cent of the farmers to receive preference in all the regu lar loan programs. About 1,000 of the families assisted did not borrow from the agency dur ing the year but were operating with the aid of loans obtained earlier. Most of them continued to receive technical guidance in efficient opera tions. The state office of the Farmers Home Administration is in Bozeman.