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Newspaper Page Text
WASHINGTON, D.C.—Would bushel
controls instead of acreage allotments work for wheat? That question is get ting a lot of attention here now as wheat's troubles increase and Congress turns its attention to the matter. Under a rigid quota limitation, it is estimated, only two of every three bushels of '58-crop wheat would be allowed to flow into mar ket channels. Isolation of excess production on farms under a bushel-quota system could bring serious storage squeezes in some parts of the country. The stor age, however, might pay off. Excess production in one year could be held and marketed the next year. Quota certificates also might be made transferable, and sold. This could keep a balance among individual producers that would be profitable to all. Another approach is to permit a man short of his quota in a bad year to buy government wheat at a nominal price. Such a feature would be attrac tive where crop failures are frequent and yields vary from year to year. Critics of the bushel control idea charge that it might discourage effi cient farming practices. There would be less incentive, it is pointed out, to increase production by use of more fertilizer and better soil practices. Another argument against bushel con trols has to do with the wheat supply pattern. There are five wheats pro duced In varying amounts in the U.S., all with their particular uses . . . each different from the others in important respects. Farm quotas based on consumption of diese various wheats would work a severe hardship in some areas. In the last three years only about half of hard winter has moved into consumption and export. The rest has m THE I 9 » I ■M isii M GREATEST \ j i ill WSA *?;■ THE WAGNER TRACTOR BRINGS TO THE MODERN AMERICAN FARMER THE FIRST SUCCESSFUL 4-WHEEL DRIVE, 4-WHEEL STEER* ING TRACTOR WITH FREE OSCILLATION OF BOTH AXLES . . . WHICH MEANS CRAWLER ABILITY WITH RUBBER TIRE SPEED, MOBILITY, ECONOMY AND OPERATOR-COMFORTS PREVIOUSLY UNKNOWN! A TRACTOR THAT IS REVOLUTIONIZING FARMING! M m FIELD TESTED — PROVEN FACTS 1:1 K I fl • Greater Fuel Savings • Lower Maintenance Costs • 20 M.P.H. Highway Speed • Planetary Drive • Less Soil Compaction • 8 to 10 Forward Speeds ; 0 ■ ■ POWER TO SPARE ON ANY RUGGED FARM JOB THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PROFIT AND LOSS THE WAGNER TRACTOR will out-produce comparable crawler type tractors BUILT TO MEET THE DEMANDS FOR AN ALL-PURPOSE FARM TRACTOR V HYDRAULIC IMPLEMENT CONTROL V SWINGING DRAWBAR WITH VERTICAL ADJUSTMENT V MORE TRACTION V FULL POWER TURNS V STABILITY ON GRADES AND HILLSIDES V POWER TAKE-OFF ^BÊÊÊL m 1 y.-iÿy. a m : i I m . fnm 20% to 50% / ' mm " ■ - V DEMOUNTABLE CAB #7i t The Wagner TR14 deep plowing with reversible disk plow WAGNER POW-R-FLEX HINGED COUPLING # I For Additional Informative Literature I and Name of Nearest Dealer, Write Wi \f»m MS Wm 1 Wà f, O. Box 7444, Dopt. MF-1 Portland 20, Oregon i WAGNER TRACTOR, Inc. l m £3 I w I NAME_ ADDRESS I CITY_ Bmm mmm mmm mmm mm* SS i s RT. NO. 8 STATE workability TWIST & TURN WHEELS ALWAYS TRACK 14—JANUARY 15, 1959 Keeping in Touch With Washington Bushel Control Getting Serious Consideration V : been carried over. About 90 per cent of soft red winter, on the other hand, has been consumed ... as has been the case with soft white and hard spring wheats. ECONOMIC OUTLOOK The general economic outlook for farmers in 1959 is not overly bright. Net income of cattlemen may hold up pretty well, bat an over-all de cline Is expected for agriculture as a whole. Inflation will hurt, government econo mists agree. The pre-World War II dollar is now worth 47 cents and its value may drop to 46 cents or 45 cents in the next year. Farm land, while high, should con tinue to be a good hedge against • inflation. About one-third of the farmer's net income in the past year came from non farm sources. This trend is expected to persist with returns from "the out side" nearing the amount gained from farming itself in 1959. Higher returns from off-farm work may hold income per person on the farm somewhere near '58 levels, par ticularly with a continuing decline in farm population. There are signs, how ever, that population movement away from the farm has halted, at least temporarily. ANTIBIOTIC APPROVED Aureomycin has been approved for treatment of leptospirosis In swine by the government's Food & Drug Administration. Feeding of 400 grams per ton of feed is rec ommended at the first sign of an outbreak. Treatment should con tinue at least two weeks, but halted a minimum of 10 days prior to slaughter. MARKETING ORDERS Both the USDA and Congress will take a closer look at the prospect for extending marketing orders to additional commodities. A proposed enabling act" for turkey growers is being studied closely. This pro posal is considered significant be cause its approval almost certain ly would lead to similar proposals for other products. throughout the year. The plan also calls for producer assessments to finance research and promotion. Marketing orders would go into effect under the turkey program upon a favorable vote by producers, and with approval of the Secretary of Agricul ture. Idea is to try and achieve sta bilized supplies and market prices 1959 TAX GUIDE The 1959 edition of the "Farmers Tax Guide," published by the fed eral government, is now available. Farmers may get free copies from county agents, or local offices of the Internal Revenue Service. POULTRY EXPORTS Trend in exports of U.S. frozen poultry demonstrates what modity groups can do through per sistence and the "hard sell," farm leaders here are pointing ont. Poultry industry aggressiveness in searching out new markets has result ed in sales of 13 million pounds of frozen birds to Europe in the past two years. Sales prior to that time negligible. housewives were wholly unacquainted with eviscerated, frozen poultry Ship ments of U.S. birds to Turkey this month (January) were the first ever made to the Middle Elast. com were Until recently European HOG OUTLOOK Latest bog news is better, not as bearish as had been anticipated. While the recent estimate of the spring pig crop is for a 13 per cent increase over last spring, this is less than had been indicated earlier. Hog prices in the New Year, officials now think, may average $15 or $16—with a low next fall of, say, $13 or $14, That may not be real good. But neither is it the bottom of the barrel where many folks had thought prices would inevitably go. Slaughter in the February-April period will go up substantially. March prices figure to be in the $15-$16 range. There should be some seasonal upswing in the three months of May July, Pork supplies in '59 will be greater than during the bust years of 1955-56. But there are offsetting factors. They include population growth, a trend to ward early farrowings, heavier feed supply, and less competition for the consumer dollar from other red meats.