Search America's historic newspaper pages from 1789-1963 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the
National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress. external link Learn more
Image provided by: Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT
Newspaper Page Text
i ii^Ss All Out of Step but Montana AFTER WATCHING HER doughboy son's company marching in a military pa rade some years ago a mother proudly re ported to her friends; "They were all out of step but Jim. In like fashion it is getting so that other important wheat growing states are "all out of step but Montana" in taking action to push development and promotion of high quality varieties. North Dakota recently enacted a wheat commission law and thereby joined five other states and Washington—in thus recognizing the need for concerted action on this problem. As in the other states, the wheat com ?» Nebraska, Kansas, Oregon This Is a Census Year AN ENUMERATOR will visit you some time this fall to ask the questions required for the census of agriculture. It will save your time and his if you jot down the an swers to the customary questions sometime this summer. Among the questions your visitor will be required to ask are those relating to the size of your farm, acres of crop land, number of acres used for pasture or range, number of Sponges and Soils Hold Just So Much WHEN A CONTAINER of any kind is full, it is full. Anything further that may be added is simply wasted. In the case of soil, whose root zone has been saturated, any additional water that is applied is not only wasted but is likely to injure crops and cause unnecessary loss of fertility. So it is that one of the prime requisites for successful irrigation farming is efficient use of water. As Owen S. Wirak points out in an article in this issue of Montana Farmer-Stockman, efficiency in the use of water permits a farmer to irrigate more acres in less time with the same head of water, lower the cost of irrigation per acre, reduce seepage, re duce fertility losses by excessive leaching and attain a greater net income. As Wirak points out "efficient irrigation involves the application of water according to the growth requirements of the particular crop and the amount and depth of available moisture in the soil root zone, and the type of soil. The frequency of irrigation is de Guarding Against a Boom-and-Bust IF MOISTURE AND RANGE conditions permit, the buildup in cattle numbers, be gun with a leap of 3.5 million last year, could be unusually rapid, warns Dr. Herrell De Graff, Research Director for the Ameri can National Cattlemen's Association. He thinks cattle numbers could go to 102 mil lion head by the end of this year and to 110 million by the end of 1961. A real educational job must be done in making ranchers realize that disaster lies in too large a buildup and in getting them to keep the buildup as orderly as possible," de clares Dr. De Graff. "The upturn in cattle << mission program in North Dakota will be financed by a small per-bushel levy—in this case two mills per bushel, or $2 per thou sand bushels. Growers who do not wish to cooperate with the program can file for a refund and the amount collected from them will be returned. Similar legislation was turned down by the Montana legislature at its recent ses sion, although by a smaller margin than two years ago. With other states thus actively tackling their wheat problems, Montana's wheat growers may find it increasingly costly to continue out of step with fast moving progress. each kind of livestock and poultry, number of persons working, number of various kinds of farm equipment and the quantities of products produced and sold during 1959. You might be pretty busy when the enumerator calls on you late this year so you'll save valuable time if you have most of the answers ready. And it will be to your advantage and to the advantage of the in-, dustry you represent if your answers are as accurate as you can make them. pendent upon the length of time the water stored in the soil will last under plant use." It is difficult to apply irrigation water to a field with complete accuracy as to amount and timing. But repeated surveys have dem onstrated that there is a wide variation in the degree of efficiency in water application among farm operators. Some have developed a high degree of efficiency while others fall far short of the optimum, in timing and amount of water application, with inevitable loss of income. In most cases the greatest causes of in efficiency in water use are the application of too much water at one time and permitting the root zone to become too dry before the next application. Both sponges and soils will hold just so much moisture at one time. But both will become too dry if the next ap plication is delayed too long. In some irrigation districts, in some sea sons, not all farmers can get water when they want it. Under such conditions the ef ficient operators suffer along with the in efficient. numbers is not yet of any serious propor tion but the potential has been created for a disastrously large buildup, and only the individual rancher can govern the orderly liquidation of excess inventory that the end of the drought encouraged." Studies conducted by De Graff reveal that there is an advantage in maintaining a herd and a volume of marketings as stable as possible from year to year. The ranchers who maintained a steady herd size and normal marketings netted, be cause of taxes and amount of calves avail able for sale during good years, a sum al most equal to that of the rancher who cut his cow herd during high price years and then had to hold back or purchase replace ment stock later. The research specialist observes that there may be too many ranchers with opera tions that are marginal in size and perform ance, too many properties too highly spe cialized, too many new and young operators with too much mortgage, to permit the cat tle industry to go through the low end of an other price break and still keep the tradi tional and cherished freedom of operation which has characterized this industry. Then too, there is always a possibility that grass conditions may disrupt the best laid plans for maintaining that stéady herd size. But even so, it is a wise objective. thi One of the interesting farm bills before Congress was introduced by a Minnesota congressman. It would make the basic wheat support on present allotments 60 per cent of parity. But for every 1 per cent voluntary cut in acreage below the allotment the grow er would receive an increase in price sup port of 2 per cent of parity. Thus, if the bill should ever become law, a farmer who cut his allotment 10 per cent would get 80 per cent price support, while a 20 per cent reduction would bring full parity. Basic farm commodities today are sell ing at lower prices than in 1952. Industrial workers, on the basis of one hour's pay, can now buy more than twice as much food as they could in 1929. In the coming farm census a new defini tion of a farm will be used. To be classed as a farm a place must be 10 acres or more . in size and sell at least $50 dollars worth of farm products, or if the acreage is under 10 sales must be at least $250. The old defi nition was based on three acres or more producing at least $150 of farm products, or if under three acres, selling $150 or more. Montana barley has 88% of the feed value of corn. Who says Montana can't com pete with the cornbelt in finishing cattle, lambs and hogs for market. Stockbrokers say many farmers and rural businessmen are taking flyers in stock. Long term investments in sound stocks may work out all right. But the folks who try to get rich quick on highly speculative equi ties may be due for a rude awakening be fore very long. Some who were high pres sured by phone calls, or letters making glittering prophesies about huge profits, into buying speculative Canadian stocks have already lost heavily. MONTANA FARMER-STOCKMAN —COVERS MONTANA AND NORTHERN WYOMING OFFICE; 4U 2nd Ave. N., Great Falls. Montana LESTER COLE, Publisher; DON R. BOSLEY. Feature Editor: LARRV GILL. Livestock Editor; EARL STEFFANI, Staff Artist; RAY OZMON, Roving Reporter. Department Editors: AMY MARTIN, Rural Homes Depart ment. DR. W- W HAWKINS JR.. Veterinary Department; RALPH D. MERCER, Soils and Crops. ORRIN E. PAULSON. Poultry; ERIC B WILSON. Farm Mechanics; DR JOHN W. HOLLAND. Thoughts on Life; GILBERT GUSLER. Market Analyst; OSCAR L. MOLDENHAUER. Weather Forecast; MONT H. SAUNDERSON, Ranch, Farm Man agement: STANLEY W HOWARD. Irrigation. Advertising Representatives, Western Farm Paper Unit— CHICAGO 4 Fred TooL National Adv. Manager, 28 E. Jackson; NEW YORK 18, William T. Woodhull. Manager. 500 Fifth Ave.; SAN FRANCISCO 5, J. J. Mattus, Manager, 32 Sharon Building. Member ot Western Farm Paper Unit, Audit Bureau of Circulation and Agricultural Publishers Association SUBSCRIPTION PRICE; $1 for one year; Canada, one year, $2. RENEWAL AND CHANGES—If the date on your label is not changed within three weeks after sending in your remittance, please write us li you wish a change of address, give both new and old postoffices. ADVERTISING—Full information regarding advertising rates, etc., sent on application. Subscribers are requested to mention promptly to us any advertiser who fails lo live up to his advertising agreement.