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WASHINGTON, D.C. — Why grad«
meat? One of USDA's top livestock econ omists answers that question In a recent report which takes on a good deal of significance in view of moves by major packing firms to kill the Federal beef grading system. Grading is necessary, says econo mist Harold F. Breimyer, because the marketing system today must handle meat in large volume. And for a vol ume operation, the marketing system needs a standardized product which can be bought or sold by verbal or written descriptions. Breimyer maintains that the question livestock producers face is not whether to have grading or no grading. It's a choice between uniform Federal grad ing and a host of non-standard grading systems operated by private meat buyers. Rogers' attack is aimed at a bill ap proved recently by the Senate Agricul ture Committee. The measure gives cooperatives blanket clearance to ac quire processing and marketing facili ties. . Cooperatives already have this pow er as a general rule under the old Capper-Volstead Act. But Rogers' aides maintain that in particular cases, where acquisition of a processing or marketing company by a cooperative creates a monopoly, the action would violate anti-trust law. The bill under attack would clear up this question of anti-trust violations in favor of the co operatives, The immediate issue is the case of CO-OP ISSUE Attorney-General Rogers is fight ing a move in the Congress to give farm cooperatives broader exemp tion from the anti-trust laws. FARMHAND-SOIL MOVER ! «m mm §5® . Move dirt easier, faster for as low as 4Vi < per co. yd, SAVE MONEY, improve your farm by doing your own soil-moving jobs—leveling fields, filling gullies, terracing, building dams, ponds, trench silos, etc. When you own your own scraper you do these jobs when it*s convenient to you. Big-capacity "25" series (left) handles 234 cu. yds., takes 72" cut. Front pickup, rear dump. Rear gate levels, spreads dirt. Avail able with or without front dolly. Hydraulic controls let you load, carry, dump and spread without stopping. Built for a lifetime of trouble-free operation. • 11 Models * Made by Soil Mover Corporation; Largest Manu-* facturer of Agricultural Earth Moving Equipment £*>■ iiii B , « 88 S .v S' m • < - ; A:.v • • • y'V |P ■ pn i8l : xï ■ Mi £ 8 I M £<3 I S;:—.;. m mt movm m m . ■ .. .. n ■Z'. ';v * ,;X; mmi IS ü :A. • 1 to 8V2 Cu. Yds. 1 fern iïâsss as**,. */\ s '■i kX .--a m 4^ X I X. Ü X •'ROLL-OVER" SCRAPERS— Model 10—1 cu yd. Model 17—1cu. yd. Rugged, inexpensive unit. No hydraulics. Used with 3-point hitch or simila. type tractors. MEDIUM SIZE SERIES "11 and "21" with 1 and 1^ cu. yd. capacities, 54' and 72' widths. 3 models. Dumps to rear, gate spreads and levels dirt. _ M Fft£i BOOKLETS! i I Write: THE FARMHAND COMPANY Depf. MFS-891A, Hopkins, Minnesota Send free material on Scrapers □ Elevating Scrapers □ Land Forming for Profit" Booklet □ I am a student, send special material Q MODEL 55 and 85 Ele vating Scrapers are fin est on market. and cu. yd. capacity, exclusive positive hy draulic front ejection. Requires only 4-plow tractor. Cuts large-scale dirt moving costs dras tically. Most capacity per H.P, requirement. *J| I I I I I Name»« Address Town. I I I ■——-•—-state_ A Division of Superior Separator Co sApany Keeping in Touch With Washington m Uniform Standard Is Vital in Meat Grading a dairy farmer's co-op in the Washing ton area, currently under Justice De partment fire in the court for its 1954 acquisition of a local dairy. The Agriculture Department says it recognizes the need for cooperatives to expand to meet market conditions. But it wants the Congress to hold off action on the exemption bill until the Supreme Court rules on the local dairy case. WHOPPER BUILDUP The politicians who make it their business to look ahead to next year's problems can see a whopper building up in livestock and feed grains. Warning flags have been flying for months. USDA reports show the big feed grain supply is being shoveled rapidly into a growing hog population, And all the economists who follow farm trends closely are agreed that hogs are likely to hit their low price point for the current cycle in the fall of 1980. There is some nervousness about the cattle outlook, too. But most experts are inclined to believe the cattle mar ket won't really hit the skids until after 1960, even if the present buildup con tinues. Hog prices, however, are enough of a political factor in themselves to pro duce some deep thought now—more than a year before the crisis is ex pected. No Republican politician wants to take the risk of running a Congression al or Presidential campaign in hog producing areas next year under the handicap of a busted hog market. If the spring pig crop next year points to price disaster in the fall, you can look for the heaviest kind of GOP pres sure for strong Administration moves to bolster the hog market. LABOR STANDARDS Labor Secretary James Mitchell was ready at press-time to move ahead with his plans for new mi gratory labor standards. Attorney General William Rogers has ruled that Mitchell has legal authority to fix labor-standard requirements for farm employers who want to re cruit workers through the Federal State Employment Service. Before Mitchell puts the new stand ards into effect, public hearings will be held on his proposals—which are currently much milder than when first revealed several months ago. The ef fect of the new rules on farmers can't be gauged until the hearings are com pleted and Mitchell decides which of the proposals he'll actually put into the Employment Service Rules. In the background is a development that may hold as much or more signifi cance for farm employers. This is a study under way inside Mitchell's de partment in preparation for a possible ■ Administration move next year to get extension of the Federal minimum wage law to cover farm workers. MORE INTEGRATION You can expect "integrated" con tract egg production arrangements continue to grow, especially in Mid-west, Northeast and the to the West. That's the way USDA economists size up the outlook after a pilot study of integration in the egg industry. The study, made in interviews with 29 firms last summer and fall, shows that vari degrees of integration are cutting costs for many of the firms. Systems of integration vary, the study finds. But the important thing as far as the economists were con cerned was the finding that costs were being cut and "integrated operations likely to continue to increase in importance. ous are SHORT SHOTS: Congressional approval is considered likely for a bill revamping rules on preservation of acreage allotment his tory. The bill provides farmers can maintain history by planting 75 per cent of the allotment once every three . . Lightweight wheat is now years . eligible for support loans under the 1959 loan program. Discounts will de pend on actual test weights down to minimum of 40 pounds per bushel . . • Oklahoma Senator Robert Kerr (D) and Arkansas ' Rep. James Trimble have introduced bills to reverse a 7 year-old administrative ruling which has the effect of increasing public pow er rates ... A special Senate investi gation of USDA's Commodity Credit Corp. moved close to the action state recently with the appointment of Rich ard M. Schmidt Jr., as counsel for the probe. Schmidt is a Denver attorney.