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Cxf?otlcneeo 4-H'er Completes 32 Garden Projects in 10 ears By BILL HARDIE , Lewis and Clark County IN the 10 YEARS I have been a member of the Birdseye High Altitude 4-H club I have completed 32 garden ing projects. We live at an altitude of 4,500 feet on the east slope of the divide. The high altitude has its good and bad points. We don't have many insects to con tend with, and with the new chemicals, insect control isn't too great a prob lem. But because of the elevation we can have frost the first week in June and again about the third week in August, so it is important to raise early ma turing varieties. Some years the grow ing season isn't long enough and we don't have any corn, cucumbers or squash, and the cauliflower doesn't head. I started gardening at the age of 9 with a 10 by 10-foot plat. My first crop of carrots came up as thick as the hair on a dog. The turnips were wormy and, of course, there was a good crop of weeds. After that I learned not to sow the seeds too thick and to thin the plants. Irrigation Proper irrigation was another thing I had to learn. The first year I washed out some of the rows, but I learned how to put just enough water in the rows to soak the soil and not wash it. We used to sprinkle with water from a well that was ice cold. The gar den grew much faster when we in stalled a pump in a nearby creek and pumped warmer water on it. My garden is located along the creek, with trees sheltering it from the north. Part of the soil is deep, sandy loam and some is heavier soil. Many loads of well rotted manure are worked into the heavy soil each year. We've found that it's best not to cul tivate too deep. We have built our own weeders which are nearly as wide as the rows. They really cut down on cultivating time. I go over the garden every few days when the weeds are small. Built Greenhouse Last year my Dad, brother and I built a small green house, and we raise all our own plants now. It was a new experience and I found there was a lot to learn about starting plants. Each year I have tried to produce more and better vegetables by using iii -*■ ml U- » :■ M ■ % ' : - ; V. V Bill Hardie is pictured with a 28-pound squash he raised in his 4-H garden. He accomplished this by cutting off the ends of the vines when good sized squash were set. Hardie says there are bush varieties of winter squash that take less room and mature a little earlier than the vining type. better methods of cultivation and in sect control and by carefully selecting early varieties that will produce well and are of good quality for freezing and marketing. I make certain that the vegetables I market are clean and free of injury, and fresh and crisp when they get to the store. Many people ask for my produce. I have received five county medals for gardening and two field crop medals when I raised commercial potatoes. In 1955 I was one of four state winners in national junior vegetable produc tion and marketing. In 1956 I won a trip to Atlanta, Ga., as a blue ribbon winner in the N.J.V.G.A. variety trials. Gardening is a challenge and I en joy it all the way. Home Beautification Is My 4-H Project By DOUG JOHNSON HOME BEAUTIFICATION has been the most interesting and informative project I have taken in my 4-H work. I have been enrolled in home beautifica tion for five years. One of the most practical phases of this project is farmstead arrangement. In this aspect of home beautification we learned where all the parts of the farm should be located. Of course, we studied tlje ideal farm arrangement, which couldn't be incorporated into every farm. It was suggested that for convenience the garden should be located about 50 feet from the house. This phase of the ideal farm was impossible for our farm because the soil near the house is not as good as the soil farther to the north. The machine area should be in the farthest corner of the farmstead, lo cated in such a manner that it is hid den from the driveway. This makes the farm look neater as one drives in from the main road. The barn should be located far enough from the house so odor and noise will not bother, but close enough for convenience. In our area the shelterbelt should be located on the north and west sides of the farmstead, because the wind gen erally blows from these directions. My main objectives in my home beautification projects have been to im prove the appearance of our farm, along with the convenience. I tore down buildings, built new ones, repainted old ones and cleaned up junk piles. I cultivated between the trees, trimmed them, grubbed out dead ones and planted new trees. Keeping the lawn cut and the hedge was also part of my home beautification program. The largest project we tackled was building a 40 by 80-foot steel building. This building replaced our old shop which was too small for Dad's growing collection erf tools and machinery. Be fore, we had to store our machinery out side. Now we can store all our ma chinery in the building and decrease the depreciation on it. Another project was removing the old blacksmith shop. A blacksmith shop was essential quite a few years back, but we had no need for it now. We also cleaned up our machine area. This was an eyesore. Now it is neat and clean. 3 %; I#: i ■ » ■S® f é :■ .if: W 1 Si; HI i -SSï;-S •r 5®S ' 1? ■ * L ff' y Wm . ,; « " mm M ; ; $ ' ft-se w Sag ;; ;V : * - .*= U ' S m m . . .a; %yP ■ •: . . * ■■ P ■ UP P WM " . ■m: mm yù ... Bi Fred Toman, left, and Rinke Baukema, pictured by one of their under ground stock tanks. (SCS photo) iii Younger Hands, Younger Head Needed to Develop Our Ranch By FRED TOMAN, Powder River County WE HOMESTEADED our ranch near ly 50 years ago and built up our farm ing and livestock operation from the raw prairie, adding to our land hold ings as we had opportunity until the ranch now comprises eight sections. About 2Vz sections is Taylor Grazing Land on which we have an individual permit. We built as well as we could under the circumstances where the labor was that of horse and man. Since my wife and I have no children, it began to be a problem a few years back to carry on much longer. We didn't like to quit the ranch because it was our life and we liked it here. But to keep on developing it and to make it produce as it should required younger hands than ours, and perhaps younger heads. In 1951 we made connections with a young man, Rinke Baukema, who had been raised on a farm in Holland and had had his schooling there, includ ing some advance work in agriculture. He had come to America where he hoped to find the opportunity he knew was lacking in his native land. Partnership Agreement He joined us in 1951 and before that year was over we worked out a part nership agreement with him which has been in effect ever since. We have a three-way partnership, myself, my wife and he. We live together as a family, operate the ranch as a family, and I keep a careful set of books so that each partner could be properly paid off if the partnership were to be dissolved. As things stand, it is seldom that anyone of us draws much from the partnership funds. We use these funds for operational purposes or to further build up the ranch. Since Rinke is the one who has the greatest store of energy, and also a headful of very good ideas, we let him lead the way and help out ourselves in such ways as we can. So if our ranch has gained a reputation recently as being one of the progressive ranches of our county, the credit can go to Rinke. Happily for the three of us, Rinke's ideas for building up the ranch and operating it agree quite well with those we've always held. So we don't have any friction on that score. He has adapted himself wonderfully to our Western ways. In the handling of live stock, he is convinced that our method of raising them largely on pasture grass is the best for us. We have a herd of Herefords and in the spring of 1957 we culled out those that were a bit off color. The following fall we purchased 27 head of young cows from the Miles City Range Experiment Station in order to improve the quality of our herd. We see to it that our pastures are never over stocked, and always have grass to spare. And the cattle live on that grass the year around. We do put up a good crop of hay each year and feed it liberally when the snow comes and particularly in the spi ing when the cows are calving. We never have found it necessary to feed cake. We raise some fine big calves every year, holding them over and selling yearlings. We have a well and windmill for each pasture. Three of our tanks are of con crete construction, built entirely under ground with only the front left open where the cattle drink. We've experimented with stilbestrol pellets on our steer calves, and grub boluses have been given to all our calves. If such things as these will pay, we want to make use of them. We have also put contour water spread ing ditches in our pastures which we hope will result in increased growth of grass. Built to Last When it comes to fixing up the place, Rinke insists on building things that will last. He won't even put a good cedar post in the ground until it has been treated. He worked over some of the division fences in the barnyard where I had a windbreak. For posts he used 2-inch pipe set in concrete. We built a new 72 by 24-foot bank barn. The back side and ends are made of poured concrete. The front of the barn is all doors. The inside structure is supported on pine logs. These are set on concrete pedestals in which we inserted a short piece of pipe to hold the posts in place. A truck can be driven into the floored loft from above. We have a little more than $1,000 in vested in this barn. It Is an excel lent building, good for a hundred years. Farming is a way of life for us, and we like it, but we want to make it pay. Yes, we'd like to have more land, but our neighbors like it here too. We'd rather have our neighbors than their land.