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? ill '"'}' ' - .| - ' £ £$£ Miiliii ill ■:? • .. 0£& mà ■-■: ^ - - à: ■ > ' Zm ■ :: ' ■ m :--C ; '3» ■# ■V* - m Æj mßt. m ummk ■;-> ' asgj /'.y I » tÊÊÊjÊÊÊëà ' '• '■ Z-' in ■ '^ > V -■' M g ë ■ : . ' M % % "ß- Æ mi* ■:M Si /» ' : W <V=? ■# W s?»s m ^•X;X ■suw^rssf £iÂrSÆ5 e (sc S H P h A o n t d .r son p,ace is ,ypicai ° f the many ushaped estab - 100 4-H'rs Attend Conservation Camp By JACQUELINE COOPER Lucky Lloyada 4-H Club PINES YOUTH CAMP, located Fort Peck Lake, was the setting for Montana's 13th Annual Conservation Camp. The purpose of this camp is teach ing young people interested in conserva tion the importance of conserving natu ral resources. They in turn inform the people of their counties what they have learned. Two delegates, Sharon Mitchell and I, were chosen to represent Blaine County on the basis of essays written concerning conservation, Monday, July 13, was the beginning of a week of study and fun for more than 100 Montana 4-H members. Each on camper was assigned to a specific workshop of his choice, in which he studied throughout the week. Approxi mately 25 campers were in each work shop. These workshops included for estry, range, wildlife and soils. Workshop Sessions The first day we had an opportunity to attend short sessions at each work shop, in order to get an idea of each phase of conservation. The four im portant range plant groups were intro duced to us in the range workshop. We also learned how to identify each. Every camper planted at least one tree in the forestry sessions. Types of Montana forests and the areas they are found in were discussed. Ponderosa Pine is the main type found in this area, with some Lodgepole Pine. Methods of detecting the three main types of soil were demonstrated in soils. Films were shown concerning habitats of wildlife in the wildlife sions. ses Time for Fun Of course Conservation Camp wasn't all work and study. Every afternoon we had opportunities to swim or try our luck on the rifle range. One night during the encampment a cookout was held on the beach of the lake. Return campers Billy Gernaat, Jeanne Hill man, Buzz Romstad, Mike Picard, Dar ken Wills and Diane Nathe were in charge of the evening programs and campfire ceremonies. Camp lifeguard Margaret Fordik was in charge of folk games and dancing. The third evening, exchange 4-Hers from Saskatchewan and an IFYE dele gate from Switzerland told us of their countries and 4-H w r ork there, I think we all came home with a better under standing of other nations, their peo ples, and customs. I feel very fortunate in having had the opportunity to attend Conservation Camp and I hope to see as many 4-H members as possible working for camp scholarships next year. ERVATtON m m mm < *■ A Stamp Is Tribute To Conservation THE NATION'S FIRST soil conserva tion stamp will be released by the Post Office Department, Aug. 26, at Rapid City, S.D., at the annual meeting of the Soil Conservation Society of America. It will go on sale at post offices through out the country the following day. The 4-cent postage stamp, issued in the commemorative series, was de veloped in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. It will be printed in three colors, yellow, green and blue. Issuance of the stamp, officials of the Department of Agriculture said, is a tribute to farmers and ranchers, their local soil conservation districts, and to the professional conservationists and other agricultural workers who have helped make the United States a world leader in soil conservation. Observances are planned in most of the nation's more than 2,800 soil con servation, industrial and civic groups. The stamp, designed by Walter Hor tens, New York artist, portrays a mod ern conservation farm showing contour stripcropping, terracing, tree planting, pasture improvement and a farm pond. iii ÄfS? JW*****: •*: 4 ■ 1 SSt m ■V •: : , S : : m pi S Kl < i ■S. . '■■Z Vs : -Vî*: - 4|, lü - ■■■ &■ i;> i > r & ; lili Thousands of acres In the Wibaux Sol! Conservation District are now being farmed with contour strips and permanent grass buffer strips such as those pictured here. (SCS photo) THE PETITIONS FOR the organiza tion of the Wibaux Soil Conservation Districts were circulated in Wibaux County in the fall of 1939. The petitions called for the organization of the en tire county, and Wibaux County was the first county-wide Soil Conservation District in the State of Montana. The Reserve District, which originally included two relatively small parcels of land in Sheridan County, is consid ered the oldest district in Montana. The certificate of organization of the Wibaux District was executed by the Secretary of State on Jan. 15, 1940, just a few seconds after he signed the Reserve District's certificate of or ganization, J, C. (Clem) Parker and George Grif fith were appointed as supervisors of the new Wibaux Soil Conservation Dis trict by the State Soil ^Conservation Committee, while W. L. Staggs, Stan ley Nelson and Glenn Scammon were elected by the land occupiers of the county. Nelson has continuously served as a supervisor since 1940 and now holds the distinction of having served longer in this capacity than any other super visor in the state. The present board consists of Pete Smith, Conrad Brun gard, Nelson, Joe Dobrowski and Wil mer Dohrmann. Roswell Anderson also served as a supervisor for one term. Long-Term Service During the 19 years of the district's existence, only four work unit conserva tionists were assigned to the Wibaux District. A. W. Worden served from Wibaux District Marks 20th Year Of Conservation By /. F. LANGENDORF Soil Conservation Service 1940 to 1943. Leroy Sands was techni cian from 1943 to 1946. Dan Cox was in charge from 1946 to 1947 and Charles A. Bordsen assumed the responsibility of work unit conservationist in 1947 and has been on the job continuously since that time. Only four individuals have assisted the Wibaux District as area conserva tionists of the Soil Conservation Serv ice. They include A. W. Worden, 1940 to 1942; Ralph Stucky, 1942 to 1944; J. F. Langendorf, 1944 to 1951; Rex Campbell, 1951 to 1952, and Langen dorf, 1952 to the present. Soil surveys were begun in 1940 and the field work was completed in four or five years. The survey was pub lished in 1958 and is now available to federal, state and county groups well as to individual farmers and ranchers who might have use for it. as First Stubble Mulch Tillage Some of the first stubble mulch till age demonstrations in Montana held in the Wibaux District, To date nine of these demonstrations have been conducted. The first conservation car nival was also conducted in Wibaux and have spread throughout Eastern Montana. were Today there is more contour strip cropping on the lands of Wibaux Coun ty than any other county in Montana. V/indbreak plantings and the planting of lawns and perennials resulted in some of the most beautiful farmsteads in the northern Great Plains area. Contour strip cropping with grass buffer strips, stubble mulch tillage and grassed waterways are used in com bination to prevent soil erosion. No one practice can successfully control ero sion, but a combination of several prac tices on any given field can usually contain the erosion problem. Water Spreading Practices Range management practices and water spreading practices are being emphasized on the ranches at the ent time to insure an adequate supply Oi winter feed and to improve pastures. Much has been done to conserve soil and water in the Wibaux District in the past, but even more needs to be accomplished in the future. Thousands of acres that should never have been plowed must be seeded to grass and these seedings should contain some na tive species to insure production over long periods of time. pres There are still thousands of acres that need to be contour strip cropped and stubble mulch tillage is not prac ticed on all the summer fallow land. Grassed. waterways have only been started in the district, and there is troom for many, many more windbreaks. These are only a few of the many practices that should and no doubt will be established on the land in the future.