Leptospirosis is costing American stockmen
in excess of $100,000,000 a year. "Lepto
as it is commonly called, is not a new dis
ease in this country, but has reached eco
nomic importance during the past few years.
Its spread has been rapid and it has been
found in cattle and swine herds in almost
all parts of the country.
•The disease in cattle and swine is caused
by a tiny bacterial organism, Leptospira
pomfttVa, and is spread by contact with the
urine of infected animals, through the muc
ous membranes of the eyes, nose, mouth, or
through breaks in the skin. Contact may be
made from contaminated bedding, feed, poor
ly drained pastures, ponds, or slow-moving
Symptoms of "lepto" are varied, often be
ing confused with those of other diseases.
When noted, initial symptoms are a rapid
rise in temperature, depression and lack of
appetite. Urine may be coffee-colored and
blood-streaked. The animal may become
anemic. Dairy animals may show a decided
drop in milk production. In beef cattle on
the range, the disease may be so mild as to
lie unnoticed. Abortion explosions in cattle
herds are often the first indication that the
cattle may be infected.
Control measures should consist of avoid
ing conditions that provide contact with car
rier animals. Replacement animals should
he isolated for several weeks. A sound
vaccination program is the key to success
ful control of leptospirosis. All animals
in the herd should be vaccinated when lo
cated in areas where the disease has been
diagnosed. Better protection will be obtained
when animals are vaccinated a week or ten
days prior to possible exposure. Herds should
be revaccinated annually.
gives dependable immunity.
Th« FRANKLIN line is complete. It
includes practically the full scope of
highest quality Biologies. Pharma
ceuticals. Instruments and Supplies.
AMC YOtNt LOCAL FRANKLIN MALIK. OR WRITS TO
NfAKKT SALK OFFICE.
O.MFrankun Seni/M Co
MHVIC • KANSAS CITY • WICHITA • ALLIANCE o AMARILLO
ff WHTH • MARFA • K FASO W MONTGOMERY e FORTiAM#
SALT LAK« CITY • 1ILLINOS • LOS ANOfifS e CALGARY
Roofing & Siding
Carl Weissman & Sons, Inc
GREAT FALLS, MONT. BILLINGS, MONT.
3425 1st Are. 9.
3M 3rd Ave. S.
CS 3 « W/B'N ROLL
In Cattle ImUnmi And
Giant steel-tube rubbing element! Expanded-steel
rubbing surface! Forced automatic oil-flow! No
pumps, no valves, it's service free. Portable ! Pull it
from one feed lot to another. Single unit handles up to
200 head. Hogs use it too!
Writ* For llluslrated li».r»furo and
low Introductory Prie#» ___
Write MONTANA FARMER-STOCK
MAN for Information about LOW-COST
ACCIDENT INSURANCE POLICY.
By RUDOLPH E. MENGHINI
Assistant District Manager
Question: I am still farming, but I plan
to file for my social security in Jan
uary when I reach age 72. I have paid
into social security since 1955, when
farmers were first covered. When I
apply, what proof is needed to show
Answer: We will need a copy of your
1960 income tax returns which we keep
permanently. You will need to fur
nish proof that you filed the 1960 tax
returns with the Internal Revenue.
This proof can be your cancelled
check, money order stub or bank
draft showing payment of tax.
Question: A representative in the Social
Security booth at the State fair gave
me a card which was to be used for
requesting a statement of my earn
ings, I mailed the card to Baltimore,
Maryland, and I received a statement
of my earnings, but find that my so
cial security account is wrong. What
should I do now?
Answer: You should come in to your
nearest Social Security office and
point out the error. If you have proof
of earnings for the period in question,
bring it with you. We will have the
records rechecked. If there is an
error, your account will be adjusted
to include your correct earnings.
Question: My husband died in the fall
of 1959. I will be age 62 in December
of this year and will apply for
widow's benefits. Do I have to work
until I reach age 62 before I can ap
ply for my social security benefits?
Answer: We suggest that you file your
application at the earliest opportunity,
as you may file as much as three
months before reaching age 62.
Question: If I file for widow's benefits
now, what proof will I need to bring
into the Social Security Office?
Answer: You will need your husband's
social security number, proof of your
marriage and proof of your age. If
you have a social security number of
your .own, bring your social security
card with you.
Question: I have a brother 75 years old
wbo has lived on the farm until 5
years ago. He has not paid any so
cial security tax. Is there any way he
can draw social security benefits?
Answer: Since he has not paid any so
cial security tax he has no social se
curity credit. A person his age must
have at least 6 quarters of social se
curity credit to receive benefits.
Gets REA Loan
THE MID-RIVERS Telephone Co
operative, Circle, has been granted
a $324,000 REA loan which will enable
the co-op to furnish initial service to
261 subscribers in portions of Fergus,
Garfield, Petroleum and Prairie coun
Construction of a new dial central
office at Roy and the addition of 420
miles of new line to the system is
proposed. Provision is also made to
install additional communications
equipment at the Brockway SAGE site
which the borrower now serves.
REA loans to the Mid-Rivers Co-op
will enable it to furnish new and im
proved service to 3,442 subscribers in
10 counties. When completed the sys
tem will consist of 3,872 miles of line .
and 17 exchanges. Fourteen of them
now furnish dial service to about 2,200
How cold will it get
Here are Weather Bureau's all-time low
temperatures for Upper Midwest States
* -52 (1933)
-4 8 (1 887)1
• -54 (1922)« '
Green Save j
7 (I Wit
I. DAKOTA « C
McIntosh * j
-58(1936)* Huron j
All temperatures are below zero Fahrenheit.
Mdp shows all-time lows for localities indicated
and year of occurrence.
♦All-time low for the state
Cold ' 9 facts show the Upper Midwest is really the
nation's icebox." Farmers who work equipment
all winter agree that • • •
Extra additives in anti-freeze
save lots of winter troubles
The word "permanent" on the contain©*
is not all you should look for in anti
freeze. The right type and strength of
the additives can increase or decrease
the effectiveness of winter protection.
Here's the kind of extra protection yon
get with Co-op Permanent Anti-Freeae
marketed by local cooperatives affiliated
with Farmers Union Central Exchange.
1. ANTI-FOAMING. Special agent
breaks down water surface tensions to
prevent bubbling and foaming which
cause hot spots on the engine block.
2. ANTI-CORROSION. This inhibi
tor combination, with strong alkaline
reserve, prevents harmful corrosion from
acid action and oxidation, protects all
the metals in the cooling system.
Co-op Permanent Anti-Freeze assurée
you protection even if temperatures drop
to the lowest ever recorded in your area*
Didn't quit* hit 70 balow her«,** says
Gordon McOmber who farms near Rogers
Pass, Montana, where 70 below was re
corded .in 1954. -But you can sea that we
can't taka chances with anti-freeze. I
use Co-op Permanent Anti-Freeze in my
car, tractors and trucks. Saves me a lot
M A N E N T
Delivered to your inf mi
Ask your local cooperative to send along
your winter's supply of Co-op Permanent
Anti-Freeze with your next delivery of
gasoline. Your Co-op oil station hualso
equipped to give you complete cooling
system service on your car and truck,
including draining the system, flushing
out sediment, checking for leaks, and re
filling with Co-op Permanent Anti-Freeze.
GLYCOL »* sE
F*»"«' 5 .?
Order Co-op Permanent Anti-Freeze a# yaw Farmers
Union OH Company or local co-op affiliated with
JHVMO 3*0,000 FARM FAMIUM
M TMC AT NORTHWEST
ST. PAUL 1 # MINNESOTA
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