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Opportunity for Democratic Action
"IT'S UP TO YOU—the citizen—leaders of a democracy—to set the future course of your society. It's up to you to face the major challenges of our times and to reach your own decisions about the wisest ways to meet these challenges. Once you have made up your mind, it is up to you to work for what you believe in. This is the way things get done in a democracy." With these words Montana State College introduces its new Vital Issues program which is now being pushed vigorously throughout the state by the Extension Service. Designed to encourage Montana citizens to give serious and constructive considera tion to important public problems, this new program can become a dynamic influence for better government and greater progress in Montana. The intention of the College is to en courage the development of discussion groups in every community of the state. Background information regarding these Vital Issues is provided for use of such groups along with simple suggestions as to When the Experts Disagree A MIDWESTERN FARM paper con ducts an interesting department in which farm management experts give their an swers to timely problems confronting prac tical farm and ranch operators. Comprising the panel of authorities are two college econ omists and three bankers. The answers given by the panel members are definite and usually informative. But, almost invariably, the panel mem bers disagree as to the course the farmers should follow. The advice of one is quite frequently contrary to the advice given by another. Sometimes three out of the five will take one position while the others take an other. On other occasions they all seem to "ride off" in different directions. Here is one of the recent questions: "I have 80 choice steers weighing 750-800 pounds on grass. Should I sell them off grass or full feed them?" And here are the answers: (1) Sell them unless you have unusable grain and for age; (2) split your risk, sell half and feed out half; (3) feed them out if you can afford to take $4 a hundred less than they will bring as feeders; (4) finish them out to 1, A New Technique in Tenderizing A NEW METHOD OF enzyme injection for tenderizing meat gives promise of sharply increasing consumer demand for beef. While this simple technique was de veloped by research scientists a compara tively short time ago, it has already brought encouraging results in extensive market tests. It has been found that consumers im mediately notice the marked improvement particularly in the cheaper cuts of meat so treated. Test stores selling the new product have experienced a sharp increase in sales. The technique as described in Herrell DeGraff's new book, "Beef Production and Distribution," is extremely simple: "A nat ural food enzyme preparation is injected how discussion groups can be started and interest maintained. The following subjects are suggested for this first series of informal discussions: 1. Education—what goals for Montana? 2. How can Montana grow? 3. Welfare in Montana—what needs? Whose responsibility? 4. What do we expect from Govern ment? 5. How should Montana finance public services? 6. What can Montana afford? The basic objective, fundamental to sound democratic action and good govern ment, is an informed public. Informal dis cussion has the effect of stimulating thought and developing a better understanding of the facts. Success of this worthy endeavor will de pend upon the extent to which you and your neighbors take an active interest in for - ing and attending these interesting inf on discussion groups. For detailed information, see your Coun ty Extension Agent. 000-1,050 pounds; (5) full feed them for 90 to 120 days. Another interesting question tackled by this panel of experts was: "Debt on my 320 acre farm is $16,000 payable in 20 annual installments at 6 per cent interest. I need the adjoining 160, for sale at $300 an acre. Can I afford to go into debt for the full pur chase price on the same kind of a loan?" Here are the answers to that question: (1) It's a long shot and I wouldn't risk it; (2) if that is the going price for the land, you probably can pay it off in 20 years; (3) no, unless you have other reserves—there are better $48,000 investments; (4) yes, provided you don't need to buy much additional equipment; (5) risk would be great—you would have to net $26 an acre just to pay interest, principal and taxes on the 160. All of which demonstrates that even recognized authorities disagree on compara tively simple questions. As far as the pro ducer is concerned, it suggests that if ad vice is needed, it is best to consult more than one expert. And after the consulta tions are finished, the farmer still has to depend on his own common sense in de ciding whose advice to follow. into the blood stream of an animal a speci fied length of time before slaughter. This material soon circulates throughout the carcass. "The number of blood capillaries and volume of blood is naturally greatest in the muscles that are most used and that con sequently are toughest. The enzyme mov ing through the blood stream affects the tough muscles of the carcass in greater de gree than it does the more tender muscles ■—thus having a differential tenderizing ef fect in precisely the desired direction. "The enzyme remains in the meat after slaughter but does not exert its tenderizing influence until the meat has been brought to cooking temperature in final prepara tion for the table. This is the point on which this company's research has achieved a sig nificant break-through. The enzyme frac tion that is used is one that operates—that is, exerts its tenderizing influence—only be tween temperatures of 120 degrees and 170 degrees Fahrenheit. This means that the meat can move the chan through nels of trade and requires no special han dling." This new method which gives promise of coming into general use is of particular interest to Montana and Wyoming feeders. This enzyme, tenderizing should fur ther increase the already improving market demand for the kind of short-fed beef for which most of our feedlot operations are best adapted. It is one more example of the impor tance of scientific research in broadening markets for farm and ranch products. jotkaiû^ in tla ÙJâhcI ^= Rural communities are being trans formed. Farm and non-farm families, in cluding the people in small towns and sub urban areas, "increasingly work, play, wor ship and study together." Perhaps from this closer association of town, city and country people will come a better all-around under standing of the "farm problem." * ♦ ♦ Don't expect either presidential candi date to be specific to what he in very tends to do about the farm program. There will be lots of talk about objectives, inten tions to raise farm prices and other gen eralities. But both candidates will shy away from specific statements about just how they will proceed if elected. And whatever they might promise, Congress will probably call the real turn. "There's a special zest in the academic life here about. In one week at Montana State College, the college was host to the American Legion, Girls State, a session of the Agricultural Stabilization Committee men from all the Montana counties, and a meeting of the school for the blind. A uni versity here is the cultural center for the state."—William H. Stringer, in Christian Science Monitor, "Power to produce" is the title of USDA's 1960 Yearbook of Agriculture. It tells the dramatic story of the change from horse operation to the "marvels of pushbut ton automation." You may be able to secure a free copy from one of the Montana mem bers of Congress. Or you can buy a copy from Superintendent of Documents, Wash ington 25, D.C. for $2.25. MONTANA FARMER-STOCKMAN —COVERS MONTANA AND NORTHERN WYOMING OFFICE 414 2nd Ave. North. Great Fails. Montana LESTER COLE. Publisher, DON R. BOSLEY, Associate Editor: LARRY GILL, Livestock Editor; RAY OZMON. Field Editor; CASEY ANDERSON. Livestock Field Repre sentative. Department Editors; AMY MARTIN, Rural Hopies Depart ment; DR. W. W. HAWKINS JR., Veterinary *be phrtmeot; RALPH D. MERCER. ARTHUR F, SHAW, Soils' and Crops; ERIC B. WILSON, Farm Mechanics; GILBERT GUSLER. Market Analyst; OSCAR L. MOLDENHAUER, Weather Forecast; MONT H. SAUNDERSON. Ranch. Farm Manage ment; STANLEY W. HOWARD, Irrigation. LARRY GILL. Advertising Director; EARL STEFFANÏ. Local Advertising Representative. Advertising Representatives, Western Farm Paper Unit— CHICAGO 4, Fred Tool, National Adv. Manager, 28 B. Jackson; NEW YORK 18, Walter J. Schaff, Manager, 500 Fifth Ave.; SAN FRANCISCO 5, J. J. Mattus, Manager, m Shat *n Building. Members of Western Farm Paper Unit, Audit Burean a t Circulation and Agricultural Publishers Association SUBSCRIPTION PRICE; 81 for one year; Canada, one year, $2. RENEWAL AND CHANGES—If the date on your label is not changed within three weeks after sending in your remittance, please write us. If you wish a change of address, give both new and old poet off ices. ADVERTISING — Full information regarding advertising rates, etc., sent on application. Subscribers are requested to mention promptly to us any advertiser who fail* fee live up to his advertising agreement.