Q Why do cattle prefer Digesta-Bone?
A. Because it is highly palatable!
Some mineral supplements are artifically flavored
to make cattle eat them. But not Digesta-Bone !
Use Digesta-Bone just as it comes from the bag.
Simply blend it into your stock feed mix and you
have added calcium and phosphorus in nature s
own C/P balance.
Why should you prefer Digesta-Bone? Because you
get bonus protein plus valuable trace minerals!
Digesta-Bone is 100% steamed bone meal proc
essed at temperatures in excess of those re
quired by the USDA to assure safety in feeding.
It is highly digestible; low in fluorine; contains
valuable protein and trace minerals.
A chemical analysis of Di*esta-Bono shows:
; 19.4 ppm
Forfeedlot or ranch, add Digesta-Bone to the mix. Cattle
will eçt it readily for better health and rapid steady gains.
Tested way to make more
money with hogs: keep them on
concrete from birth to market!
■■ 4 . ■
■■ KSwSr 0 V .vfs&vu*
Confinement method gives faster gains, healthier hogs, big labor savings
More than 4% faster weight gains in confinement than
on pasture—results of Purdue U. tests. And on con
crete, more pigs are raised, more hogs marketed.
With concrete yards and housing, bad weather or
poor pasture doesn't limit farrowings. And confined
hogs require as much as 15% less man hours of labor
than those on pasture—results of Kentucky U. tests.
Pasture can be put back to profitable crops.
PORTLAND CEMENT ASSOCIATION
Mezzanine, Placer Hotel, Helena, Montana
A national organization to improve and extend the uses of concrete
Please send free booklet, "Concrete Improvements for Hog Raising.
send material on subjects I've listed:
ST. OR R. NO.
Farming is a hazardous business. Guard carefully against accident but protect
yourself from loss by taking out a Montana Farmer-Stockman SPECIAL ACCI
DENT INSURANCE POLICY. Full information on request.
Soils and Crops
Barley Program Compliance
By ARTHUR F. SHAW
MUCH HAS BEEN said and written
in recent weeks about the Feed Grain
Program—more specifically, the barley
program. Under the program Montana
farmers may take a loss or reap the
benefits. This will depend upon how
the feed barley supply, as determined
by climate and other growing condi
tions, will influence the demand and
Conceivably the program could be a
blessing in disguise, in the event of a
severe drought or other unforseen cir
cumstances. In spite of this, it is a
farmer's inherent desire to produce, and
for that we can be proud. Otherwise,
we as a nation would not be strong
individually or collectively.
In the few months remaining, a lot
of pencil work and head scratching will
be needed to reach a decision on wheth
er to comply or not to comply with the
program. Let's look at a few influenc
To what extent will other areas of
the state and nation comply with the
program? What will be the influence of
subsoil moisture reserves and seasonal
precipitation on subsequent barley
crops? What is the barley carry-over
in Montana; probable supply and de
mand in 1962; disease or insects?
had been diverted from barley
As of Nov. 2 nearly one-half million
in 36 states. California, the second
largest barley producing state, has 219,
000 acres set aside. No data was given
for Montana as of Nov. 2, Opinions
gathered recently indicate less interest
in compliance in southern and western
Montana. In southeastern Montana the
moisture situation is relatively good,
which would suggest less compliance.
These three areas produce an esti
mated 18 per cent of the state's total
The southern and western areas are
the livestock feeding areas and feed
prices of recent weeks have been at
tractive to the barley producer but
scorned by the stockman.
For the northern half of the state
east of the continental divide it's a
different story. This area normally pro
duces about 70 per cent of the state's
total barley and the remainder is in
the central area. In the north the mois
ture situation is highly variable but
generally leaves much to be desired.
There will be program participation
with the upward adjustments in acre
age and payment rates but the extent is
The subsoil moisture reserve is one
factor that can be used with some
satisfaction in helping you decide the
course to follow. I would like to refer
you back to the November 1st issue
of this publication, page 9. The mois
ture aspect is discussed in detail and
the accompanying maps are of interest.
For anyone with a gambling spirit the
odds are spelled out for you.
As of July 1, Montana had only 15.5
million bushels indicated on farms,
C.C.C. storage, and in mills and eleva
tors. This was the lowest carry-over
since 1957. Since that time, emergency
drouth measures have been taken, re
leasing C.C.C stocks and much has
moved off farms. The 1961 crop left
much to be desired production-wise and
by spring there shouldn't be too much
barley hanging around. So from this
standpoint the outlook for prices above
support levels may be good,
The probable supply in 1962 is any
body s guess. An occasional report is
now coming in that livestock feeding is
easing off. The reason is the difficulty
in finding feed grain at a price they
* fed they can afford to pay. A general
reduction in feeding could soften the
barley market, so watch the trend.
Diseases and insects are largely an
unknown factor, greatly influenced by
climatic conditions. There will undoubt
edly, be grasshoppers in threatening
numbers in isolated locations. As for
disease there's little to worry about.
There's much more risk with hail.
Feed vs. Malting
The November report from the USDA
made no mention as to the increase in
acreage where malting type barley
will be grown. Since most all malting
barley is of the spring type, a more
accurate estimate will be forthcoming
as we near planting time.
One state in the north central region
may increase their over-all barley acre
age by nearly one-quarter of a million
acres. Their acreage is based on barley
almost entirely of the malting type.
In a few states nearly 100 per cent of
the total barley acreage is of the malt
ing type. The potential increase in
acreage in these states could nullify to
a great extent the expected diversion
and ultimate production.
In my ramblings I have tried to
point out a few considerations in de
cision making. Deciding your most
profitable route is no easy matter.
Whatever you do, you will be seeding
some acreage to barley anyway. That
prompts me to get in one last word.
The Seed You Use
The seed you use on whatever acre
age you plant will influence your yield
to some extent. To further reduce bar
ley production I suppose I should say
use the lousiest seed you can find.
Unfortunately, too many are doing just
that today, so a more positive sugges
tion is in order.
Use seed of a known variety, adapted
and recommended for your area. Nu
merous tests have shown that the plump
seed with a high test weight, 48 pounds
or above, will produce the stronger
seedlings, and ultimately the better
yield. Clean out shriveled and smaller
kernels—besides all weed seeds and
Lastly, be sure the seed will grow
—send a sample to the State Grain
Laboratory for test. If it is certified
seed, however, you have no worries.
■ ■ »
"And this is Fredericks ... in charge
of our bulk feed service."
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