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FARMING A RANCHING
NATIONAL RECORD for al falfa hay production is now held by Hancock and Son, Riverside County, California — 16.2 tons per acre in 10 cuttings. Average protein content was 21.9 per cent. Former record through 1960 was 12.3 tons per acre. Hancocks applied $59.46 worth of fertilizer per acre for an ex tra return of $202.40 per acre, Average production in the area is 7 tons. f YOU CAN'T JUDGE a cow's ability to produce milk and cream on looks alone. Production records tell the true story. The University of Minnesota Agricul tural Extension Service conducted a 16-county contest where dairy men attempted to judge a cow's production ability from pictures. Only six of the 4,953 dairymen managed to place the animals correctly. The Extension dairy man says that from the laws of chance, only one person in 720 should have placed all the cows correctly. Also, most contestants would have been farther ahead to disregard the cow's looks and simply guess at a top and bottom animal. One out of every 10 con testants placed the top producer in the right place, and less than one in 12 put the poorest ani mal where she belonged. WHILE MUCH AGRICUL TURAL research has been con ducted for the purpose of grow ing agricultural products many are developed for the specific needs of the consumers. For ex ample, seven out of every 10 crop varieties grown today were unkown just 20 years ago. Many of these were developed for a specific use —and the consumer —in mind. Most of our frozen foods today are tailor-grown for the consumer. New varieties of peas, beans, sweet corn, straw berries and other vegetables and fruits are being sought that will keep their farm-fresh flavor, color and texture during freez ing. IN A RECENT study conduct ed by the University of Illinois farmers who were concerning forced to leave the farm it was found that 27 out of the 200 interviewed had purchased self propelled combines to harvest less than 200 acres of beans and small grain. It is estimated that the break-even acreage at which a farmer could own a self-pro pelled combine or hire the work done is 269 acres in Illinois. In addition, over one-third of these farmers had inadequate forms of record keeping systems. PIGS GAIN faster on less feed if it is finely ground. This is in dicated by tests conducted at North Carolina State College. Finely ground and coarse ground feed was fed to pigs raised in confinement and on pasture. Those fed finely ground grain ate about 7 per cent less feed per pound of gain than those on coarse feed. Pigs in confinement gained faster than those on pas ture but those on pasture ate 5 per cent less feed per pound of gain, although it took them a week longer to moke market weight. CATTLE MAKE better use of protein if they are fed often, ac cording to research at the Uni versity of Wisconsin. Frequen cies of two, four and eight times a day were tested. It appeared that when feedings are widely separated, much of the protein is lost in the urine. Animals ap parently get more than they can use at one time and have no place to store it. When they get feed in smaller doses, temporary surpluses do not build up and less protein is wasted. BOOM SPRINKLERS reduce labor 40 to 60 per cent as com pared to conventional, hand move types of irrigation systems, University of Minnesota Institute of Agriculture reports. With pro per selection and design of noz zles, the boom sprinkler is also capable of giving good uniforrrl Get Information On These New Lines From Your PARKER MONTANA DEALER ... Or Mail the Coupon. ifftÄ Miff . % GUlAl '' HANSON SNOW BLOWER-PLOW INTRODUCING BOLENS LAWN & GARDEN TRACTORS an - /* Parker Montana Company is pleased to announce their appoint ment as distributor for the famous Bolens line of outdoor power equipment. Bolens pi oneered the manufacturing of out door power equipment, having introduced the first garden trac tor in 1919 ... 43 years of lead ership backed by a promise of quality. y A % SS m The First Snow Blower-Plow at A Sensible Pricef I Rear mounted to provide easier removal of snow. Fits all I standard 3-point hitches. Blows snow as far as 50' " I either side. Cuts o 6' path of snow. Adjustable for height with hydraulic system. Plus many other features for easy, ! efficient snow removal. to BOLENS HUSKY 800 Here is the newest of the compact lawn and garden tractors. It's a real "power package" . . . big tractor power and per formance at a small tractor price. Its compact styling, handy , controls and exclusive HUSKY "Fast Switch" system of coupling and uncoupling attachments, make it a truly out standing, useful, time and labor-saving unit around a farm or ranch. Use it for lawn mowing, tilling, hauling, grading, snow removal and many other chores. THE HUSKY 800 features: the famous Wisconsin engine, power-take-off driven attachments, plate clutch drive, speed ranges from 3 /4 mph to 6 mph, and geared transmission and controlled differential. See a BOLENS demonstration and see how useful it can be to you! NEW IDEA > 125 BU.—PTO DRIVE Manure Spreader The new 202 PTO spreader is built to do a superior job of shredding and a controlled, uniform pattern of spreading. It's a new concept in paddle design. In addition, there ore a new concept 12 more important improvements that make this spreader the best buy. But get all the information. See your dealer or write for Booklet No. 202. NORTH AMERICAN GRAIN-O-VATOR I HAULS small grains, corn or feed. UNLOADS Vator for all grain or feed handling jobs. ELEVATES with auger ele vator or blower. MIXES feed or supplement with feed while it elevates or unloads. TURBO-DOME PISTONS mm Use Grain-O ÛÉ m A m i :v M&W TURBO-DOME PISTONS, with inverted tur bulence chamber, greatly increase tractor per formance and operating economy, Found m no other piston at any price, the inverted turbulence chamber concentrates firepower, squeezes every ounce of power from every drop of fuel, increases horsepower and saves fuel at the same time. Wear of pistons, rings, connecting rods and crankshaft bearings are radically reduced. When you consider installing new pistons, consider M&W TURBO DOME PISTONS! •V il MIXING MODEL—85 Bu. Cap. The Groin-O-Votor is specifically designed to handle oil small grains, corn, ground feed, mash, pellets and other free flow ing material'. Available in 85 or 1 25 bushel sizes. Eleven-inch dia. elevators available in 7, 8 or 9 ft. lengths and will unload up to 50 bu. per minute. Single or two-compartment boxes. MAIL THIS COUPON TO BILLINGS, MONT. PflflHtfl, moimuifl P.O. BOX 1798 a. ; * Pleas« send Information on and the name of my dealer for: □ BOLENS Lawn A Garden Tractors, □ OBAIN-O-VATOB. □ HANSON Snow Plow. Manure Spreader, □ MAW Turbo-Dome Pistons. □ NEW IDEA NAME WHOLCSALC DISTRIBUTORS ADDRESS» ity of coverage. Savings appear to make increased cost of boom sprinkler system justified on fields of 40 acres or more. AN INEXPENSIVE hay wafer ing machine which can process hay at almost any moisture con tent has been developed in Mich igan. The machine was built from parts of a baler by Mich igan State University agricultur al engineers. It is expected to be on the market in about two years. The machine is supposed to make wafers from hay with a moisture content of 65 per cent without the use of an artificial binding agent. Wafers are then artificially dried with convention al driers. Leaves are saved be cause hay is at such high mois ture content when they are wafered. INCREASES OF LAMB sales up to 27 per cent have been measured as a result of coopera tive advertising programs and up to 10 per cent as a result of gen eral promotion, according to the Economic Research Service of the USDA. The study was made in six metropolitan areas: Three in the midwest, where lamb is a slow seller, and three in the Northwest where lamb is more popular. FARM PRODUCTION costs today are about four times os high as they were in 1940, ac cording to USDA Research Serv ice. About 70 per cent of a farmer's gross income went to pay for production costs in 1961, compared to about 50 per cent in 1940. In 1940 U.S. farmers spent $1.75 on machinery and buildings for every dollar spent for hired help. By 1960 the ra tio had risen to $2.77 to every dollar for hired labor. In I960 property taxes were about 3.4 times higher than in 1940.