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Amy Martin Household Editor orne WuL-Ouer M ctaïc WHAT MOM NEEDS when she looks at her mending basket is pure magic. There's a hole in the knee of Suzie's cords, a stain on Martha's best dress, and it seems all the rest of the clothes are just too small. Many of these prob lems can be solved with a little of this Make-Over Magic. Take a look! Holes in knees? Ripped knees of blue jeans or overalls can be covered with a decorative kite-shaped patch in serted in the pants leg. If you have a zig-zag sewing machine, you can ap plique your patches on in fancy designs. Toddlers would be delighted to see bunnies, teddy bears or simple cats on their knees. Older children enjoy slowns or geometric shapes. Many times if patches are made obvious and decora tive, rather than concealed (it's nearly always noticeable anyway) the job is more successful. Fake Pocket Tab A tear in a jacket can be convered with a fake pocket tab. There are even little pockets on sleeves now, so you have lots of leeway in your "pock et" positions. The ups and downs of hemlines are a problem in families with growing girls. Particularly the downs! To hide the tell-tale mark o* a lengthened skirt, you can sew on rick rack or a length of lace. Or you can completely change design and give an old fa vorite in otherwise good condition a new lease on life. METHOD NUMBER 1: Shorten the dress to tunic length, taking an in verted V out of the center front. (That's part of the "design" treatment.) Bind the bottom and the cut-out. Now make an underskirt to provide the additional length needed, and attach it at the waistline seam. You can make the un derskirt of contrasting fabric, match ing fabric (if it's available), or of net with a band of fabric sewn on only where it would show below the over dress. A binding the same as the over dress will tie the two together if you wish to add it. ii Sift x mmm w By I * ■ * * ( , % » -■m ». The two tiered skirt illustrated shows a method for lengthening a too-short dress. For this method, matching ma terial is necessary, but the job can be done successfully with contrasting fab ric, too. METHOD NUMBER 2: A variation of this idea is to make a separate over skirt. Remove the dress skirt first, then add the necessary length by sew ing a piece of scrap fabric on the top of the skirt. Attach the now-lengthened skirt at the waistline seam. (Scrap fabric is at the top of the skirt where it will not be seen.) Make a tunic or apron length skirt to be worn over the dress and cover up the non-matching insert. The dress fab ric shows several inches below the over skirt, so the dress appears to be de signed with the attractive detail. METHOD NUMBER 3: Remove the old hem from the skirt, letting it down to full length. Then cut off two strips from the bottom, the width depending unpon the dress size. Sew a width of cotton eyelet lace onto the skirt, then a width of "skirt" that you cut off, an other width of eyelet lace, another width of skirt and end with a width of eyelet. You will have to determine how wide these strips must be according to the garment and the girl you have. The alternating dress fabric and eye let lace make the garment appear de signed this way. Convert Sweatshirt Now, something for Mom! If one of your boys has an old sweatshirt he's outgrown (provided he's bigger than Mom), you can convert it to a fun jacket for yourself. This idea is even attractive enough to warrant purchase of a new sweatshirt especially for your self. Start by cutting off the hipline rib bing. Mark and slit the center front. Face all cut edges with bias tape. To decorate, apply either wide or narrow (or a combination of the two) rick rack or decorative bias tape around the neck, front and bottom edges. You can create floral, feminine effects, or with many rows of various width rick rack you can be very Western. The key to suc cess with this is to make your guide lines for the tape and rick rack before you start sewing. A variation on this theme would be to cut vegetable shapes from a cotton print and attach them with a combina tion of applique and embroidery tech niques. X . m xXX ■X; ■■ xiX SiS W$mm -X XX iS Sew up a fun topper from an old or new sweatshirt. Mom or big sister can make one of these jackets in short time from a sweatshirt and several cards of rick rack or colorful bias tape. mi ms /»'S m M fm; m % f* :*X: mm : x-x : I * m WÊ v* SS5 m t A hole or a stain on an otherwise perfectly good garment can make a mother almost weep. Cover this culprit with a bug. If the area to be covered is very small you can simply embroider a bug on top of it. Draw your bug on with a pencil, then use a padded satin embroidery stitch to cover the area. Make feet and antennae with an outline stitch. If your area to be covered is larger than you wish to cover with embroidery work, use the applique technique. But always contrast and make it obvious, for best results. On a print, use a solid color bug and on a solid color use a print. Use a dark satin stitch to attach the applique, then make feet and an tennae with an outline stitch. Do you have a sweater in your house that is really useless, because of many stains or mothholes? Use the bug ap proach again and return the garment to the usable status. This time make your bugs into butterflies. Depending upon your holes or stains . . . their number and size . . . you can make out lined butterflies, solid butterflies or a combination of the two. A heavy cotton or wool yarn in gay colors makes this idea most attractive. When you're finished, strategically place a few small sequins or pearls, and the design looks like it was meant to be, I s W : j ? ? t m » I m -ii: p i : m t • ; Vjj3*>A«5K : VxüsSäi; 'Stretch' Fabrics Require Special Sewing Methods EXPERIENCED HOME sewers can master the popular knits and jerseys this fall and make the most of the "stretch" as they sew. The first step is to select a pattern that requires stretch in the same direc tion as the fabric stretches. Check pat tern catalogs for patterns that are de signed specifically for crosswise or lengthwise stretch fabrics. Patterns with a minimum of seams are best. Flared or gored skirts, in which all pieces have bias edges, do not hold their shape in knits or jerseys. If a garment piece s cut on the bias, it should attach to a piece cut on the straight. Before you pin on the pattern, spread the fabric taut and let it relax. Use sharp pins and fasten pattern often. Hold the fabric firmly, and cut out the pattern with your sharpest shears. As you baste, use small stitches. Stay stitch all cut edges to prevent the raw edges from stretching and raveling. If raveling still occurs, overcast edges or zigzag-stitch. To sew on knits and jerseys, use silk thread if possible. Use a size 11 or 14 sewing machine needle and about 12 to 15 stitches per inch. Keep machine tension loose. Sew slowly, stretching seams slightly while stitching. Zigzag stitching is a good way to sew seams, since it offers the same flexibility as the fabric. Zigzag stitch ing makes a good seam finish. Stay shoulder seams and waistline with seam binding or narrow ribbon. Do not line garments because regu lar linings defeat the purpose of stretch fabrics. Press lightly with a medium iron and a minimum of steam. Do not allow fab ric to stretch during pressing. seams FREEZING MELONS WHEN MELONS ARE plentiful the markets, families with freezers take advantage of the supply and freeze them for winter Preserve watermelon flesh by cut ting it into cubes or balls, placing in freezer containers and covering with sirup before freezing. Cantaloups, Cren shaws, Honey dews and other melons can also be successfully frozen this way. Cover with a cold sirup made in the proportion of 1 cup sugar to 2 cups water. Leave headspace. on can use.