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:;xj . liiiliii m i :$ i? :.A:A:£: i -;■■ :+|: A x £ i: :?: Ill s :¥: il X :A Ü -x ■■■ :¥g; iliüsw wmmsii iiii 5 !vX ■■■■ ■ ; ■ •... . 'liiiii :AxAx *;xAx s il iiii V » i» x*xA ;A:A:A *:>Â :AA & :•> ■SI IlSiP A-A-AAS *ÂA:A:AÂ :A;Ai'' gç ill ÄW -A Ü A: : : iliÜI: i III i ■ •. A: ill ¥:¥:¥:¥ v • • .: : : : x : x : ; : x : ; : x : :¥:¥?¥:;:¥¥¥ .X üiiil A S: A:A: % Ü , i ;!¥:■ Si i >v m® ■ ¥ ' ?•■ ' Ax* •A m n ;••• ■ A*» AA xA gSfi :V £m mm. : Ai A x-^< % x<A>V. ■r x A Arÿ&'A A x : -■ x Si m The Louis B. Salsbery homestead in Phillips County is well sheltered by trees and by lush hay lands (foreground) ready for first cutting. (SCS photos) Pf' Swapping Cropland for Grass Is Proving a Good Deal By HARRIS A. WILTZEN, WUC Soil Conservation Service LOUIS B. SALSBERY of Whitewater is swapping cropland for grass and bet ting he'll come out well ahead. Three years ago he had more prob lems than a man had a right to. He sorely needed more tame pasture. Then, raising annual hay crops by late seeding spring flood areas wasn't work ing out. Often he lost the crops and had to buy hay at a high price, Salsbery had gully trouble, too, where occasional heavy runoff coursed across the tilled fields. Grass had been Salsbery's main crop. He knew its value in the control of erosion. He had suspected that, weigh ing income against cost, grass might do better than grain. Great Plains Program The new Great Plains Conservation Program made it possible for Salsbery to make the change faster than he otherwise might have done. With the help of a Soil Conservation Service technician, Harris A. Wiltzen of Malta, Salsbery worked out a complete soil and water conservation plan. That was in 1959, soon after Phillips County won designation in the new program. Salsbery's plan called for the seed ing of 78 acres of the cropland to per manent hay and pasture. He says that will take care of the erosion. Too, it will mean grass for grazing when Sals - - - - il ■ ' m II AAA AgAA* A? lis &:A x: - ' :£; : A; x III :¥:¥ m X¥S & iiiiiil ¥:¥:¥:¥:¥¥¥¥¥¥: Ax*; ÜÜ . il 11 :• M il ■ A; m :: iiii ililii.... :|x A :Ax •x ill x; ; : : A ;• M ill : : I :• ;¥;¥: i;X; A: A A;':; :A ■ ; ill i AAAA-AAAx A: i Ai: >; I ;A;A i m AA; ;A: V il - ililii m i AÀ:-; pp : : A: : . :-A i ■■ Wâ ■9 i ÂA :A i;i JJAa - M % I m M i-x : :A;A: ■Ai :A; i:A:A:A: 1H ü i il A; A reservoir provides irrigation for hayland as well as water for stock. bery's cattle need it most. Salsbery will be able to trim hay costs to a realistic minimum. He can dispense with some of his more expensive machinery. The plan also includes water develop ments to permit uniform use of all grazing lands. There will be cross fencing, too, for better management of the grass resources. Conservation Use Salsbery has been careful for many years to practice conservation in use of his grass. He sees that the cattle do not take more than half the forage pro duced each season on his native range. When Salsbery finishes work on his plan next year, he is certain his ranching operation will have been strengthened. We are supposed to get 12 inches of rainfall a year here, but none of us can remember when we got that much, Salsbery said. "Usually we don't get enough to wet a blotter, the way it looks to us. Anyway, this is grass coun- try; history has proved it. We are better off with grass and hayland in a livestock operation. This plan, when I'm through getting it on my ranch, will give me the best use of moisture I can get. I'm increasing output, cut- ting costs and taking out some of thç risk. That's just good business, any way you look at it. ( £ ff r* m : ï?s : • ■=•¥***'■ xxxXyip A I : „ ' ■• AxAxAiAAA ■ ss ül mm ; : ¥:¥ s Wm ¥;¥¥¥?: iis m :A:*:A :■ siii x|A $ ÂÂÂA •ï IF :A:A : : iii : ¥ÿs¥;¥: ¥:¥¥:¥: i ■ ;¥:S iiii :Ai : AA i: M ÜA Ai :A:Ai il : 11 ;■ m ■ i ¥ s il [M iis I AA • - ; •A. mÊm m A Holding a 4-foot leveling rod, Louis Salsbery stands in one of his range which has a good growth of green needlegrass and western wheatgrass. areas Winter Wheat Does Well in Richland Co. By LYLE LARSON WINTER WHEAT IS relatively new here in eastern Montana. We started five or six years ago with about 80 acres. The first year was a good one with yields over 40 bushel per acre. We have gradually increased the acre age until now we have all our allot ment planted to winter wheat. We be lieve winter wheat to be a good risk, even though here it does winter-kill occasionally. The winter wheat stand was rather spotted and thin in certain areas last spring. Some farmers destroyed the partial stand and reseeded to spring wheat, harvesting practically nothing. They say a half stand of winter wheat is better than a good stand of spring wheat. I am convinced that this saying is true. In 1961, in spite of the drought and heat, our winter wheat yield 15 bushels or better and weighed good, while the spring wheat yield was about 7 bushels and weighed 54 pounds. was I think we can give credit for the better yields on a year like last largely to better farming methods. Stubble mulch tillage gives more protection from wind, sun and run-off, which all help to conserve moisture. Even after the winter wheat is planted, there is enough stubble standing to hold for moisture and protection, helps for better winter survival and better yields. snow All this > : X£X ¥:¥■¥: :¥■; SgS £:A A $ $8 • : &?:£• :• Ï sii ¥; ma ssiiili Xy. •• F :: i : ■ S¥S¥ ililii iAxA.Ax* 4 ■ s iiii Ü ÄAÄ m ;£i: :A:A: :■ $ : . ? : m ma A: ii :K¥S¥ ii : i :A; Hill II : : ■A!; JA Ai i: iiii A:A: liüiil iAIAJ; |:*A;A: : : Âiig > |i|l Ai s Ai: :AÂ •;Ai; ¥:¥:'■:¥':¥ AÂAAA: Mm A;AA : :A: ■■■■' - AiAi; WM A:AA A: Ai JA; . i m alfalfa Is Irrigated from the reservoir. This field of smooth brome Buffalo Can Rustle But Hard on Fence By BRYAN MELTON Jefferson County THE ONLY CREDIT I take for suc cess in raising buffalo is in providing a good place for them—as the school books say, a suitable habitat. You want a high range where cattle won't go. The buffalo will go up there and when the temperature gets down to 30 below, you can just put another log on the fire and get ready to go out and feed their weaker cousins, the cattle. Take the field glasses and you can see the buffalo rooting out a living in two feet of snow and asking nothing of anyone. The only thing they want is to be left alone. A ranch where cattle can graze any where may be suitable for raising buf falo but not profitable. Many people want to eat the meat, but when you ask more than beef prices they throw a fit. There are a lot of headaches, too, in keeping them fenced in. When the snow drifts over the fences, over they go. And after getting through or over your fence, which has to be a lot better than a fence for cows, they are off. Then, when you go after them, they head straight for the home range and take every fence in their way if you crowd them. They don't just crash through, they jump. And after 50 or more have gone over and get to drag ging their feet, the fence is what you call down. I have been a failure in one part of the game—the main part. That is the salesmanship. The only person I could talk into buying a buffalo was some one who has eaten some or a hunter who wanted a trophy.