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Newspaper Page Text
WASHINGTON, D.C.—The outlook for
wheat sales and surplus control on the 1963 crop is not nearly as good now as it appeared just a few months ago. Domestic and export sales outran production from the 1961 and 1962 wheat crops. But there's a good chance that the 1963 crop may be bigger than the available markets, leading to a buildup in surplus stocks. Two factors are involved. Foreign production has turned up, which may hold down U.S. exports. And few Wash ington observers now expect a heavy signup of winter wheat producers in the current campaign to get voluntary agreements reducing 1963 acreage. USDA will probably be pleasantly surprised if it gets contracts for as much as 6.5-7 million acres compared with the 11.5 million acres or so idled in 1962. If 7 million acres are taken out of production, chances are the 1963 crop will about match market demands or perhaps add slightly to the surplus. If the signup falls substantially short of 7 million acres, look for a fairly sizable addition to the wheat surplus. With the growing importance of ex port markets to American wheat pro ducers, administration officials will probably be keeping a close eye on policies dealing with wheat imports in the European Common Market. Common Market officials agreed last year that they would, in effect, guaran tee not to let their new agricultural tariff programs cut down on imports of high protein "quality" wheat. Agree ments of this kind are not necessarily self-enforcing, however, and it will be up to U.S. officials to make sure that American farmers get the full benefit of the agreement. COMPENSATORY PAYMENTS There's a good deal more serious A /m * J % /y "A mWr November 1 to 18 By OSCAR L. MOLDENHAUER MORE THAN the usual of wet, stormy weather is indicated for Montana and northern Wyoming during this forecast period. Three storms with light to moderate rain, usually changing to snow, are likely in the first 12 days of November. They should result in substantial amounts of moisture in the western half of this region and moderate accumulations in the east portions. A high rate of North Pacific storm development early this month will send storm remnants inland frequently and affect the northwest sections mmm ■ ■ NOVEMBER PRECIPITATION - TEMPERATURE MAP J nUI c* '*1* North Centrai hf. p. K. E P> Ni A. T. £ A T. MONTANA Nord «sorter» w **Nrn JKvaiten N> R - % R O. 44 O» 35 N. P. 0.39 0.45 28.8° 1.83 .. .. 2.25 *• A T. 32. 5 o * * T. 320 f I 6 . P. 36 3 N. A. T. g. A> T 30 Sr r' Y Central H. P. Ö.6S O.T5 N. A. T. 330 » E. A. T. 32° T "Central rhwestern ( N. P. 0.87 0.81 J E. P. 0.75 Ö , 95 H N. A. T. 34 . 3° N.A.T. 23. S £ . E. A T. 34° & a,t. 290 £. P. N P. 6*46 *1 B. P. v 0.45 N, A. T, 32 . 2 ° ii. A. T, 33 ° 4 •fe P. a X WTOM1NO X j N>. 0.62 I g. P. 0.60 i .A.T, 33 . 3 ° A.t: 34 <> IjV M Yeilows+one Dr ainct^e Bozin N P. E. P N A. T. 31 , 6 ° O g A. T. 32° c o H : : LEGEND N. P.-Norm»l precipitation. E. P.—Expected precipitation. N, A. T.—Normal average temperature. E P C. A. Expected average temperature * Wwt Ö.07 0.76 V.V* of — Divide N.P N. P. E. P. N A. t, 33. 3° T. 34° 0.63 0.60 i - r 1.4 5 \ N AX27,00 V: 6 AX. 28° Flotte •y"A >• KEEPING IN TOUCH WITH Ü S:|iÿ By JAY RICHTER Common Market Not to Cut Export« of Onnlilv W heal \ talk about direct compensatory pay ment programs for farm commodi ties these days than we've heard in a long time. The Congfess agreed to use a direct payment procedure in the 1963 wheat reduction program largely because the basic support rate for the season had been set before a new voluntary acre age-cutting plan for 1963 wheat was adopted. Then, the same device was approved for next year's feed grain supports. Now there's talk about using varia tions of this same idea for dairy prod ucts and cotton. USDA's cotton advisory committee has proposed a plan under which direct" payments would be made to traders. This would allow the handlers to buy cotton from farmers at regular support prices, and then sell it to American textile mills at lower prices. A similar consumer-oriented subsidy for butter has been discussed by some dairy leaders, and the National Farm ers Union has come up with the pro posal to use direct compensatory sup port payments to dairy farmers. TAX SAVINGS Two new tax laws approved in the dying days of the 87th Congress can mean cash savings for some farmers and ranchers. One new law, effective next Jan, 1, allows self-employed people to take tax deductions running to a ceiling of $1,250 a year on contributions to retirement income programs. The deductions from taxable income can be 50 per cent of the amount actually paid into the re tirement plan—but you cannot qualify if you pay in more than $2,500 a year or 10 per cent of your income, which ever is less. The law provides that if you have full time employes with more than three years of service, you must cover them in the retirement plan to qualify for your own deduction. The second new act provides a tax credit if you purchased many types of new machinery and equipment after last Dec. 31. The exact amount of the credit depends on the usable life span of the equipment. In many cases, it will be 7 per cent of the amount you most. However, there should be a decline in the frequency and intensity of storms reaching this region between November 12 and 21. Thus we can conclude that strong Pacific influence will have moderating effects on the temperatures and result in frequent changes during much of November. Protect livestock from the prospects of a sudden snowstorm. There are no indications of severe cold waves at present such as have occurred this early in some past years. But we expect about four short periods of very cool to moderately cold weather, leaving a scarcity of mild to warm days. Prepare for more vigorous cold waves during the last ten days of November. Precipitation: Above normal. Temperatures: Average normal or less. These miniature weather maps are designed to give you a quick, easy-to read forecast of approximately when certain kinds of weather may occur, but the actual occurrence may be occasionally as much as two or three days early or late. With these variations, the map forecast should prove correct. NU NOV 2 W: ■ THU NOV W$ SAT NOV 8 SUN NOV 4 ? r —r* Hi m A s&r ... WRY COOL COLDER m * ■ m yVERY ■ . Bolder V < •^OOL I chP " ? a TUE NOV h ipggjg: MON NOV 5 WIO NOV 7 naj Nov a "T' v y >, <rp ■••V ■> f V:< : . . > COLD A m 5* . 7 0 % tv «5 % C5 'A % IfiD > \ •' . I VÇ&* MON NOV 12 4 «Ö NOV 9 SUN NOV If SAT NOV 10 2 >> ; V -V, COLD 75 Cs c. 5 :V COOL m 3 mm? xA ym'< < .> : . . ' :4c; 0, fe 1 r-—t I COOL 1 V\ ■ gs§i TUE NOV 13 WED NOV 14 THU NOV 15 F«l NOV 16 At L Ö. 0QC COLD y^lLD COOL l '>CCOl. > COLD Farmer < mild \ \ \ \ LEGEND SAT NOV 17 SUN NOV 18 m — a Showasii,. sc «Mer«* c SrKiHiw.'fo.i-v trc*i9r*u> ... y..: I Srtow , 3 «^»1/ storm, S«xm. r ? f -f pr.c^»K»t»pn tight to J preogrt.tidn, «ctrnly; ■ -vi -■■■■■■ y - ■ fm. ^ VERY COOL warmer X vk mm h»4>ciih»'<I 4-y^ spent. Items with a usable life of under four years do not qualify, and neither do buildings or livestock. NEW DRUG LAW A new drug law approved shortly before the 87th Congress wound up its session clears the way for broad er use of some chemicals in live stock feeds. Chemicals involved are those which are technically classed as able to pro duce cancer under some conditions. A 1958 act banned use of such materials in feeds, though it permitted continued use of formulas approved before '58 as long as there was no evidence they were harmful. Result was that pre-'58 stilbestrol formulas, for example, were legal, but no new feeds using the same material could be approved. Passage of the new law allows the Food & Drug Administration to clear the use of such chemicals in feed if they do not harm the livestock, and if they leave no residues in human food. DUAL GRADING USDA officials see hopeful signs in the rate at which their experi mental dual grading system for beef gained acceptance in its early months. A test of the program began July 1. By late September, more than 100 meat packers were reported using it for at least some of their operations. August reports showed nearly 3 per cent of all beef coming to market was getting the dual grading treatment, and further gains were hoped for. Under dual grading, beef is given the such as traditional quality grade choice, or good—plus a number grade indicating the percentage of salable beef in the carcass.