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William Bailee-Grohman , English Sportsman ; Came to Montana in Sixties; He Tells of Hardships on Frontier in Early Days and How ""Top Shelf er s" Suffered Trips *By GRACE STONE COATES) A«Umt of "Black ObcrrMs,'* "Portulacaa la the Wheat.'* and "Mead and Mensel Worte! •• Far to years or so. between the HWTs and 1880'e. there appeared in larillh and occasionally American travel article« from re mote parts of the world signed "Stalker." All of them were c oncern - ed with big game hunting, and many dealt with hunting in the Rooky Mountain region. The writer waa William BallUe-Grohman, Eng ■portsman, who made his fourth, and final, visit to Montana in 1879. He made four trips before he found out how to see the real West. There were three ways of seeing the West, he reported, and he had tried them all and knew the advantages and disad vantages of each. The first way was to take one's own outfit, hire high-priced guides, and go where they wanted to take one. This was the way for men of means, "top shelfers," who travel ed for pleasure and wanted to take their pleasures with as 111 11 e discomfort a s possible. Making his first trip this way, Baillie - Grohman found himself loaded up with two wagons of unnecessary stuff, he shot no game, and be saw people as they were not. He asked questions, and was Qrm. M». Cm*. ******** With tall stories. 'Talk Is cheap, and lies worth nothing," he quotes. The trip cost him $75 a day, and he met enough "Bearclaw Joe's," "Scalplock Jack's," and "Injun Char lie's" to last him a lifetime. He asked amazing questions and received more amazing answers, and perceived that wild stories and wlerd dress was a pro fessional westerner's stock in trade. One of "Stalker's" magazine articles describes Montana as he saw it in Aug ust, 1866. He writes: "Gold dust is the only circulating medium in the terri tory, and is the standard of trade. Treasury notes and coin are articles of merchandise. Every one who has gold also has a buckskin pouch to hold it Every store has scales, and in them Is weighed out the fixed amount for every purchase according to Troy weight An ounce is $18, a pennyweight is 90 cents, and so on. It is amusing to see how the friction of the scales is made by some men—particularly by the Jews whose name is legion—to work them no loss. In "weighing in" the scale beam bows most deferentially to the gold side; but In "weighing out" it makes profound obeisance to the weights. The same cupidity has given rise to •t two new terms in the miner's vocab ulary; trade dust and bankable dust. Bankable dust is simply gold pure and undefiled. Trade dust has a plentiful Actress Visits Montana mm K| rxfi I r \ mm m m ■ My' ft ' : •ft •.'■''-ft ■* m m . ; mm % - ■ . fy'f. i ■ i • ; ''.N ■■ , ft . . : $0 \ ft ; m «ft W .ft ■ eft ft â ft; J ft: I m MRS. CHARLES I. JACOB Mrs. Jacob, whose home is in Chicago, is spending a month in Great flails Visiting her parents, Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Younger. An actress on the legitimate stage, Mrs. Jacob has been featured in ingenue roles. Her stage name is Beverly Younger. sprinkling of black sand. There are three grades of trade dust—good, fair and dirty. A trader takes bankable dust, but keeps a saucer of black sand on hand." Going up Emigrant gulch their party found a half dozen log huts which con stituted Yellowstone City. It was here that Balllle-Orohman first beard the expression that puzzled him for some time. "When you pan him out you don't get a color." Emigrant Gulch, he says, was settled by a party from Iowa. They sunk con siderable money here. The heavy rock in which they found the gold deposits was unprofitable to work, and the rich est claim they located was so high up that it was free from Ice only on the hottest days of midsummer. Even don keys couldn't make the grade, and the men had to pack flour to camp on their backs. Still the emigrants persisted In their search for gold, and built their huts—not such substantial buildings as be had seen, earlier, in Virginia City. One thing Yellowstone City did have, that Interested the visitor mightily; a set of written laws as voluminous as the Code Napoleon. The inhabitants met every day to revise them, and discussed them interminably, claims; and the hard life of pioneer women seemed to him doubly desolate in this high mining camp. Consideration of the lot of white women in a primitive environment brings into his discussion the custom of taking Indian wives, which some of the settlers followed. He says: "At Deer Lodge, in a valley almost equal to the Gallatin in extent and fer tility, old Jobpny Grant lived for many years a life of patriarchal serenity among his wives and concubines, his flocks and herds. By constant presents of beads and whisky, and many a warm meal to them on the warpath, be had raised himself in the esteem of the sav ages, and had a favorite squaw from almost every tribe among his wives. When the Flatheads passed by, no woman appeared at his hearth but a Flathead; when the Blackfeet came, the sole wife of his bosom was a Black feet. Though for many years almost the sole white man in these solitudes, he lived at peace with the natives, a sharer in their sports, and arbiter in all their quarrels; and when he died, be left cattle on a thousand hills to bis Women held son. "Young Johnny Grant is a mere rep etition of his father. He can neither read nor write, and in conversation his nouns are not always true to his verbs; but he has all the slyness and craftiness of the Indiana I bear that he Is Immensely disgusted with im migration. He admits that with it his beeves increase in value, and he re spects dollars and cents, but be fears his moral and intellectual standing will suffer." So much for Baillle-Grohman's ob servations when he was travelling as "top-shclfer." President Adopted by Blackfeet Indians ; K . ->V* I ■'i! r. ». mmm .m m ■ m . WÊ0m mm* % m ■i •X fl :. : 4 s: 'M fl: y. A. m i M ■ ", > * -V ft V ■y m ■ m lit; 4 . ft i ■imiiimM 'iM -rtow, courtesy Great Falla Tribune. Here are photos of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's dramatic land tour through the northwest, when he stopped in Glacier park at Two Medicine lake to make a radio ad dress announcing his battle to conserve national resources against individual selfish ness and to be adopted as "Lone Chief ' by the Blackfeet Indians. Top, the president and Mrs. Roosevelt pictured together for the first time since he returned; bottom, col orful Blackfeet chiêfmins crowding the chief executive's auto during the adoption cere monies that marked his new title. The second way to visit the West was to secure letters to the officers at the various army posts, or ingratiate one self with them. Since the poets were lonely places, officers usually welcomed personable strangers. Once accepted, a visitor was given stores, wagons, horses, troopers for guides, and what ever else the port could offer. But the sportsman discovered that what the officers wanted waa less a hunting partner than a good drinking partner. In spite of the weary monotony of their lives, he says, they knew little about game, carde little for shooting—as sport —and found their chief relaxation In drinking. He admits their whisky was good. . The third way to see the West was to attach oneself to a resident hunter or trapper, and go with him on his rounds far away from beaten trails." This Baillle-Grohman did on his fourth trip. He attached himself to two trappers bound for Wyoming. Their outfit consisted of three men, a boy, a huge canvas-covered wagon, six mem tbs' provisions, and 30 or 40 bead of horses. He has a writer's interest in the idiom of the west. An outfit, he explains, is a western term that may mean a man's wife and little ones, a wedding or a funeral, a plainsman, a kitchen utensil, or a rifle. . _ "thît he never kSi one of tLm ttJ5 English lord top-shelfer outfits to come Over a hunting without bearskin wipes (rough bath towels), rubber bucksS S 2 (£S 5 5 S?> and a coS in their pocketknives." He quotes a guide as saying: "Them outfits l hear called ladles' maids always ; raddles their hones" They had two pack horses to carry their bundles of rusty beaver traps; patched rawhide harness; rifles slung ready; and altogether they smacked of the wilds." Though bunting is hie great Interest, he sees and records in numerable items—« beaver with a brok en tooth, which has permitted the op posing tooth to grow to five inches In length, causing its death; "a paint," a small package of Chinese vennilttoo, like a Seidlitz powder, much In demand among the Indians. So, alert to all around him, he leaves Montana for the last time, heading for Wyoming on a "road eight hundred miles wide, where the air seems five fifths oxygen." Three years later, in 1882, Charles Scribner's Sons publish ed his account of this journey, Camps in the Rockies the westerner's attitude toward inex perienced travellers in the story of the villager watching a Scotchman on a cowcatcher; "Go slow t this town, stranger, so we can take you The writer sums op riding a rough in." ♦ Sugar and pineapple* are the chief agricultural products of Hawaii, but coffee, cotton, sad meat also are im portant. HEAVY SHIPMENTS BY AIR EXPRESS ductlons running as high as 57V4 per cent over previous rates are based on weights and length of haul and in " d T deU . ve 7 h-finffTT-f b. '^ienerai »« ^Airline s as a member of General ** gives the system a third. transcontinental route^ Under its Present organization General Air Ex-| P™" ^er* practically every section of | the country with 18,416 miles of route providing direct service to 33 states and i including commentions which enable j drastic reductions in shipping to virtually every city in the United States. NORTHWEST AIRLINES NOW AF FILIATED WITH GENERAL AIR EXPRESS COMPANY Northwest Airlines recently made the first shipment of air express under their affiliation with General Air Express which concluded its second year as an inter-air line operating unit with a poundage Increase of approximately 40 per cent over its first 12 months period. Preliminary repents too: last year in dicate express carried by member com panies of the same system would prob ably attain 590,000 pounds as comper ed with 424,449 pounds carried in the first year of operation. Important rate deductions made public several days ago are now in effect. The reductions in- | elude a new flat rate of 86 cents fori shipments weighing three quarters I pound or less between any two of the 115 cities served directly by the sys tem, and a flat rate of $1.00 fen- ship-1 meats weighing one pound. Other re- | --- $ - Gasoline Tax Receipts Exceed Previous Mark Gasoline tax receipts for the first 15 days of August amounted to $251,734, bringing the total for the year to date to $2,365A10. July receipts totaled $419,662 com pared with $374.282. The state board of equalization said a few days ago that July was the seventh straight month this year that the collections exceeded those for the corresponding month of IMS. ■4 TROUT BEING PLANTED Lakes and streams on the east slopes at the Crax mountains are receiving « new supply of native and rainbow trout for the future recreation of Park county anglers and those who go in that area to do their fishing. idling constructed In Colombia are to have electric labor-saving de vices. State Pays $476,238 for Liquor Revenues Montana contributed $476,238 to the federal government in the form of liquor taxes from Dee. 1, 1838, to Jana 30, or since the repeal of prohibition, a summary released by Lewis Pen well, collector of internal revenue for Mon tana, reveals. Nearly 95 percent of this amount, or $454,459, came from the excise tax of $5 a barrel on the manufacture of beer. On the Go Like Their Dad : I .*> >1: m a m 'ft , ; ft ft.:-;"; Kft WÊ III' .'ft 4: $ m : ■ ■: . ft. ft ft 1 ' • ■ Two jolly young travelers, Franklin D- Roosevelt, Jr., (Left) and James Roqsevelt, sons, of the chief executive, . who visited Montana. Like their famous father, they are continually on the go. AIR EXPRESS HAS LOWER RATES HEAVY GAINS HAVE BEEN NOTIC ED AT GREAT FALLS MUNICIPAL AIRPORT RECENTLY Substantial rate reductions for air exprès handled over a nationwide net work of commercial airlines by Rail way Express Agency, became effective August 15. according to T. J. Dwyer. Great Falls agent. Outstanding reduc tions permit air express shipment at packages weighing three-fourths ot a pound or less, at the flat rate ot 8Se, regardless of distance carried. The cor responding charge for one pound Is $1. Minimum charges previously ranged up to $1.80, General lowering of tariffs effects particularly the lighter-weight shipments, which now constitute the greatest percentage of packages handled over the airlines. Yet new low rates al so provide for air shipment of pack ages weighing up to 26 pounds, between cities 149 miles apart, at a cost of $1 including special pickup and delivery. Improvement of service by air ex press has been made possible by ex pansion of airline routes and recent in auguration of more frequent schedules. "The reduction of tariffs on light weight packages will not only tend to Increase traffic by present users of air express, but it is expected that many concerns and industries previously un able to make use of this service will now find it profitable to employ this high-speed delivery system." according to Mr. Dwyer. Railway Express' Air Express division operates over the lines of Alfred Frank, Inc. Consistent and heavy traffic gains have been registered to and from the Great Falls airport, it is reported. Recent analysis of com modities shipped shows that a heavy percentage of packages are handled In air-rail movement, with point of origin or destination off-the-alr-Une routes. Such shipments are forwarded to and from the airports by fast pas senger train express service, it is stat ed. Missing Man Found Drowned in Stream Just two weeks from the day he dis appeared, the body of Georg« Hausauer, Big Flat resident, was found in the Missoula river, 12 miles below Missoula, by two fishermen. Hausauer, 47, drowned on the night ot Aug. 2, while rowing across the river from the Will iam Lamb ranch, seven miles west of to the Florence where he was employed. 4 Montana Compliance With NRA Is Good NRA administration in Montana has been satisfactory, Donald Renafaaw, NRA regional director for 11 western states, said a few days ago during a visit to the office of Miles Romney, state director. Rensbaw Is stressing compliance with code regulations and urged the pubU* to report violations or rumored viola tions.