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Montana oil and mining journal. [volume] (Great Falls, Mont.) 1931-1953, August 25, 1934, Image 6

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86075103/1934-08-25/ed-1/seq-6/

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William Bailee-Grohman , English Sportsman ; Came to
Montana in Sixties; He Tells of Hardships on Frontier
in Early Days and How ""Top Shelf er s" Suffered Trips
*By GRACE STONE COATES)
A«Umt of "Black ObcrrMs,'* "Portulacaa la
the Wheat.'* and "Mead and Mensel Worte! ••
Far to years or so. between the
HWTs and 1880'e. there appeared in
larillh and occasionally American
travel article« from re
mote parts of the world signed
"Stalker." All of them were c oncern -
ed with big game hunting, and many
dealt with hunting in the
Rooky Mountain region. The writer
waa William BallUe-Grohman, Eng
■portsman, who made his fourth,
and final, visit to Montana in 1879.
He made four trips before he found
out how to see the real West. There
were three ways of seeing the West,
he reported, and he had tried them all
and knew the advantages and disad
vantages of each.
The first way was to take one's own
outfit, hire high-priced guides, and go
where they wanted to take one. This
was the way for men
of means, "top
shelfers," who travel
ed for pleasure and
wanted to take their
pleasures with as 111
11 e discomfort a s
possible. Making his
first trip this way,
Baillie - Grohman
found himself loaded
up with two wagons
of unnecessary stuff,
he shot no game, and
be saw people as they
were not. He asked
questions, and was
Qrm. M». Cm*. ******** With tall
stories. 'Talk Is
cheap, and lies worth nothing," he
quotes. The trip cost him $75 a day,
and he met enough "Bearclaw Joe's,"
"Scalplock Jack's," and "Injun Char
lie's" to last him a lifetime. He asked
amazing questions and received more
amazing answers, and perceived that
wild stories and wlerd dress was a pro
fessional westerner's stock in trade.
One of "Stalker's" magazine articles
describes Montana as he saw it in Aug
ust, 1866. He writes: "Gold dust is the
only circulating medium in the terri
tory, and is the standard of trade.
Treasury notes and coin are articles of
merchandise. Every one who has gold
also has a buckskin pouch to hold it
Every store has scales, and in them Is
weighed out the fixed amount for every
purchase according to Troy weight An
ounce is $18, a pennyweight is 90 cents,
and so on. It is amusing to see how
the friction of the scales is made by
some men—particularly by the Jews
whose name is legion—to work them
no loss. In "weighing in" the scale
beam bows most deferentially to the
gold side; but In "weighing out" it
makes profound obeisance to the
weights.
The same cupidity has given rise to
•t
two new terms in the miner's vocab
ulary; trade dust and bankable dust.
Bankable dust is simply gold pure and
undefiled. Trade dust has a plentiful
Actress Visits Montana
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MRS. CHARLES I. JACOB
Mrs. Jacob, whose home is in Chicago, is spending a month
in Great flails Visiting her parents, Mr. and Mrs. E. G.
Younger. An actress on the legitimate stage, Mrs. Jacob
has been featured in ingenue roles. Her stage name is
Beverly Younger.
sprinkling of black sand. There are
three grades of trade dust—good, fair
and dirty. A trader takes bankable
dust, but keeps a saucer of black sand
on hand."
Going up Emigrant gulch their party
found a half dozen log huts which con
stituted Yellowstone City. It was here
that Balllle-Orohman first beard the
expression that puzzled him for some
time. "When you pan him out you don't
get a color."
Emigrant Gulch, he says, was settled
by a party from Iowa. They sunk con
siderable money here. The heavy rock
in which they found the gold deposits
was unprofitable to work, and the rich
est claim they located was so high up
that it was free from Ice only on the
hottest days of midsummer. Even don
keys couldn't make the grade, and the
men had to pack flour to camp on their
backs. Still the emigrants persisted In
their search for gold, and built their
huts—not such substantial buildings as
be had seen, earlier, in Virginia City.
One thing Yellowstone City did have,
that Interested the visitor mightily; a
set of written laws as voluminous as the
Code Napoleon. The inhabitants met
every day to revise them, and discussed
them interminably,
claims; and the hard life of pioneer
women seemed to him doubly desolate
in this high mining camp.
Consideration of the lot of white
women in a primitive environment
brings into his discussion the custom
of taking Indian wives, which some of
the settlers followed. He says:
"At Deer Lodge, in a valley almost
equal to the Gallatin in extent and fer
tility, old Jobpny Grant lived for many
years a life of patriarchal serenity
among his wives and concubines, his
flocks and herds. By constant presents
of beads and whisky, and many a warm
meal to them on the warpath, be had
raised himself in the esteem of the sav
ages, and had a favorite squaw from
almost every tribe among his wives.
When the Flatheads passed by, no
woman appeared at his hearth but a
Flathead; when the Blackfeet came,
the sole wife of his bosom was a Black
feet. Though for many years almost
the sole white man in these solitudes,
he lived at peace with the natives, a
sharer in their sports, and arbiter in
all their quarrels; and when he died,
be left cattle on a thousand hills to bis
Women held
son.
"Young Johnny Grant is a mere rep
etition of his father. He can neither
read nor write, and in conversation
his nouns are not always true to his
verbs; but he has all the slyness and
craftiness of the Indiana I bear that
he Is Immensely disgusted with im
migration. He admits that with it his
beeves increase in value, and he re
spects dollars and cents, but be fears
his moral and intellectual standing will
suffer."
So much for Baillle-Grohman's ob
servations when he was travelling as
"top-shclfer."
President Adopted by Blackfeet Indians
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-rtow, courtesy Great Falla Tribune.
Here are photos of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's dramatic land tour through the
northwest, when he stopped in Glacier park at Two Medicine lake to make a radio ad
dress announcing his battle to conserve national resources against individual selfish
ness and to be adopted as "Lone Chief ' by the Blackfeet Indians. Top, the president
and Mrs. Roosevelt pictured together for the first time since he returned; bottom, col
orful Blackfeet chiêfmins crowding the chief executive's auto during the adoption cere
monies that marked his new title.
The second way to visit the West was
to secure letters to the officers at the
various army posts, or ingratiate one
self with them. Since the poets were
lonely places, officers usually welcomed
personable strangers. Once accepted,
a visitor was given stores, wagons,
horses, troopers for guides, and what
ever else the port could offer. But the
sportsman discovered that what the
officers wanted waa less a hunting
partner than a good drinking partner.
In spite of the weary monotony of their
lives, he says, they knew little about
game, carde little for shooting—as sport
—and found their chief relaxation In
drinking. He admits their whisky was
good. .
The third way to see the West was to
attach oneself to a resident hunter or
trapper, and go with him on his
rounds far away from beaten trails."
This Baillle-Grohman did on his
fourth trip. He attached himself to
two trappers bound for Wyoming. Their
outfit consisted of three men, a boy,
a huge canvas-covered wagon, six
mem tbs' provisions, and 30 or 40 bead
of horses. He has a writer's interest
in the idiom of the west. An outfit, he
explains, is a western term that may
mean a man's wife and little ones, a
wedding or a funeral, a plainsman, a
kitchen utensil, or a rifle.
. _
"thît he never kSi one of tLm ttJ5
English lord top-shelfer outfits to come
Over a hunting without bearskin wipes
(rough bath towels), rubber bucksS
S 2 (£S 5 5 S?> and a coS
in their pocketknives." He quotes a
guide as saying: "Them outfits l hear
called ladles' maids always ; raddles
their hones"
They had two pack horses to carry
their bundles of rusty beaver traps;
patched rawhide harness; rifles slung
ready; and altogether they smacked
of the wilds." Though bunting is hie
great Interest, he sees and records in
numerable items—« beaver with a brok
en tooth, which has permitted the op
posing tooth to grow to five inches In
length, causing its death; "a paint,"
a small package of Chinese vennilttoo,
like a Seidlitz powder, much In demand
among the Indians.
So, alert to all around him, he leaves
Montana for the last time, heading for
Wyoming on a "road eight hundred
miles wide, where the air seems five
fifths oxygen." Three years later, in
1882, Charles Scribner's Sons publish
ed his account of this journey, Camps
in the Rockies
the westerner's attitude toward inex
perienced travellers in the story of the
villager watching a Scotchman
on a cowcatcher; "Go slow t
this town, stranger, so we can take you
The writer sums op
riding
a rough
in."

Sugar and pineapple* are the chief
agricultural products of Hawaii, but
coffee, cotton, sad meat also are im
portant.
HEAVY SHIPMENTS
BY AIR EXPRESS
ductlons running as high as 57V4 per
cent over previous rates are based on
weights and length of haul and in
" d T deU . ve 7
h-finffTT-f b. '^ienerai
»« ^Airline s as a member of General
** gives the system a third.
transcontinental route^ Under its
Present organization General Air Ex-|
P™" ^er* practically every section of |
the country with 18,416 miles of route
providing direct service to 33 states and i
including commentions which enable j
drastic reductions in shipping to
virtually every city in the United
States.
NORTHWEST AIRLINES NOW AF
FILIATED WITH GENERAL AIR
EXPRESS COMPANY
Northwest Airlines recently made the
first shipment of air express under their
affiliation with General Air Express
which concluded its second year as an
inter-air line operating unit with a
poundage Increase of approximately 40
per cent over its first 12 months period.
Preliminary repents too: last year in
dicate express carried by member com
panies of the same system would prob
ably attain 590,000 pounds as comper
ed with 424,449 pounds carried in the
first year of operation. Important rate
deductions made public several days ago
are now in effect. The reductions in- |
elude a new flat rate of 86 cents fori
shipments weighing three quarters I
pound or less between any two of the
115 cities served directly by the sys
tem, and a flat rate of $1.00 fen- ship-1
meats weighing one pound. Other re- |
--- $ -
Gasoline Tax Receipts
Exceed Previous Mark
Gasoline tax receipts for the first 15
days of August amounted to $251,734,
bringing the total for the year to date
to $2,365A10.
July receipts totaled $419,662 com
pared with $374.282. The state board
of equalization said a few days ago that
July was the seventh straight month
this year that the collections exceeded
those for the corresponding month of
IMS.
■4
TROUT BEING PLANTED
Lakes and streams on the east slopes
at the Crax mountains are receiving
« new supply of native and rainbow
trout for the future recreation of Park
county anglers and those who go in
that area to do their fishing.
idling constructed In Colombia
are to have electric labor-saving de
vices.
State Pays $476,238
for Liquor Revenues
Montana contributed $476,238 to the
federal government in the form of
liquor taxes from Dee. 1, 1838, to Jana
30, or since the repeal of prohibition,
a summary released by Lewis Pen well,
collector of internal revenue for Mon
tana, reveals.
Nearly 95 percent of this amount, or
$454,459, came from the excise tax of
$5 a barrel on the manufacture of beer.
On the Go Like Their Dad
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Two jolly young travelers, Franklin D- Roosevelt, Jr.,
(Left) and James Roqsevelt, sons, of the chief executive, .
who visited Montana. Like their famous father, they
are continually on the go.
AIR EXPRESS HAS
LOWER RATES
HEAVY GAINS HAVE BEEN NOTIC
ED AT GREAT FALLS MUNICIPAL
AIRPORT RECENTLY
Substantial rate reductions for air
exprès handled over a nationwide net
work of commercial airlines by Rail
way Express Agency, became effective
August 15. according to T. J. Dwyer.
Great Falls agent. Outstanding reduc
tions permit air express shipment at
packages weighing three-fourths ot a
pound or less, at the flat rate ot 8Se,
regardless of distance carried. The cor
responding charge for one pound Is $1.
Minimum charges previously ranged up
to $1.80, General lowering of tariffs
effects particularly the lighter-weight
shipments, which now constitute the
greatest percentage of packages handled
over the airlines. Yet new low rates al
so provide for air shipment of pack
ages weighing up to 26 pounds, between
cities 149 miles apart, at a cost of $1
including special pickup and delivery.
Improvement of service by air ex
press has been made possible by ex
pansion of airline routes and recent in
auguration of more frequent schedules.
"The reduction of tariffs on light
weight packages will not only tend to
Increase traffic by present users of air
express, but it is expected that many
concerns and industries previously un
able to make use of this service will
now find it profitable to employ this
high-speed delivery system." according
to Mr. Dwyer. Railway Express' Air
Express division operates over the lines
of Alfred Frank, Inc. Consistent and
heavy traffic gains have been registered
to and from the Great Falls airport, it
is reported. Recent analysis of com
modities shipped shows that a heavy
percentage of packages are handled
In air-rail movement, with point of
origin or destination off-the-alr-Une
routes. Such shipments are forwarded
to and from the airports by fast pas
senger train express service, it is stat
ed.
Missing Man Found
Drowned in Stream
Just two weeks from the day he dis
appeared, the body of Georg« Hausauer,
Big Flat resident, was found in the
Missoula river, 12 miles below Missoula,
by two fishermen. Hausauer, 47,
drowned on the night ot Aug. 2, while
rowing across the river from the Will
iam Lamb ranch, seven miles west of
to the Florence
where he was employed.
4
Montana Compliance
With NRA Is Good
NRA administration in Montana has
been satisfactory, Donald Renafaaw,
NRA regional director for 11 western
states, said a few days ago during a
visit to the office of Miles Romney,
state director.
Rensbaw Is stressing compliance with
code regulations and urged the pubU*
to report violations or rumored viola
tions.

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