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California Joe, Early Minor, Was Active in Virginia City Region
(By GRACE STONE COATES) In the spring of 1362 in stories of gold grew richer sad richer as they travel' led to outlying camps. These stories of treasure reached miners In Cal ifornia, Idaho, Oregon, as mil as the underfeet of the east. They «ach ed the ears of at Mount Idaho, a pioneer settlement of Idaho that was officially removed from postal rolls 12 yean a|a Milner had been laid up all winter from a savage fight with a mountain lion. He hadi gone deer hunting with a bororwed dog, and the dog had started up a cougar cub. Milner chased the cub and caught it. and was carrying it by the back of the neck when the mother cougar jumped on his back from the concealing branches of a tree. Un der the impact of her leap Milner drop ped cub and rifle, and was left with only his hunting knife to meet the at tack of a 200-pound cat. Fortunately Milner wore a heavy overcoat. Strik ing backward over his shoulder with the knife he was at serious disadvan tage, and was terribly mauled and bit ten before he succeeded In landing a mortal wound. He was In bed all win ter, but by spring was fairly recovered, and in summer struck out for the mines of Alder gulch. Virginia City was wild. That was the summer Arnett and Spillman met their deaths—William Arnett with a load of buckshot lb the chest delivered by one Bull of Elk City, as Arnett sat deal ing "monte" In a saloon. Arnett had been involved in stealing horses. He was burled with the monte cards clenched in his stiffened hand; and Spillman was hanged, in accordance with Vigilante findings, for his share in the horse-stealing, and burled beside Arnett. The camp was wild, but Milner was accustomed to excitment. He had been on the frontier since he was 14; at Port Laramie. Wyo., at 15, already an ex perienced mountain man and trapper, and soon to be gaped at as rifle shot extraordinary and terror to Indian hostiles. He Joined a party of trap pers headed for the Yellowstone coun try under Jim Baker, and so made his entrance Into what was to become Mon tana territory. This was in 1844. The party expected to traffic with friendly Indians, but ran into a war party of Blackfeet. Their best strategy was a surprise attack, and in this they were successful, killing 14 of the Black feet Indians. Before the day was over Milner had killed three warriors in his first Indian fight, and Jim Baker was predicting a great future for the lad. It was almost 20 years before he set foot on Montana soU again, and in J e "» brought him m contact with all toe notables of the west-^ta Bridger. Kit Carson, Beckwourth, PhU Sheridan. He wanriereîrt îJÏÏrSZJZn ' TlTSriPhH ^ Sheridan stationed at an army post, and contracted with him to furnish wood for the post. Sheridan wanted him to renew the contract, but the life was too tame for Milner. He went on; and whan next he met Phil Sheridan ten years later, Sheridan was com mnnrior 0 f the United States army and Mfinor was "California Joe," chief of scouts for Custer. ' The name "California Joe" dated from his experience in Virginia City. That name has been chosen as the title of a book in which Milner's grandson tells the story. Milner had gone to town to report having killed three claim Jumpers. Returning to camp: '"A few mUes out of Virginia City he met four men on their way to town, and as they halted on the traU to exchange greet tags, one of them asked his name. Thinking they might be friends of the clalm-Jumpers, Mose replied, 'My name is Joe.' 'What part of the country are you from?' asked another. 'California a i,I 0l aA"Two ^ iJL'fSkS? 1 w - Lh niufLtia ff? I I I h. »ft* ÙîJl v^SaLr warl; ®!?, ° f ™Li ater yeara £ HÂi d hU ÆhtoThS Vigilante^ were ^newly *organlLd, and IrmirftaKIn *u 0 rvrrro ri i rrn f inn InpIllHpH roLe b^lies whoTbused their power. SffiSd^^liStaitote Km npr warned him and threatened to klU hfm exnerted all the man's friends tobe on hbPtoaU tat a S-teor moed ud with an öfter oftwo irnUohs ofwhlskev if MUner would kta the man Mltoer dldand eot the whiskey at least Lot one «Son which he said wU nil the inh WM worth Neverthe S? m,nito if the fart that' the dead nmr had* been a nubile mdsance and "en his followers were glad he was out Of the whv the vigilante commUtee eLne witota'one vote^Jf ronvlcttagSS rif iltlr convicting mu Miiner qnehVthe winter at camp and in prospecting He located two rich claims 15 miles from Virginia City, staked them, had them recorded. He built a cabin and began to wash gold. He took out over $10 000 before lös provisions began to run low. Posting a ndtice of discovery and ownership he went back to Virginia Cty for supples. He spent three days wth his friend. Harry Pear son the saloon keeper who had paid the'promised gallon of whiskey for his work on the bully, loaded up two pack mules with grub, and went back to find îüs jumped. Confident in his absence, the claim lumbers were inside the cabin prepar tag a meal, and had left their guns outside against a tree. Milner knew the desperate character of "bad men" and tôok no chances. When one of the men made a lunge toward him, he fir ed, killing him. He shot again, and the second fell. The third ran. and yr?Wr followed him up a blind canyon, killing- him as he turned at bay. So good was Milner's reputation for vera city by this time that authorities took his word for what had happened, and made no effort to bring him to trial. Of the four men who met him on the trail following this shooting, two turn ed back and helped him bury the dead claim Jumpers. Later the other two Joined them, and all worked claims to the vicinity, from that time known as Dead Man's (»lahM until summer, forcing them to quit. They returned to Virginia City, where Mil ner passed a few weeks Then he out fitted, and started alone to hunt fend trap along the Yellowstone river, a ter ritory he already knew. When winter came he derided to go on to Port Lar «aril. They worked their the creek went dry to early EhnPr E . Bickford, owner of the virgin!» City water works, wss in Butte recently. While browsing in SBBiiö m CALIFORNIA JOE amie, where he bad landed when a boy of 14. Adventure was still before him, though he was to live but 12 years long er. He was murdered at Camp Rob inson. Neb., in 1876. "California Joe," recently issued by The CaxtoD Printers, Caldwell, Ida., and written by California Joe's grand son, Joe B. Milner and Earle B. For rest, contains much new, authentic ma terial in Its 400 pages, contradicting romanticised versions of Milner's life. It has a story of Custer's last fight told by toe late Colonel William H. C. Bowen of the United States army, re tired; and as an appendix a complete list of the Custer battle casualties com piled by Mr. Forrest. It is a scholarly treastise, well documented, and has won what any eastern publisher can envy, a three-star rating from TIME. PIONEER WOMAN RECALLS HANGING AGED MATRON MAKES DOUBTING TOURISTS BELIEVE STORY OF VIGILANTE EXECUTION through some early-day pictures at 0wen Sm ithers' photograph shop rot Vieilanto da Mr Blcktortls only 52 yea« old— about 2* years too young to have witnessed any of the necktie parties ** AIder indrh, bat he has i keen memory «I events told him by his talhtr. Stephen E. Bickford, who A' J «» iwm S?t2: S *!"*"**" between there and CorimM: - ^ . His failure to get through with a wagon train of flour In the winter of 1683-4 caused a near famine at Mon tana's first mining camp. He was at tacked by Indians who confiscated his load. WhUe son came on the scene many years later, he tells an incident that Is highly interesting. It happened In his office two years ago. He explained that the building he now occupies is the one where five men were hanged the morning of Jan. 14, 1864. They were Parish. Helm, Lyon. Oallaher and "Club Foot" George. They were lined up on Individual grocery boxes and the boxes kicked out from under them. The ropes were attached to the roof beam. The building was wily partly completed. years ago," said Mr. Bickford, " a P^y of tourists came into my of flce They had been told that five men had been hanged there. I told them th e story but I noticed the skep tlcism on their faces. I could see that they were not 'swallowing' everything, he ys. " Just as they were about to leave ai SÄiC* SilC h&U llV0Cl ill AluCF glllCIl ill «g* offriends who Ä h a ggj*"* that she lived in East Helena valley. " she notlced the other tourists look ta g up at the beam. I should explain here that only part of the beam can b® seen - 1 have a trapdoor in the ceil ! that I let down on occasions, but it affords a view of only part of the beam i to which the five ropes were attached, I "T wish I could see more of that : beam.' said Mrs. Morrison, directing ; her gaze to the front end of the build i ln *- ^ d here is what she told us: "' I came up town the morning of Jan 13 1864 or ratherj j trled t0 come U P tow h- I was a very small girl then, ïcoôWRt «83 through. When I was about to turn back a young man came towards me and carried me through, breaking a i trail through the snow. He took me in j to a store-and got me warm and then bought me some candy. I thanked him i and went home. j 'The next morning I thought I ! would come up town again, hoping, I j guess, that I might run into that nice ; man that bought me the candy. As I went by the building we are now ta I happened to look in. The walls were not on yet and you could see between the uprights- And right there in front of me was the man who had bought me the candy. I spoke to him but he didn't answer. So I stepped inside to speak to him again, '"You can imagine my shock when I tell you that he was hanging from a rope and frozen stiff. Four others were dangling from the beam. My father told me afterwards that they had been rounded up and hanged Just a few min utes after my friend bought me the candy the day before. Gallaher was the one who had befriended me. He was hanging at the end of the beam nearest the street. His eyes laid out on his cheeks and his cap had fallen off. I remember picking it up and put ting it back on his head and pulling It down over his face to cover those aw ful eyes. Then I ran for home. I still shudder when I think of it." Mrs. Morlrson said, according to MT. Bickford, that she thought Gallaher was little more than a youth and prob ably hadn't committed any serious «rime, but paid the supreme price as A result of his bad assocatloos. "But you should have seen the changed look on the faces o t those 84 WPA JOBS GET FINAL APPROVAL SELECTIONS TO BE MADE FROM LARGE LIST, HART REVEALS % ty-f $366.414 have been __ ngton. Administrator Rwr ■■ Hart waa Informed a few day* Wo bringing the total of M in M. pro vais to 188 which would coat SL UR. 055 It actually constructed. How ever. so far only $669,060 ha« been allotted for these projects. "This should bring forcefully to attention of the public the r«ct announcement of the approval of proj ects in Washington cannot be taken assurance that the projects can be car ried out," Mr. Hart said. "No project can be started unless definite allotment of funds for Its con struction is made by Comptroller Gen eral J. R. McCarl of toe très partment, and funds will be sufficient to execute perhaps half the projects that are approved, according to the present policy. This means that from the projects approved by the pres ident. the state administrator must se lect those projects within the allot ments made which afford employment at the places and at the times needed to the state and the projects which are best calculated to keep Montana's re lief workers busy," Hart explained. "Sponsors of projects throughout state must remember that the desin of a community for a particular proj ect Is secondary to the problems furnishing employment and the fact that projects are approved In Washing ton does not mean that they will nec essarily be carried out. Even though all the 1,877 submitted by Montana wen approved to Washington, funds allotted for their construction would probably not permit the construction of more than half of the number submitted "As rapidly as allocations are made, details In connection with the projects are being completed and dates for the starting of projects are being set at the places In the state where unem ployment conditions warrant the start ing of the projects of the particular character for which funds have been allotted. Allotments on the first 107 projects approved lacked $142,732 of equaling the federal cost. Starting dates for 61 projects have been definitely set," the state administrator said. that dr the A tourists," said Mr. Bickford. "They had no more doubts when they left " In a history of Montana, published In 1883 by Warner, Beers Sc Co., of Chl cago. the following mention Is made of this hanging: " . . The vigilantes resolved on hanging six road agents, Jan. 13, 1884, at a time when five of them were en gaged at a gaming table in Virginia City. On the morning of the 14th Frank Pariah was arrested and charged. with robbing the Virginia and Bannari: coach, horse stealing, etc. George Lane 43-Inch Tree Cut by Beavers at Kalispell The stump of a 43-lnch three gnawed to two by beavers, believed to be the largest ever found in the Kalispell re gion, is on display to the chamber of commerce office at Kalispell. It is believed to be one of the largest ever found. The stump was foi Lloyd Bower of Thompson river place in that section. He plaps nate it to an eastern museum If It cares to accept It. R f his do INCREASE IN OATS CROP Although 656,000,000 more bushels of oats were produced this year than last to the United States, the crop of 1, 182.000.000 bushels is three percent be low average. or Clubfoot George, was arrested in ■S'"" ^ WM ÄfPßStCu 111 frOIlt Ol V16 SirÆÂZiShnd Jack TOe evMena« of tt|r guilt were too patent to require much time for Investigation, so the committee decided unanimously on their execu tlon. Pending preparations for their 'taking off they Indulged in the vilest blasphemy, too horrible to recite, and while yet the rope was waiting on Its victims, requests and remarks escaped from the criminals as horrible as it U possible to conceive. "They were hanged from the main beam of a then unfinished building. corner of Wallace and Va|n Buren streets, where Clayton Sc Hale sub sequently carried on their drug bus iness." V) HOTEL MUnGfRFDRD IN THE METROPOLITAN CENTER ■I OF SEATTLE 200 ROOMS 200 BATHS *ls° FtOAA COFFEE SHOP delicious hod at moderate prices a S a H. HOH6ERFORD <er and Monaqer FOURTH AT » SPRING A ♦ Golden Jubilee Celebration at St Ignatius Mission Held in Honor of Father Taelman as ' ,5 1I.T Ë d ■ □H IN CEREMONIAL ARRAY—Here is the orchestra of Blackfoot Indians from Browning, Mont., who played at the Golden Jubilee celebration honoring the Rev. Louis Taelman at St, Ignatius Mission. Hie mu sicians, al are led by in the center of the group. —(n«tM fcy Las Cook, XUwmnkM SaUzoag.) uates of American Cora Welch, Indian mal (By LON COOK) Saint Ignacios took on the ap pearance of the past era with lodge poles thrown op against the bine of an Indian rammer sky and countless Indian children harried about the grounds while their elders lingered in small groups, or proudly pranced through the huge crowd, displaying the finery of their tribal costumes. A thundering roil of the symphony of tom toms signalised the com mencement of the 56th Year Golden Jubilee In honor of the Rev. Louis Taelman, "Holy Word." It was a colorful celebration with the Mission range of mountains to the background and thousands of whites intermingled with their red brothers, paying homage to this wonderful old Catholic priest. The people had gath ered together to formally place the name of another alongside of those of Saint DeSmet and Saint Ravalli, as a builder of Montana history. Prom near and far, to every con ceivable mode of transportation, they came to pay tribute to the pioneer In dian missionary, who has followed so earnestly, the footsteps of his boy hood hero-saint, who has carried on the work of preaching, teaching, and nursing the Indians—who started so many years ago with an eager and self sacrificing devotion. It was unquestionably, the most elab orate celebration of this kind, that has ever been held In Montana. It even surpassed the Diamond Jubilee celebra tion of five years ago, to observance of the erection of the historic mission 75 years ago, to the profusion of array, exhibits, Indian performances, church services and to every scope. From the most remote comer and the closer regions of the far-flung res se rvatlons had come thousands of In dians, representing every tribe of the Selish nation. The celebration was un ique, in that it did not embrace any sideshow or carnival attractions. Under the warming rays of an In dian summer sun, whites and Indians filed Into the church to hear the Rev. Father 8. J. Sullivan, Townsend, deliver the He assisted to the sanctuary by Monslgnor Victor Day, vicar general of the Helena diocese, and Rev. Walter Fitzgerald of Helena. Planking the altar which for so many years has stood before congregations seeking the religion of the "White Father" were huge bouquets of yellow roses, and suspended above, was a huge electric sign, bearing the number "50." In the afternoon, when the celebra tions were started, the Rev. Taelman i introduced the first speaker of the day, who was the Very Rev. W. J. Pitzger GASOLINE TAX COLLECTIONS Gasoline tax collections for the first IS days of October totaled $345,850 and brought the total to date for the year to $3,830,481, according to Gen. Phil Greenan, chief clerk of the state board of equalization. The total 1934 collec tiohs were $4,208.555. aid. Provincial of the Diocese, with headquarters to Portland. Rev. Tael a short speech to which people for the wonder toey had given him. The speech of the Very Rev. W. J. Fitzgerald, Provincial of the Diocese, follows to part: "It affords me great pleasure to be here with you and to be able to cele brate this great occasion of the Golden Jubilee of Father Louis Taelman, mis sionary of Saint Ignatius. Yesterday you listened with rapt attention to the talk given by Father Sullivan and I am sure that you will agree with me that to Father Taelman we have a great missionary as he is great to his humil ity, and his love for his people. We have before us, one of a much carried out purpose of Christ and it was not so long j ago that all of these hills and valleys i were filled with red men. It has taken long and faithful work to convert these men and among these men who have done most to bring this great deed about were Father DeSmet and Father Ravalli. It is cm account of their great work that these Indians have been fill ed with Christ's message. But most of all, we want to pay tribute to this great man who has labored 50 years to teach, preach and nurse these In dians, the principals of both civics and religion. Great honor Is felt for you, the people of this nation, and him, for we have gathered together to pay hom age, together with every great tribe in the Northwest." also gave anked to man he th ful celebration Alec Beaverhead, leader of the Kal ispell tribe, was next speaker of the day. He spoke to Indian and his speech was later tote Lessa, an In_ speaker and Interpreter of seven Indian languages. Mr. Beaverhead Just ac knowledged his pleasure at being able to be present at this celebration and ex tended toe tribute to Father Taelman from his tribe. The next speaker was Peter Beaver head, son of Alec Beaverhead, who ask ed that his people as well as all the In dians, try and live up to the principles taught them by the speech was also in In irpreted Into English by dlan of Camas Prairie. Father. His good dian. Joe Brown, of the department Montana Products For Montana People o à € OI o\ n » $ Ip. HI-GRADE Gasoline Hl-GRADE Distillate Honest Values, Sustained Quality, Dependable Products Friendly Service Made in Montana From Montana Crade OU OUR SERVICE IS AT YOÜR SERVICE Call Kevin 40 Kevin, Montana. terior, United States government, also gave a short talk and complimented Father Taelman on his great work. A high tribute to this occasion was given-by Governor Frank H. Cooney, who made a very impressive speech. AJ1 in all it was a celebration that Is long to be remembered in the hearts of both red and white men in Montana. £ tv .A s u. FOR QUICK ACTION CALL THE GALLOPING SWEDE Rig-Building Trucking Ditching u if Construction of any kind. Anywhere. ALL WORK GUARANTEED References: Any Supply House in Northern Montana or Sunburst bank, Shelby. J. HUGO ARONSON OILMONT and CUT BANK Office Addreasi Cot Bank, Mont, Phone 173 PHONE FOB QUICK ACTION!